FOOD CONTROL - 2015 - The challenges of ractopamine use in meat production for export to European Union and Russia. Β-adrenergic agonist ractopamine is increasingly used in the swine industry due to consumer demand for leaner pork products.
Ractopamine redirects nutrients to favor leanness rather than fat deposition, improves growth and carcass traits of finishing pigs. However, countries around the world are split over whether to allow the use of ractopamine in meat production. While this substance has been authorized as a feed additive in a limited number of countries, in pigs and cattle, the vast majority of jurisdictions, including the European Union (EU), China, Taiwan, Russia has banned its use on safety grounds. This legal division finds reflection into the long-standing opposition existing between countries supporting the establishment of maximum residue levels and those who oppose it within the Codex.
“Since the violations continue and we are finding ractopamine in meat shipments from the USA, we plan starting February 11 to impose restrictions on the import of this product,” Sergei Dankvert, the chief of Russian veterinary and food safety service, Rosselkhoznadzor, told Interfax. U.S. trade and agriculture officials have rebuked Russia’s position as retaliatory and unscientific. “The United States is very concerned that Russia has taken these actions, which appear to be inconsistent with its obligations as a member of the World Trade Organization,” said Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack, in December when Russia first announced it would test beef and pork imports for the drug.
The U.S. LE COURRIER DE RUSSIE 01/08/14 La guerre économique en marche Découverte d’hormones de croissance interdits en Russie dans la viande originaire de l’UE (ractopamine par rapport à l'Espagne) Les nouvelles sanctions économiques adoptées successivement par les États-Unis et l’Union européenne à l’encontre de la Russie le jeudi 31 juillet ont suscité de vives réactions du côté russe qui accroît le contrôle des produits en provenance de l’UE.
Découverte d’hormones de croissance interdits en Russie dans la viande originaire de l’UE L’agence vétérinaire russe Rosselkhoznadzor a découvert de la ractopamine, des hormones de croissance interdits en UE et en Russie, dans les produits à base de viande en provenance de l’Union européenne, écrit l’agence Interfax jeudi 31 juillet. L’additif a été détecté dans les rognons de bovins en provenance d’Espagne. Le directeur de Rosselkhoznadzor Sergueï Dankvert a rappelé que l’utilisation de la ractopamine est interdite en Russie depuis le 27 juin 2014. La viande a, cependant, été envoyée avant la mise en application de cette interdiction : le certificat vétérinaire date du 31 mai 2014. Rosselkhoznadzor donne cependant deux versions des faits. NOVOSTI 13/02/13 Russian Chief Sanitary Doctor Questions Ractopamine Safety. EMBASSY OF THE UNITED STATES MOSCOW RUSSIA 11/12/12 U.S. Embassy Moscow Fact Sheet: Ractopamine. Moscow, Russia | December 11, 2012.
NATIONAL HOG FARMER 07/03/13 Science-Based Trade Decisions vs. Russia/China Ractopamine Actions. The U.S.
Meat Export Federation (USMEF) provides an in-depth analysis to help explain some of the details behind recent decisions by Russia and China to restrict imports of pork and beef from the United States. Neither Russia nor China allows the production, sale or use of the two beta agonists that are registered for use in the United States, and in the past few months both have taken steps to enforce their bans on beta agonist residues in imported pork and beef. USMEF points out that the first to move was Russia, which notified the United States and other countries in December that they were required to certify that their pork and beef exports were free of ractopamine residues.
When the U.S. government did not implement a program for certifying exports, Russia closed its market to imports of beef and pork from the United States. See Related Story, “Russia Bans U.S. See related story, “Smithfield Ready to Supply Ractopamine-Free Pork” China adds another dimension to the discussion. BETTER FARMING 23/05/13 Canadian ag minister addresses Russian ractopamine ban during trade mission. By SUSAN MANN A team of Russian veterinarians will arrive in Canada soon to check out meat plants’ protocols for segregating animals fed ractopamine from those free of the additive, says federal Agriculture Minister Gerry Ritz.
Canadian officials “are happy to show them the extent of what we can and cannot do when it comes to ractopamine,” such as keeping hogs and beef cattle separated on the line, he says. Ritz made the statements during a telephone press conference Thursday from Kazakhstan at the end of his trade mission to Russia and Kazakhstan. Ractopamine is a feed additive recognized by international regulatory agencies as being safe, according to an Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada press release. GLOBAL MEAT NEWS 24/07/13 Russia considers banning meat from Canada. “The current control system for animal products originating from Canada is unable to ensure that the animal health requirements of the Customs Union are met and, in particular, guarantee the absence of the growth promoter ractopamine.
Due to this we may implement a total ban on the supply of meat products from this country,” reported Alexei Alekseyenko, head of the press service at Russian veterinary watchdog Rosselkhoznadzor. The conclusions reached on the Canadian system of veterinary control were based on a recent inspection of Canadian meat exporters by Russian veterinary officials, which took place from 24 May to 9 June. Russian specialists inspected 19 Canadian livestock enterprises, 18 of which were supplying meat products to the Customs Union. Rosselkhoznadzor said that not a single company passed its inspections.
It banned the import of meat from one of the companies, Groupe CNP, from 29 July and said it was considering further restrictions.