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PATHOGENS 12/06/21 Current Status of Rabies and Its Eradication in Eastern and Southeastern Europe. All articles published by MDPI are made immediately available worldwide under an open access license.

PATHOGENS 12/06/21 Current Status of Rabies and Its Eradication in Eastern and Southeastern Europe

No special permission is required to reuse all or part of the article published by MDPI, including figures and tables. For articles published under an open access Creative Common CC BY license, any part of the article may be reused without permission provided that the original article is clearly cited. Feature Papers represent the most advanced research with significant potential for high impact in the field. Feature Papers are submitted upon individual invitation or recommendation by the scientific editors and undergo peer review prior to publication. The Feature Paper can be either an original research article, a substantial novel research study that often involves several techniques or approaches, or a comprehensive review paper with concise and precise updates on the latest progress in the field that systematically reviews the most exciting advances in scientific literature.

DG SANCO - Rapport OAV : Serbia 2021-7261 Rabies eradication programme Jan 2021. DG Health and Food Safety develops and publishes an annual work programme.

DG SANCO - Rapport OAV : Serbia 2021-7261 Rabies eradication programme Jan 2021

Work priorities are identified following a careful process, based on legal obligations, risk posted in the sectors concerned and the Commission´s political priorities and in particular the Farm to Fork Strategy. As there may be changes to the programme due to availability of resources, changes in risk or emerging issues, an update of the programme is usually presented in June. Abstract: This document sets out the work programme of the European Commission's Directorate for Health and food audits and analysis for 2021. It contains the details of controls planned in 2021 in the areas of food and feed safety, food quality, animal health, animal welfare, plant health and some areas of human health. FRONT. VET. SCI. 13/01/21 Tackling the Threat of Rabies Reintroduction in Europe. Introduction Rabies is one of the oldest and most important zoonoses worldwide, due to its extreme and inevitably lethal outcomes (1, 2).

FRONT. VET. SCI. 13/01/21 Tackling the Threat of Rabies Reintroduction in Europe

Although the enzootic transmission of rabies is through Carnivora (dogs, jackals, wolves, etc.) and Chiroptera (bats), it can spill over to other mammalian species such as humans, who can end up developing the disease (2). Each year, rabies is estimated to be responsible for 59,000 human cases, mostly in Africa and Asia, and ~99% of human rabies cases are acquired after direct contact with dogs (3–5). The infection usually causes acute progressive encephalitis, and death eventually occurs if it is not treated before symptoms appear (1, 4). Although rabies remains one of the most feared and important threats to public health in the 21st century, it is considered one of the neglected diseases (2, 3). PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-001201/2020 Measures to prevent new cases of rabies in the EU. 2 résultats Résultats Web.

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-001201/2020 Measures to prevent new cases of rabies in the EU

Trop. Med. Infect. Dis. 30/09/19 Zero Endemic Cases of Wildlife Rabies (Classical Rabies Virus, RABV) in the European Union by 2020: An Achievable Goal (étude ANSES/DG SANCO) The elimination of rabies transmitted by Classical Rabies Virus (RABV) in the European Union (EU) is now in sight.

Trop. Med. Infect. Dis. 30/09/19 Zero Endemic Cases of Wildlife Rabies (Classical Rabies Virus, RABV) in the European Union by 2020: An Achievable Goal (étude ANSES/DG SANCO)

Scientific advances have made it possible to develop oral vaccination for wildlife by incorporating rabies vaccines in baits for foxes. At the start of the 1980s, aerial distribution of vaccine baits was tested and found to be a promising tool. The EU identified rabies elimination as a priority, and provided considerable financial and technical resources to the infected EU Member States, allowing regular and large-scale rabies eradication programs based on aerial vaccination.

Rage en Ukraine

PLOS 17/08/15 Spatio-temporal Use of Oral Rabies Vaccines in Fox Rabies Elimination Programmes in Europe. Abstract In Europe, the elimination of wildlife rabies using oral rabies vaccination [ORV] of foxes for more than 30 years has been a success story.

PLOS 17/08/15 Spatio-temporal Use of Oral Rabies Vaccines in Fox Rabies Elimination Programmes in Europe

Since a comprehensive review on the scope of the different oral rabies vaccine baits distributed across Europe has not been available yet, we evaluated the use of different vaccine baits over the entire period of ORV [1978–2014]. Our findings provide valuable insights into the complexity of ORV programs in terms of vaccine related issues. More than 10 oral vaccines against rabies were used over the past four decades.

Rage en Grèce

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-009770-16 Rage canine et transport d'animaux domestiques à l'intérieur de l'Union européenne. Selon une étude en date du 16 avril 2015 commandée par l'Alliance globale pour le contrôle et la prévention de la rage, la rage serait à l'origine de 59 000 décès chaque année dans le monde, ce qui correspond à une perte économique estimé de 8.6 milliards de dollars par an.

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-009770-16 Rage canine et transport d'animaux domestiques à l'intérieur de l'Union européenne

Cette pathologie, causée dans 99 % des cas par les chiens, a été éradiquée de la plupart des États européens, mais des prévalences endémiques persistent dans certains États d'Europe orientale. L'harmonisation des règlements de l'Union européenne et de l'Espace économique européen, entrée en vigueur le 1er juin 2012, concernant les mouvements des animaux (chats, furets et chiens) a conduit à la suppression de l'exigence de tests sanguins sur lesdits animaux domestiques, au profit d'un certificat de vaccination à jour. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-007387-16 Rabies.

Rage en Macédoine

Travel-Associated Rabies in Pets and Residual Rabies Risk, Western Europe - Volume 22, Number 7—July 2016. Author affiliations: Université Paris Dauphine, Paris, France (F.

