PLOS 17/08/15 Spatio-temporal Use of Oral Rabies Vaccines in Fox Rabies Elimination Programmes in Europe. Abstract In Europe, the elimination of wildlife rabies using oral rabies vaccination [ORV] of foxes for more than 30 years has been a success story.
Since a comprehensive review on the scope of the different oral rabies vaccine baits distributed across Europe has not been available yet, we evaluated the use of different vaccine baits over the entire period of ORV [1978–2014]. Our findings provide valuable insights into the complexity of ORV programs in terms of vaccine related issues.
More than 10 oral vaccines against rabies were used over the past four decades. Depending on many factors, the extent to which oral rabies virus vaccines were used varied considerably resulting in huge differences in the number of vaccine doses disseminated in ORV campaigns as well as in large spatial and temporal overlaps. Author Summary Editor: Brian Bird, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, UNITED STATES Received: April 20, 2015; Accepted: July 6, 2015; Published: August 17, 2015 Introduction.
PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-009770-16 Rage canine et transport d'animaux domestiques à l'intérieur de l'Union européenne. Selon une étude en date du 16 avril 2015 commandée par l'Alliance globale pour le contrôle et la prévention de la rage, la rage serait à l'origine de 59 000 décès chaque année dans le monde, ce qui correspond à une perte économique estimé de 8.6 milliards de dollars par an.
Cette pathologie, causée dans 99 % des cas par les chiens, a été éradiquée de la plupart des États européens, mais des prévalences endémiques persistent dans certains États d'Europe orientale. L'harmonisation des règlements de l'Union européenne et de l'Espace économique européen, entrée en vigueur le 1er juin 2012, concernant les mouvements des animaux (chats, furets et chiens) a conduit à la suppression de l'exigence de tests sanguins sur lesdits animaux domestiques, au profit d'un certificat de vaccination à jour. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-007387-16 Rabies.
Travel-Associated Rabies in Pets and Residual Rabies Risk, Western Europe - Volume 22, Number 7—July 2016. Author affiliations: Université Paris Dauphine, Paris, France (F.
Ribadeau-Dumas, C. Le Pen); Institut Pasteur, Paris (F. Ribadeau-Dumas, H. Bourhy); French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health and Safety, Malzéville, France (F. Cliquet, E. Suggested citation for this article. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-000052-16 Measures to control rabies. Rabies is one of the most deadly zoonoses.
Every year it kills about 70 000 people worldwide, mostly children in developing countries. More than 95% of human rabies cases are caused by bites from infected dogs. In the EU only 10 out of the 28 Member States are rabies free. In May of last year rabies was diagnosed in a dog in the French department of Loire, a fact which shows that the disease is nowhere near to being eradicated in Europe. Under European legislation all dogs and cats travelling from one Member State to another have to be identifiable by means of an electronic chip and vaccinated, and they must have a standard-form passport with the details filled in by a veterinary surgeon.
Will the Commission therefore take additional measures to deal with this situation, bearing in mind that people and animals are becoming increasingly more mobile within and outside the EU? PLOS 05/02/16 Rabies in the Baltic States: Decoding a Process of Control and Elimination. Abstract Rabies is a fatal zoonosis that still causes nearly 70, 000 human deaths every year.
In Europe, the oral rabies vaccination (ORV) of red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) was developed in the late 1970s and has demonstrated its effectiveness in the eradication of the disease in Western and some Central European countries. Following the accession of the three Baltic countries—Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania—to the European Union in 2004, subsequent financial support has allowed the implementation of regular ORV campaigns since 2005–2006.
JOURNEE AEEMA : 19 MAI 2005 Au sommaire: Rage canine erratique en Europe : risque d'épidémie/épizootie ? CDC EID - FEV 2014 - Au sommaire : Recurrence of Animal Rabies, Greece, 2012. Suggested citation for this article To the Editor: Rabies is caused by 12 recognized virus species within the Lyssavirus genus (family Rhabdoviridae) (1) and each year causes 55,000 deaths worldwide among humans.
