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EFSA 25/05/22 Emergent marine toxins risk assessment using molecular and chemical approaches. TOXINS 24/09/19 Marine Biotoxins and Seafood Poisoning. Chemical hazards in foods of animal origin - FEV 2019 - Marine biotoxins: types of poisoning, underlying mechanisms of action and risk management programmes. TOXINS 05/06/19 Emerging Marine Biotoxins.

INTERNATIONAL CLINICAL PATHOLOGY JOURNAL - 2016 - Phycotoxins by Harmful Algal Blooms (HABS) and Human Poisoning: An Overview. UNIVERSITY OF IDAHO - Webinaire : FOOD TOXICOLOGY. Au sommaire: Lecture 19 - Marine Toxins in Food Seafood safety. Lecture 1 - Introduction to Food Toxicology Course requirements, motivation for undertaking this course of study. Lecture 2 - History of US Food Regulation Historical overview of the interface of food and government. Lecture 3 - Concepts of Toxicology Core concepts in toxicology that form the basis of further study. Lecture 4 - Pesticide Residues in Food A review and update on the science and regulation of food-use pesticides. Lecture 5 - Dose-Response Relationships "Solely the dose determines that a thing is not a poison" -Paracelsus.

Lecture 6 - Absorption of Toxicants Where chemistry meets biology. Lecture 7 - Distribution and Storage of Toxicants Pathway analysis of intoxication. Lecture 8 - Biotransformation and Elimination of Toxicants The guys in the white hats fight back. Lecture 9 - Target Organ Toxicity Neurotoxic, nephrotoxic, hepatotoxic... Lecture 10 - Teratogenesis, Mutagenesis and Carcinogenesis Toxic reactions with the molecules of life. Lecture 11 - Food Allergy Midterm Exam I Final Exam. Harmful Algae 5(3) · April 2006 Potentially toxic and harmful microalgae from coastal waters of the Campania region (Tyrrhenian Sea, Mediterranean Sea) Abstract A total number of 40 potentially toxic microalgae and 5 taxa causing discolorations have been identified along the coasts of the Campania region (South Tyrrhenian Sea, Mediterranean Sea).

This number is based on results of over 20 years of research at a coastal station in the Gulf of Naples, 4 years of monitoring activity along the Campania coasts and of a series of scattered and sporadic observations. Several species of the recently erected genera Karenia and Takayama are reported for the first time in the area.

Information on the period of highest abundances or most probable period of occurrence indicates the late spring and summer as the periods of maximum risk of harmful events. Despite the variety of potentially toxic species, no human health problems nor fish kills have ever been recorded in Campania. CICIMAR Oceanides 01/2012; A checklist and classification of living Dinoflagellates (Dinoflagellata, Alveolata) HARMFUL ALGAE - 2008 - harmful algal blooms and eutrophication: Examining linkages from selected coastal regions of the United States. RIKILT WAGENINGEN - Présentation : Marine Biotoxins in Shellfish.

2004 - Marine Biotoxins. The views expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. All rights reserved. Reproduction and dissemination of material in this document for educational or other non-commercial purposes are authorised without any prior written permission from copyright holders provided the source is fully acknowledged. Reproduction of material in this document for resale or other commercial purposes is prohibited without the written permission of FAO. Application for such permission should be addressed to the Chief, Publishing and Multimedia Service, Information Division, FAO, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy, or by e-mail to copyright@fao.org Contents Acknowledgements Foreword Abbreviations 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 9.1 Conclusions 9.2 Recommendations References FAO Technical Papers Back Cover.

Disease Listing, Marine Toxins, General Information | CDC Bacterial, Mycotic Diseases. Marine Toxins Frequently Asked Questions What are marine toxins? Marine toxins are naturally occurring chemicals that can contaminate certain seafood. The seafood contaminated with these chemicals frequently looks, smells, and tastes normal. When humans eat such seafood, disease can result. What sort of diseases do marine toxins cause? The most common diseases caused by marine toxins in United States in order of incidence are scombrotoxic fish poisoning, ciguatera poisoning, paralytic shellfish poisoning, neurotoxic shellfish poisoning and amnesic shellfish poisoning.

Scombrotoxic fish poisoning also known as scombroid or histamine fish poisoning, is caused by bacterial spoilage of certain finfish such as tuna, mackerel, bonito, and, rarely, other fish. Ciguatera poisoning or ciguatera is caused by eating contaminated tropical reef fish. Paralytic shellfish poisoning is caused by a different dinoflagellate with a different toxin, than that causing ciguatera poisoning. Back to Top. Scientific Opinion of the CONTAM Panel: Marine Biotoxins in Shellfish – Palytoxin group. EFSA Journal 2009; 7(12):1393 [40 pp.]. doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2009.1393 Type: Opinion of the Scientific Committee/Scientific Panel On request from: European Commission Question number: EFSA-Q-2006-065G Adopted: 26 November 2009 Published: 15 December 2009 Affiliation: European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Parma, Italy The EFSA Panel on Contaminants in the Food Chain (CONTAM Panel) assessed the risks to human health related to the presence of palytoxin (PlTX)-group toxins in shellfish.

PlTX-group toxins have mainly been detected in soft corals of the genus Palythoa and in algae of the genus Ostreopsis. Blooms of Ostreopsis spp. have recently been reported in some European countries. . © European Food Safety Authority, 2009 Palytoxin (PlTX)-group toxins are marine biotoxins which have mainly been detected in marine zoanthids (soft corals) of the genus Palythoa and benthic dinoflagellates of the genus Ostreopsis.

Scientific Opinion of the CONTAM Panel: Biotoxines marines dans les coquillages – L’acide domoïque. Type: Opinion of the Scientific Committee/Scientific Panel Question number: EFSA-Q-2006-065H Adopted: 02 July 2009 Published: 24 July 2009 Domoic acid (DA) and its isomers are marine biotoxins causing amnesic shellfish poisoning (ASP) in humans. Symptoms of ASP include gastrointestinal symptoms (vomiting, diarrhoea or abdominal cramps) and/or neurological symptoms (confusion, loss of memory, or other serious signs such as seizure or coma) occurring within 24-48 hours after consuming contaminated shellfish. DA is a water-soluble cyclic amino acid mainly produced by marine red algae of the genus Chondria and diatoms of the genus Pseudo-nitschia.

The first confirmed outbreak of ASP occurred in Canada in 1987 and was related to mussels affected by a bloom of the Pseudonitzschia f. multiseries. DA isomers have also been detected in shellfish in the United States and in a number of European countries. Following oral administration DA shows low systemic absorption. MAR. DRUGS - 2008 - Neurotoxic shellfish poisoning.