EFSA 23/03/17 Epidemiological analyses on African swine fever in the Baltic countries and Poland. EFSA 23/03/17 African swine fever spreading slowly, says report. African swine fever is spreading slowly in the Baltic countries and Poland, according to the latest epidemiological data analysed by these Member States and EFSA.
The disease is spreading at about 2 km a month in Latvia and Estonia, and 1 km a month in Lithuania and Poland. In addition, the number of infected animals found among hunted wild boar is very low (up to 3%). The outbreaks in wild boar in the Baltic countries and Poland can therefore be defined as a “small-scale epidemic”. The report covers cases reported between 2014 and 2016. “This report is the outcome of a fruitful cooperation with Member States. BMC VETERINARY RESEARCH 04/01/16 African swine fever virus transmission cycles in Central Europe: Evaluation of wild boar-soft tick contacts through detection of antibodies against Ornithodoros erraticus saliva antigen. African swine fever (ASF) is one of the most important and complex notifiable diseases of both domestic and wild pigs.
It is caused by the eponymous virus which belongs to the genus Asfivirus within the Asfarviridae family . African swine fever virus (ASFV) is the only known DNA virus with an arthropod vector. The latter are soft ticks of the genus Ornithodoros . In general, different transmission cycles are observed with ASFV: a sylvatic cycle, a soft tick-pig cycle, and a domestic cycle . The former is of importance in Southern and Eastern Africa, where it involves warthogs and soft ticks of the O. moubata complex, while a similar sylvatic cycle in Europe, involving Eurasian wild boar and O. erraticus ticks has not been hitherto demonstrated . The endophilous/ nidicolous ticks in the O. erraticus complex have been reported from the Iberian Peninsula, North and West Africa, and Western Asia [9–11]. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY - AOUT 2015 - Assessment of African Swine Fever Diagnostic Techniques as a Response to the Epidemic Outbreaks in Eastern European Union Countries: How To Improve Surveillance and Control Programs.
PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-006442-16 EU aid to help tackle the consequences of swine fever. EUROPE 13/01/15 Présentation : Exotic diseases approaching EU EFSA mandates on PPR, sheep pox, lumpy skin disease. OIE - FEV 2015 - Présentation : Latvia report : Second meeting (SGE2) BMC 29/12/15 African swine fever virus transmission cycles in Central Europe: Evaluation of wild boar-soft tick contacts through detection of antibodies against Ornithodoros erraticus saliva antigen. ANSES 22/05/12 Introduction de maladies animales exotiques en France : des recommandations pour améliorer la surveillance et la prévention . Fièvre aphteuse, influenza aviaire ou encore fièvre catarrhale ovine, comme l'ont montré les crises sanitaires de la dernière décennie, il est essentiel de disposer de systèmes de lutte organisés et réactifs contre les agents pathogènes exotiques.
Afin d'identifier les maladies exotiques les plus à risque d'introduction en France et de préciser les modalités de lutte et de surveillance les plus adaptées contre ces agents, l'Anses s'est auto-saisie. Elle publie aujourd'hui les résultats de ses travaux et les recommandations qu'elle en tire. La santé des animaux est susceptible d'être menacée par divers agents pathogènes (bactéries, virus, parasites) dont certains peuvent également affecter la santé humaine (agents zoonotiques). Parmi ces agents pathogènes, un certain nombre sont présents sur le territoire métropolitain, d'autres circulent hors du territoire et sont dits "exotiques". Dans ce contexte, l'Anses a souhaité s'autosaisir. The Veterinary record. 02/2015; African swine fever in wild boar in Europe: a notable challenge.
NATIONAL VETERINARY INSTITUTE (SVA_SE) 22/04/15 Projet de recherche 2013-2015 - Assessing the impacts of African swine fever in smallholder pig systems and the feasability of potential interventions. Published 2015-04-22 In this project researchers from SLU and SVA will undertake an analysis of the pig production in selected environments in Uganda, to assess the economic impact of African swine fever, its prevention and control.
Karl Ståhl from SLU and SVA is the project leader. A participatory approach will be used to assess the feasibility of available intervention strategies in the different production settings, and to understand drivers of compliance versus non-compliance. Uganda has the second largest and most rapidly growing pig production in Africa. Most of these pigs are found in smallholder family farms in the rural areas, and are mostly kept by women. ASF has severe socio-economic impact. Quantitative and qualitative methods will be applied in the project. SVA_SE - MARS 2014 - Présentations du workshop : African swine ferver in wild board.
