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JSAVA Vol 85, No 1 (2014) > Designing a risk communication strategy for health hazards posed by traditional slaughter of goats in Tshwane, South Africa. In African societies, traditional slaughter is linked to celebrations like weddings or births, as well as funerals and ancestor veneration.

JSAVA Vol 85, No 1 (2014) > Designing a risk communication strategy for health hazards posed by traditional slaughter of goats in Tshwane, South Africa

Participants in traditional slaughter of goats are at risk of exposure to hazards during slaughter, food preparation and consumption of goat meat. For risk mitigation strategies to be implemented, identification of the population at risk is required. This study is based on the premise that the demographic profile of people involved in traditional slaughter of goats is important for risk communication. Both structured and informal interviews were recorded and analysed using a thematic analysis. A total of 105 people were interviewed at taxi ranks in Tshwane, Gauteng. Informal slaughter and consumption of livestock for traditional or ritual or cultural purposes, including African traditional religion, is permitted under the provisions of the Meat Safety Act, Act 40 of 2000 (Department of Agriculture 2000).

Procedia Food Science Volume 5, 2015, Pages 109–112 The Microbiological Status of Carcasses of Goats Slaughtered in an Inadequate Facility ☆ Volume 5, 2015, Pages 109–112 The 58th International Meat Industry Conference (MeatCon2015) Edited By Ivan Nastasijevic, Reinhard Fries and Sheryl Avery Abstract. MASSEY UNIVERSITY - 1981 - Thèse en ligne : The pathology of kidney diseases in sheep : a thesis presented in partial fulfilment (30 %) of the requirements for the degree of Master of Philosophy in Veterinary Pathology at Massey University. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-002511-15 Intra-Community movement of sheep and goats intended for breeding. Under the amended version of Regulation (EC) 999/2001, as from 1 January 2015 sheep and goats intended for breeding may be brought into a Member State with the status of ‘region with a negligible risk’ only if they are of the ARR/ARR (G1) genotype and the breeding holding is not subject to scrapie-related restrictions, or if the holding is also classified as a ‘holding with a negligible risk’.

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-002511-15 Intra-Community movement of sheep and goats intended for breeding

As well as making the intra-Community movement of animals significantly more costly and complex, this change has made it quite impossible to move certain breeds of sheep and indeed all breeds of goat from one Member State to another, since there are some breeds in which the required ARR allele is either extremely rare or never found. One such case is the seriously endangered Tauernsheck goat from Austria. This breed is at risk of extinction, and foreign breeders from Germany and South Tyrol have been working extremely hard to preserve it. 1. Is the Commission aware of this problem? 2. Rheinischen Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität - JANV 2013 - Thèse en ligne : The aerobic deterioration of silages as estimated from chemical composition and dietary choice by goats.

Indian Journal of Small Ruminants (The) - 2013 - Effect of processing conditions on quality of restructured goat meat product. Effect of processing conditions on quality of restructured goat meat product Gadekar Y.P.*, Sharma B.D., Shinde A.K.1, Mendiratta S.K.

Indian Journal of Small Ruminants (The) - 2013 - Effect of processing conditions on quality of restructured goat meat product

Division of Livestock Products Technology, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar- 243 122, Uttar Pradesh 1Central Sheep and Wool Research Institute, Avikanagar- 304 501, Rajasthan *E-mail address: yogirajlpt@gmail.com Online published on 11 September, 2013. Abstract In the present study, effect of added water level (15 and 20%), massaging time (10 and 15 min) and cooking time (50 and 60 min) on quality of restructured goat meat product was evaluated.

Top Keywords Added water level, Cooking time, Massaging time, Restructured goat meat product. EFSA 27/06/13 Technical specifications on harmonised epidemiological indicators for biological hazards to be covered by meat ins. EFSA Journal 2013;11(6):3277 [63 pp.]. doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2013.3277 Type: Scientific Report of EFSA On request from: European Commission Question number: EFSA-Q-2012-00879 Approved: 25 June 2013 Published: 27 June 2013 Affiliation: European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Parma, Italy In this report, harmonised epidemiological indicators are proposed for food-borne biological hazards that are related to domestic sheep and goats and meat thereof and that can be addressed in the context of meat inspection.

