ENVIRONMENT INTERNATIONAL - 2020 - Pesticide prioritization approaches and limitations in environmental monitoring studies: From Europe to Latin America and the Caribbean. Science of The Total Environment Volume 653, 25 February 2019 Pesticide residues in European agricultural soils – A hidden reality unfolded. 1.
Introduction Pesticides have strongly contributed to the increased food production observed over the last few decades. Since 1960, world average yields of rice, wheat and maize more than doubled as pesticide use increased by 15 to 20 fold, and as fertilizer use, irrigated land and cultivated land increased by 7, 2 and 1 fold, respectively (Oerke, 2006). Globally, around 3 million tons of pesticides are applied annually, corresponding to a market value of USD 40 billion (Pimentel, 2009).
Sustainability 2016, 8(4), 378; European Pesticide Tax Schemes in Comparison: An Analysis of Experiences and Developments. J. Agric. Food Chem., 2017, 65 (28), pp 5759–5767 Role of Sample Processing Strategies at the European Union National Reference Laboratories (NRLs) Concerning the Analysis of Pesticide Residues. WAGENINGEN UNIVERSITY 09/11/18 Pesticide residues present in more than 80% of European agricultural soils.
The research team from Wageningen University & Research analyzed 317 European agricultural topsoil samples from different cropping systems including potato fields, wheat, maize, vegetables and vineyards.
Source: Capture d'écran Manger bio, tout le monde est pour.
Mais en pratique, le prix des aliments et la facilité nous conduisent à consommer les produits classiques de la grande distribution. Pour convaincre le public de franchir le pas, la chaine d’épiceries suédoise Coop a financé une étude de trois semaines sur une famille de cinq personnes, les Palmbers. La première semaine, ses membres se sont alimentés comme à l’accoutumée avec des produits ordinaires, tout en fournissant au quotidien des échantillons d’urine. Pesticides dans l'organisme Analysés par l’Institut Environnemental Suédois, ces échantillons ont révélé la présence de huit pesticides dans leurs organismes.
L’étude (disponible ici ) précise cependant que les taux mesurés au début de l’expérience entraient dans la norme admise par la loi. "Nous savons très peu de choses sur les effets à long terme de la consommation de nourriture traitée aux pesticides. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-001380-15 Application of rules establishing a framework for action to achieve the sustainable use of pesticides. The rules being enforced in Croatia in order to establish a framework for action to achieve the sustainable use of pesticides contain provisions in line with Directive 2009/128/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 October 2009 establishing a framework for Community action to achieve the sustainable use of pesticides (OJ L 309, 24.11.2009, p. 71).
Under those rules all legal and natural persons, regardless of the level and field of their formal and informal education and their work experience, are required to enrol for additional training in the sustainable use of pesticides for professional purposes. The training is paid for by course participants. The rules have been couched in such terms that even natural persons who would be qualified to give the abovementioned additional training would not be allowed to handle pesticides unless they had themselves taken a course. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 90 (2002) 177–187 Comparison and evaluation of eight pesticide environmental risk indicators developed in Europe and recommendations for future use. EUROPEAN CROP PROTECTION ASSOICATION - Présentation : Counterfeit and Illegal Pesticides - A Serious Threat to Food Safety. The desire for less pesticide residues on crops and a reduction in the types of agro-chemicals available to farmers after recent EU legislation is being addressed by new research at SCRI.
SCRI is one of the partners in the EU PURE project (Pesticide Use-and-risk Reduction in European farming systems with Integrated Pest Management) which will develop integrated pest and disease management techniques for major EU crops. Integrated pest and disease management (IPDM) is a holistic, systems-based approach, integrating several strategies to reduce weeds, insect pests and diseases while minimising the use of pesticide treatments. PURE is the biggest agricultural project funded by the EU under the Framework 7 programme with a total value of €12 million.
As part of the project SCRI will receive £600,000 funding over four years that will create several new jobs. The project also offers an excellent platform for field to landscape scale ecological research across EU's diverse climatic zones. or. ECPA - 2008 ECPA Annual Conference: the impact & evolution of EU PPP legislation, Paris, 26 - 27 November 2008.
BRGM/RP-52897-FR - Pesticides in European groundwaters : detailed study of representative aquifers and simulation of possible ev. Executive summary for EU citizens The transport of the pesticides from the soil surface to and in groundwater was monitored in six aquifers representative of European groundwater resources (2 in France, 1 in Germany, 1 in Switzerland, 1 in Denmark and 1 in the Netherlands).
Results show that there is a potential for a rapid transport of pesticides to depth under specific conditions. The pattern of detection of pesticides in groundwater varied according to the compound and the aquifer considered. Where detection occured, it was limited to the first few weeks following application to agricultural crops whereas in some others, the compound was detected throughout the monitoring periods. On average, 4% of the tested food in 2007 exceeded the permitted maximum residue levels (MRL).
In fruit and vegetables this value was almost 5%. This is the result of the newest report of the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) about tests conducted in 29 EU and EFTA member states. The results are alarming. According to the EFSA report, 52 product/pesticide-combinations were observed, for which an acute health risk for consumers can not be excluded. The percentage of samples with multiple residues remains with 26 % on a high level. Nine products where examined in detail in the EU coordinated control programme: peaches, strawberries, lettuce, apples, rye or oats, head cabbage, leek and tomatoes. For the first time the report was issued by EFSA and not by the EU-General Direction for Health and Consumer Protection. For this reason the display of the results for 2007 on this website has to be altered in comparison to previous years. 9th European IFSA Symposium, 4-7 July 2010, Vienna (Austria) - A multicriteria decision method assessing the overall sustainabil.
BFR - 2011 - Pesticide Residues in Food - Public Perceptions in Germany – A Summary Report. PEER 13/10/11 Pesticides pollute European waterbodies more than previously thought. 13 October 2011, Water, UFZ Pesticides are a bigger problem than had long been assumed.
This is the conclusion of a study in which scientists analysed data on 500 organic substances in the basins of four major European rivers. It was revealed that 38 per cent of these chemicals are present in concentrations which could potentially have an effect on organisms. River Elbe in Germany. INTECH - OCT 2011 - Trends in the Exposures to Pesticides in Central Europe. INTECH - JANV 2011 - Pesticide Residues in Agricultural Products of the Slovene Origin Found in 2001-2009.
Edited by Margarita Stoytcheva, ISBN 978-953-307-532-7, 808 pages, Publisher: InTech, Chapters published January 21, 2011 under CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 licenseDOI: 10.5772/1004 This book provides an overview on a large variety of pesticide-related topics, organized in three sections.
The first part is dedicated to the "safer" pesticides derived from natural materials, the design and the optimization of pesticides formulations, and the techniques for pesticides application. The second part is intended to demonstrate the agricultural products, environmental and biota pesticides contamination and the impacts of the pesticides presence on the ecosystems. The third part presents current investigations of the naturally occurring pesticides degradation phenomena, the environmental effects of the break down products, and different approaches to pesticides residues treatment.
EUROPEAN CROP PROTECTION - Counterfeit pesticides.