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Pêche et aquaculture en Italie

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ITALIAN JOURNAL OF FOOD SAFETY - 2015 - Microbiological stability of canned tuna produced in Italy and in non-European countries. Abstract The results of a study on the microbiological stability of canned tuna produced by Italian companies and similar canned products manufactured in countries outside Europe are reported herein. The study involved 38 samples of canned tuna of various brands, of which 14 were produced by companies outside Europe and 24 by Italian companies. Qualitative and quantitative microbiological tests were conducted for the following parameters: bacterial colony counts at 30°C, total coliforms, total Enterobacteriaceae, sulphite-reducing anaerobes, Salmonella spp., Bacillus cereus, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, yeasts and molds.

Bacterial loads and mold contamination were respectivelyin found in 8/14 (57%) samples from outside EU and 7/24 (29%) Italian samples. Keywords Canned food, Canned tuna, Food safety, Food technology. ITALIAN JOURNAL OF FOOD SAFETY - 2015 - Detection of Arcobacter spp. in Mytilus galloprovincialis samples collected from Apulia region. ITALIAN JOURNAL OF FOOD SAFETY - 2015 - Labelling and marketing of bivalve and gastropod molluscs retailed in Sardinia, Italy between 2009 and 2013. Abstract The aim of the present survey was to investigate the correct enforcement of the Community rules on the labelling and marketing of bivalve and gastropod molluscs retailed in Sardinia, Italy between 2009 and 2013.

A total of 1500 packages and labels for live bivalve and gastropod molluscs were considered. A total of 375 labels (25%) presented non-compliance concerning the wrong trade name and additional wrong or missing information. The highest percentage of anomalous labels has been detected in small-scale retail shops (35%) and open-air markets (25%) compared with the big retailing chains (20%). The 5% of packages were not in compliance with the European Community rules on packaging of bivalve and gastropod molluscs. Keywords Labelling; Packaging; Marketing; Bivalve molluscs; Gastropod molluscs. AGRICULTURE CANADA - 2014 – Au sommaire: Vue d'ensemble de l'Italie - Le commerce du poisson et des fruits de mer AAC 2014.

JOURNAL OF FOOD PROTECTION - FEV 2017 - Listeria monocytogenes in Smoked Salmon and Other Smoked Fish at Retail in Italy: Frequency of Contamination and Strain Characterization in Products from Different Manufacturers. ITALIAN JOURNAL OF FOOD SAFETY - 2015 - Mislabelling and species substitution in fishery products retailed in Sardinia (Italy), 2009-2014. ITALIAN JOURNAL OF FOOD SAFETY - 2015 - Preliminary investigation on the use of allyl isothiocyanate to increase the shelf-life of gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata) fillets. Abstract The aim of this work is to evaluate the activity of allyl isothiocyanate (AITC) against fish spoilage bacteria (specific spoilage organisms; SSOs) as well as its possible use in gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata) fillets to extend their shelf-life. In this regard, in vitro tests are carried out in order to evaluate the inhibitory activity of AITC and its vapours on several strains of SSOs.

The AITC effect on the shelflife of sea bream fillets was made by putting them in plastic trays hermetically closed with the addition AITC. Microbiological and sensorial evaluations were made on fish fillets during storage. Treated fillets maintained microbial populations at a significantly lower level compared with the control samples during storage, showing better sensorial characteristics. Keywords Allyl isothiocyanate; Specific spoilage organisms; Gilthead sea bream fillets; Shelf-life. ITALIAN JOURNAL OF FOOD SAFETY - 2016 - Formulation and shelf-life of fish burgers served to preschool children.

Abstract Consumer is very careful about healthiness; in this context nutritionists often highlight the importance of fish for human nutrition because of their protein and fatty acid composition. In order to stimulate utilisation and consumption of fish species by unusual target groups such as children, the aim of this research was to formulate and to evaluate shelf-life and nutritional values of fish preparations stored in modified atmosphere packaging (MAP). Fish species used for trail were Trachurus trachurus and Oncorhynchus mykiss fished and farmed in Basilicata region respectively. Fish burgers were made with different ingredients of plant and animal origin and packed in air (control) and in MAP and stored at refrigeration atemperature.

