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FOOD ANALYTICAL METHODS 17/06/13 Molecular Identification of Four Genetically Modified Maize (Bt11, Bt176, Mon810 and T25) by Duplex Quantitative Real-Time PCR. Front Plant Sci. 2014; 5: 379. Maize transformation technology development for commercial event generation. EFSA 24/03/17 Risk assessment of information on the subcombination Bt11 × MIR162, related to the application of Syngenta (EFSA-GMO-DE-2009-66) for authorisation of food and feed containing, consisting and produced from genetically modified maize Bt11 × MI. EUROPE 11/04/16 Framework for assessing the socio-economic impacts of Bt maize cultivation. JOURNAL OF APPLIED ENTOMOLOGY - FEV 2017 - Fitness costs associated with Cry1F resistance in the European corn borer. Introduction The European corn borer, Ostrinia nubilalis Hübner (Lepidoptera: Crambidae), has been an economically important pest of maize in North America since accidental introduction to the eastern Unites States nearly a century ago (Mason et al. 1996; Siegfried and Hellmich 2012).

JOURNAL OF APPLIED ENTOMOLOGY - FEV 2017 - Fitness costs associated with Cry1F resistance in the European corn borer

Injury caused by O. nubilalis to whorl- and reproductive-stage maize can result in significant yield loss (Mason et al. 1996). In 1996 and 2001, respectively, maize producing insecticidal toxins Cry1Ab and Cry1F, derived from the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt), was commercialized for the management of O. nubilalis (EPA 2010). By 2015, Bt hybrids accounted for 81% of the total area planted to maize (ERS 2015). The extensive use of Bt maize targeting this pest has resulted in areawide suppression of O. nubilalis populations in several Midwest states (Hutchison et al. 2010). The evolution of pest resistance to Bt crops is, arguably, the greatest threat to the success of this management tool. Methods. Int J Mol Sci. 2016 Oct; 17(10): 1561. Development of Bt Rice and Bt Maize in China and Their Efficacy in Target Pest Control. FUNDACION ANTAMA - ‘15 AÑOS DE CULTIVO DE MAÍZ Bt EN ESPAÑA: BENEFICIOS ECONÓMICOS, SOCIALES Y AMBIENTALES’ Transgenic Research - August 2013 - No effects of Bacillus thuringiensis maize on nontarget organisms in the field in southern E.

EFSA 11/12/12 Scientific Opinion updating the risk assessment conclusions and risk management recommendations on maize Bt11. EFSA Journal 2012;10(12):3018 [104 pp.]. doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2012.3018 EFSA Panel on Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO)Panel Members Salvatore Arpaia, Nicholas Birch, Andrew Chesson, Patrick du Jardin, Achim Gathmann, Jürgen Gropp, Lieve Herman, Hilde-Gunn Hoen-Sorteberg, Huw Jones, Jozsef Kiss, Gijs Kleter, Martinus Lovik, Antoine Messéan, Hanspeter Naegeli, Kaare Magne Nielsen, Jaroslava Ovesna, Joe Perry, Nils Rostoks, Christoph Tebbe.

EFSA 11/12/12 Scientific Opinion updating the risk assessment conclusions and risk management recommendations on maize Bt11.

Acknowledgment The Panel wishes to thank the members of the three Standing Working Groups on Molecular Characterisation, Food/Feed and Environment of GMO applications for the preparatory work on this scientific output, and Yann Devos, Zoltan Diveki, Andrea Gennaro, Yi Liu, Sylvie Mestdagh and Stefano Rodighiero for the support provided to the development of this EFSA scientific output.Contact gmo@efsa.europa.eu Abstract © European Food Safety Authority, 2012 Summary Keywords. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences UPPSALA - 2013 - Thèse en ligne : From Betterment to Bt Maize Agricultural Developme. Journal of Central European Agriculture, 2013, 14(2), p.194-212 Comparison of some aspects of the bionomy of Ostrinia nubilalis. EFSA 11/12/12 Scientific Opinion supplementing previous conclusions and recommendations on maize Bt11 and MON 810 for cultivatio.

