FRONT. VET. SCI. 23/10/20 A Novel Arthropod Host of Brucellosis in the Arid Steppe Ecosystem. Background Brucellosis, a zoonotic infectious disease caused by Brucella spp., was once distributed worldwide (1); China effectively curbed it using attenuated vaccines in the 1980s (2, 3).
However, in the last 10 years, China has seen a resurgence in the occurrence of brucellosis in animals. Alarmingly, there have also been reports of outbreaks of human brucellosis especially in Inner Mongolia (4). This disease poses serious problems against the healthy development of animal husbandry-associated economy and leads to the development of issues of social and public security (5, 6). Inner Mongolia has arid and semi-arid grassland type climate, but the global climate changes have impacted the inherent climatic characteristics of these areas (7). Dermacentor nuttalli is mainly a blood-sucking ectoparasite of animals that can also affect humans (13). Materials and Methods Collection of Tick Samples Figure 1. Genomic DNA Extraction From the Ticks Results Figure 2. Figure 3. Figure 4. Figure 5. 3. VETERINARY SCIENCES 08/09/20 Sheep Brucellosis in Kuwait: A Large-Scale Serosurvey, Identification of Brucella Species and Zoonotic Significance. Brucellosis is a common zoonotic disease of major concern in humans of Kuwait, and B. melitensis causes most human cases.
The disease is endemic in small ruminants, cattle, and camels for decades, causing substantial economic losses in livestock production. However, a nationwide large-scale investigation of brucellosis in the small ruminant population has not been done in the past two decades. A serosurvey of sheep brucellosis in the five districts of Kuwait with most animal production farms was done between 2016 and 2019. Biosafety and Health Available online 29 July 2020 Laboratory-acquired infections with Brucella bacteria in China. 1.
Introduction Brucellosis, also known as undulating fever, is a zoonotic infectious disease caused by Brucella spp. bacteria, which commonly infect sheep, cattle, goats, pigs, and dogs [1,2]. Among them, Brucella melitensis is the most infectious to humans with the highest pathogenicity . Humans often acquire infection through skin and mucous membranes (feces and hair from the infected animals), the digestive tract (food made from infected animals), and the respiratory tract (aerosols) [4,5]. The acute stage of infection is mainly characterized by fever, fatigue, sweating, and muscle and joint pain, as well as enlarged liver, spleen, and lymph nodes, whereas the chronic stage is associated with joint damage. Approximately 500,000 infected people are reported annually in the world [, , ]. 2. 3. Austral j. vet. sci. vol.52 no.1 Valdivia Jan. 2020 Serological survey of bovine viral diarrhea (BVDV-1), brucellosis, and leptospirosis in captive white-lipped peccaries (Tayassu pecari) from the Midwest region in Brazil.
FRONT. VET. SCI. 07/07/20 ONE Health Approach to Address Zoonotic Brucellosis: A Spatiotemporal Associations Study between Animals and Humans (étude Chinoise) 1Institute of Veterinary Sciences & Department of Veterinary Medicine, Zhejiang University, College of Animal Sciences, China 2Zhejiang Center for Disease Control and Prevention, China 3Animal Health Research Division, Nepal Agricultural Research Council, Nepal 4College of Computer Science, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China, China 5College of Computer Science, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, ChinaCollege of Computer Science, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China, China 6Pathobiology, Zhejiang University, China BackgroundBrucellosis is one of the most significant zoonosis over the world, threatening both veterinary and human public health.
However, few studies were focused on nationwide animal brucellosis and made association with human brucellosis. ConclusionsBrucellosis is a reemerging disease for both humans and animals in China. INTECH 11/03/19 One Health Approach to Control Brucellosis in Sierra Leone. 1.
Introduction Brucellosis is a common contagious, communicable and One Health endemic zoonotic disease of public health significance with a high rate of morbidity and life sterility . Brucellosis is named after Sir David Bruce because he isolated the causative agent from a soldier while working in Malta.
The disease Malta fever or Mediterranean fever got it named when it affected British military personnel in 1886. Malta fever is a fever condition occasionally caused by Brucella, and its most common species B. abortus and B. melitensis. 1.1 Animals affected Brucellosis is a bacterial disease of the genus Brucella, and six different species exist; namely: B. abortusB. melitensisB. suisB canisB. ovisB. neotomae—desert rat.
