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Pesticides en Australie et Nouvelle-Zelande

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ABC_NET_AU 22/03/17 Study finds possible link between pesticide exposure and farmer health. A study has found farmers' nervous systems might be impacted by exposure to the some of the most widely used pesticides. In the first study of its kind, the Victorian-based National Centre for Farmer Health tested a group of farmers once a month over 12 months for levels of cholinesterase enzymes, which are needed for the proper functioning of the nervous system. Toxicologist John Edwards said preliminary research results found those enzymes were lower in farmers with high exposure to organophosphate pesticides. "When we look at cholinesterase, what we see is the cholinesterase inhibition is also higher in the farmers with higher chemical use," Professor Edwards said. He said researchers also found that farmers in predominantly cropping regions had higher levels of exposure than other regions. Rural Newsletter Rural news in your inbox? Subscribe for the national headlines of the day.

"We've been able to show that in terms of chemical exposure it does vary throughout the year," he said. Diméthoate en Australie. QLD_GOV_AU 11/04/17 Impacts of nutrient and pesticide run-off from cane farming. Print The Great Barrier Reef is Queensland’s most treasured ecosystem and is worth around $6 billion a year to the economy, supporting 69,000 jobs. Strong scientific evidence indicates increased quantities of nutrients and pesticides are entering the Great Barrier Reef lagoon and cane farming is one of the key sources.

How are nutrient and pesticide losses damaging the reef? Declining marine water quality, influenced by terrestrial runoff, is recognised as one of the most significant threats to the long-term health of the Great Barrier Reef. Pesticides, sediment and nutrient losses are some of the most harmful contributors: Pesticides pose a risk to aquatic organisms, particularly in freshwater areas and inshore and coastal ecosystems. Nutrient losses are associated with algal blooms, micro-organisms species shifts and coral-eating crown-of-thorns starfish (COTS) outbreaks across the reef. How are the nutrients and pesticides from my farm ending up in the reef? How do we know this? EPA_NSW_GOV_AU 09/10/17 Pesticides Act and Regulation. Penalty infringement notices The EPA may issue a penalty infringement notice (PIN) for some offences, rather than commence prosecution.

PIN penalties are much lower than prosecution penalties. The EPA uses PINs in matters where the essential facts of the offence are not in dispute. If you are issued with a PIN and pay the penalty within the set period, the matter is finished and no criminal conviction is recorded. Paying the PIN is not regarded as an admission of liability if there is any civil litigation arising from the incident. Clean-up notices If the EPA suspects that you are causing pesticide pollution, you will be issued with a clean-up notice. For example, where a pest controller has treated a home for cockroaches and leaves pesticide dust covering the kitchen benchtops, cooking appliances and utensils, the EPA can direct them to clean up the pesticide so the house is fit for residents to occupy.

Prevention notices Orders. CAWTHRON INSTITUTE - DEC 2015 - TRENDS IN VERTEBRATE PESTICIDE USE AND THE IMPORTANCE OF A RESEARCH PIPELINE FOR MAMMALIAN PEST CONTROL IN NEW ZEALAND. Cawthron Report 2754. Prepared for Envirolink, MBIE on behalf of Northland Regional Council. Vertebrate pesticides remain central to mammalian pest control. However, rodenticide and other vertebrate pesticide registrations have declined worldwide over the last 30 years. In New Zealand we have deliberately bucked this trend in the field of mammalian pest control with a research strategy aimed at retaining essential toxins.