EFSA 27/06/13 Technical specifications on harmonised epidemiological indicators for biological hazards to be covered by meat ins

These hazards include Toxoplasma gondii, pathogenicverocytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli and mycobacteria. NATIONAL INATIATIVE ON CLIMATE RESILIENT AGRICULTURE (NICRA) - 2013 - Climate resilient small ruminant production. Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2013, 55:27 Occurrence of congenital disorders in Swiss sheep. We sent questionnaires to the 3,183 members of the Swiss sheep breeders’ association, which represents about a third of all 9,428 registered sheep farmers in Switzerland in 2011 [15].

Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2013, 55:27 Occurrence of congenital disorders in Swiss sheep

A total of 993 questionnaires were returned (31.2%), 862 of which dealt with one or more of the four breeds included: 385 flocks of SWA, 204 of BHM, 150 of SBS, and 123 of VBS, respectively. The 862 farmers corresponded to 9.1% of all sheep farmers in Switzerland. In 2011, 68,165 animals of the four main Swiss breeds were registered in the herd book while totally 424,018 sheep were registered in the Swiss Stock Movement Database in 2011 [15]. A total of 19,982 sheep were included in the study in 2011 corresponding to 4.7% of the total registered Swiss sheep population.

EFSA 27/06/13 Scientific Opinion on the public health hazards to be covered by inspection of meat from sheep and goats. EFSA Journal 2013;11(6):3265 [186 pp.]. doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2013.3265 Type: Opinion of the Scientific Committee/Scientific Panel On request from: European Commission Question number: EFSA-Q-2011-00365 , EFSA-Q-2011-00960 , EFSA-Q-2011-01036 Adopted: 06 June 2013 Published: 27 June 2013 Affiliation: European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Parma, Italy Following a request from the European Commission to the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), the Panel on Biological Hazards (BIOHAZ) was asked to deliver a Scientific Opinion on the public health hazards to be covered by the inspection of meat from sheep and goats.

EFSA 27/06/13 Scientific Opinion on the public health hazards to be covered by inspection of meat from sheep and goats

The Panel was supported by the EFSA Panels on Contaminants in the Food Chain (CONTAM) and Animal Health and Welfare (AHAW) in the preparation of this Opinion. Sheep and goats were considered together, unless otherwise stated. DEFRA - AHVLA - Sheep and goats. Introduction Registration, identification, and accurate recording and reporting your sheep and goat movements supports traceability, helps to minimise the risk of disease transmission and maximise the possibility of controlling the spread during an outbreak.

DEFRA - AHVLA - Sheep and goats.

Defra has produced a detailed plain English guide explaining the rules for identifying sheep and goats, and recording and reporting their movements. Rev. sci. tech. Off. int. Epiz., 2012, 31 (3), 889-898 The analytic hierarchy process in decision making for caprine health prog. INTERNATIONAL VETERINARY SOCIAL WORK SUMMIT 11/04/13 Attachment to Caprine Companions: Implications for Social Work Practice. Apr 11th, 4:00 PMApr 11th, 4:30 PM Attachment to Caprine Companions: Implications for Social Work Practice The attachment bond between people and their pets has been studied extensively to determine the role it may play in human health and well-being.

INTERNATIONAL VETERINARY SOCIAL WORK SUMMIT 11/04/13 Attachment to Caprine Companions: Implications for Social Work Practice

Using attachment theory in human relationships, human-animal studies have examined attachment relationships based on four criteria: 1) proximity maintenance – wanting to be close to the animal, 2) safe haven – relieving distress and providing comfort and support, 3) secure base – providing a sense of security leading to risk-taking and self-development, and 4) separation distress when the animal is either temporarily or permanently unavailable.1 These studies have focused on animals typically kept as pets such as dogs, cats, birds, and horses. No known studies have examined attachment relationships between people and farm animals. This preliminary study explores attachment in the human-goat relationship. Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health - JUIN 2013 - Assessment on the indigenous knowledge of pastoral community on c. PLOS - MAI 2012 - Professional Exposure to Goats Increases the Risk of Pneumonic-Type Lung Adenocarcinoma: Results of the IFCT-0.

