SUSTAINABILITY 26/11/21 Presence and Characterization of Microplastics in Coastal Fish around the Eastern Coast of Thailand. All articles published by MDPI are made immediately available worldwide under an open access license.
No special permission is required to reuse all or part of the article published by MDPI, including figures and tables. For articles published under an open access Creative Common CC BY license, any part of the article may be reused without permission provided that the original article is clearly cited. Environmental Pollution Volume 292, Part B, 1 January 2022, Microplastics in freshwater: A global review of factors affecting spatial and temporal variations.
Highlights Microplastics are correlated with urban land use, population density, and WWTPs.
Physical watershed and water body characteristics affect microplastic concentrations. TOXICS 02/11/21 Toxicity and Functional Tissue Responses of Two Freshwater Fish after Exposure to Polystyrene Microplastics. Microplastics (MPs)’ ingestion has been demonstrated in several aquatic organisms.
This process may facilitate the hydrophobic waterborne pollutants or chemical additives transfer to biota. In the present study the suitability of a battery of biomarkers on oxidative stress, physiology, tissue function and metabolic profile was investigated for the early detection of adverse effects of 21-day exposure to polystyrene microplastics (PS-MPs, sized 5–12 μm) in the liver and gills of zebrafish Danio rerio and perch, Perca fluviatilis, both of which are freshwater fish species. An optical volume map representation of the zebrafish gill by Raman spectroscopy depicted 5 μm diameter PS-MP dispersed in the gill tissue.
Concentrations of PS-MPs close to the EC50 of each fish affected fish physiology in all tissues studied. Increased levels of biomarkers of oxidative damage in exposed fish in relation to controls were observed, as well as activation of apoptosis and autophagy processes. SUSTAINABILITY 06/09/21 Impacts of Plastic Pollution on Ecosystem Services, Sustainable Development Goals, and Need to Focus on Circular Economy and Policy Interventions. MDPI and ACS Style Kumar, R.; Verma, A.; Shome, A.; Sinha, R.; Sinha, S.; Jha, P.K.; Kumar, R.; Kumar, P.; Shubham; Das, S.; Sharma, P.; Vara Prasad, P.V.
Impacts of Plastic Pollution on Ecosystem Services, Sustainable Development Goals, and Need to Focus on Circular Economy and Policy Interventions. INRAE 05/08/21 Microplastiques dans les océans : leur ingestion chronique perturbe la croissance et la reproduction des poissons. FRONT. MAR. SCI. 05/10/20 Microplastic Pollution in Deep-Sea Sediments From the Great Australian Bight. Introduction Plastic pollution of the world’s oceans is an internationally recognized environmental issue (UNEP, 2018).
The extent of this pollution, and increasing understanding of its potential impacts, make it a matter of increasing public concern (Bonanno and Orlando-Bonaca, 2018). Millions of tonnes of plastic enter the marine environment annually, and quantities are expected to increase in coming years (Jambeck et al., 2015; Geyer et al., 2017; Lebreton and Andrady, 2019). Over time, plastic items in the marine environment can degrade or break down into smaller pieces predominantly through weathering and mechanical forces such as wave action and abrasion with sand (Thompson et al., 2004; Corcoran et al., 2009).
SCIENCE ADVANCES 05/06/20 Microfibers in oceanic surface waters: A global characterization. Abstract Microfibers are ubiquitous contaminants of emerging concern.
Résumé traduit : La présence répandue de fibres naturelles dans les environnements marins souligne la nécessité d'identifier chimiquement les microfibres avant de les classer comme microplastiques. Nos résultats mettent en évidence un décalage considérable entre la production mondiale de fibres synthétiques et la composition actuelle des fibres marines, une constatation qui mérite clairement une plus grande attention. – guatemalt
Traditionally ascribed to the “microplastics” family, their widespread occurrence in the natural environment is commonly reported in plastic pollution studies, based on the assumption that fibers largely derive from wear and tear of synthetic textiles.
