At the same time, they stress that there is a need for innovative solutions that find alternative ways to deal with animal health issues. Data collection on the consumption of antibiotics is considered key to the effectiveness of antimicrobial agents when it comes to public and animal health. They suggest vaccines, probiotics, prebiotics, bacteriophages and organic acids as possible alternatives, while they concluded that reducing the use of antimicrobial agents would lead to a general reduction in the resistance of bacteria carried by food products. 1. 2. 3.
BFR_DE 26/04/17 Antimicrobial resistance: successful interdisciplinary efforts. RESET and MedVet-Staph research networks present results of seven years of research on the development and spread of antimicrobial resistance in humans and animals As antimicrobial-resistant bacteria can be transmitted between humans and animals, research into antimicrobial resistance must in particular investigate the mechanisms of the spread of the bacteria and the resistance genes.
This is the finding that will be presented at the final symposium of the RESET and MedVet-Staph research projects from 26 - 28 April 2017 at the Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR). "Antimicrobial-resistant bacteria pose a complex challenge. This is why Germany, with its German Antimicrobial Resistance Strategy DART2020, is making sustained efforts to protect the health of humans and animals", says BfR President Professor Dr. Dr. Some strains of these bacteria can destroy cephalosporins.
The administration of antibiotics is not always responsible for the occurrence of resistant bacteria. VETERINARIA ITALIANA - APRIL/JUNE 2016 - Antimicrobial resistance patterns of Enterobacteriaceae in European wild bird species admitted in a wildlife rescue centre. ROMANIAN BIOTECHNOLOGICAL LETTERS - 2014 - Antibiotic resistance of food-borne enterobacterial strains isolated in Bucharest, Romania. PLOS 05/12/14 Diversity, Distribution and Quantification of Antibiotic Resistance Genes in Goat and Lamb Slaughterhouse Surfaces and Meat Products. Abstract The distribution and quantification of tetracycline, sulfonamide and beta-lactam resistance genes were assessed in slaughterhouse zones throughout meat chain production and the meat products; this study represents the first to report quantitatively monitor antibiotic resistance genes (ARG) in goat and lamb slaughterhouse using a culture independent approach, since most studies focused on individual bacterial species and their specific resistance types.
Quantitative PCR (qPCR) revealed a high prevalence of tetracycline resistance genes tetA and tetB in almost all slaughterhouse zones. Sulfonamide resistance genes were largely distributed, while beta-lactam resistance genes were less predominant. Statistical analysis revealed that resistant bacteria, in most cases, were spread by the same route in almost all slaughterhouse zones, except for tetB, blaCTX and blaTEM genes, which occurred in few zones as isolated ‘hot spots.’
Copyright: © 2014 Lavilla Lerma et al. Introduction. EURACTIV 31/07/15 Antibiotics on animal farms spread deadly pathogens, experts warn. The consistent use of antibiotics in animal farms in Germany are spreading antibiotic-resistant germs and causing experts to call for stricter measures against drugs.
EurActiv Germany reports. The latest numbers from the Federal Office of Consumer Protection and Food Security seem to be positive, showing an overall decrease in the use of antibiotics in animal breeding facilities. In 2014, nearly 1,200 tonnes of medications were used in animal husbandry in Germany – around 15% less than the previous year. Compared to the first data collection in 2011, antibiotic use dropped by more than one-fourth. But according to many experts, the recorded decrease conceals the fact that more and more reserve antibiotics are being administered on animal farms – medications, which are of “great importance for the treatment of specific infections in humans”, according to the World Health Organisation (WHO). FAS USDA 26/05/15 New Antibiotics Strategy_Berlin_Germany_5-20-2015. RIVM_NL 16/02/15 RIVM designated as WHO Collaborating Centre Antimicrobial Resistance Epidemiology and Surveillance. U bevindt zich op: Home › Documents and publications › 2015 › RIVM designated as WHO Collaborating Centre Antimicrobial Resistance Epidemiology and Surveillance AMR is one of the major global challenges in infectious disease control.
DTU FOOD NATIONAL FOOD INSTITUTE 09/02/15 Laboratories worldwide good at detecting antimicrobial resistance. The National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark has tested how accurately reference laboratories from around the world are able to determine the identity and type of various food-related bacteria and their occurrence of antimicrobial resistance.