Travel-Associated Rabies in Pets and Residual Rabies Risk, Western Europe - Volume 22, Number 7—July 2016

Ribadeau-Dumas, C. Le Pen); Institut Pasteur, Paris (F. Ribadeau-Dumas, H. Bourhy); French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health and Safety, Malzéville, France (F. Cliquet, E. Suggested citation for this article. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-000052-16 Measures to control rabies. Rabies is one of the most deadly zoonoses.

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-000052-16 Measures to control rabies

Every year it kills about 70 000 people worldwide, mostly children in developing countries. PLOS 05/02/16 Rabies in the Baltic States: Decoding a Process of Control and Elimination. Abstract Rabies is a fatal zoonosis that still causes nearly 70, 000 human deaths every year.

PLOS 05/02/16 Rabies in the Baltic States: Decoding a Process of Control and Elimination

In Europe, the oral rabies vaccination (ORV) of red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) was developed in the late 1970s and has demonstrated its effectiveness in the eradication of the disease in Western and some Central European countries. Following the accession of the three Baltic countries—Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania—to the European Union in 2004, subsequent financial support has allowed the implementation of regular ORV campaigns since 2005–2006.

This paper reviews ten years of surveillance efforts and ORV campaigns in these countries resulting in the near eradication of the disease. The various factors that may have influenced the results of vaccination monitoring were assessed using generalized linear models (GLMs) on bait uptake and on herd immunity. Author Summary.

Rage en France

JOURNEE AEEMA : 19 MAI 2005 Au sommaire: Rage canine erratique en Europe : risque d'épidémie/épizootie ? CDC EID - FEV 2014 - Au sommaire : Recurrence of Animal Rabies, Greece, 2012. Suggested citation for this article To the Editor: Rabies is caused by 12 recognized virus species within the Lyssavirus genus (family Rhabdoviridae) (1) and each year causes 55,000 deaths worldwide among humans. In Europe, the main reservoir and vector of rabies is the red fox (Vulpes vulpes), followed by the raccoon dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides) in central and Baltic Europe (2).

Among these virus species, the rabies virus (former genotype 1, classical rabies virus) is maintained in reservoir mammals, mainly carnivores. DG SANCO 09/09/14 food safety - Food and Veterinary Office - audit reports - BG Bulgaria - Animal Health - rabies eradication programme. Cookies This site uses cookies to offer you a better browsing experience.

Rage en Hongrie

Rage en Roumanie. EFSA 14/07/15 Update on oral vaccination of foxes and raccoon dogs against rabies. EFSA Journal 2015;13(7):4164[70 pp.]. doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2015.4164 Type: Opinion of the Scientific Committee/Scientific Panel On request from: European Commission Question number: EFSA-Q-2014-00864 Adopted: 24 June 2015 Published: 14 July 2015 Affiliation: European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Parma, Italy In 2002, the former Scientific Committee on Animal Health and Animal Welfare of the European Commission (EC) issued a scientific report on the oral vaccination of foxes against rabies, covering the type of vaccines and baits, the methods of release of vaccine baits, the density of baits and distribution patterns, and the seasonal pattern of releases. The recent European and international guidelines for rabies surveillance, as requested in the Terms of Reference have been used as a source of data and information for the current work.

The conclusions and recommendations from the previous report issued by the EC in 2002 were comparatively assessed for their validity. VETERINARY RECORD 07/05/15 Cross-border transport of rescue dogs may spread rabies in Europe.

Rage en Espagne

Rage en Estonie. PLOS 28/02/12 Eliminating Rabies in Estonia. Abstract The compulsory vaccination of pets, the recommended vaccination of farm animals in grazing areas and the extermination of stray animals did not succeed in eliminating rabies in Estonia because the virus was maintained in two main wildlife reservoirs, foxes and raccoon dogs.

These two species became a priority target therefore in order to control rabies. Supported by the European Community, successive oral vaccination (OV) campaigns were conducted twice a year using Rabigen® SAG2 baits, beginning in autumn 2005 in North Estonia. They were then extended to the whole territory from spring 2006. Following the vaccination campaigns, the incidence of rabies cases dramatically decreased, with 266 cases in 2005, 114 in 2006, four in 2007 and three in 2008. Author Summary This paper reports the strategy of oral rabies vaccination of wildlife in Estonia, the measures undertaken to check the method's efficacy and the results obtained. EUROSURVEILLANCE 02/05/13 Au sommaire:Re-emergence of animal rabies in northern Greece and subsequent human exposure, October 20.

Greece has been rabies-free since 1987 with no human cases since 1970. During 2012 to 2013, rabies has re-emerged in wild and domestic animals in northern Greece. By end March 2013, rabies was diagnosed in 17 animals including 14 red foxes, two shepherd dogs and one cat; 104 subsequent human exposures required post-exposure prophylaxis according to the World Health Organization criteria.

En Norvège

Au Royaume-Uni. Rage en Italie. Derniers rapports OAV dédiés à la rage. 1751-0147-53-22. Food Safety - Committees - Regulatory. Animal Health & Welfare - Animal Diseases - Eradication and Monitoring Programmes - Legislation. Requires javascript 7 and 8 December 2006 in Helsinki, Finland - Finnish Food Safety Authority (Evira) The meeting was organised jointly by the Finnish presidency and the Commission. The main objective was to exchange information in order to strengthen the cooperation and collaboration among Member States, Acceding States and the Russian Federation regarding the eradication of rabies. Animal Health & Welfare - Animal Diseases - Eradication and Monitoring Programmes - Legislation. [Expand All] Scientific Report of EFSA: Rapport de synthèse communautaire sur les tendances et les sources des zoonoses, des agents zoonotiques et des foyers de toxi-infection alimentaire au sein de l’Union européenne en 2008.

EFSA Journal; 2010 8(1):1496 [410 pp.]. doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2010.1496.