By compiling a global dataset from 916 seawater samples collected in six ocean basins, we show that although synthetic polymers currently account for two-thirds of global fiber production, oceanic fibers are mainly composed of natural polymers. µFT-IR characterization of ~2000 fibers revealed that only 8.2% of oceanic fibers are synthetic, with most being cellulosic (79.5%) or of animal origin (12.3%). The widespread occurrence of natural fibers throughout marine environments emphasizes the necessity of chemically identifying microfibers before classifying them as microplastics.
PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-003430/2019 Recovery of plastics at sea. SCIENCE MEDIA CENTRE 29/11/19 Expert reaction to report on microplastics in freshwater and soil. November 29, 2019 A report, published by The Royal Society, reports on microplastics in freshwater and soil, and discusses the evidence and action required.
Prof Iseult Lynch, Chair of Environmental Nanoscience, University of Birmingham, School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences, said: THE ROYAL SOCIETY - NOV 2019 - Microplastics in freshwater and soil. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research - 2019 - Pollution due to Plastic Waste in Vietnam. September 25, 2019 Journal article Open Access Nguyen Minh Quyen; Phan Thi Thuy Hoa; Van Huong Dong WWF outlines four areas that are adversely affected by plastic waste: human health, the environment and marine life, climate change and air pollution, and ultimately quality of life and economy.
According to WWF, 270 species are directly affected by ocean plastic waste, of which, more than 240 species have plastic in the digestive system. Scientists once discovered a whale with 30 plastic bags in its gut. FRONTIERS IN MARINE SCIENC 26/04/18 Ecotoxicological Effects of Chemical Contaminants Adsorbed to Microplastics in the Clam Scrobicularia plana. Introduction Advances in plastic production have resulted in more versatile, lightweight, durable, and cheap plastics, which have become incorporated in every part of our day-to-day lives (Andrady and Neal, 2009).
Yet, plastic is now a ubiquitous, long lasting source of litter on the planet (Barnes et al., 2009). PACKAGINGINSIGHTS 22/08/19 Microplastics pose minimal health threat, but more effective studies are needed, stresses WHO. 22 Aug 2019 --- The long-awaited findings of the World Health Organization’s (WHO) assessment of microplastics in the environment have been published, with the organization indicating that the impact on human health appears to be minimal at current levels.
At the same time, WHO has stressed that it was working from “limited information” and that there is a pressing need to establish more standardized methods for measuring microplastic particles in water; more studies on the sources and occurrence of microplastics in freshwater; and the efficacy of different treatment processes. According to WHO’s analysis, which summarizes the latest knowledge on microplastics in drinking water, microplastics larger than 150 micrometers are not likely to be absorbed in the human body and uptake of smaller particles is expected to be limited. The potential hazards associated with microplastics come in three forms: physical particles, chemicals and microbial pathogens as part of biofilms. By Joshua Poole. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question P-001754-19 Directive on the reduction of the impact of certain plastic products on the environment.
SCIENCEMEDIACENTRE 05/06/19 expert reaction to human consumption of microplastics. June 5, 2019 Research published in Environmental Science & Technology demonstrates that in approximately 15% of Americans’ caloric intake, annual microplastics consumption ranges from 39000 to 52000 particles depending on age and sex. Prof Richard Lampitt, leader of the Microplastic Research Team, National Oceanography Centre, said: “I think that the press release is largely well balanced and reflects the conclusions of the paper. Furthermore, I think the paper is a careful assessment of the data which has to date been published and that the conclusions are sound. “My major criticism of this paper (and many others) is that there is no definition of the term microplastics.
PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-000415-19 Common criteria and definition of waste and end-of-life plastic materials (high density polyethylene/polypropylene) in the plastic industry. ONU ENVIRONNEMENT - 2017 - UNEP Frontiers: 2016 report: Emerging issues of environmental concern. Au sommaire notamment: Microplastics:Trouble in the Food Chain. ONU ENVIRONNEMENT 05/06/18 Explorer les possibilités d'adoption de matériaux alternatifs à l'utilisation du plastique afin de réduire les déchets marins. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-000533-19 Microplastics pollution in estuaries.
Sci Total Environ. 2018 Jan 15;612:1380-1386. Microplastic and mesoplastic contamination in canned sardines and sprats. Environmental Sciences Europe 18/04/18 Marine litter plastics and microplastics and their toxic chemicals components: the need for urgent preventive measures. Plastics in the ocean: sources, volumes, trends Plastic marine litter is a mixture of macromolecules (polymers)1 and chemicals, its size ranging from several metres to few nanometres. It comprises such diverse items as fishing gear, agricultural plastics, bottles, bags, food packaging, taps, lids, straws, cigarette butts, industrial pellets, and cosmetic microbeads, and the fragmentation debris coming from the weathering of all of them.
It has become ubiquitous in all marine compartments, occurring on beaches; on the seabed; within sediments; in the water column and floating on the sea surface. The quantity observed floating in the open ocean represents only a fraction of the total input: over two-thirds of plastic litter ends up on the seabed with half of the remainder washed up in beaches and the other half floating on or under the surface, so quantifying only floating plastic debris seriously underestimates the amounts of plastics in the oceans . PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question P-005585-18 Reducing the impact of certain plastic products on the environment. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-005222-18 Reducing marine litter from disposable plastic in island regions. SPRINGER 28/12/17 From Coral Triangle to Trash Triangle—How the Hot spot of Global Marine Biodiversity Is Threatened by Plastic Waste. INTECH - 2018 - Challenges and Treatment of Microplastics in Water.
SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN 04/09/18 From Fish to Humans, A Microplastic Invasion May Be Taking a Toll. This is the second of a three-part series that examines our growing understanding of the scope and impacts of microplastics pollution. Mark Browne had a suspicion. He hoped the samples of dried blood taken from a blue mussel and placed under a special microscope would tell him if he was correct. As a fuzzy, three-dimensional image of the mussel’s blood cells appeared, there they were, right in the middle—tiny specks of plastic. Whereas photos of sea turtles eating plastic bags have become the poster child of the environmental harm wrought by humanity’s plastic waste, research like Browne’s illustrates the scope of the problem is far larger than the trash we can see.
Roundtable via YOUTUBE 14/12/17 Can we stop ocean plastic pollution? Front. Mar. Sci., 28 March 2017 Toward a Harmonized Approach for Monitoring of Riverine Floating Macro Litter Inputs to the Marine Environment. Front. Mar. Sci., 28 March 2017 Microplastics Generation: Onset of Fragmentation of Polyethylene Films in Marine Environment Mesocosms. Front. Mar. Sci., 31 March 2017 Using Numerical Model Simulations to Improve the Understanding of Micro-plastic Distribution and Pathways in the Marine Environment. Front. Environ. Sci., 19 July 2017 Distribution and Modeled Transport of Plastic Pollution in the Great Lakes, the World's Largest Freshwater Resource.
BLOG FRONTIERS 21/02/18 High levels of microplastics found in Northwest Atlantic fish. Current Opinion in Environmental Science & Health Volume 1, February 2018, Micro(nanoplastics) in the marine environment: Current knowledge and gaps. Marine Policy Available online 7 December 2017 Marine plastic pollution as a planetary boundary threat – The drifting piece in the sustainability puzzle.
Environ Pollut. 2018 Feb 5;236:442-453.Potential transfer of organic pollutants from littoral plastics debris to the marine environment. OCEANEYE - JUIN 2017 - Présentation : Marine plastic pollution : A short assessment. UNIVERSITY OF SAO PAULO - 2016 - Thèse en ligne : Spatial distribution, input and dispersion of plastic pellets in coastal zones. SALEM STATE UNIVERSITY 01/03/17 Thèse en ligne : The effect of macroplastic debris on marine vertebrates.
