EUROSURVEILLANCE 28/01/21 Building the European Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance network in veterinary medicine (EARS-Vet) FRONT. VET. SCI. 27/01/21 Wildlife as Sentinels of Antimicrobial Resistance in Germany? Introduction The presence of bacteria carrying antimicrobial resistance (AMR) genes is an increasingly serious and complex threat affecting public health worldwide (1).
This implies that all underlying economic, social, political, environmental, and biological factors have to be considered in this context (2). Nowadays intensive contact between humans, domestic and wild animals occurs due to the expansion of urban populations and the fragmentation, encroachment and loss of natural habitats. In this scenario, it is of utmost importance to examine AMR through a “One Health” perspective (3–5). This perspective contemplates an integrated and holistic multidisciplinary approach (6), highlighting the importance of a better integration of human, livestock, wildlife and environmental aspects, in order to identify key priorities for combating AMR (2, 5, 7).
Materials and Methods Table 1. Table 2. Results Salmonella spp. Table 3. Table 4. Figure 1. Table 5. Campylobacter spp. Table 6. Table 7. Funding. FRONT. VET. SCI. 15/01/21 Animal Production With Restrictive Use of Antibiotics to Contain Antimicrobial Resistance in Sweden—A Qualitative Study. Introduction Antibacterial resistance (ABR), is a growing global threat to human and animal health (1, 2).
In 2013 ABR was highlighted as one of three global risk cases (3). ABR is not slowing down (4), and efforts to contain ABR are still urgently needed. In 2015 the World Health Organization (WHO) announced a Global Action Plan based on a “One Health” approach (5). FRONT. VET. SCI. 30/10/20 Comparing Farm Biosecurity and Antimicrobial Use in High-Antimicrobial-Consuming Broiler and Pig Farms in the Belgian–Dutch Border Region.
Introduction It is estimated that, by 2050, antimicrobial resistance (AMR) could contribute to 10 million human fatalities per year worldwide if no actions are taken (1).
The selection of AMR is largely driven by the (incorrect) use of antimicrobials (AM). As the development of new AM is limited (1, 2), treatment options are diminishing, endangering both human and animal healthcare. The cross-border region of Belgium (Flanders) and the Netherlands is one with abundant movements of both humans and animals, due to high population numbers and intensive pig and poultry production, consequently posing a risk for dissemination of resistant bacteria and resistance genes, as AMR is not bound by country borders. Therefore, a multidisciplinary (One Health) approach needs to be complemented with cross-border cooperation to help understand and control the AMR problem (3). Clinical Microbiology and Infection Volume 24, Issue 6, June 2018, Review of antimicrobial resistance surveillance programmes in livestock and meat in EU with focus on humans.
National level At the national level, AMR data contain a great variety in sample origin (diseased or healthy animals), sampling numbers, test methods (dilution or diffusion tests, genetic tests), standardization (EUCAST or CLSI guidelines) and cutoff levels (clinical or epidemiologic cutoffs), which as a result does not allow comparison of resistance data among countries , , .
Better harmonization of sampling methods exists for monitoring AMR in E. coli, Enterococcus spp. and Campylobacter spp. Most countries test methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) prevalence with cefoxitin; some include oxacillin. In addition, some countries try to identify mecA or even mecC genes in MRSA strains, whereas others only focus on the identification of livestock-associated MRSA (ST398). Four countries report only genetic identification of the responsible genes and plasmids, limiting the epidemiologic monitoring of resistance genes , .
NATURE 18/06/19 Veterinarian ‘responsibility’: conflicts of definition and appropriation surrounding the public problem of antimicrobial resistance in France. However, this situation changed quite rapidly.