INFECTIOUS DISEASES AND POVERTY 24/05/20 Brucellosis in China: history, progress and challenge. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) factsheet, although approximately 500 000 brucellosis cases are reported annually, the true incidence is always much higher than the reported number of cases.
Up to now, there is no distinct and clear guideline for brucellosis diagnosis, with different countries having their own rules. Serologic tests play a fundamental role in the diagnosis of this disease. All of the standard serological tests are based on the detection of antibodies recognizing the O antigen of the Brucella lipopolysaccharide (LPS). BMC Public Health 16/04/20 Effect of climatic factors on the seasonal fluctuation of human brucellosis in Yulin, northern China. Human brucellosis is a serious public health problem in the global livestock husbandry areas, and the seasonal distribution of the disease is strongly associated with climate variability [2, 7].
The critical findings of our study were that temperature, sunshine duration, and evaporation were key determinants of disease seasonality in Yulin, and similar associations could easily be expanded over wider regions in northern China. Meanwhile, the lagged effects of climatic factors could provide sufficient time to develop targeted interventions for decreasing the disease burden in humans and livestock. Seasonal climatic conditions may affect multiple aspects of climate-sensitive infectious diseases . Consequently, climatic factors can be used to forecast the occurrence of disease outbreaks within periods of weeks to months .
Public health professionals use mathematical models to investigate the complex relationships between disease epidemics and climate data . FRONT. VET. SCI. 15/04/20 Analytic Sensitivity of an ELISA Test on Pooled Sera Samples for Detection of Bovine Brucellosis in Eradication Stages in Uruguay. Introduction Bovine brucellosis is a worldwide-distributed zoonosis that causes abortions in cattle and undulant fever in humans.
It has been reported that Brucella spp. causes the largest number of zoonotic infections worldwide, with more than 500,000 new cases in humans each year (1). Bovine brucellosis is present in all countries across Latin America with Mexico and Peru having a relatively high prevalence; however, Uruguay has relatively low prevalence estimated to be 0.2% at an animal-level and 0.8% at a herd-level (2–5). Abortions lead to a decreased number of calves per year, and reduced milk production, having economic impacts on beef and dairy producers. According to McDermott et al. (6), in high-income countries, cows that had a bovine brucellosis abortion will have an economic loss of 20–25% during that season. Front. Vet. Sci. 17/03/20 Analytic sensitivity of an ELISA test on pooled sera samples for detection of bovine brucellosis in eradication stages in Uruguay.
1Faculty of Veterinary, University of the Republic, Uruguay 2College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University, United States 3Division of Veterinary Laboratories, Ministry of Livestock, Agriculture and Fisheries (Uruguay), Uruguay Bovine brucellosis has been under eradication in Uruguay since 1998.
The eradication program includes, among other interventions, individual sera sampling of beef animals at slaughter, and annual serum testing of all dairy cows—accounting for two million samples annually. At a herd prevalence of 0.8%, a pooled-sera sample approach could reduce the economic burden of the surveillance system by reducing the testing and operational costs. Our objective was to evaluate the analytic sensitivity of an indirect ELISA test for Brucella abortus in serum pools.
Sixty-two Brucella abortus-positive bovine sera samples (based upon rose bengal and fluorescent polarization assay) were used as the positive control samples. . * Correspondence: Dr. JOURNAL OF VETERINARY MEDICINE AND RESEARCH 03/02/20 Sero-Prevalence Study of Bovine Brucellosis and Its Risk Factors in Dairy Farms in and Around Adama Town, Oromia Regional State, Central Ethiopia.
Iranian Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology - 2019 - Case-control study on risk factors associated with brucellosis in aborted cattle of Jimma zone, Ethiopia. References 1. Peter AT. Abortions in dairy cows: new insights and economic impact, Advances in Dairy Technology, 2000; 12: 233. 2. Hovingh E.
Abortions in dairy cattle. Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine 02/01/20 Spatial-temporal distribution of human brucellosis in mainland China from 2004 to 2017 and an analysis of social and environmental factors. On the basis of the monthly number of nationwide human brucellosis cases during 2004–2018 and the monthly and yearly disease data of each province in mainland China from 2004 to 2017, the present study explored the changing distribution of human brucellosis incidence spatially and temporally and investigated the association between the incidence and certain socio-economic, environmental, and ecological factors.