Keywords Fish burgers; Shelf-life; Preschool children. ITALIAN JOURNAL OF FOOD SAFETY - 2016 - Occurrence of Vibrio parahaemolyticus, Vibrio cholerae and Vibrio vulnificus in the clam Ruditapes philippinarum (Adams & Reeve, 1850) from Emilia Romagna and Sardinia, Italy. Abstract Marine vibrios, Vibrio parahaemolyticus, V. vulnificus and V. cholerae are responsible of the majority of food-borne human infections by consumption of bivalve shellfish.

The aim of the present study was to ascertain the occurrence of these bacteria, and their potential pathogenicity, in the Manila clam R. philippinarum from Emilia Romagna (ER) and Sardinia (SR) regions, Italy. Isolation was performed on CHROMagarTM vibrio with subculture on (thiosulfate-citrate-bile salts-sucrose) Agar and m-modified-cellobiose-polymyxin bcolistin (-CPC) Agar. Suspected strains were purified, biochemically characterized and genotyped by simplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for the specie-specific and pathogenic gene markers: V. parahaemolyticus (toxRP, tdh and trh); V. vulnificus (vvhA, hsp, vcgC, vcgE, CPS operon allele 1, CPS operon allele 2, 16s-rRNA operon allele A, 16s-rRNA operon allele B; V. cholerae (toxRC, hlya, tcpI, tcpA, ctxA, ctxB, stn/sto). Keywords. ITALIAN JOURNAL OF FOOD SAFETY - 2016 - First multi-year retrospective study on Vibrio parahaemolyticus and Vibrio vulnificus prevalence in Ruditapes philippinarum harvested in Sacca di Goro, Italy.

Abstract The present work describes a retrospective study aiming to verify a possible correlation between the environmental conditions (temperature, salinity and dissolved oxygen), the abundance of Vibrio spp., and the prevalence of V. parahaemolyticus and V. vulnificus in the Manila clam R. philippinarum harvested in Sacca di Goro, Emilia-Romagna Region, Northern Italy. On the whole, 104 samples, collected in the period 2007-2015 and submitted to microbiological analyses (isolation and genotyping), have been reconsidered for Vibrio spp. load, V. parahaemolyticus prevalence (total, gene marker toxRP; potentially pathogenic, gene markers tdh and/or trh) and V. vulnificus prevalence (total, gene markers vvhA and hsp) together with environmental data obtained from the monitoring activity of the Emilia-Romagna Regional Agency for the Prevention, the Environment and the Energy.

Keywords Vibrio parahaemolyticus; Vibrio vulnificus; Ruditapes philippinarum; Environmental conditions; Italy. ITALIAN JOURNAL OF FOOD SAFETY - 2016 - Evaluation of hygienic quality and labelling of fish distributed in public canteens of Northeast Italy. Abstract Over the past few years, the demand for the introduction of fish products in public canteens (schools, hospitals and nursing-homes) has grown due to their good nutritional proprieties. The particular health conditions and sensitivity of some groups of consumers exposes them to greater risks of food poisoning. It is therefore important to monitor the raw materials that end up in mass catering implementing strategies of mass catering control, both with self-monitoring strategies and with regular controls performed by the competent health authorities.

The purpose of this study is to assess the overall quality of seafood dealt out from public catering services located in Northeast Italy. In this paper we illustrate the results of microbiological analysis performed on 135 fish samples (58% of samples were raw fishes, 27% cooked fishes, 6% raw fish products, 9% cooked fish products) and species identification performed on 102 fish samples. Keywords. ITALIAN JOURNAL OF FOOD SAFETY - 2015 - Occurrence of mislabelling in prepared fishery products in Southern Italy. Abstract Fish authentication is a major concern not only for the prevention of commercial fraud, but also for the assessment of safety risks deriving from the undeclared introduction of potentially dangerous toxic or allergenic substances or environmentally damaging fish where endangered species are involved. Moreover, food authentication might affect the diet of certain groups of consumers, such as followers of religious practices. Considering the authentication of fish products is one of the key issues in food safety, quality and sustainability, the aim of this work was to investigate the prevalence of mislabelling in sole (Solea solea), plaice (Pleuronectes platessa), Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar), and hake (Merluccius merluccius) fillets from markets and supermarkets located in Apulia (Southern Italy) using DNA barcoding.

The results of the molecular investigations reveal that 42/98 (42.8%) fillet samples were not correctly labelled. Keywords.