Preventive Veterinary Medicine Volume 194, September 2021, Spatial variation in direct and indirect contact rates at the wildlife-livestock interface for informing disease management. The role of wildlife in the (re)emergence of livestock diseases has been increasing due to global climate change, human encroachment on wildlife habitat, and changes in wildlife distributions and demographics (Jones et al., 2013; Miller et al., 2017; Patz et al., 1996).
In the United States, it has been suggested that ∼80 % of reportable livestock diseases have a potential wildlife component and over 40 % are zoonotic (Miller et al., 2013). Disease management at the wildlife-livestock interface requires understanding of pathogen transmission among multiple host species (Johnson et al., 2015; Wiethoelter et al., 2015). OIE - 2021 - Pathogen detection and disease diagnosis in wildlife: challenges and opportunities. JOURNAL OF WILDLIFE DISEASES, VOL. 55, NO. 1, JANUARY 2019 RECENT CHANGES IN INFECTIOUS DISEASES IN EUROPEAN WILDLIFE. December 12, 2018 Journal article Open Access Yon, L.; Duff, J.
P.; Ågren, E. O.; Erdélyi, K.; Ferroglio, E.; Godfroid, J.; Hars, J.; Hestvik, G.; Horton, D.; Kuiken, T.; Lavazza, A.; Markowska-Daniel, I.; Martel, A.; Neimanis, A.; Pasmans; Price, S. OIE VIA YOUTUBE 15/09/20 Emerging Infectious Diseases in Wildlife, Dr Lee. FORESTS 18/06/20 Evaluation of Wild Foods for Responsible Human Consumption and Sustainable Use of Natural Resources. Traditional consumption of plants, fungi and wild animals constitutes a reality for the feeding of diverse human groups in different tropical territories of the world.
In this regard, there are two views within the academic community: (1) those who defend the importance of the traditional consumption for family food security in rural areas, especially in tropical countries with emerging development; and (2) those who affirm their inconvenience as they are considered vectors of rapidly spreading diseases worldwide. A systematic literature review and an Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) with experts were carried out to identify the contributing criteria and dimensions in Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) that help evaluate the potential of wild foods for responsible consumption in terms of human health and nature conservation. Four dimensions were identified. PATHOGENS 13/02/20 Dynamic Network of Interactions in the Wildlife-Livestock Interface in Mediterranean Spain: An Epidemiological Point of View. The correct management of diseases that are transmitted between wildlife and livestock requires a reliable estimate of the pathogen transmission rate.
The calculation of this parameter is a challenge for epidemiologists, since transmission can occur through multiple pathways. The social network analysis is a widely used tool in epidemiology due to its capacity to identify individuals and communities with relevant roles for pathogen transmission. In the present work, we studied the dynamic network of interactions in a complex epidemiological scenario using information from different methodologies. FRONT. VET. SCI. 05/03/20 Ethical considerations for wildlife reintroductions and rewilding. OIE - REV.SCI. TECH. OFF. INT. EPIZ. - 2018 - Proposed attributes of national wildlife health programmes.
Rev. Sci. Tech. Off. Int. Epiz., 2016,35(3) Implementing wildlife disease surveillance in the Netherlands, a One Health approach. VETERINARY RESEARCH - 2011 - A survey of the transmission of infectious diseases/infections between wild and domestic ungulates in Europe. Interdisciplinary collaboration is a requisite to the success of management programs.
Studies involving biologists, ecologists, veterinarians, epidemiologists and medical doctors should then be promoted. Nevertheless, further research is needed to clearly assess all consequences of the diseases transmitted between wildlife, livestock and humans. A better knowledge of wild populations (size and distribution) of each species should be promoted by applying harmonized methods among the different regions and/or countries. Besides, more studies could be performed in order to understand and analyse the infectious strains circulating among wild animals, but, above all, to compare them to strains circulating among domestic livestock. In most cases, researchers ignore if strains circulating among domestic and wild populations are similar. To focus wildlife surveillance on prioritized agents could lead to a reduced vigilance/surveillance of "old" diseases. BULLETIN UASVM VETERINARY MEDICINE - 2015 - Study on the Wild Boar Meat Contamination with Pathogenic Agents Involved in Foodborne Diseases.
