The co-endemicity of these two tropical diseases has prompted investigation into the mechanisms of coinfection, particularly the competing immunological responses associated with each disease. Epidemiological studies have shown that infection with Schistosoma mansoni is associated with a greater malaria incidence among school-age children. Methodology We developed a co-epidemic model of malaria and S. mansoni transmission dynamics which takes into account key epidemiological interaction between the two diseases in terms of elevated malaria incidence among individuals with S. mansoni high egg output. Principal Findings Conclusions/Significance. MALARIA JOURNAL 08/04/16 Malaria vector populations across ecological zones in Guinea Conakry and Mali, West Africa.
Mosquito collections Mosquitoes were collected from four different study sites at the border with Mali and in Guinea Conakry (Fig. 1).
Takan (N 11.47, W 8.33) and Toumani Oulena (N 10.83, W 7.81) are both small villages in the Yanfolila district of southern Mali and represent the Sudanian savannah ecological zone. Takan is arid savannah, while Toumani Oulena is humid savannah. In Guinea Conakry, we sampled in Koraboh, (N 9.28, W 10.03) a small village in the Kissidougou district in the Faranah region representing a semi-forest site with intermediate ecology, a mix of savannah and forest, and in Koundara, (N 8.48, W 9.53), a small village in the Macenta district in the Zezekore region representing deep forest ecology. All molecular attribute data for mosquitoes is available (Additional file 1). NATURE 16/09/15 The effect of malaria control on Plasmodium falciparum in Africa between 2000 and 2015. Parasites & Vectors 2013, 6:311 Temporal and micro-spatial heterogeneity in the distribution of Anopheles vectors of malaria along the Kenyan coast. J Trop Dis 07/09/13 Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of the Community towards Malaria Prevention and Control Options in Anti-Malaria Association Intervention Zones of Amahara National Regional State, Ethiopia.
J Vector Borne Dis 51, June 2014, pp. 119–127 Knowledge, attitudes and practices of malaria control among communities from the health district of Forécariah in the Republic of Guinea, West Africa. Malaria Research and Treatment Volume 2014 (2014), Assessment of Risk Factors Associated with Malaria Transmission in Tubu Village, Northern Botswana. MALARIA JOURNAL 11/11/10 Malaria transmission and insecticide resistance of Anopheles gambiae in Libreville and Port-Gentil, Gabon. European Journal of Business and Management - 2011 - Economic Burden of Malaria in six Countries of Africa. Economic burden studies are important for use in advocating with Ministries of Finance and donors for increased investments in public health problems such as malaria.
In September 2001, the authors convened a workshop at which a framework for the assessment of the economic burden of malaria in the African region was presented to health economists from 10 countries of the region. The framework document proposes the use of any one of three approaches â€“ production function, cost of illness and willingness to pay â€“ for the assessment of the burden of malaria to the economies of African countries.
Between 2002 and 2005, six countries (Chad, Ghana, Mali, Nigeria, Rwanda and Uganda) undertook studies to assess the economic burden of malaria using the framework. The objective of this article is to report on the methodology, results and policy implications of the country economic burden studies. Iran J Arthropod-Borne Dis, 2010, 4(2): 61–67 Malaria Situation and Anopheline Mosquitoes in Qom Province, Central Iran. LONDON SCHOOL OF HYGIENE & TROPICAL MEDICINE 29/08/13 Targeting mosquito breeding sites could boost malaria control efforts in A. A malaria control method that targets mosquito larvae and pupae as they mature in standing water could be an important supplementary measure in the fight against the disease, according to a new report.
The Cochrane review – led by the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine in collaboration with Durham University and other researchers in the UK and US – is the first systematic review looking at using larval source management (LSM) to control malaria, which causes an estimated 660,000 deaths worldwide every year. It found evidence that the method may significantly reduce both the number of cases of malaria by up to 75%, and the proportion of people infected with the malaria parasite by up to 90% when used in appropriate settings. LSM is a method that targets immature mosquitoes, found in standing water, before the females develop into flying adults that are capable of transmitting malaria.
"These findings have important implications for malaria control policy. Publication: IFPRI - MAI 2013 - Malaria in Uganda: Improved Outcomes when the Health Sector joins forces with Agriculture. BMC Research Notes 2013, 6:263 Prevalence Soil Transmitted Helminthiasis and malaria co-infection among pregnant women and risk. Study design A cross-sectional community based study was conducted from August to September, 2011 in Gilge Gibe Dam area, 260 km south-west of Addis Ababa, near Gilgel-Gibe hydroelectric dam which started operating in 2004.
The total population was 55,000. The study area lies between latitudes 7°42'50"N and 07°53'50"N and between longitudes 37°11'22"E and 37°20'36"E, at an altitude of 1,672-1,864 m above sea level. Atmospheric and Climate Sciences Vol.3 No.1(2013), Climate Variation and Malaria Prevalence in Warri Metropolis. Atmospheric and Climate Sciences Vol.3 No.1(2013), Article ID:27584,9 pages DOI:10.4236/acs.2013.31015 Climate Variation and Malaria Prevalence in Warri Metropolis S.
I. Efe*, C. O. PLOS 18/07/13 Landscape Movements of Anopheles gambiae Malaria Vector Mosquitoes in Rural Gambia. Background For malaria control in Africa it is crucial to characterise the dispersal of its most efficient vector, Anopheles gambiae, in order to target interventions and assess their impact spatially.
