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Maïs Bt au Kenya

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KTN NEWS KENYA 05/09/17 Video: Successful Kenya GMO corn field trials show 40% yield increase compared to conventional corn. XINHUA 13/09/17 Feature: Kenyan farmers mull large-scale cultivation of genetically modified maize. By Ejidiah Wangui NAIROBI, Sept. 13 (Xinhua) -- Kenyan farmers could soon start growing Genetically Modified (GM) maize if an application by scientists for approval by regulatory agencies succeeds.

The country's leading scientists have written to the National Biosafety Authority (NBA) seeking permission to release the first ever Genetically Modified (GM) maize variety. Gospel Omanya, Senior Manager of Deployment at the African Agricultural Technology Foundation (AATF), told Xinhua on Tuesday that most Kenyan farmers were ready for the GM maize which is pest and disease resistant. "The farmers we interact with in Kenya and other countries where AATF operates are eagerly waiting for the genetically modified maize seeds to help them against impacts of climate change, particularly drought and protection from insect pests such as stem borers and fall army worms," said Omanya.

He said the GM maize will boost efforts to achieve food security and better incomes from small holder farmers in Kenya. XINHUA 14/09/17 Kenyan farmers plan large-scale cultivation of genetically modified maize. By Ejidiah Wangui NAIROBI (Xinhua) -- Kenyan farmers could soon start growing Genetically Modified (GM) maize if an application by scientists for approval by regulatory agencies succeeds. The country’s leading scientists have written to the National Biosafety Authority (NBA) seeking permission to release the first ever Genetically Modified (GM) maize variety. Gospel Omanya, Senior Manager of Deployment at the African Agricultural Technology Foundation (AATF), told Xinhua on Tuesday that most Kenyan farmers were ready for the GM maize which is pest and disease resistant.

“The farmers we interact with in Kenya and other countries where AATF operates are eagerly waiting for the genetically modified maize seeds to help them against impacts of climate change, particularly drought and protection from insect pests such as stem borers and fall army worms,” said Omanya. He said the GM maize will boost efforts to achieve food security and better incomes from small holder farmers in Kenya. THE NATION 23/02/12 Genetic maize seeds set for Kenyan market. By JACOB NG’ETICH jngetich@ke.nationmedia.com Genetically modified maize varieties will be available in Kenyan shops in the next two years.

Scientists were conducting field trials on the drought-resistant maize seeds before they could be released to the local market, Kenya Agricultural Research Institute officer in charge of biotechnology Simion Gichuki said on Thursday. If all goes as planned, farmers will be able to access the seeds by 2014. Dr Gichuki said the trials were confined in Kari’s Kiboko research station in Eastern region. “We anticipate we will be able to get the maize seeds out as planned,” he said. The research at Kiboko, under the Water Efficient Maize for Africa (WEMA) Project, seeks to develop genetically modified maize to help improve the current yield. “We are developing new drought-tolerant maize varieties from existing high-yielding and locally adapted genetic resources,” said Dr Gethi.

“But the genetically modified maize will first will be subjected to trials.” PSEUDO-SCIENCES - OCT 2011 - Maïs génétiquement modifié contre la pénurie alimentaire au Kenya. Par Louis-Marie Houdebine - SPS n° 298, octobre 2011 Afin de pallier le manque chronique de nourriture pour sa population, le Kenya a recours à l’achat de maïs contenant une variété transgénique résistant à des insectes. Il s’agit simplement d’acheter du maïs et non de le cultiver, comme cela est déjà le cas dans plusieurs autres pays africains. Le prix de ce maïs est 30 % inférieur à celui du maïs conventionnel, ce qui est d’autant moins négligeable que le prix de cette denrée a augmenté de 25 % depuis qu’il est utilisé massivement pour la préparation de biocarburant.

Des opposants ont jugé bon de dénoncer cette initiative en prétendant qu’elle menaçait la biodiversité du Kenya, qu’elle allait augmenter la dépendance des petits agriculteurs vis-à-vis des multinationales et que le Kenya ne disposait pas de structures permettant d’évaluer les risques que soulève l’utilisation des OGM. Southern Agricultural Economics Association 41st Annual Meeting, Atlanta, Georgia, January 31 - February 3, 2009. The Cost of Coexistence between Bt Maize and Open Pollinated Maize Varieties in Lowland Coastal Kenya.