VETERINARIA ITALIANA - APRIL/JUNE 2016 WAHIS-Wild and its interface: the OIE worldwide monitoring system for wild animal diseases. Riassunto Le malattie degli animali selvatici rappresentano un problema crescente a livello globale data la minaccia che rappresentano per la salute degli animali domestici e il loro potenziale zoonotico.
L'Organizzazione Mondiale della Sanità Animale (OIE) è stata tra le prime organizzazioni a riconoscere l'importanza di avere una conoscenza completa della situazione delle malattie negli animali selvatici attraverso la raccolta di informazioni in tutto il mondo sin dal 1993, quando per la prima volta un questionario annuale è stato distribuito dall'OIE a tutti i suoi Paesi Membri al fine di raccogliere dati qualitativi e quantitativi su specifiche malattie degli animali selvatici. Procedia Technology 8 ( 2013 ) 222 – 228 Monitoring of Wild Animal Species in the Czech Republic. Volume 8, 2013, Pages 222–228 6th International Conference on Information and Communication Technologies in Agriculture, Food and Environment (HAICTA 2013) Edited By Michail Salampasis and Alexandros Theodoridis Abstract In the paper, the method of data collection, processing and visualization of the occurrence of non-indigenous and endangered animal species in the Czech Republic is described.
Our new software enables easy data entry about the observation of monitored species to the expert public. This analytic and software solution was developed by the Department of Information Technologies, Czech University of Life Sciences; the data has been also used by the Forestry and Wood Faculty and the Faculty of Life Sciences. Keywords. European Journal of Wildlife Research 01/2014 Effects of the hunting method on meat quality from fallow deer and wild boar and preliminary studies for predicting lipid oxidation using visible reflectance spectra. DEFRA 11/06/15 Wildlife: disease surveillance reports, 2015. AUSTRALIAN WILDLIFE HEALTH NETWORK 02/08/12 Disease Agents Reported in Feral Animals within Australia. European Food Research and Technology April 2014, Detection of roe deer, red deer, and hare meat in raw materials and processed products available in Poland.
To allow detection of meat from the most popular game species in Poland, we developed a PCR-based method for identification of roe deer (Capreolus capreolus), red deer (Cervus elaphus), and hare (Lepus europaeus).
The designed primers were based on the noncoding, mitochondrial D-loop region. Amplicon sizes ranged from 116 to 255 bp. The primers exhibited no cross-reactivity with the DNA from common slaughter and other game species. The detection limit of the assay was established to be below 0.001 % in raw red deer (C. elaphus) and hare (L. europaeus) meat, and below 0.01 % in raw roe deer (C. capreolus) meat, whereas <0.5 % of hare and red deer meat in processed samples could be detected. JOURNAL OF VETERINARY RESEARCH - 2014 - Drivers of disease emergence and spread: Is wildlife to blame?
PLOS 29/05/14 Surveillance for Emerging Biodiversity Diseases of Wildlife. Citation: Grogan LF, Berger L, Rose K, Grillo V, Cashins SD, Skerratt LF (2014) Surveillance for Emerging Biodiversity Diseases of Wildlife.
PLoS Pathog 10(5): e1004015. doi:10.1371/journal.ppat.1004015 Editor: Glenn F. Rall, The Fox Chase Cancer Center, United States of America Published: May 29, 2014 Copyright: © 2014 Grogan et al. INFECTION ECOLOGY & EPIDEMIOLOGY - 2011 - The impact of multiple infections on wild animal hosts: a review. 1Institut des Sciences de l’Evolution, CNRS-UM2, CC65, Université de Montpellier, Montpellier, France; 2UR22 AGIRs, CIRAD, Campus International de Baillarguet, 34398 Montpellier, France Field parasitological studies consistently demonstrate the reality of polyparasitism in natural systems.
