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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF AGRONOMY AND AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH 14/04/15 Sustainable maize production by urban biowaste products. Caspian Journal of Applied Sciences Research, , pp. 309-314, 2013 Potentiality of Palm Oil Biowaste with Poultry Litter for Composting. Environment International 35 (2009) 187–201 Human pathogens and their indicators in biosolids: A literature review. Water 2014, 6(12), 3701-3723 Effects of Biosolids and Manure Application on Microbial Water Quality in Rural Areas in the US. 1.

Water 2014, 6(12), 3701-3723 Effects of Biosolids and Manure Application on Microbial Water Quality in Rural Areas in the US

Waterborne Outbreaks in Rural Areas in the US Most of the waterborne disease outbreaks worldwide and in North America are associated with rural drinking water systems. According to Craun et al. [1], in the United States during the 12 years period of 1991–2002, 207 waterborne disease outbreaks and 433,947 illnesses were reported; 42% of these outbreaks occurred in non-community water systems, 22% occurred in individual systems such as private wells, and only 36% occurred in community systems. In most cases the drinking water supply in rural areas is provided by groundwater wells that in some cases are shallow. Between 1981 and 1998, 50% (210 of 417) of the reported waterborne disease outbreaks were linked to contaminated groundwater [2,3]. 696 outbreaks have been reported in the US between 1971 and 2000, of which 59% were linked to groundwater [4].

In recreational waters, fecal contamination from bathers has been an important source of exposure. 2. 3. Table 1. Table 2. 4. 5. Figure 1. UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA 20/02/14 Cost-Benefit Analysis of Food-Waste Composting Program at UMM. Sci. agric. (Piracicaba, Braz.) vol.72 no.4 Piracicaba July/Aug. 2015 Use of organic compost produced from slaughterhouse waste as fertilizer in soybean and corn crops. References.

Sci. agric. (Piracicaba, Braz.) vol.72 no.4 Piracicaba July/Aug. 2015 Use of organic compost produced from slaughterhouse waste as fertilizer in soybean and corn crops

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-007880-15 Liquid manure leaking into drinking water pipes: Gálvez. In 2014, the Spanish Government withdrew aid from cogeneration plants.

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-007880-15 Liquid manure leaking into drinking water pipes: Gálvez

As a result, virtually all the liquid manure treatment plants in the country had to close, including the two plants in Castilla-La Mancha (Polán and Consuegra). This left the region with no adequate solution for processing liquid manure and, despite protests from cattle farmers, environmentalists, opponents and inhabitants of the possible consequences, the national and regional governments have to date only provided aid for the transport of liquid manure (without it necessarily being treated) to dumping areas or farms.

However, despite the regional government’s lack of transparency in this respect, it seems that there have already been instances of liquid manure leaking into drinking water pipes, as can be inferred from the events of 27 February 2015 in Gálvez (Toledo) [ This poses a huge risk for people’s health. 1. NORTH DAKOTA AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION 07/10/13 Composting is a simple way to dispose of dead livestock. Document Actions Composting is a simple way to dispose of dead livestock.

NORTH DAKOTA AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION 07/10/13 Composting is a simple way to dispose of dead livestock.

Some producers in southwestern North Dakota lost livestock due to last weekend’s unseasonal blizzard. “Disposing of carcasses as soon as possible is imperative so the spread of disease and pollution does not occur,” says Mary Berg, an area Extension livestock environmental management specialist at North Dakota State University’s Carrington Research Extension Center. Journal of Horticulture and Forestry - AOUT 2013 - Growth and yield responses of ginger (Zingiber officinale) to three sources of organic manures in a typical rainforest zone, Nigeria NORTH DAKOTA AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION 07/10/13 Composting is a. A field study was carried out in the 2011/2012 cropping seasons at the Teaching and Research, Farms of the Delta State University, Asaba Campus, Asaba, a typical rainforest zone in Nigeria.