Rage en Roumanie. EFSA 14/07/15 Update on oral vaccination of foxes and raccoon dogs against rabies. EFSA Journal 2015;13(7):4164[70 pp.]. doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2015.4164 Type: Opinion of the Scientific Committee/Scientific Panel On request from: European Commission Question number: EFSA-Q-2014-00864 Adopted: 24 June 2015 Published: 14 July 2015 Affiliation: European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Parma, Italy In 2002, the former Scientific Committee on Animal Health and Animal Welfare of the European Commission (EC) issued a scientific report on the oral vaccination of foxes against rabies, covering the type of vaccines and baits, the methods of release of vaccine baits, the density of baits and distribution patterns, and the seasonal pattern of releases.
The recent European and international guidelines for rabies surveillance, as requested in the Terms of Reference have been used as a source of data and information for the current work. The conclusions and recommendations from the previous report issued by the EC in 2002 were comparatively assessed for their validity. VETERINARY RECORD 07/05/15 Cross-border transport of rescue dogs may spread rabies in Europe.
Rage en Estonie. PLOS 28/02/12 Eliminating Rabies in Estonia. Abstract The compulsory vaccination of pets, the recommended vaccination of farm animals in grazing areas and the extermination of stray animals did not succeed in eliminating rabies in Estonia because the virus was maintained in two main wildlife reservoirs, foxes and raccoon dogs.
These two species became a priority target therefore in order to control rabies. Supported by the European Community, successive oral vaccination (OV) campaigns were conducted twice a year using Rabigen® SAG2 baits, beginning in autumn 2005 in North Estonia. They were then extended to the whole territory from spring 2006. Following the vaccination campaigns, the incidence of rabies cases dramatically decreased, with 266 cases in 2005, 114 in 2006, four in 2007 and three in 2008.
Author Summary This paper reports the strategy of oral rabies vaccination of wildlife in Estonia, the measures undertaken to check the method's efficacy and the results obtained. Figures Editor: James E. Introduction Vaccine Bait uptake. EUROSURVEILLANCE 02/05/13 Au sommaire:Re-emergence of animal rabies in northern Greece and subsequent human exposure, October 20.
Greece has been rabies-free since 1987 with no human cases since 1970.
During 2012 to 2013, rabies has re-emerged in wild and domestic animals in northern Greece. By end March 2013, rabies was diagnosed in 17 animals including 14 red foxes, two shepherd dogs and one cat; 104 subsequent human exposures required post-exposure prophylaxis according to the World Health Organization criteria. Human exposures occurred within 50 km radius of a confirmed rabies case in a wild or domestic animal, and most frequently stray dogs were involved. Introduction The last animal rabies case in Greece, dates back to 1987 while the last human case was reported in 1970 . Rabid fox On 15 October 15 2012, a red fox (Vulpes vulpes) exhibited aggressive behavior during daytime, threatening inhabitants of a west Macedonian village in the area of Kozani.
EFSA Journal; 2010 8(1):1496 [410 pp.]. doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2010.1496 Type: Scientific Report of EFSA Question number: EFSA-Q-2009-00695 Approved: 23 December 2009 Published: 28 January 2010 Last updated: 30 July 2010. This version replaces the previous one/s. Affiliation: European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Parma, Italy This scientific output, published 26 April 2010, replaces the earlier version published on 28 January 2010. Zoonoses are infections and diseases that are naturally transmissible directly or indirectly, for example via contaminated foodstuffs, between animals and humans. In 2008, 27 Member States submitted information on the occurrence of zoonoses, zoonotic agents and food-borne outbreaks to the European Commission and the European Food Safety Authority. In 2008, salmonellosis was again the second most often reported zoonotic disease in humans accounting for 131,468 confirmed human cases.