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Ovins et les caprins en Europe

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EFSA 19/12/14 Scientific Opinion on the welfare risks related to the farming of sheep for wool, meat and milk production. EVIRA 04/06/13 Sheep and goat production are small-scale in Finland, with a good disease status. Around 3,000 livestock owners keep sheep, goats or both.

EVIRA 04/06/13 Sheep and goat production are small-scale in Finland, with a good disease status

However, most producers have only a few animals. Sheep and goat farms are relatively rare, making it unlikely that livestock diseases will spread into neighboring areas. Room for improvement in biosecurity Biosecurity on sheep and goat farms is below the level of that in pig and cattle holdings, for example. Restrictions in the movement of people and livestock, and the more widespread use of farm-based protective clothing and boots, would improve the situation. Transfers of livestock and indirect contacts between farms are clearly scarcer than for pig and cattle production. Sheep production is growing in Finland ”Sheep and goat production will continue to have a low potential for spreading diseases. Finnish Food Safety Authority Evira's Risk Assessment Research Unit has published a report describing sheep and goat production in Finland from an epidemiological perspective.

Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2013, 55:27 Occurrence of congenital disorders in Swiss sheep. We sent questionnaires to the 3,183 members of the Swiss sheep breeders’ association, which represents about a third of all 9,428 registered sheep farmers in Switzerland in 2011 [15].

Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2013, 55:27 Occurrence of congenital disorders in Swiss sheep

A total of 993 questionnaires were returned (31.2%), 862 of which dealt with one or more of the four breeds included: 385 flocks of SWA, 204 of BHM, 150 of SBS, and 123 of VBS, respectively. The 862 farmers corresponded to 9.1% of all sheep farmers in Switzerland. In 2011, 68,165 animals of the four main Swiss breeds were registered in the herd book while totally 424,018 sheep were registered in the Swiss Stock Movement Database in 2011 [15]. A total of 19,982 sheep were included in the study in 2011 corresponding to 4.7% of the total registered Swiss sheep population. As in our survey, the questionnaires were only being sent to herd book members.

Occurrence of congenital disorders The proportion of farms reporting congenital disorders across the four breeds from 2002–2012 is shown in Figure 2. Figure 2. EFSA 27/06/13 Technical specifications on harmonised epidemiological indicators for biological hazards to be covered by meat inspection of domestic sheep and goats. EFSA Journal 2013;11(6):3277 [63 pp.]. doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2013.3277 Type: Scientific Report of EFSA On request from: European Commission Question number: EFSA-Q-2012-00879 Approved: 25 June 2013 Published: 27 June 2013 Affiliation: European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Parma, Italy In this report, harmonised epidemiological indicators are proposed for food-borne biological hazards that are related to domestic sheep and goats and meat thereof and that can be addressed in the context of meat inspection.

EFSA 27/06/13 Technical specifications on harmonised epidemiological indicators for biological hazards to be covered by meat inspection of domestic sheep and goats.

These hazards include Toxoplasma gondii, pathogenicverocytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli and mycobacteria. An epidemiological indicator is defined as the prevalence or concentration of the hazard at a certain stage of the food chain or an indirect measure of the hazard that correlates with the human health risk caused by the hazard. EFSA 27/06/13 Scientific Opinion on the public health hazards to be covered by inspection of meat from sheep and goats.

EFSA Journal 2013;11(6):3265 [186 pp.]. doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2013.3265 Type: Opinion of the Scientific Committee/Scientific Panel On request from: European Commission Question number: EFSA-Q-2011-00365 , EFSA-Q-2011-00960 , EFSA-Q-2011-01036 Adopted: 06 June 2013 Published: 27 June 2013 Affiliation: European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Parma, Italy Following a request from the European Commission to the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), the Panel on Biological Hazards (BIOHAZ) was asked to deliver a Scientific Opinion on the public health hazards to be covered by the inspection of meat from sheep and goats.

EFSA 27/06/13 Scientific Opinion on the public health hazards to be covered by inspection of meat from sheep and goats.