Human brucellosis incidence exhibited an obvious seasonal pattern, gradually increasing in January and peaking in May, after which it gradually decreased. The peak incidence occurred in early spring to early summer, and the lowest incidence usually occurred in winter. This result is similar to the results from other studies in China [15, 16] and other countries, such as Italy [17,18,19]. The identification of seasonal patterns is critical to the success of control and prevention strategies . There are some limitations to our study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 21/02/20 Serological and Molecular Detection of Bovine Brucellosis at Institutional Livestock Farms in Punjab, Pakistan. Jamil, T.; Melzer, F.; Saqib, M.; Shahzad, A.; Khan Kasi, K.; Hammad Hussain, M.; Rashid, I.; Tahir, U.; Khan, I.; Haleem Tayyab, M.; Ullah, S.; Mohsin, M.; Mansoor, M.K.; Schwarz, S.; Neubauer, H.
Serological and Molecular Detection of Bovine Brucellosis at Institutional Livestock Farms in Punjab, Pakistan. Int. J. Environ. Res. AMA Style. Animal Health Research Journal Vol. 7, No. 4, November 2019 Evaluation of indirect multispecies ELISA for diagnosis of brucellosis in different farm animals. BMC INFECTIOUS DISEASES 09/01/20 Sero-prevalence and risk factors of brucellosis among suspected febrile patients attending a referral hospital in southern Saudi Arabia (2014–2018) Mediterranean fever is an extremely infectious zoonotic disease caused by Brucella spp., which is a Gram-negative bacteria that affects humans and animals and poses a serious threat to public health. Presently, the genus consists of 11 nominal species, including, suis and B. melitensis which are the most significant source of disease in small ruminants and cattle, respectively .
These species are transmitted between animals both vertically and horizontally, causing abortion and infertility in their primary natural hosts—goats and sheep (B. melitensis), sows (B. suis), and cows (B. abortus) . Brucella shows host favoritism, but is not host definite, and spillover can happen when different host species are kept together or share grazing grounds and water sources . This disease is transmitted through contact with infected animals and humans, and the consumption of unpasteurized dairy and infected products. Brucellosis has been an endemic disease in the KSA since the early 1980s. Veterinary and Animal Science Volume 7, June 2019, Sero-prevalence and community awareness on the risks associated with Livestock and Human brucellosis in selected districts of Fafan Zone of Ethiopian-Somali National Regional State.
Acha and Szyfres, 2001 P.N. Acha, B. Szyfres (3rd edition), Zoonoses and communicable diseases common to man and animals; Bacteriosis and Mycoses, 1, Pan American Health organization, Washington D.C. (2001), pp. 233-246 Adugna, Agga and Zewde, 2013 K.E. Revue Scientifique et Technique (Office International des Epizooties), 32 (3) (2013), pp. 1-20 Ahmed et al., 2008 E.Y.
BIORXIV 31/01/20 Sero-prevalence of brucellosis, Q-fever and Rift Valley Fever in humans and livestock in Somali region, Ethiopia. BMC VETERINARY RESEARCH 28/10/19 Investigation on Brucella infection in farm animals in Saham, Sultanate of Oman with reference to human brucellosis outbreak. Study areas The present study was conducted in Saham city, at the coastal Region of Al Batinah, northeast of Oman (Fig. 2). The city is located at 24.17 latitude and 56.89 longitudes at an elevation 2 m above sea level and has a population of 89,327 making it the third biggest city in Al Batinah. BMC PUBLIC HEALTH 03/12/19 Comparative knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding anthrax, brucellosis, and rabies in three districts of northern Tanzania. BMC VETERINARY RESEARCH 27/11/19 Development of a CRISPR/Cas9 system against ruminant animal brucellosis. Ovine macrophages and bacteria Ovine macrophages were obtained by culturing the mononuclear cell fraction of sheep peripheral blood after ficoll density gradient centrifugation .
Brucella melitensis 16 M strain (ATCC 23456) was purchased from Culture Collections Public Health England (Salisbury, United Kingdom). Brucellae were cultured as previously described . Briefly, Brucella master seed was obtained by aerobically culturing purchased bacteria both on Brucella agar (Oxoid, Hampshire, United Kingdom) and Columbia agar sheep blood plates (Oxoid, Hampshire, United Kingdom) for 3 days at 37ο C. Vials containing 1 × 108 CFU/ml B.melitensis in brain heart broth (Oxoid, Hampshire, United Kingdom) with 15% glycerol (Sigma-Aldrich, St.