EFSA Journal 2012;10(12):3016 [32 pp.]. doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2012.3016 Type: Opinion of the Scientific Committee/Scientific Panel On request from: European Commission Question number: EFSA-Q-2012-00820 Adopted: 06 December 2012 Published: 11 December 2012 Affiliation: European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Parma, Italy In its 2011 Statement supplementing the evaluation of the environmental risk assessment and risk management recommendations on genetically modified insect resistant maize Bt11 for cultivation, the EFSA GMO Panel used the mathematical model, initially developed for maize MON 810 and later recalibrated for maize 1507, to simulate and assess potential adverse effects resulting from the exposure of non-target (NT) Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths) to pollen from maize Bt11 under representative EU cultivation conditions.

EFSA 11/12/12 Scientific Opinion supplementing previous conclusions and recommendations on maize Bt11 and MON 810 for cultivatio

The model was also used to estimate the efficacy of certain mitigation measures. JOURNAL of Horticulture, Forestry and Biotechnology JOURNAL of Horticulture, Volume 16(1), 202-206, 2012 Evaluation of the genet. Texas Tech University - AOUT 2012 - Which Farmers Benefit the Most from Bt Corn Adoption in the Philippines? Estimating Heteroge. ARS USDA 07/10/10 New Study Shows Benefits of Bt Corn to Farmers. CHECKBIOTECH 14/12/10 Auburn researchers evaluate Bt corn hybrids. Whenever you buy insurance, it’s helpful to weigh the cost versus the benefit.

In other words, does the inherent risk justify the premium being paid? The same should be true whenever a grower makes the decision of whether or not to plant a Bt corn hybrid. “Bt corn is really a form of crop insurance that comes in the seed bag. The presence of one or more Bt genes in a corn hybrid will not increase yield potential. Instead, the gene(s) prevent yield losses from certain insects,” according to a recent evaluation of Bt corn hybrids conducted by researchers at Auburn University, including Kathy Flanders, Extension entomologist; Brenda Ortiz, Extension agronomist; Austin Hagan, Extension plant pathologist; and other cooperators. The most important thing to remember, states the report, is that if the population of the target insect in your field or area is high enough, Bt corn will pay off. UNIVERSITY OF KENTUCKY 15/10/10 Bt Corn Benefits Farmers, Including non-Bt Corn Farmers. ISAAA 21/05/10 Effects of Bt Corn on the Reproduction of Non-target Pest Corn Leafhopper.

A preliminary study was performed by Eduardo G.

ISAAA 21/05/10 Effects of Bt Corn on the Reproduction of Non-target Pest Corn Leafhopper

Virla of PROIMI-Biotecnología in Argentina and colleagues to investigate the relationship of Bt corn with cry1F protein to control the fall armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda) and the corn leafhopper (Dalbulus maidis), a non-target pest. They aimed to study the effect of the transgenic corn on the process of laying eggs and the egg hatching rate of leafhoppers. Male and female corn leafhoppers were released in cages that contained two potted plants - one Bt corn plant in vegetative stage, with two visible leaf collars and a non-Bt corn plant.

The number of eggs and hatched nymphs were recorded. More eggs and hatched nymphs were observed on the Bt plant. Agron. Sustain. Dev. Volume 30, Number 4, October-December 2010 Lower mycotoxin levels in Bt maize grain. Agron.

Agron. Sustain. Dev. Volume 30, Number 4, October-December 2010 Lower mycotoxin levels in Bt maize grain

Sustain. Dev. 30 (2010) 711–719 Research article Lower mycotoxin levels in Bt maize grain L. African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. 10(23), pp. 4741-4751, 1 June, 2011 Assessing the potential economic impact of Bacillus th. ISAAA - Drama and Communication Behind Asia’s First Commercialized Bt Corn. INTECH - OCT 2011 - Transgenic Pesticidal Crops and the Environment: The Case of Bt Maize and Natural Enemies.