Economics Conference, Durban, August 2003. Assessing the potential impact of Bt maize in Kenya using a GIS based model. African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. 10(23), pp. 4682-4693, 1 June, 2011 Experiences with the biosafety regulatory system in Kenya during the introduction, testing and development of Bt maize. American Agricultural Economics Association Annual Meetings, August 1-4 2004, Denver Colorado. Debunking the myths of GM crops for Africa: The case of Bt maize in Kenya. African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. 10(23), pp. 4713-4718, 1 June, 2011 Testing public Bt maize events for control of stem borers in the first confined field trials in Kenya. Testing public Bt maize events for control of stem borers in the first confined field trials in Kenya SN Mugo, M Mwimali, CO Taracha, JM Songa, ST Gichuki, R Tende, H Karaya, DJ Bergvinson, A Pellegrineschi, DA Hoisington Abstract Transgenic maize (Zea mays L), developed using modified genes from the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt), controls stem borers without observable negative effects to humans, livestock or the environment, and is now sown on 134 million hectares globally.

Bt maize could contribute to increasing maize production in Kenya. Key words: Maize, Bt, stem borers, confined field trials. Article Metrics 148This journal Metrics powered by PLOS ALM. African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. 10(23), pp. 4741-4751, 1 June, 2011 Assessing the potential economic impact of Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) maize in Kenya. Assessing the potential economic impact of Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) maize in Kenya Abstract The Insect Resistant Maize for Africa (IRMA) project is currently developing Bt maize for Kenya.

So far, Bt genes with resistance to Chilo partellus, Chilo orichalcociliellus, Eldana sacharina, and Sesamia calamistis, four of the five major stemborers were successfully incorporated into elite CIMMYT maize inbred line (CML216) and tested in insect bioassays in Kenya. Participatory Rural Appraisals showed that stem borers are indeed major pest problems for farmers. Four seasons of on-farm crop loss assessment showed an average crop loss of 13.5%, or 0.4 million tons, valued at US$ 80 million. If the project manages to find a Bt gene that is effective to the fifth stemborer, Busseola fusca, adoption rates are likely to be high, and therefore the returns. Key words: Maize, genetically modified crops, Bacillus thuringiensis, adoption, economic impact.

AGENCE ECOFIN 31/07/15 Biotechnologie : le Kenya produit son premier maïs génétiquement modifié. (Agence Ecofin) - Au Kenya, le maïs Bt - Bacillus thuringiensis est la première variété de maïs génétiquement modifié issue des laboratoires du pays. Fruit d’un effort de la Kenya Agricultural Livestock and Research Organisation (KALRO), en association avec la Fondation africaine pour les technologies agricoles (AATF), l’invention dispose d’un gène qui lui permet de résister aux insectes nuisibles par le biais d’une protéine toxique pour ces espèces.

Selon un communiqué de l’AATF repris par Scidev Net, ce maïs contribuera à « aider les agriculteurs à augmenter leur rendement, en réduisant les dommages causés par les insectes nuisibles, contribuant ainsi à l'amélioration de leurs moyens de subsistance ». En outre, poursuit la fondation, « avec le maïs Bt, les agriculteurs pourront aussi améliorer leurs rendements, tout en réduisant le recours aux insecticides, ce qui contribuerait à la protection de l'environnement » Aaron Akinocho. GMWATCH 18/10/16 Kenya: Health secretary blocks planned testing of GMO maize. “Big blow” to GMO companies The article below reports that in Kenya, the health secretary has rejected a planned trial of GM maize, “dealing a big blow to scientists and global seed companies, who have been pushing for policy change on the controversial crop science”.Note that this quote from Francis Karin, a senior research assistant at the Tegemeo Institute at Egerton University, is a piece of nonsense:“If you look at the production of GM maize you will realise that they perform better than the ones we are planting at the moment.