Indeed, the early 2010s were marked by a veterinarian movement to re-appropriate the AMR problem. They succeeded in reversing the stigma and reappeared as part of the solution to the problem, in particular by promoting the notion of ‘responsible use’. The objective was to develop a definition of the legitimate uses of antibiotics in which the veterinary profession plays an essential role. However, this was not a return to the previous state of affairs. The definition developed by the human health coalition finally required that a change in the regulation of veterinary drugs be one of the components of the AMR problem. ECA_EUROPA_EU - 2019 - Addressing antimicrobial resistance: progress in the animal sector, but this health threat remains a challenge for the EU.
Front. Vet. Sci., 19/07/19 Exploring perspectives on antimicrobial use in livestock: A mixed-methods study of UK pig farmers. Lucy A.
Coyne1, 2*, Sophia Latham2, Susan Dawson3, Ian Donald4, Richard Pearson5, Rob Smith3, Nicola Willianms2 and Gina Pinchbeck2. FRONT. VET. SCI 01/03/18 Veterinary Expert Opinion on Potential Drivers and Opportunities for Changing Antimicrobial Usage Practices in Livestock in Denmark, Portugal, and Switzerland. Introduction Reducing antimicrobial use (AMU) in animal production is currently a priority within the Veterinary Public Health sphere.
The potential risks for human health associated with AMU in animals have urged European institutions to consider it a critical issue to be addressed in the near future (1–3). On a global scale, veterinary antimicrobial consumption estimates for the future are not optimistic (4). Furthermore, the importance of antimicrobial resistance was underpinned by the recent United Nations high level meeting on antimicrobial resistance.
At the same time, they stress that there is a need for innovative solutions that find alternative ways to deal with animal health issues. Data collection on the consumption of antibiotics is considered key to the effectiveness of antimicrobial agents when it comes to public and animal health. They suggest vaccines, probiotics, prebiotics, bacteriophages and organic acids as possible alternatives, while they concluded that reducing the use of antimicrobial agents would lead to a general reduction in the resistance of bacteria carried by food products. 1. 2. BFR_DE 26/04/17 Antimicrobial resistance: successful interdisciplinary efforts. RESET and MedVet-Staph research networks present results of seven years of research on the development and spread of antimicrobial resistance in humans and animals As antimicrobial-resistant bacteria can be transmitted between humans and animals, research into antimicrobial resistance must in particular investigate the mechanisms of the spread of the bacteria and the resistance genes.
This is the finding that will be presented at the final symposium of the RESET and MedVet-Staph research projects from 26 - 28 April 2017 at the Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR). "Antimicrobial-resistant bacteria pose a complex challenge. This is why Germany, with its German Antimicrobial Resistance Strategy DART2020, is making sustained efforts to protect the health of humans and animals", says BfR President Professor Dr.
Dr. Some strains of these bacteria can destroy cephalosporins. The administration of antibiotics is not always responsible for the occurrence of resistant bacteria. Disclaimer. VETERINARIA ITALIANA - APRIL/JUNE 2016 - Antimicrobial resistance patterns of Enterobacteriaceae in European wild bird species admitted in a wildlife rescue centre. ROMANIAN BIOTECHNOLOGICAL LETTERS - 2014 - Antibiotic resistance of food-borne enterobacterial strains isolated in Bucharest, Romania. PLOS 05/12/14 Diversity, Distribution and Quantification of Antibiotic Resistance Genes in Goat and Lamb Slaughterhouse Surfaces and Meat Products. Abstract The distribution and quantification of tetracycline, sulfonamide and beta-lactam resistance genes were assessed in slaughterhouse zones throughout meat chain production and the meat products; this study represents the first to report quantitatively monitor antibiotic resistance genes (ARG) in goat and lamb slaughterhouse using a culture independent approach, since most studies focused on individual bacterial species and their specific resistance types.
Quantitative PCR (qPCR) revealed a high prevalence of tetracycline resistance genes tetA and tetB in almost all slaughterhouse zones. Sulfonamide resistance genes were largely distributed, while beta-lactam resistance genes were less predominant. Statistical analysis revealed that resistant bacteria, in most cases, were spread by the same route in almost all slaughterhouse zones, except for tetB, blaCTX and blaTEM genes, which occurred in few zones as isolated ‘hot spots.’ Copyright: © 2014 Lavilla Lerma et al. Introduction. EURACTIV 31/07/15 Antibiotics on animal farms spread deadly pathogens, experts warn. The consistent use of antibiotics in animal farms in Germany are spreading antibiotic-resistant germs and causing experts to call for stricter measures against drugs.