To infect macrophages at particular MOI, 10-fold serial dilutions of freshly cultured bacteria were plated on Columbia agar sheep blood plates and CFUs were determined after 3 days to estimate bacterial concentrations per ml. MICROORGANISMS 13/10/19 Seroepidemiology and the Molecular Detection of Animal Brucellosis in Punjab, Pakistan.
Arq. Inst. Biol. vol.86 São Paulo 2019 Epub Oct 10, 2019 Analysis of the risk factors for bovine brucellosis in dairy herds of the Rio Branco microregion, Acre, Brazil. FRONT. VET. SCI. 24/09/19 Brucellosis in Colombia: Current Status and Challenges in the Control of an Endemic Disease. Introduction. FRONT. VET. SCI. 09/09/19 Brucellosis in Colombia: Current status and challenges in the control of an endemic disease. FRONT. VET. SCI. 13/08/19 Evaluation of the Fluorescence Polarization Assay as a rapid on-spot test for ruminant brucellosis in Côte d’Ivoire. BMC VETERINARY RESEARCH 11/06/19 Serology for Neosporosis, Q fever and Brucellosis to assess the cause of abortion in two dairy cattle herds in Ecuador.
Relatively few studies have been performed in Latin America regarding the cause of abortion in cows and most studies come from Brazil. Acta Tropica Available online 29 May 2019, 105042 Brucellosis in dairy herds: a public health concern in the milk supply chains of West and Central Africa. BMC Veterinary Research 07/03/19 Risk factors for new bovine brucellosis infections in Colombian herds. BMC VETERINAY RESEARCH 14/12/18 Brucellosis in the Addis Ababa dairy cattle: the myths and the realities. FRONT. VET. SCI 03/12/18 Comparative ecology of Bartonella and Brucella infections in wild carnivores. JOURNAL OF VETERINARY MEDICINE - MAI 2017 - Prevalence of bovine brucellosis, tuberculosis and dermatophilosis among cattle from Benin’s main dairy basins. FRONTIERS IN VETERINARY SCIENCE 29/10/18 Molecular Investigation of the Transmission Pattern of Brucella suis 3 From Inner Mongolia, China.
N S W Public Health Bull. 2009 Nov-Dec;20(11-12): Feral pig hunting: a risk factor for human brucellosis in north-west NSW? Ethiopian International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research - 2014 - A study on seroprevalence of brucellosis in goats and sheep in East Shewa, Ethiopia. BMC Res Notes. 2017; 10: 499. Sero-prevalence and intrinsic factors associated with Brucella infection in food animals slaughtered at abattoirs in Abuja, Nigeria. INT. J. CURR. MICROBIOL. APP. SCI - 2018 - Brucellosis in Sheep and Goats and its Serodiagnosis and Epidemiology. CDC EID - AOUT 2018 - Brucellosis in Dogs and Public Health Risk. VETERINARY WORLD 01/06/18 Evaluation of the General Organization of Veterinary Services control program of animal brucellosis in Egypt: An outbreak investigation of brucellosis in buffalo. Veterinary Medicine International Volume 2018, Seroprevalence and Associated Risk Factors of Brucellosis among Indigenous Cattle in the Adamawa and North Regions of Cameroon.
Afr J Infect Dis. 2017; 11(2): 95–101. SEROLOGICAL SURVEY OF TOXOPLASMOSIS, NEOSPOROSIS AND BRUCELLOSIS AMONG CATTLE HERDS IN OYO STATE, SOUTH-WESTERN NIGERIA. PLOS 10/05/18 Cost-benefit analysis of intervention policies for prevention and control of brucellosis in India. JOURNAL OF FOOD QUALITY - JUIN 2016 - Development of a Differential PCR Assay for Detection of Brucella abortus and Brucella melitensis: an Analytical Approach for Monitoring of Brucella spp. in Foods of Animal Origin. International Journal of Veterinary Science and Medicine Available online 21 March 2018 Brucellosis: Evolution and expected comeback. Acta Trop. 2018 Jan;177:118-126. Investigation of infectious reproductive pathogens of large ruminants: Are neosporosis, brucellosis, leptospirosis and BVDV of relevance in Lao PDR? BMC PUBLIC HEALTH 18/04/18 A cross sectional survey assessing knowledge, attitudes and behaviors regarding brucellosis among Arab Israelis.