Journal of Horticulture and Forestry - AOUT 2013 - Growth and yield responses of ginger (Zingiber officinale) to three sources of organic manures in a typical rainforest zone, Nigeria NORTH DAKOTA AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION 07/10/13 Composting is a

The aim was to evaluate the responses of ginger to three sources of organic manures namely; cow-dung manure, poultry manure and pig manure at the rate of 20 t/ha. The experiment was a randomized complete block design with three replicates. Growth and yield parameters of ginger were taken at the 4, 6, 8, 10, 12 and 14 weeks after planting (WAP), while fresh weight was taken at 16th week after planting (WAP).

The growth parameters observed were plant height, number of leaves, leaf area and number of tillers. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, Bioaerosols from a Food Waste Composting Plant Affect Human Airway Epithelial Cell Remodeling Genes. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RECYCLING OF ORGANIC WASTE IN AGRICULTURE - 2013 - Review: Effects of olive mill wastewater application on soil properties and plants growth. The International Journal of Recycling of Organic Waste in Agriculture is a peer-reviewed open access journal published under the brand SpringerOpen, covering all aspects of recycling of organic waste.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RECYCLING OF ORGANIC WASTE IN AGRICULTURE - 2013 - Review: Effects of olive mill wastewater application on soil properties and plants growth

It is fully supported by the Islamic Azad University, who provide funds to cover all costs of publication, including the Article Processing Charges (APC’s) for all authors. Therefore the journal is both free to read and free to publish in. International Journal of Photoenergy Volume 2012 (2012), Microbiological Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Sewage Sludge Sanitization with Solar Drying Technology.

HSE_GOV_UK - Composting - Recycling biodegradable waste. Composting, the recycling of organic wastes such as vegetation and food waste, reduces the amount of waste going to landfill and is therefore a rapidly growing sector.

HSE_GOV_UK - Composting - Recycling biodegradable waste.

The trade body the Renewable Energy Association (REA) [1], formerly Association for Organics Recycling (AfOR), publishes a range of health and safety guidance for its members to include Health and safety at composting sites: A guide for site managers, which can be obtained as a priced publication from the REA.

Health and safety at composting sites: A guide for site managers [2] Main injury risks Transport[3], including vehicle movements, falls during sheeting operations, poor site layout and control, reversing and visibility issues. FDA 13/11/15 What Is FDA Doing to Promote the Safe Use of Manure and Compost on Crops? Questions and Answers with Michael Mahovic. < < Proposed Produce Safety Rule Main Page The proposed Produce Safety rule, published in January 2013 to help implement the FDA Food Safety Modernization Act, addresses the safe agricultural use of raw and composted manure and other biological soil amendments of animal origin.

FDA 13/11/15 What Is FDA Doing to Promote the Safe Use of Manure and Compost on Crops? Questions and Answers with Michael Mahovic

The proposed rule also includes water quality and testing standards, among other provisions. The FDA expects to issue a final Produce Safety rule in 2015. FDA’s Michael Mahovic, center, with Agricultural Research Service (ARS) scientists Patricia Millner, left, and Manan Sharma. They are examining a manure-treated soil sample taken at ARS’ research facility in Beltsville, MD. Strategic Approach. The 1th International and The 4th National Congress on Recycling of Organic Waste in Agriculture 26 – 27 April 2012 in Isfahan, Iran - Sewage sludge effect on organic matter of soil with plants of Vicia faba and Secale montanum inocoloum with Arbuscular M. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-007880-15 Liquid manure leaking into drinking water pipes: Gálvez. Earth and Environmental Science 19 (2014) 01201 Modelling animal waste pathogen transport from agricultural land to streams. EPA - JULY 2013 - Literature Review of Contaminants in Livestock and Poultry Manure and Implications for Water Quality.

UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS 19/06/13 Making and Using Compost for Organic Farming. Emily Marriott, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Ed Zaborski, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Introduction Composting transforms raw organic residues into humus-like material through the activity of soil microorganisms.

UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS 19/06/13 Making and Using Compost for Organic Farming

Mature compost stores well and is biologically stable, free of unpleasant odors, and easier to handle and less bulky than raw organic wastes. In agronomic and horticultural operations, compost can be used as a soil amendment, seed starter, mulch, container mix ingredient, or natural fertilizer, depending on its characteristics. Compost provides many benefits as a soil amendment and a source of organic matter by improving soil biological, chemical, and physical characteristics: Increases microbial activity Enhances plant disease suppression Increases soil fertility Increases cation exchange capacity Improves soil structure in clayey soils Improves water retention in sandy soils Reduces bioavailability of heavy metals. UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS 06/11/13 The Financial Benefits of Composting Stable Waste for the Equine Industry. Waste to Worth home | More proceedings....

UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS 06/11/13 The Financial Benefits of Composting Stable Waste for the Equine Industry

Abstract Composting is becoming widely accepted as a best management practice for equine facilities. Stable waste is a readily compostable feedstock which generates heat and transforms into a finished compost product in as little as 2 weeks using in-vessel technologies. Composting the stable waste is financially beneficial, turning a liability into an asset, negating disposal fees, offering a decrease in bedding expenses and creating a saleable product. EPA 15/11/13 New England Institutions Honored for Food Waste Recycling Efforts on America Recycles Day. Release Date: 11/15/2013Contact Information: David Deegan, (617) 918-1017 (Boston, Mass. – Nov. 15, 2013) - In honor of America Recycles Day, two colleges in Massachusetts and a senior living facility in Connecticut were honored this week by EPA for their success in keeping extra food out of landfills and getting it to people who are hungry.

In addition, regional achievement awards were given to 12 other organizations in three New England states. EPA’s Food Recovery Challenge invites organizations nationwide to reduce the amount of food they buy and throw out and to divert surplus food to feed people, thus reducing their environmental footprint. In New England, more than 50 stores, school, hotels, restaurants, sporting venues and other businesses participate in the challenge. UMass Amherst has used several innovative solutions for reducing food waste. Regional achievement awards were given to 12 other organizations in New Hampshire, Massachusetts and Vermont. Journal of Horticulture and Forestry - AOUT 2013 - Growth and yield responses of ginger (Zingiber officinale) to three sources o. International Journal Of Recycling of Organic Waste in Agriculture 2013, 2:21 Organic manure production from cow dung and biogas. AGENCIA DE RESIDUS DE CALALUNYA - Residus municipals. AGENCIA DE RESIDUS DE CATALUNYA - 11a Jornada de prevenció de residus - 2011 - Présentations en ligne:

Aquesta onzena edició de la jornada ha estat dedicada a la economia circular i les seves perspectives de futur des d'una dimensió climàtica i econòmica. L’objectiu és prevenir al màxim els residus, i que els que encara es generin puguin ser transformats en matèria primera. D’aquesta manera, se’n maximitza la sostenibilitat i se n’evita la sobregeneració i la disposició en abocadors i incineradores, i s’afavoreix la reutilització, el reciclatge i el compostatge. En definitiva, cal donar el pas de considerar els residus com recursos, que en un territori com Catalunya, amb dependència externa de matèries primeres, poden rebaixar aquesta dependència. L'ACR+ és una xarxa internacional de ciutats i regions que comparteixen l'objectiu de promoure el consum responsable de recursos i la gestió sostenible de residus a través de la prevenció en l'origen, reutilització i reciclatge, amb seu a Brussel·les.

ECOWATCH 13/08/13 The Global Progress of Composting Food Waste. Yale Environment 360 By Dave Levitan As municipal food composting programs spread across North America and Europe, no city faces a more daunting task than New York. Its Department of Sanitation collects more than 10,000 tons of trash every day, and another 1,700 tons of recyclable materials. A large portion of that waste, though, may soon have a future other than the landfill: Food scraps and other “organics” have long been just a part of New York’s trash pile, but a pilot program in the city is aimed at rolling out collection of that material and composting it, a far more environmentally friendly method. “It’s the next new thing in terms of municipal waste handling in the 21st century,” says Eric Goldstein, a senior attorney with the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) in New York. Eng. Agríc. vol.33 no.2 Jaboticabal Mar./Apr. 2013 Swine manure post-treatment technologies for pathogenic organism inactivation.