Look at countries like Mexico US and South Africa, which have maize surplus only because they have adopted GMOs.”In reality Mexico doesn’t yet have any legally planted GM maize, as the question of whether to commercialise the crop has been tied up in the courts for years. And a study on GM Bt versus non-GM maize in South Africa found that for smallholder farmers, Bt maize presents significant economic risks and doesn’t match up to local non-GM varieties.

BIOSAFETYKENYA_GO_KE - AOUT 2016 - Présentation : Overview of WEMA Project: Bt & DT-Bt Maize Commercialization. ROCKET SCIENCE 02/11/16 Hungry Kenyans not yet ready to eat GMO maize- study. By Gatonye Gathura Despite the ongoing devastating hunger in Kenya, majority of people would still be uncomfortable growing or eating genetically modified maize. More than half of Kenyans interviewed recently fear consuming GMO maize claiming it could lead to sickness or even death. A team from the Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, University of Nairobi, says 55 per cent of respondents in their study fear consumption of GM maize was likely to hurt human health. “Consequently, up to 90 per cent of the respondents indicated the need for the clear labeling of GMOs in order to allow freedom of choice.” The study which also involved the environmental group People for Nature Organization was conducted in three areas with distinct relation ship to maize, the country’s main staple.

The survey appears in the peer reviewed Journal of Advances in Biology & Biotechnology of 16th September. But even a much bigger number of Kenyans, the study shows are opposed to the growing of GMO maize. DAILY NATION 11/02/16 Kenya Approves Cultivation Trials for GMO Maize DHAHABU KENYA 13/10/16 Mailu dims Kenya’s hopes of getting 3 tonnes per hectare with GM maize. The hopes of Kenyan maize farmers to produce up to 3.7 tonnes of maize per hectare with genetically modified seeds was recently halted, when the Health Cabinet Secretary Cleopa Mailu rejected the planned trial of the variety in Kenya This contradicts Deputy President William Ruto’s promise last year that the government was working towards legalizing genetically modified crop varieties in a bid to improve the country’s food security before the end of 2016.

The Deputy President made this promise at the fourth National Biosafety Conference in Nairobi. Currently, Kenya produces a paltry 1.6 tonnes per hectare which is more than three times below the global average of five tonnes per hectare, this according to Water Efficient Maize for Africa. If allowed, the genetically modified variety has the capacity to address the country’s maize deficit that currently stands at 13 million bags, forcing the government to import from neighboring countries. DAILY NATION 11/02/16 Kenya Approves Cultivation Trials for GMO Maize. By James Kariuki The National Biosafety Authority (NBA) has authorised national field cultivation trials for GMO maize. In a statement well-received by pro-GMO organisations that contend that Kenya's population demand for food can best be met via adoption of GMO products, NBA chief executive Dr Willy Tonui said the approval only allowed for strictly field trials.

"The Kenya Agricultural Livestock and Research Organisation (KALRO) and their partners, Africa Agricultural Technology Foundation(AATF) have been allowed to environmentally release the GMO maize to collect compositional analysis data," it said. NBA declined to allow the state agency and its private partner to produce the same for commercial exploitation saying the trials must be strictly for research purposes.

The statement said that more tests are needed before commercialization of GMO maize. "A downright rejection would have demotivated researchers and students in Kenya. THE STAR 28/07/15 New GMO maize ready for Kenya. SCIDEV_NET 09/02/16 Kenya approves limited GM maize release. [NAIROBI] Kenya says more tests and safeguards are needed before genetically modified (GM) maize seeds can be grown commercially in the country. In a decision issued today, the National Biosafety Authority (NBA) approved the crop’s environmental release only for field trials and under conditions.

“We are taking all the precautionary measures to ensure the variety is safe for human consumption and for the environment,” the NBA’s CEO, Willy Tonui, tells SciDev.Net. The NBA ruled on an authorisation request filed in June 2015 by the Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organization and the African Agricultural Technology Foundation for maize seeds modified to be resistant to insect pests, manufactured by the company Monsanto under the name MON810.

“The applicants have worked systematically, taking safety measures in their confined field trial tests for seven years,” Tonui says. The NBA is also examining a similar application to grow a pest-resistant GM cotton.