However, only recently, studies from ecological and evolutionary fields have emphasised a broad spectrum of potential multiple infections-related impacts. The main goal of our review is to reunify the different approaches on the impacts of polyparasitism, not only from laboratory or human medical studies but also from field or theoretical studies. We put forward that ecological and epidemiological determinants to explain the level of polyparasitism, which regularly affects not only host body condition, survival or reproduction but also host metabolism, genetics or immune investment.
Keywords: Wildlife; polyparasitism; multiparasitism; coinfections; parasite diversity; life-history traits Fig. 1. Veterinar Sci Technolo 2014, 5:3 The Hygienic Practices Involved in Three Game Meat Production Systems in South Africa Based on Environmental and other Independent Variables. African Journal of Microbiology Research 16/04/13 Serosurveillance for some diseases in livestock living within protected areas designated for wildlife reintroduction in Saudi Arabia. Full Length Research Paper. Veterinar Sci Technolo 2014, 5:3 The Hygienic Practices Involved in Three Game Meat Production Systems in South Africa Based on Environmental and other Independent Variables.
ODI_ORG_UK - 1999 - Can livestock and wildlife co-exist? An interdisciplinary approach - Livestock, wildlife and people in the s. EFSA 27/06/13 Scientific Opinion on the public health hazards to be covered by inspection of meat from farmed game. EFSA Journal 2013;11(6):3264 [181 pp.]. doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2013.3264 Type: Opinion of the Scientific Committee/Scientific Panel On request from: European Commission Question number: EFSA-Q-2011-00366 , EFSA-Q-2011-00961 , EFSA-Q-2011-01037 Adopted: 06 June 2013 Published: 27 June 2013 Affiliation: European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Parma, Italy Following a request from the European Commission, the EFSA Panel on Biological Hazards (BIOHAZ) was asked to deliver a scientific opinion on the public health hazards to be covered by inspection of meat from several animal species, with the contribution of the Panel on Contaminants in the Food Chain (CONTAM) and the Panel on Animal Health and Welfare (AHAW).
To fulfil this mandate, the first stage in this assessment focused on identifying the biological hazards that occur in farmed game in Europe. Strengths of the current meat inspection were identified. A number of weaknesses of the current meat inspection system were also identified. USDA - Wildlife Services - Strategic Plan (2013 – 2017) University of Pretoria - 2012 - Thèse en ligne : A Bioeconomic Analysis of Disease Transmission between Wildlife and Livestock. Level of selected toxic elements in meat, liver, tallow and bone marrow of young semi-domesticated reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus L.) from Northern Norway. APHIS/USDA - Proceedings of the 14th WDM Conference (2012) - The Role of the National Wildlife Disease Program in Wildlife Disea. Joint 61st WDA / 10th biennal EWDA conference "convergence in wildlife health" Lyon 23-27 July 2012 Proceedings.
Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Infectious Diseases Volume 2011 (2011), Network Models: An Underutilized Tool in Wildlife Epid. BIOONE Volume 72, Issue 1 (January 2008) Sampling Considerations for Disease Surveillance in Wildlife Populations. ANIMAL HEALTH AUSTRALIA - 2011 - Operational Procedures Manual - Wild Animal Response Strategy. ANIMAL HEALTH AUSTRALIA - 2011 - Operational Procedures Manual - Wild Animal Response Strategy. BIOSECURITY NZ - Présentation : Global movement of pathogens linked to free-ranging and captive wildlife. PLOS 10/01/12 Zoonotic Viruses Associated with Illegally Imported Wildlife Products. The global trade in wildlife has historically contributed to the emergence and spread of infectious diseases. The United States is the world's largest importer of wildlife and wildlife products, yet minimal pathogen surveillance has precluded assessment of the health risks posed by this practice.
This report details the findings of a pilot project to establish surveillance methodology for zoonotic agents in confiscated wildlife products.