The performance test shows that the national reference laboratories’ determinations are of good quality and the majority can determine bacteria type and resistance accurately. It is the thirteenth time that the institute carries out the performance test on behalf of the World Health Organization (WHO). The National Food Institute serves as a WHO Collaborating Centre for antibiotic resistance in foodborne pathogens. In this capacity the institute tests whether laboratories around the world are able to identify and type selected food-related bacteria and determine their occurrence of antimicrobial resistance.
Generally good results Worldwide network WHO has just launched a global action plan targeting antimicrobial resistance. Read more. BFR 22/01/15 BfR study on risk assessment: the majority of German consumers believe that animal farming is the cause of antimicrobial resistance. Resistance to last-line antibiotics continues... On the occasion of the 7th European Antibiotic Awareness Day, the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) is releasing its latest EU-wide data on antibiotic resistance (EARS-Net annual report and interactive database).
Carbapenems are a major last-line class of antibiotics used to treat healthcare-associated infections. Although carbapenem resistance remains at relatively low levels for most countries, ECDC data show an increase of carbapenem resistance in Klebsiella pneumoniae from a population-weighted EU average percentage of 4.6% in 2010 to 8.3% in 2013. For the first time in 2013, ECDC monitored resistance to polymyxins (e.g. colistin) in Klebsiella pneumoniae across Europe. Colistin is a last-line antibiotic developed several decades ago that has side-effects and limitations to its use, but has become essential for the treatment of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae infections. More information: EARS-Net annual report: European Antibiotic Awareness Day.
Rapports OAV antibiorésistance. LATVIA UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURE - 2012 - Annual 18th international scientific conference proceedings. Au sommaire: ANTIMICROBIA. SVENSKA DJURHALSOVARDEN 28/05/12 ANTIBIOTICS, RESISTANCE AND ANIMAL HUSBANDRY – AN IMPORTANT SET OF ISSUES WITH A RENEWED PRESEN. DG SANCO 24/02/11 public health - Antimicrobial resistance. DG SANCO 12/05/05 Trends and sources of zoonotic agents in animals, feedingstuffs, food and man in the European Union and Norway. EUROPE 27/01/09 ADOPTION of the SCENIHR opinion concerning the antibiotic resistance effects of biocides. Public Health (27-01-2009) ADOPTION of the SCENIHR opinion concerning the antibiotic resistance effects of biocides Biocides are invaluable compounds that provide society with numerous benefits.
However, the worldwide increase of antibiotic resistance in bacterial pathogens and the accompanying treatment failures in human and animal infectious diseases are generating concerns. Therefore, in order to preserve the role of biocides in infection control and hygiene it is paramount to prevent the emergence of bacterial resistance and cross-resistance through their appropriate and prudent use.
As a result, the Commission asked the Scientific Committee on Emerging and Newly Identified Health Risks (SCENIHR) whether current scientific evidence indicates that the use of certain active substances in biocidal products can contribute to the occurrence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. FVE - JUILLET 2011 - The Federation of Veterinarians of Europe views and action points for keeping antimicrobials effective, now.
DG SANCO 18/11/11 public health - Antimicrobial resistance - Antimicrobial resistance surveillance in Europe 2010. Annual report. HEADS OF MEDICINES AGENCIES - NOV 2011 - Overview for Publication: Veterinary Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance in the EU Ne. POULTRYSITE 21/02/12 Antimicrobial Resistance – Veterinary and Public Health Concerns in Europe. Featured Articles Antimicrobial Resistance – Veterinary and Public Health Concerns in Europe 21 February 2012 Radical reforms of antimicrobial use in livestock are being contemplated for political reasons, according to David Burch of Octagon Services Ltd.
Antimicrobial resistance in animals and its potential to spread to man has become one of the hot issues involving scientists, regulators and politicians in Europe. What to do about it seems to be the main subject; should we ban certain drugs (Danish approach), ban in-feed antimicrobial use (Dutch approach), should we limit their availability and distribution or ban them completely in animals? Dr Burch expresses his concern that radical reforms are being contemplated for political reasons, when even the latest report from EFSA BIOHAZ (2011) committee states that the establishment of risk factors is complicated by ‘data unavailability’ or the ‘lack of its accuracy’.
OMS - EUROPE - 2011 - Tackling antibiotic resistance from a food safety perspective in Europe.