EurActiv Germany reports. The latest numbers from the Federal Office of Consumer Protection and Food Security seem to be positive, showing an overall decrease in the use of antibiotics in animal breeding facilities. In 2014, nearly 1,200 tonnes of medications were used in animal husbandry in Germany – around 15% less than the previous year. FAS USDA 26/05/15 New Antibiotics Strategy_Berlin_Germany_5-20-2015. RIVM_NL 16/02/15 RIVM designated as WHO Collaborating Centre Antimicrobial Resistance Epidemiology and Surveillance. U bevindt zich op: Home › Documents and publications › 2015 › RIVM designated as WHO Collaborating Centre Antimicrobial Resistance Epidemiology and Surveillance AMR is one of the major global challenges in infectious disease control.
In particular, a growing number of bacteria has become resistant to antibiotics as a result of their improper and excessive use. Surveillance is key to understand the threat of AMR and to target interventions. RIVM is proud to have attained Collaborating Centre status from the World Health Organization. As Collaborating Centre we will continue to support the WHO with the implementation of the upcoming Global Action Plan on AMR and the European Strategic Action Plan on AMR.
Surveillance key for AMR control. DTU FOOD NATIONAL FOOD INSTITUTE 09/02/15 Laboratories worldwide good at detecting antimicrobial resistance. The National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark has tested how accurately reference laboratories from around the world are able to determine the identity and type of various food-related bacteria and their occurrence of antimicrobial resistance.
The performance test shows that the national reference laboratories’ determinations are of good quality and the majority can determine bacteria type and resistance accurately. It is the thirteenth time that the institute carries out the performance test on behalf of the World Health Organization (WHO). The National Food Institute serves as a WHO Collaborating Centre for antibiotic resistance in foodborne pathogens. In this capacity the institute tests whether laboratories around the world are able to identify and type selected food-related bacteria and determine their occurrence of antimicrobial resistance.
Generally good results. BFR 22/01/15 BfR study on risk assessment: the majority of German consumers believe that animal farming is the cause of antimicrobial resistance. Resistance to last-line antibiotics continues... On the occasion of the 7th European Antibiotic Awareness Day, the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) is releasing its latest EU-wide data on antibiotic resistance (EARS-Net annual report and interactive database). European Antibiotic Awareness Day.
Rapports OAV antibiorésistance. LATVIA UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURE - 2012 - Annual 18th international scientific conference proceedings. Au sommaire: ANTIMICROBIA. SVENSKA DJURHALSOVARDEN 28/05/12 ANTIBIOTICS, RESISTANCE AND ANIMAL HUSBANDRY – AN IMPORTANT SET OF ISSUES WITH A RENEWED PRESEN. DG SANCO 24/02/11 public health - Antimicrobial resistance. DG SANCO 12/05/05 Trends and sources of zoonotic agents in animals, feedingstuffs, food and man in the European Union and Norway. EUROPE 27/01/09 ADOPTION of the SCENIHR opinion concerning the antibiotic resistance effects of biocides. FVE - JUILLET 2011 - The Federation of Veterinarians of Europe views and action points for keeping antimicrobials effective, now. DG SANCO 18/11/11 public health - Antimicrobial resistance - Antimicrobial resistance surveillance in Europe 2010. Annual report.
HEADS OF MEDICINES AGENCIES - NOV 2011 - Overview for Publication: Veterinary Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance in the EU Ne. POULTRYSITE 21/02/12 Antimicrobial Resistance – Veterinary and Public Health Concerns in Europe. Featured Articles. OMS - EUROPE - 2011 - Tackling antibiotic resistance from a food safety perspective in Europe.