One Health Volume 5, June 2018, Abortions in an organized dairy farm from North India reveal the possibility of breed susceptibility to Bovine Brucellosis. One Health Volume 5, June 2018, First case-control study of zoonotic brucellosis in Gafsa district, Southwest Tunisia. PLOS 11/04/18 A novel immunotherapy of Brucellosis in cows monitored non invasively through a specific biomaker. Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences - JULY 2017 - Seroprevalence of Foot and Mouth Disease, Blue Tongue Disease and Camel Brucellosis in Animals Imported into Libya.
BMC PUBLIC HEALTH - 2018 - Assessing short evolution brucellosis in a highly brucella endemic cattle keeping population of Western Uganda: a complementary use of Rose Bengal test and IgM rapid diagnostic test. APHIS USDA VIA YOUTUBE 08/02/18 Emergency Response Composting in a Brucellosis suis Outbreak. BMC PUBLIC HEALTH 11/01/18 Brucellosis remains a neglected disease in the developing world: a call for interdisciplinary action.
FRONT. VET. SCI 12/01/18 Brucella antibodies in Alaskan true seals and eared seals – two different stories. 12th International Symposium on the Epidemiology and Control of Biological,Chemical and Physical Hazards in Pigs and Pork - Proceedings Book, Foz doIguaçu, august 21-24, 2017. Seroprevalence of Brucella Spp., Lepstospira Spp and Toxoplasma Gondii in wild. BMC INFECTIOUS DISEASES 24/03/17 A novel real-time PCR assay for specific detection of Brucella melitensis. Front. Vet. Sci. 15/12/17 Perspectives and outcomes of the activity of a reference laboratory for brucellosis. BMC VETERINARY RESEARCH 06/12/17 Biosecurity aspects of cattle production in Western Uganda, and associations with seroprevalence of brucellosis, salmonellosis and bovine viral diarrhoea.
FRONT. VET. SCI. 05/12/17 MLVA and LPS Characteristics of Brucella canis Isolated from Humans and dogs in Zhejiang, China. Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira - 2016 - Brucella abortus detected in cheese from the Amazon region: differentiation of a vaccine strain (B19) from the field strain in the states of Pará, Amapá and Rondônia, Brazil. JOURNAL OF VETERINARY MEDICINE AND ANIMAL HEALTH 30/11/17 Sero-prevalence and associated risk factors for Brucella sero-positivity among small ruminants in Tselemti districts, Northern Ethiopia.
Universidade Estadual de Londrina Brasil - 2016 - Bovine brucellosis: epidemiological situation in Brazil and disease control initiatives. BMC Veterinary Research 07/09/17 Methodology for the assessment of brucellosis management practices and its vaccination campaign: example in two Argentine districts. Rev. Saúde Pública vol.51 São Paulo 2017 Epub June 22, 2017 Prevalence and factors associated with human brucellosis in livestock professionals. Tropical Animal Health and Production January 2017, Bovine and Caprine Brucellosis in Bangladesh: Bayesian evaluation of four serological tests, true prevalence, and associated risk factors in household animals. Arq. Inst. Biol. [online]. 2016, vol.83, Frequency of brucellosis in bovine livestock dayre and humans in central region of the state of Maranhão, Brazil.
ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar-243 122 (UP) India - OCT 2016 - Au sommaire: Brucellosis- a veterinary perspective. Journal of Experimental Biology and Agricultural Sciences,December-2016; EQUINE BRUCELLOSIS: REVIEW ON EPIDEMIOLOGY, PATHOGENESIS, CLINICAL SIGNS, PREVENTION AND CONTROL. Acta Tropica Volume 172, August 2017, Are brucellosis, Q fever and melioidosis potential causes of febrile illness in Madagascar? NATIONAL ACADEMIES OF SCIENCES 31/05/17 New Report Calls on Federal and State Collaboration to Address Brucellosis Transmission From Elk. PLOS 07/04/17 Poor performance of the rapid test for human brucellosis in health facilities in Kenya. PLOS 15/03/17 Detection and characterization of Brucella spp. in bovine milk in small-scale urban and peri-urban farming in Tajikistan. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(3), 295; Model-Based Evaluation of Strategies to Control Brucellosis in China.
