FRONT. VET. SCI. 13/01/21 Tackling the Threat of Rabies Reintroduction in Europe. Introduction Rabies is one of the oldest and most important zoonoses worldwide, due to its extreme and inevitably lethal outcomes (1, 2).
Although the enzootic transmission of rabies is through Carnivora (dogs, jackals, wolves, etc.) and Chiroptera (bats), it can spill over to other mammalian species such as humans, who can end up developing the disease (2). Each year, rabies is estimated to be responsible for 59,000 human cases, mostly in Africa and Asia, and ~99% of human rabies cases are acquired after direct contact with dogs (3–5). The infection usually causes acute progressive encephalitis, and death eventually occurs if it is not treated before symptoms appear (1, 4). Although rabies remains one of the most feared and important threats to public health in the 21st century, it is considered one of the neglected diseases (2, 3).
PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-001201/2020 Measures to prevent new cases of rabies in the EU. 2 résultats Résultats Web.
Trop. Med. Infect. Dis. 30/09/19 Zero Endemic Cases of Wildlife Rabies (Classical Rabies Virus, RABV) in the European Union by 2020: An Achievable Goal (étude ANSES/DG SANCO) The elimination of rabies transmitted by Classical Rabies Virus (RABV) in the European Union (EU) is now in sight.
Scientific advances have made it possible to develop oral vaccination for wildlife by incorporating rabies vaccines in baits for foxes. At the start of the 1980s, aerial distribution of vaccine baits was tested and found to be a promising tool. The EU identified rabies elimination as a priority, and provided considerable financial and technical resources to the infected EU Member States, allowing regular and large-scale rabies eradication programs based on aerial vaccination.
PLOS 17/08/15 Spatio-temporal Use of Oral Rabies Vaccines in Fox Rabies Elimination Programmes in Europe. Abstract In Europe, the elimination of wildlife rabies using oral rabies vaccination [ORV] of foxes for more than 30 years has been a success story.
Since a comprehensive review on the scope of the different oral rabies vaccine baits distributed across Europe has not been available yet, we evaluated the use of different vaccine baits over the entire period of ORV [1978–2014]. Our findings provide valuable insights into the complexity of ORV programs in terms of vaccine related issues. More than 10 oral vaccines against rabies were used over the past four decades. Depending on many factors, the extent to which oral rabies virus vaccines were used varied considerably resulting in huge differences in the number of vaccine doses disseminated in ORV campaigns as well as in large spatial and temporal overlaps.
Author Summary Editor: Brian Bird, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, UNITED STATES Received: April 20, 2015; Accepted: July 6, 2015; Published: August 17, 2015 Introduction.
PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-009770-16 Rage canine et transport d'animaux domestiques à l'intérieur de l'Union européenne. Selon une étude en date du 16 avril 2015 commandée par l'Alliance globale pour le contrôle et la prévention de la rage, la rage serait à l'origine de 59 000 décès chaque année dans le monde, ce qui correspond à une perte économique estimé de 8.6 milliards de dollars par an.
Cette pathologie, causée dans 99 % des cas par les chiens, a été éradiquée de la plupart des États européens, mais des prévalences endémiques persistent dans certains États d'Europe orientale. L'harmonisation des règlements de l'Union européenne et de l'Espace économique européen, entrée en vigueur le 1er juin 2012, concernant les mouvements des animaux (chats, furets et chiens) a conduit à la suppression de l'exigence de tests sanguins sur lesdits animaux domestiques, au profit d'un certificat de vaccination à jour. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-007387-16 Rabies.
Travel-Associated Rabies in Pets and Residual Rabies Risk, Western Europe - Volume 22, Number 7—July 2016. Author affiliations: Université Paris Dauphine, Paris, France (F.
Ribadeau-Dumas, C. Le Pen); Institut Pasteur, Paris (F. Ribadeau-Dumas, H. Bourhy); French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health and Safety, Malzéville, France (F. Cliquet, E. Suggested citation for this article Abstract. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-000052-16 Measures to control rabies. Rabies is one of the most deadly zoonoses.
Every year it kills about 70 000 people worldwide, mostly children in developing countries. PLOS 05/02/16 Rabies in the Baltic States: Decoding a Process of Control and Elimination. Abstract Rabies is a fatal zoonosis that still causes nearly 70, 000 human deaths every year.