In parallel, a broader three-pronged strategy has evolved, accelerating the provision of improved control tools delivered in a research and development pipeline alongside methodologies and strategies for mammalian pest control. Looking to the immediate future, as well as continuing to improve the use of existing tools, there are opportunities for further advances in wireless technology for species recognition and aiding trapping programmes, self-resetting traps and toxin delivery systems. MARLBOROUGH_govt_nz 06/05/15 National Survey of Pesticides in Groundwater 2014. Le site Australian Herbicide Resistance Initiative (AHRI)

THE GUARDIAN 04/07/16 Pesticide blamed for huge drop in frog numbers along Queensland coast. The head of Australia’s only dedicated frog hospital believes powerful insecticides are behind a staggering decline in frog populations along the Queensland coast. But Deborah Pergolotti, of the Cairns Frog Safe project, has struggled to drum up government and academic interest in researching the bizarre malformations she has documented in amphibians. “The first domino in the sequence is chemicals,” she says, specifically neonicotinoids. Introduced in Australia in 1996, neonicotinoids attack the nervous system of insects and have caused controversy overseas for their perceived link to declining bee populations. The European Union has restricted their use, but they are used widely in Australia. Pergolotti estimates there has been a 95% decline in the Cairns frog population since the hospital opened 17 years ago.

“The usual comment is: ‘What proof do you have?’ But her attempts to alert authorities have fallen on deaf ears. Ultimately, “multiple interacting pressures” were to blame, it said. New Zealand Journal of Ecology (2016) 40(3): 342-350 Acute toxicity and risk to lizards of rodenticides and herbicides commonly used in New Zealand. AGRICULTURE_GOV_AU - Budget 2016-17 - AUSTRALIAN PESTICIDES AND VETERINARY MEDICINES AUTHORITY.

WESTERN AUSTRALIAN AUDITOR GENERAL'S REPORT - JUNE 2015 - Management of Pesticides in Western Australia. NICNAS_GOV_AU 11/08/16 Chemicals banned or severely restricted in Australia FactSheet. NICNAS often receives enquiries from people interested in finding out which chemicals are 'banned' or restricted in Australia. The main focus at NICNAS is on industrial chemicals—although we do provide some information about other chemicals. People often assume that chemicals are either 'allowed' or 'banned' and that there are easily accessible lists of banned chemicals. In fact the controls imposed by governments on chemicals are rather more complex and usually take into account the way in which the chemical is used.

Who approves the use of chemicals? In Australia the different categories of chemical use are covered by four major Commonwealth schemes of registration and assessment. In addition, other agencies control chemicals at various stages of their lifecycles or where there are particular hazards. Most restrictions on chemicals in Australia are contained in state and territory legislation although they may reflect codes of practice developed at a national level. Hazardous chemicals. New Zealand Plant Protection 69: 296 - 304 (2016) Use of the sterile insect technique in New Zealand: Benefits and constraints.

Documents APVMA

Evaluation des coûts des pesticides en Australie. UNIVERSITY OF ADELAIDE - 2013 - Thèse en ligne : Characterisation and management of glyphosate resistant fence line populations of annual ryegrass (Lolium rigidum Gaud.) Journal of Cleaner Production Volume 72, 1 June 2014, Environmental impacts of consumption of Australian red wine in the UK. Open Access Abstract The UK consumes almost 5% of world's wine production, drinking 12.9 million hectolitres annually or 21 l per capita per year. Australian wines are most popular with the UK consumer, accounting for around 17% of total take-home purchases.

This paper focuses on Australian red wine and presents the life cycle environmental impacts of its consumption in the UK. The results indicate that a 0.75 l bottle of wine requires, for example, 21 MJ of primary energy, 363 l of water and generates 1.25 kg of CO2 eq. Keywords Environmental impacts; Life cycle assessment; Packaging; Wine 1. The global production level of wine stands at around 27 billion litres a year (Key Note, 2011). The environmental impacts from wine consumption in the UK are unknown apart from few estimates. This paper sets out to estimate the life cycle environmental impacts of red wine produced in Australia and consumed in the UK. 2. 2.1. GRDC 03/06/14 Red brome confirmed resistant to glyphosate in Western Australia.