NORWEGIAN UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY - MAI 2017 - Thèse en ligne : Uptake and effects of microplastic particles in selected marine microalgae species; Oxyrrhis marina and Rhodomonas baltica. ADVANCES IN OCEANOGRAPHY AND LIMNOLOGY - 2017 - Surfing and dining on the "plastisphere": microbial life on plastic marine debris. Sci Adv. 2017 Apr; 3(4): The Arctic Ocean as a dead end for floating plastics in the North Atlantic branch of the Thermohaline Circulation. LIMNOLOGY AND OCEANOGRAPHY LETTERS 05/06/17 Finding the missing piece of the aquatic plastic pollution puzzle: Interaction between primary producers and microplastics. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-007854-17 Plastic pollution in nature. EPA_ie - 2014 - Scope, Fate, Risks and Impacts of Microplastic Pollution in Irish Freshwater Systems. IFREMER - SEPT 2017 - Editorial: Plastic Pollution.
PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-003034-17 Plastic and microplastic pollution. MEDCRAVE - 2017 - Occurrence and Impacts of Microplastics in Freshwater Fish. THE GUARDIAN 14/02/17 From sea to plate: how plastic got into our fish. Marine Environmental Research Available online 17 May 2016 Plastics and microplastics in the oceans: From emerging pollutants to emerged threat. FOOD PAKAGING FORUM 07/06/16 Effects of microplastics on fish. EPOCH 02/08/16 How Tiny Pieces of Plastic in Our Oceans Are ‘Terrifying’ MARINE POLLUTION - 2014 - High-levels of microplastic pollution in a large, remote, mountain lake. WATER AIR SOIL POLLUTION - 2014 - The effects of plastic pollution on aquatic wildlife: Current situations and future solutions. MARINE-LITTER-CONFERENCE-BERLIN - Poster : Stranded on our doorstep: plastic waste in the Baltic Sea.
OCEAN CONSERVANCY - OCT 2015 - Stemming the Tide - Our 2015 report on a way forward to eliminate ocean plastic. LAB PRODUCT NEWS 19/08/15 Microplastics entering ocean food web through zooplankton. Environmental Pollution Volume 187, April 2014, Pages 49–54 Leaching of plastic additives to marine organisms. ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION - 2014 - The present and future of microplastic pollution in the marine environment. WAGENINGEN UNIVERSITY - JUIN 2013 - Microplastics in the aquatic food chain. MARINE ECOLOGY - 1987 - Marine birds and plastic pollution.
Biogeosciences Discussions 01/2012; Physical transport properties of marine microplastic pollution. ECOWATCH 01/08/14 Impacts of Plastic Pollution on Marine Life. ECOWATCH 23/06/14 Plastic Waste Causes $13 Billion in Damages to Marine Ecosystems Each Year. WAGENINGEN UNIVERSITY - Dossier : Plastic waste and Marine wildlife. EHP - FEV 2015 - New Link in the Food Chain? Marine Plastic Pollution and Seafood Safety. CDC EID - Volume 21, Number 4—April 2015 “Welcome to the World of the Plastic Beach” WATER AIR SOIL POLLUTION - 2014 - The effects of plastic pollution on aquatic wildlife: Current situations and future solutions. MARINE POLLUTION - 2014 - High-levels of microplastic pollution in a large, remote, mountain lake. Environmental Chemistry, 2015, pp.32 Beyond the ocean: Contamination of freshwater ecosystems with (micro-) plastic particles. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology - June 2015 - Ingestion of Microplastics by Zooplankton in the Northeast Pacific Ocean.
LAB PRODUCT NEWS 19/08/15 Microplastics entering ocean food web through zooplankton. OCEAN CONSERVANCY - OCT 2015 - Stemming the Tide - Our 2015 report on a way forward to eliminate ocean plastic.