In Europe, the oral rabies vaccination (ORV) of red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) was developed in the late 1970s and has demonstrated its effectiveness in the eradication of the disease in Western and some Central European countries. Following the accession of the three Baltic countries—Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania—to the European Union in 2004, subsequent financial support has allowed the implementation of regular ORV campaigns since 2005–2006.
JOURNEE AEEMA : 19 MAI 2005 Au sommaire: Rage canine erratique en Europe : risque d'épidémie/épizootie ? CDC EID - FEV 2014 - Au sommaire : Recurrence of Animal Rabies, Greece, 2012. Suggested citation for this article To the Editor: Rabies is caused by 12 recognized virus species within the Lyssavirus genus (family Rhabdoviridae) (1) and each year causes 55,000 deaths worldwide among humans.
Rage en Roumanie. EFSA 14/07/15 Update on oral vaccination of foxes and raccoon dogs against rabies. EFSA Journal 2015;13(7):4164[70 pp.]. doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2015.4164 Type: Opinion of the Scientific Committee/Scientific Panel On request from: European Commission Question number: EFSA-Q-2014-00864 Adopted: 24 June 2015 Published: 14 July 2015 Affiliation: European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Parma, Italy In 2002, the former Scientific Committee on Animal Health and Animal Welfare of the European Commission (EC) issued a scientific report on the oral vaccination of foxes against rabies, covering the type of vaccines and baits, the methods of release of vaccine baits, the density of baits and distribution patterns, and the seasonal pattern of releases.
The recent European and international guidelines for rabies surveillance, as requested in the Terms of Reference have been used as a source of data and information for the current work. The conclusions and recommendations from the previous report issued by the EC in 2002 were comparatively assessed for their validity. VETERINARY RECORD 07/05/15 Cross-border transport of rescue dogs may spread rabies in Europe.
Rage en Estonie. PLOS 28/02/12 Eliminating Rabies in Estonia. Abstract The compulsory vaccination of pets, the recommended vaccination of farm animals in grazing areas and the extermination of stray animals did not succeed in eliminating rabies in Estonia because the virus was maintained in two main wildlife reservoirs, foxes and raccoon dogs. These two species became a priority target therefore in order to control rabies. Supported by the European Community, successive oral vaccination (OV) campaigns were conducted twice a year using Rabigen® SAG2 baits, beginning in autumn 2005 in North Estonia.
They were then extended to the whole territory from spring 2006. Following the vaccination campaigns, the incidence of rabies cases dramatically decreased, with 266 cases in 2005, 114 in 2006, four in 2007 and three in 2008. Author Summary This paper reports the strategy of oral rabies vaccination of wildlife in Estonia, the measures undertaken to check the method's efficacy and the results obtained. Figures Editor: James E. Introduction Vaccine Bait uptake. EUROSURVEILLANCE 02/05/13 Au sommaire:Re-emergence of animal rabies in northern Greece and subsequent human exposure, October 20. Greece has been rabies-free since 1987 with no human cases since 1970.
EUROSURVEILLANCE 02/05/13 Au sommaire: Re-emergence of animal rabies in northern Greece and subsequent human exposure, October 2012 – March 2013. – guatemalt
A technical meeting on "co-operation with Russia on Rabies eradication" was held in Paris on 24 May 2006, where there was a consensus on the need for EU/RU transboundary cooperation to eradicate rabies in the regions at risk. Animal Health & Welfare - Animal Diseases - Eradication and Monitoring Programmes - Legislation. [Expand All] Submission of eradication and control programmes Standard requirements for applications are listed in the Annexes - Decision 2008/425/EC, amended by Decision 2012/282/EC Standard format: Annex 1.
Scientific Report of EFSA: Rapport de synthèse communautaire sur les tendances et les sources des zoonoses, des agents zoonotiques et des foyers de toxi-infection alimentaire au sein de l’Union européenne en 2008. EFSA Journal; 2010 8(1):1496 [410 pp.]. doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2010.1496 Type: Scientific Report of EFSA Question number: EFSA-Q-2009-00695 Approved: 23 December 2009 Published: 28 January 2010 Last updated: 30 July 2010. This version replaces the previous one/s. Affiliation: European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Parma, Italy This scientific output, published 26 April 2010, replaces the earlier version published on 28 January 2010. Zoonoses are infections and diseases that are naturally transmissible directly or indirectly, for example via contaminated foodstuffs, between animals and humans.