Cienc. Rural vol.43 no.6 Santa Maria June 2013 Epub May 28, 2013 The evolution of sheep production in Rio Grande do Sul and Urug. The evolution of sheep production in Rio Grande do Sul and Uruguay: a comparative analysis of structural change Evolução da produção ovina no Rio Grande do Sul e Uruguai: análise comparativa de mudança estrutural João Garibaldi Almeida VianaI, 1; Paulo Dabdab WaquilII IUniversidade Federal do Pampa (UNIPAMPA), Campus Santana do Livramento, Santana do Livramento, RS, Brasil.

Cienc. Rural vol.43 no.6 Santa Maria June 2013 Epub May 28, 2013 The evolution of sheep production in Rio Grande do Sul and Urug

Rua Barão do Triunfo, 1048, 97573-590. E-mail: joaoviana@unipampa.edu.br IIDepartamento de Economia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, RS Brasil This study intended to analyze comparatively the evolution and the structural changes in sheep production in Rio Grande do Sul and Uruguay, being the international wool crisis used as a reference point.

Key words: agribusiness, agricultural economics, sheep-raising. Palavras-chave: agronegócio, economia agrícola, ovinocultura. The quantitative method of research was based on time series. African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. 11(73), pp. 13761-13766, 11 September, 2012 Factors affecting wool quality and quantity in. PIR_SA_GOV_AU - MAI 2009 - National Sheep Health Statement. Sheep Health Statements Sheep Health Statements (SHS) are an important tool for allowing buyers of sheep to make an informed decision about the health status and management history of the stock.

PIR_SA_GOV_AU - MAI 2009 - National Sheep Health Statement

Following additional industry consultation in the area of risk assessment, the Sheep Health Statement (SHS) provides recognition for vaccination and abattoir testing, but removes the ABC point scheme. UNIVERSITY OF PRETORIA - JULY 2012 - Thèse en ligne : A comprehensive system for managing reproductive failure in small domestic. EFSA 20/07/12 Contribution of meat inspection to animal health surveillance in Sheep and Goats.

Department of Agriculture - SEPT 2001 - The Good Food Guide for SHEEP. Sheep and Goat Production Handbook for Ethiopia. Preface Ethiopia, with over 42 million head, has the third largest number of sheep and goats among African nations and ranks eighth in the world. Traditionally, sheep and goats have served as a means of ready cash and a reserve against economic and agricultural production hardship. However, the proximity of Ethiopia to large Middle Eastern markets demanding export quality sheep and goat carcasses and an increase in the domestic demand for small ruminant meat is leading to a change in the importance and scale of sheep and goat production.

No longer are sheep and goats subsistence livestock species only. Economic opportunities exist for small ruminant producers to supply animals to both the export and domestic markets. The Sheep and Goat Production Handbook for Ethiopia is the first text devoted to small ruminant production written exclusively for Ethiopian conditions by Ethiopian scientists. At this juncture, I would like to express my special thanks to Drs.

Desta Hamito (Prof.) UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES AND VETERINARY MEDICINE CLUJ-NAPOCA - 2011 - Thèse en ligne : LABORATORY STUDIES REGARDING T. SUD. J. VET. SCI. ANIM. HUSB. - 2009 - Microbial contamination of sheep carcasses at modern slaughterhouse in Khartoum State. APHIS USDA - AOUT 2011 - Animal Disease Traceability: A Guide to Identifying Sheep and Goats for Interstate Movement. AUSTRALIA - NSW GOVERNMENT - Sheep health and disease. Sheep Veterinary Society. Paper prepared for presentation at the 13th International Farm Management Congress, Wageningen, The Netherlands, July 7-12, 2002. Report-into-wellard-rural-export-consignment-of-sheep-exported-to-pakistan.