CDC EID - FEV 2017 - Au sommaire notamment: Changing Epidemiology of Human Brucellosis, China, 1955–2014. PLOS 05/01/16 Seroprevalence of Brucellosis, Leptospirosis, and Q Fever among Butchers and Slaughterhouse Workers in South-Eastern Iran. PLOS 30/12/16 The Change of a Medically Important Genus: Worldwide Occurrence of Genetically Diverse Novel Brucella Species in Exotic Frogs. EYMJ - 2017 - Is Human Brucellosis Endemics in Korea? Arch Med Vet 48, 43-49 (2016) Ocurrence and caracterization of bovine abortion caused by Brucella abortus infection in southern Brazil.
International Medical Journal 13/04/16 A study of prevalence and sociodemographic characters of brucellosis at tertiary health care center. TURKISH JOURNAL OF VETERINARY AND ANIMAL SCIENCES 05/02/16 Canine brucellosis in Turkey from an environmental perspective. BMC 02/09/16 Brucellosis in pregnant women from Pakistan: an observational study. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2016 Jul 18. pii: 15-0913. Seroprevalence of Q fever, Brucellosis, and Bluetongue in Selected Provinces in Lao People's Democratic Republic.
Zoonoses and Public Health Volume 63, Issue 4, pages 294–302, June 2016 Human Brucellosis Trends: Re-emergence and Prospects for Control Using a One Health Approach in Azerbaijan (1983–2009) INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES 30/04/16 Comprehensive Identification of Immunodominant Proteins of Brucella abortus and Brucella melitensis Using Antibodies in the Sera from Naturally Infected Hosts. CDC EID - Volume 22, Number 4—April 2016. Au sommaire notamment: Ritual Slaughter as Overlooked Risk Factor for Brucellosis. FRONTIERS IN CELLULAR AND INFECTION MICROBIOLOGY 29/02/16 Establishment of chronic infection: Brucella’s stealth strategy.
IRISH VETERINARY JOURNAL 24/02/16 Use of serology and real time PCR to control an outbreak of bovine brucellosis at a dairy cattle farm in the Nile Delta region, Egypt. Veterinary & Animal Sciences 8 (4) 235-237, July - August, 2012 STUDIES ON INFERTILITY IN CATTLE AND BUFFALOES CAUSED BY BRUCELLA ABORTUS. Preventive Veterinary Medicine Volume 110, Issue 2, 1 June 2013, Prevalence and risk-mapping of bovine brucellosis in Maranhão State, Brazil. PRESQ. VET. BRAS. - 2013 - Economic losses due to bovine brucellosis in Brazil. CDC EID - JANV 2016 – Au sommaire: Identification of Source of Brucella suis Infection in Human by Whole-Genome Sequencing, United States and Tonga. VETERINARIA ITALIANA - JULY/SEPT 2015 - Brucellosis outbreak in a rural endemic region of Mexico – a comprehensive investigation. Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical 46(6):791-794, Nov-Dec, 2013 Outbreak of laboratory-acquired Brucella abortus in Brazil: a case report.
Kocatepe Vet J (2014) 7(1): Detedion of Prevence and contamination level of Brucella spp. in local cheese produced in Afyonkarahisar, Turkey. INTEGRATED CONTROL OF NEGLECTED ZOONOSES 26/05/14 Vidéos en ligne concernant notamment la brucellose et la rage.
FAO - JUILLET 2014 - FAO works to curb the burden of brucellosis in endemic countries - Case studies from Eurasia and the Near East. BioMed Research International Volume 2014 (2014), Possible Use of Bacteriophages Active against Bacillus anthracis and Other B. cereus Group Members in the Face of a Bioterrorism Threat. J. Venom. Anim. Toxins incl. Trop. Dis vol.19 Botucatu 2013 Epub Sep 25, 2013 Toxoplasmosis, leptospirosis and brucellosis in stray dogs housed at the shelter in Umuarama municipality, Paraná, Brazil. VETERINARY PATHOLOGY 30/06/14 Advancement of Knowledge of Brucella Over the Past 50 Years.