One population of red brome (Bromus rubens) has been confirmed resistant to glyphosate in the central wheatbelt of Western Australia. Red brome with giant brome in the background. Photo by Agronomo. This is the first red brome population to be confirmed resistant to glyphosate in the world and is the third glyphosate resistant grass weed species found in Western Australia. “This finding is of particular concern for no-till farmers who rely heavily on glyphosate for grass weed control prior to sowing and in non-crop areas such as fence lines and firebreaks,” Department of Agriculture and Food, Western Australia (DAFWA) researcher Abul Hashem said.

Dr Hashem and DAFWA’s Catherine Borger discovered the glyphosate resistant red brome under a Grains Research and Development Corporation (GRDC) funded project also involving the Australian Herbicide Resistance Initiative (AHRI). Photo by Catherine Borger. GRDC Project Code DAW535, DAW713, DAW00114, DAW00158, UWA00146 Region National, West. GRDC - winter 2013 - survey find glyphosate resistant ryegrass is widespread in cropping padocks in the South East of South Australia. RMIT Universit - NOV 2006 - The Effects of Pulse Exposure of Six Agricultural Chemicals (including four herbicides) on the Early Life Stages of Selected Native Fish from the Goulburn-Murray River Region, Victoria, Australia (research collaboration between. DAFWA - Site Maintenance. HEALTH_WA_GOV_AU - OCT 2013 - Department of Health guide to Organochlorine pesticide residues in home garden soils. AUSTRALIAN SOCIETY OF AGRONOMY - 2012 - Chemical-free agriculture: obstacles and assumptions.

Chemical-free agriculture: obstacles and assumptions Jennifer Marohasy1 and John Abbot Abstract Less dependence on chemicals in agriculture is generally seen as desirable but how is this achieved in practice? We review two high profile campaigns, one focused on banning herbicides in Great Barrier Reef Catchments to save dugongs and mangroves, and the other on banning insecticides in California’s Central Valley to save frogs. We show that while scientific studies were central to initial allegations of environmental harm, causation was never proven and more plausible alternative explanations for declines in dugong and frogs numbers ignored. We suggest the application of Hill’s Criteria of Causation to improve the quality of science, but stress the need for an entirely new research paradigm if the objective is reducing chemical hazard while also maximising food production.

Key Words pesticides, Diuron, Hill’s criteria of causation, chemical-free agriculture, environmental campaigning. FRIENDS OF THE EARTH AUSTRALIA - Pesticides and Toxic Chemicals. Much of FoE's current work on toxics is currently looking at drinking water issues, particularly chlorine disinfection by-products. Since March 2012 this work has been unfunded, except for small donations. Donations are always gratefully accepted and go a very long way. Contact anthonyamis@hotmail.com for further information. If you have downloaded any of the following reports consider donating now, because the "Well May Soon Run Dry" and this resource will be lost. Some of our recent work can be located below: 1): Scarred For Life - Tattoo Inks And Your Health (Updated October 28 2013) Download here (PDF) 2): Project Assessing Chlorine Disinfection Byproducts in Drinking Water - Grampians Wimmera Region of Victoria (July 29 2013) GWMWaterReportFinal.pdf (656.34 KB) 3): Project Assessing Drinking Water Issues in South Western Victoria (March 12 2013) SWVicWater.pdf (664.04 KB) 4): Submission Into Inquiry Into Agricultural & Veterinary Chemicals Legislation Amendment Bill December 2012 Other work:

Sci Total Environ. 2013 Apr 1;449:208-13. Maternal exposure to organochlorine pesticides in Western Australia. AUSTRALIAN SOCIETY OF AGRONOMY - 2012 - Chemical-free agriculture: obstacles and assumptions. FOE - JUNE 2012 - Issues Regarding Melbourne Drinking Water & Pesticides. Chemosphere Volume 88, Issue 3, July 2012, Organochlorine pesticides in soil under irrigated cotton farming systems in Vertisols. Abstract Organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) such as DDT and DDE have been detected in the surface 0.2 m of Vertisols in the lower Namoi Valley of north western New South Wales, Australia even though they have not been applied to crops since 1982. However, their presence in the deeper soil horizons has not been investigated. The objective of this study was to determine if OCPs were present to a depth of 1.2 m in Vertisols under irrigated cotton farming systems in the lower Namoi Valley of New South Wales.