Our study is, we believe, the first to present a statistical model of dispersal probability against distance from breeding habitat to human settlements for this important disease vector. Methods/Principal Findings We undertook post-hoc analyses of mosquito catches made in The Gambia to derive statistical dispersal functions for An. gambiae sensu lato collected in 48 villages at varying distances to alluvial larval habitat along the River Gambia. The proportion dispersing declined exponentially with distance, and we estimated that 90% of movements were within 1.7 km. Conclusions/Significance Our results provide an important quantification of the probability of An. gambiae s.l. dispersal in a rural African setting typical of many parts of the continent.
Figures Copyright: © 2013 Thomas et al. Malaria Journal 2013, 12:63 Spatio-temporal malaria transmission patterns in Navrongo demographic surveillance site, northern Gh. Malaria Journal 2013, 12:56 Successful malaria elimination strategies require interventions that target changing vector behaviou. Journal of Vector Ecology Volume 37, Issue 2, pages 402–406, December 2012 Modification of Anopheles gambiae distribution at hig. In Madagascar, Anopheles gambiae has been found below altitudes of 1,000 m.
We sampled An. gambiae sensu lato (sl) between 2008 and 2010 in the Central Highlands of Madagascar at altitudes over 1,200 m. The study site consists of rainforest, rainforest edge, and an open savanna biotope. Anopheles gambiae and An. arabiensis, as well as molecular forms of An. gambiae, were identified molecularly. An. gambiae accounted for 26.7% at the edge of the rainforest and 2.3% in the open savanna biotope. One specimen of this species was caught in the forest. Anopheles gambiae sensu lato is a complex of species, including two freshwater species (Anopheles arabiensis and An. gambiae) and a brackish water species (An. merus) in Madagascar (Chauvet 1969, Léong Pock Tsy et al. 2003). Malaria Research and Treatment - Volume 2011 (2011) - Mapping Malaria Transmission Risk in Northern Morocco Using Entomological.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2011, 8, 913-930 Climate Change and Vector-borne Diseases: An Economic Impact Analysis of Ma. UNIVERSITY OF PRETORIA - 2010 - Thèse en ligne : The burden of imported malaria in Gauteng Province. GRIDA - In the Grip of Malaria in Africa. The GRID-Arendal Maps & Graphics Library is an on-going project to collect and catalogue all graphic products that have been prepared for publications and web-sites from the last 15 years in a wide range of themes related to environment and sustainable development.
There are currently 3022 graphics available in the database. Urban growth rate in Africa Africa’s urban centres are currently growing at an annual rate that is the fastest compared to other regions. The urban expansion is expected to continue, with cities like Abuja and Ouagadougou expecting very high growth in the next decade, while Cairo, Africa’s largest city, is projected to see a comparatively lower growth rate. 27 Feb 2011 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, UNEP/GRID-Arendal Estimated costs and benefits of restoration projects in different biomes Biodiversity is the basis for any development; it is the natural capital, the stock of natural ecosystems, which provide services for any human activity. PARASITES AND VECTORS DEC 2009 Distribution, host preference and infection rates of malaria vectors in Mauritania. In Mauritania, malaria is a major public health concern in southern and south-eastern regions. In fact, it is clearly on the increase and significantly contributes to the increase in illness and mortality, especially in children under 5 years of age and pregnant women .
In spite of this importance, little is known about its vectors. The only published entomological studies date back 40 years [2,3], although limited entomological investigations were conducted during an outbreak of Rift Valley fever in several localities . An. gambiae s.l. and An. funestus appear to be the dominant vectors of malaria. Their limits of distribution throughout the country are however unknown. In total, 647 anopheline specimens belonging to three species were collected. The predominance of An. arabiensis in the Mauritanian context is in agreement with the general distribution of this species in Africa . Parasites & Vectors 2011, 4:232 (13 December 2011) Integrated prevalence mapping of schistosomiasis, soil-transmitted helminthia. Treatment availability and capacity building Uganda's National Control Programme for combating intestinal schistosomiasis and STHs has been active since 2003, and although regular monitoring has occurred at intervals since then, this is the first comprehensive overview of the status of treatment infrastructure and health capacity on the districts adjacent to Lake Victoria.
The results here paint a mixed picture; on the one hand, some villages appear to function well in terms of drug availability, regular training of CMDs and administration of mass treatment. However, there were also locations, such as much of Wakiso district islands, where people were sceptical about the efficacy or need to take PZQ, while in Masaka district there was a noticeable absence of volunteers willing to take on the role of CMD. The reasons given for refusal included the distance between sites and the lack of adequate funding for travel. INTECH - FEV 2012 - ITrends in Insecticide Resistance in Natural Populations of Malaria Vectors in Burkina Faso, West Africa: 10.
INTECH - MARS 2012 - Au sommaire:Effects of Irrigated Rice Fields and Seasonality on Plasmodium Transmission in West Africa, Par. Edited by Alfonso J. Rodriguez-Morales, ISBN 978-953-51-0274-8, 576 pages, Publisher: InTech, Chapters published March 16, 2012 under CC BY 3.0 licenseDOI: 10.5772/1335 Edited Volume Tropical Medicine has emerged and remained as an important discipline for the study of diseases endemic in the tropic, particularly those of infectious etiology. Emergence and reemergence of many tropical pathologies have recently aroused the interest of many fields of the study of tropical medicine, even including new infectious agents.
Then evidence-based information in the field and regular updates are necessary.