ZEROEMISSIONSPLATFORM_EU - Carbon Dioxide capture & storage. WIKIPEDIA – Carbon sink. This diagram of the fast carbon cycle shows the movement of carbon between land, atmosphere, and oceans in billions of tons of carbon per year.
Yellow numbers are natural fluxes, red are human contributions in billions of tons of carbon per year. WIKIPEDIA – Carbon sequestration. Schematic showing both terrestrial and geological sequestration of carbon dioxide emissions from a coal-fired plant.
Carbon sequestration is the process involved in carbon capture and the long-term storage of atmospheric carbon dioxide. Carbon sequestration involves long-term storage of carbon dioxide or other forms of carbon to mitigate or defer global warming. It has been proposed as a way to slow the atmospheric and marine accumulation of greenhouse gases, which are released by burning fossil fuels. Carbon dioxide (CO 2) is naturally captured from the atmosphere through biological, chemical, and physical processes. Artificial processes have been devised to produce similar effects, including large-scale, artificial capture and sequestration of industrially produced CO 2 using subsurface saline aquifers, reservoirs, ocean water, aging oil fields, or other carbon sinks.
Description TUC_ORG_UK - The economic benefits of carbon capture and storage in the UK. THE ROYAL SOCIETY - 2002 - Biological and Policy Constraints on the Adoption of Carbon Farming in Temperate Regions. PNAS 07/05/08 Carbon dioxide sequestration in deep-sea basalt. Author Affiliations Communicated by Wallace S.
Broecker, Lamont–Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University, Palisades, NY, May 7, 2008 (received for review April 3, 2008) Abstract Developing a method for secure sequestration of anthropogenic carbon dioxide in geological formations is one of our most pressing global scientific problems. Injection into deep-sea basalt formations provides unique and significant advantages over other potential geological storage options, including (i) vast reservoir capacities sufficient to accommodate centuries-long U.S. production of fossil fuel CO2 at locations within pipeline distances to populated areas and CO2 sources along the U.S. west coast; (ii) sufficiently closed water-rock circulation pathways for the chemical reaction of CO2 with basalt to produce stable and nontoxic (Ca2+, Mg2+, Fe2+)CO3 infilling minerals, and (iii) significant risk reduction for post-injection leakage by geological, gravitational, and hydrate-trapping mechanisms. JOURNAL OF ECOLOGY AND THE NATURAL ENVIRONMENT - MAI 2009 - Carbon sequestration rate and aboveground biomass carbon potential of four young species.
Carbon is sequestered by the plant photosynthesis and stored as biomass in different parts of the tree.
Carbon sequestration rate has been measured for young species (6 years age) of Shorea robusta at Chadra forest in Paschim Medinipur district, Albizzia lebbek in Indian Botanic Garden in Howrah district, Tectona grandis at Chilapata forest in Coochbehar district and Artocarpus integrifolia at Banobitan within Kolkata of West Bengal in India by Automated Vaisala Made Instrument GMP343 and aboveground biomass carbon has been analyzed by CHN analyzer. The specific objective of this article is to measure carbon sequestration rate and aboveground biomass carbon potential of four young species of Shorea robusta, Albizzia lebbek, Tectona grandis and Artocarpus integrifolia. Key words: Shorea robusta, Albizzia lebbek, Tectona grandis, Artocarpus integrifolia, carbon sequestration rate, aboveground biomass carbon stock.
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY - 20 Years of Carbon Capture and Storage. GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY - MARS 2000 - Soil carbon sequestration and land-use change: processes and potential. GEODERMA - 2004 - Soil carbon sequestration to mitigate climate change. FAO - 2000 - CARBON SEQUESTRATION OPTIONS UNDER THE CLE AN DEVELOPMENT MECH ANISM TO ADDRESS LAND DEGRADATION. FAO - What is Soil Carbon Sequestration? FAO - Soil carbon sequestration. CLIMATIC CHANGE - 2006 - CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE FROM FOSSIL FUELS AND BIOMASS – COSTS AND POTENTIAL ROLE IN STABILIZING THE ATMOSPHERE. CARBON BALANCE AND MANAGEMENT - 2008 - Carbon sequestration via wood burial. 1 Sustainable sink of tree removal (limited by growth rate) To quantify the size of this potential carbon sink, the global dynamic vegetation and terrestrial carbon model VEGAS [15, 18, 19] was used.
While the model simulates the full terrestrial carbon cycle, only the carbon pools and fluxes relevant to the purpose here are discussed. The simulation did not include agricultural land, thus the estimates will be potential rates. The model was driven by modern observed climatology with seasonal cycles of precipitation, temperature, sunshine, wind speed, and vapor pressure.
The simulation was run until convergence at a steady state where tree growth is balanced by mortality. The modeled global NPP is 57 GtC y-1, of which 19 GtC y-1 goes into dead leaf, 17 GtC y-1 into dead wood, and 21 GtC y-1 to dead root structures. The spatial distribution of coarse wood death rate is shown in Fig. 4. IMPERIAL COLLEGE LONDON - 2008 - Présentation : Carbon Capture and Storage. CARBONBRIEF_ORG 07/10/14 Around the world in 22 carbon capture projects. TECHNOLOGY | October 7. 2014. 11:52 Around the world in 22 carbon capture projects Avoiding dangerous climate change is still possible but will cost more than twice as much if we don’t have plenty of carbon capture and storage (CCS).
That’s what the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change concluded earlier this year. If the world is going to avoid dangerous warming then CCS is probably going to play a pretty important role. The executive director of the International Energy Agency Maria van der Hoeven says it is “essential”. So the opening of the world’s first major power station CCS project at Boundary Dam in Canada is being hailed as a historic milestone in efforts to tackle climate change. Boundary Dam is significant because it’s the first commercial scale power station to use the technology, even if CCS is fitted to just one of its generating units. So where in the world is CCS being developed, and how much carbon will be captured? The current state of CCS Petra Nova. Quest CCS.