Soil was sampled from the 0–1.2 m depths in three sites, viz. the Australian Cotton Research Institute, ACRI, near Narrabri (149°36′E, 30°12′S), and two cotton farms near Wee Waa (149°27′E, 30°13′S) and Merah North (149°18′E, 30°12′S) in northern New South Wales, Australia. The OCPs detected and their metabolites were α-endosulfan, β-endosulfan, endosulfan sulphate, DDD, DDE, DDT and endrin. Highlights Keywords Cotton; Preferential flow; Clay; Farming system; Drainage; Rotation. FRIENDS OF THE EARTH AUSTRALIA – FEV 2012 - Pesticides, food and you - The dose makes the poison? Gestion du risque en résistance aux pesticides en Australie et N. Pesticides et pêche en Australie. Lutte intégrée en Australie. Organismes nuisibles des cultures en AUSTRALIE. SANTE CANADA 26/05/09 Protocole d'entente entre l'Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority et l'Agence de réglem. Ce contenu a été archivé le 24 juin 2013. Information archivée dans le Web Information archivée dans le Web à des fins de consultation, de recherche ou de tenue de documents.

Cette dernière n'a aucunement été modifiée ni mise à jour depuis sa date de mise en archive. Les pages archivées dans le Web ne sont pas assujetties aux normes qui s'appliquent aux sites Web du gouvernement du Canada. Conformément à la Politique de communication du gouvernement du Canada, vous pouvez demander de recevoir cette information dans tout autre format de rechange à la page « Contactez-nous ». Si vous avez besoin d'aide pour accéder aux formats de rechange, tels que Portable Document Format (PDF), Microsoft Word et PowerPoint (PPT), visitez la section d'aide sur les formats de rechange. 1. 2. 2.1. 2.2. 3. 3.1. 3.2. 3.3. 4. 4.1. 4.2. 4.3. 5. 6. 6.1.1. 6.1.3 L'APVMA fournira gratuitement les renseignements en vertu du paragraphe 6.1.2. 7. 8. 8.3 Les fonctionnaires responsables de l'administration de ce PE sont : Maximum Residue Limits (MRL) in Food and Animal Feedstuff.

The Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority (APVMA) sets maximum residue limits (MRLs) for agricultural and veterinary chemicals in agricultural produce, particularly produce entering the food chain. These MRLs are set at levels which are not likely to be exceeded if the agricultural or veterinary chemicals are used in accordance with approved label instructions. At the time that the MRLs are set, the APVMA undertakes a dietary exposure evaluation to ensure that the levels do not pose an undue hazard to human health.

Download the Chemicals and food safety fact sheet (PDF, 699kb) | (RTF, 1.46Mb) The MRL Standard lists MRLs of substances which may arise from the approved use of those substances or other substances, and provides the relevant residue definitions to which these MRLs apply. The MRL Standard is a legislative instrument and can be found on the comlaw website (external site). The Schedule to the MRL Standard contains five tables that make up the standard. Top. Horticulture and Food Research Institute of New Zealand - 2011 - DEVELOPMENT OF GOOD AGRICULTURAL PRACTICE PROGRAMS IN NEW ZEALA. INTECH - DEC 2010 - Environmental Risks of Fungicides Used in Horticultural Production Systems. NSW Department of Primary Industries - AOUT 2008 - An Evaluation of the Economic, Environmental and Social Impacts of NSW DPI In.

PUBLIC HEALTH ASSOCIATION AUSTRALIA 27/03/12 Response to the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority (APVMA) Co. NZ INSTITUTE FOR PLAND & FOOD RESEARCH - 2011 - Estimating pesticide emissions for the product-related pesticide footprint of ki. RAPPORT OAV - New Zealand 2011-6032 Pesticides Mar 2011 Report details. Veille glyphosate en Australie et en Nouvelle-Zélande.