Swine manure post-treatment technologies for pathogenic organism inactivation Tecnologias de pós-tratamento de dejetos suínos para inativar organismos patogênicos Patrícia BilottaI; Airton KunzII IMestre e Doutora em Hidráulica e Saneamento, Prof. 15th RAMIRAN International Conference. Recycling of organic residues for agriculture: from waste management to ecosystem service. African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. 10(81), pp. 18800-18806, 16 December, 2011 Composting of food and yard wastes by locally i. African Journal of Microbiology Research Vol. 5(19), pp. 2873-2879, 23 September, 2011 Utilization of kitchen waste for the prod. INTECH - AOUT 2011 - Vermicomposting. 1. Introduction Million tons of organic wastes are disposed in landfill or incinerated annually. Waste Management 29, 1 (2009) p. 197 - p. 203 Effectiveness of three bulking agents for food waste composting. International journal of recycling of organic waste in Agriculture.

International Journal Of Recycling of Organic Waste in Agriculture 2013, 2:23 Co-composting of pineapple leaves and chicken manu. Journal of Horticulture and Forestry Vol. 3(12), pp. 351-357, 15 November, 2011 Composting certain agricultural residues to pott. African Journal of Agricultural Research Vol. Vol. 7(39), pp. 5387-5395, 9 October, 2012 Growth and yield of sweet potato (Ipomo. African Journal of Microbiology Research Vol. 5(19), pp. 2873-2879, 23 September, 2011 Utilization of kitchen waste for the prod. ARS USDA - MARS 2013 - ARS MAGAZINE – Au sommaire:Measuring and managing impacts of manure spills. URBAN WASTE MANAGEMENT - 1999 - Composting and Its Applicability in Developing Countries.

Applied and Environmental Soil Science Volume 2012 (2012), Land Application of Biosolids in the USA: A Review. The Scientific World Journal Volume 2012 (2012), Effect of Composting on Dissolved Organic Matter in Animal Manure and Its Bindi. Sci. agric. (Piracicaba, Braz.) vol.62 no.3 Piracicaba May/June 2005 Plant bioassays to assess toxicity of textile sludge compos. Plant bioassays to assess toxicity of textile sludge compost Bioensaios vegetais na avaliação da toxidade do composto de lodo têxtil Ademir Sérgio Ferreira Araújo I ; Regina Teresa Rosim Monteiro II, * I UESPI - Campus de Parnaíba, Av. New York State Association of Recyclers - DEC 2000 - COMPOST QUALITY STANDARDS & GUIDELINES. UNIVERSITE DE LAVAL - 2010 - Thèse en ligne : IMPACT DES SYSTEMES DE GESTION DES LISIERS SUR LA CONTAMINATION EN MICROORGANISMES.

EMA 17/02/10 Guideline on determining the fate of veterinary medicinal products in manure. Control of enteric pathogens in ready-to-eat vegetable crops in organic and ‘low input’ production systems: a HACCP-based approach - Leifert - 2008 - Journal of Applied Microbiology. Summary Risks from pathogens such as Salmonella, Yersinia, Campylobacter and Escherichia coli O157 have been identified as a particular concern for organic and ‘low input’ food production systems that rely on livestock manure as a nutrient source.

Current data do not allow any solid conclusions to be drawn about the level of this risk, relative to conventional production systems. This review describes six Risk Reduction Points (RRPs) where risks from enteric pathogens can be reduced in ready-to-eat vegetables. Changes can be made to animal husbandry practices (RRP1) to reduce inoculum levels in manure. Outdoor livestock management (RRP2) can be optimized to eliminate the risk of faecal material entering irrigation water. Introduction Organic farming standards prohibit the use of chemosynthetic fertilizers and pesticides, but recommend regular organic matter-based fertility inputs into soils.

Figure 1. Download figure to PowerPoint Conclusions. ERS USDA - SEPT 2011 - Trends and Developments in Hog Manure Management: 1998-2009.