WIKIPEDIA – Caramel color. Beverages like colas account for 3/4 of the demand for caramel coloring.
In Asia, the demand for caramel color in sauces exceeds that for beverages. Production Caramel color is manufactured by heating carbohydrates, either alone or in the presence of acids, alkalis, and/or salts. Caramel color is produced from commercially available nutritive sweeteners consisting of fructose, dextrose (glucose), invert sugar, sucrose, malt syrup, molasses, starch hydrolysates, and fractions thereof. The acids that may be used are sulfuric, sulfurous, phosphoric, acetic, and citric acids; the alkalis are ammonium, sodium, potassium, and calcium hydroxides; and the salts are ammonium, sodium, and potassium carbonate, bicarbonate, phosphate (including mono- and dibasic), sulfate, and bisulfite.
Classification Color Wafer sticks containing caramel color are common in Greece, Indonesia and other countries around the globe. The color tone of the caramel color is also important. CONSUMER REPORTS 10/02/14 Caramel color: The health risk that may be in your soda. While our study was not large enough to recommend one brand over another, both rounds of testing found that the level of 4-MeI in the samples of Pepsi One and Malta Goya purchased in both locations exceeded 29 micrograms per can or bottle.
Pourtant, son utilisation dans l’industrie agro-alimentaire n’a pas de quoi faire saliver. WIKIPEDIA - Colorant caramel. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre.
PLoS One. 2015 Feb 18;10(2) Caramel color in soft drinks and exposure to 4-methylimidazole: a quantitative risk assessment. Abstract Caramel color is added to many widely-consumed beverages as a colorant.
Consumers of these beverages can be exposed to 4-methylimidazole (4-MEI), a potential carcinogen formed during its manufacture. California’s Proposition 65 law requires that beverages containing 4-MEI concentrations corresponding to exposures that pose excess cancer risks > 1 case per 100,000 exposed persons (29 μg 4-MEI/day) carry warning labels. Using ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry, we assessed 4-MEI concentrations in 12 beverages purchased in California and a geographically distant metropolitan area (New York) in which warning labels are not required.
In addition, we characterized beverage consumption by age and race/ethnicity (using weighted means calculated from logistic regressions) and assessed 4-MEI exposure and resulting cancer risks and US population cancer burdens attributable to beverage consumption. Copyright: © 2015 Smith et al. Introduction The U.S. 1. HUFFINGTON POST 21/01/14 Les colorants caramels E150 de nouveau dans le viseur de la Food and Drug Administration. ALIMENTATION - Une association américaine de consommateurs tire de nouveau la sonnette d'alarme à l'encontre des colorants caramel de synthèse E150.
Dans une nouvelle étude publiée dans son magazine, Consumer Report, elle a en effet démontré que plusieurs marques de sodas aux États-Unis présentaient des taux inquiétants de 4-méthylimidazole (4-MEI), un composé cancérigène supposément contenus dans les E150. Utilisés comme colorants, ces additifs sont présents dans les boissons à base de cola, la bière, le cidre et le whisky, mais aussi les confiseries, les soupes ou les assaisonnements. Il existe quatre types de E150, mais ce sont surtout le E150C ("caramel ammoniacal") et le E150D ("caramel au sulfite d'ammonium") qui sont particulièrement visés, tous deux étant des composés de synthèse.
Seul le E150A est naturel. La Food and Drug Administration invitée à se prononcer. USIPA_FR - Les caramels colorants. FOOD SAFETY MAGAZINE 24/01/14 Consumer reports calls caramel color 'potentially carcinogenic', petitions FA. News | January 24, 2014 By Heidi Parsons Yesterday on its website, Consumer Reports published a Special Report titled, "Caramel color: The health risk that may be in your soda.
" Noting that "some types of this artificial coloring contain a potentially carcinogenic chemical called 4-methylimidazole (4-MEI)," the article went on to explain that Consumer Reports had run tests on 12-ounce samples of several different cola drinks. The organization found that two products, Pepsi One and Malta Goya, had more than 29 micrograms of 4-MEI per can or bottle, and has asked the California Attorney General to investigate whether these sodas should carry a warning label as per Proposition 65. Consumer Reports also submitted its test results to the U.S. FDA 11/05/14 Questions & Answers on Caramel Coloring and 4-MEI.
Consumer Info About Additives & Ingredients Main Page.
EFSA 08/03/11 EFSA reviews safety of caramel colours. The European Food Safety Authority’s scientific Panel on Food Additives and Nutrient Sources added to Food (ANS) has assessed the safety of a group of caramel colours authorised for use in food in the European Union. The Panel has revised the previously established Acceptable Daily Intakes (ADIs) for these colours and set a group ADI covering all caramel colours. The Panel also looked at the safety of some by-products resulting from the production of these colours and recommended to keep their levels in caramel colours as low as technologically possible.
This work is part of EFSA’s on-going re-evaluation of all food colours currently authorised in the EU. EFSA’s scientific advice will help to inform decisions of EU policy makers in relation to food colours. Dr. Scientific Opinion on the re-evaluation of caramel colours (E 150 a,b,c,d) as food additives. EFSA 19/12/12 Caramel colours: consumer exposure lower than previously estimated.