The Panel was supported by the EFSA Panels on Contaminants in the Food Chain (CONTAM) and Animal Health and Welfare (AHAW) in the preparation of this Opinion. Sheep and goats were considered together, unless otherwise stated. Le site de la Sheep Veterinary Society (UK) PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Résolution du Parlement européen du 19 juin 2008 sur l'avenir des secteurs ovin et caprin en Europe. Le Parlement européen , — vu l'étude qu'il a commandée, intitulée "L'avenir des secteurs de la viande ovine et caprine en Europe", — vu sa position du 13 décembre 2007 sur la proposition de règlement du Conseil modifiant le règlement (CE) n° 21/2004 en ce qui concerne la date d'introduction de l'identification électronique des animaux des espèces ovine et caprine(1) , — vu l'article 45 de son règlement, — vu le rapport de la commission de l'agriculture et du développement rural (A6-0196/2008), A. considérant que les secteurs ovin et caprin représentent des entreprises agricoles traditionnelles importantes dans l'Union européenne, qui permettent à des milliers de producteurs de subsister et qui fournissent des produits d'excellente qualité, dotés de caractéristiques spécifiques, ainsi que des produits dérivés, apportant une contribution économique et sociale essentielle dans les zones rurales de l'Union,

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Résolution du Parlement européen du 19 juin 2008 sur l'avenir des secteurs ovin et caprin en Europe

CONFEDERATION SUISSE - OVF - Maladies des moutons et des chèvres. AFSCA 15/05/12 Informations sur la chaîne alimentaire (ICA) : Secteur des ovins et caprins. EUROPE - Échanges intracommunautaires d’ovins et de caprins. Directive 91/68/CEE du Conseil, du 28 janvier 1991, relative aux conditions de police sanitaire régissant les échanges intracommunautaires d'ovins et de caprins [Voir acte(s) modificatif(s)].

EUROPE - Échanges intracommunautaires d’ovins et de caprins

Les conditions sanitaires animales régissant les échanges intracommunautaires des ovins et des caprins sont fixées par la directive 91/68/CEE. Cette directive, qui a été modifiée à plusieurs reprises, établit les garanties en matière de santé animale nécessaires au commerce entre les États membres. Toutefois les mouvements d’animaux à l’intérieur d’un même État membre ne sont pas couverts par cette réglementation. Les conditions sanitaires minimales L'échange d'ovins et de caprins vers un autre État membre n'est autorisé que si les conditions suivantes sont respectées: Les conditions sanitaires supplémentaires Des conditions supplémentaires sont imposées pour les ovins et les caprins d'engraissement, de reproduction et d'élevage. Le financement des programmes nationaux. EFSA 20/07/12 Contribution of meat inspection to animal health surveillance in Sheep and Goats.

EFSA 11/06/13 Electrical stunning of lambs and kid goats. EFSA Journal 2013;11(6):3249 [40 pp.]. doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2013.3249 Type: Opinion of the Scientific Committee/Scientific Panel On request from: European Commission Question number: EFSA-Q-2013-00237 Adopted: 22 May 2012 Published: 11 June 2013 Last updated: 23 July 2013.

EFSA 11/06/13 Electrical stunning of lambs and kid goats.

This version replaces the previous one/s. Affiliation: European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Parma, Italy Following a request from the European Commission, the Panel on Animal Health and Welfare (AHAW) was asked to deliver a scientific opinion on the use of minimum currents lower than 1 A for electrical stunning of small ruminants. Specifically, the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) was asked to give its view on the findings of the studies performed by IRTA: “Evaluation of the electrical stunning effectiveness in sheep with a current intensity lower than 1 Ampere” (study 1) and “Evaluation of the electrical stunning effectiveness with electric currents lower than 1 A in lambs and kid goats” (study 2). DEFRA - AHVLA - Sheep and goats. Introduction Registration, identification, and accurate recording and reporting your sheep and goat movements supports traceability, helps to minimise the risk of disease transmission and maximise the possibility of controlling the spread during an outbreak.

DEFRA - AHVLA - Sheep and goats.

Defra has produced a detailed plain English guide explaining the rules for identifying sheep and goats, and recording and reporting their movements. Guidance for keepers in England: Rules for identifying sheep and goats The key requirements are described below. They apply whether you are a commercial keeper or if the animals are just pets. Registration. EFSA 27/06/13 Scientific Opinion on the public health hazards to be covered by inspection of meat from sheep and goats.

EFSA Journal 2013;11(6):3265 [186 pp.]. doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2013.3265 Type: Opinion of the Scientific Committee/Scientific Panel On request from: European Commission Question number: EFSA-Q-2011-00365 , EFSA-Q-2011-00960 , EFSA-Q-2011-01036 Adopted: 06 June 2013 Published: 27 June 2013 Affiliation: European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Parma, Italy Following a request from the European Commission to the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), the Panel on Biological Hazards (BIOHAZ) was asked to deliver a Scientific Opinion on the public health hazards to be covered by the inspection of meat from sheep and goats.

EFSA 27/06/13 Scientific Opinion on the public health hazards to be covered by inspection of meat from sheep and goats

The Panel was supported by the EFSA Panels on Contaminants in the Food Chain (CONTAM) and Animal Health and Welfare (AHAW) in the preparation of this Opinion. Sheep and goats were considered together, unless otherwise stated.

Ovins et caprins en France