SGE1%20-%20Expert%20presentation%201%20(Wild%20boar-domestic%20pig%20interface)%20-%20S%20%20Khomenko. LUDWIG MAXIMILLIANS UNIVERSITAT MUNCHEN - 2012 - Thèse en ligne : Classical and African swine fever in domestic pigs and Europea. Abstract Classical and African swine fever are highly contagious, notifiable viral diseases affecting different members of the Suidae family, both showing tremendous impact on animal health and pig production.
Optimization of CSF control strategies comprised two different approaches. In a first step, the current strategy of oral immunization of wild boar using a conventional C-strain vaccine was supplemented with the implementation of genetic DIVA using a recently developed multiplex rRT-PCR assay. This approach facilitates a rapid and reliable differentiation of field virus infected from C-strain vaccinated wild boar, and thus presents a promising tool also for emergency vaccination scenarios in domestic pigs. However, the use of conventional modified live vaccines like the C-strain does not allow serological differentiation of infected from vaccinated animals which is a prerequisite for modern disease control.
THE VETERINARY RECORD 13/01/90 Distribution and biology of Ornithodoros erraticus in parts of Spain affected by african swine fe. PLOS - AVRIL 2013 - Introduction of African Swine Fever into the European Union through Illegal Importation of Pork and Pork Pro. Transboundary animal diseases can have very severe socio-economic impacts when introduced into new regions.
The history of disease incursions into the European Union suggests that initial outbreaks were often initiated by illegal importation of meat and derived products. The European Union would benefit from decision-support tools to evaluate the risk of disease introduction caused by illegal imports in order to inform its surveillance strategy. However, due to the difficulty in quantifying illegal movements of animal products, very few studies of this type have been conducted. Using African swine fever as an example, this work presents a novel risk assessment framework for disease introduction into the European Union through illegal importation of meat and products. It uses a semi-quantitative approach based on factors that likely influence the likelihood of release of contaminated smuggled meat and products, and subsequent exposure of the susceptible population.
Figures. Virus Research xxx (2012) xxx– xxx Laboratory methods to study African swine fever virus. PIRBRIGHT INSTITUTE - African swine fever virus group. Publications. African swine fever is an economically important haemorrhagic fever of domestic pigs which is caused by a large DNA virus (ASFV).
Virus isolates vary in virulence, the most virulent isolates causing 100% mortality but isolates of reduced virulence have emerged as the virus has circulated in domestic pigs. Pigs that recover from infection may remain persistently infected for long periods. The natural hosts for ASFV are warthogs, bushpigs and soft ticks of the Ornithodoros species (O. moubata in Africa and O. erraticus in southern Europe). The virus persistently infects these wildlife hosts showing no signs of disease.
The ability of the virus to persist in its hosts shows that it has mechanisms to evade host defence systems. Evasion of host defences The ASFV genome encodes 160 to 175 proteins including enzymes required for replication and transcription of the virus genome and virus structural proteins. PIRBRIGHT INSTITUTE - African swine fever virus group. Publications. Peste porcine africaine : menace lointaine ou dangereusement proche ? CDC EID - AVRIL 2012 - High Virulence of African Swine Fever Virus Caucasus Isolate in European Wild Boars of All Ages.
FAO – NOV 009 - EMPRES WATCH - African swine fever spread in the Russian Federation and the risk for the region. Les appellations employées dans ce produit d'information et la présentation des données qui y figurent n'impliquent de la part de l'Organisation des Nations Unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture aucune prise de position quant au statut juridique ou austade de développement des pays, territoires, villes ou zones ou de leurs autorités, ni quant au tracé de leurs frontières ou limites.
La mention de sociétés déterminés ou de produits de fabricants, qu'ils soient ou non brevetés, n'entraîne, de la part de l'Organisation des Nations pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture, aucune approbation ou recommandation desdits produits de préférence à d'autres de nature analogue qui ne sont pas cités. Les opinions exprimées dans la présente publication sont celles du/des auteur(s) et ne reflètent pas nécessairement celles de l'Organisation des Nations Unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture.
Tous droits réservés. MAI 2013 - EMPRES WATCH - African swine fever in the Russian Federation: risk factors for Europe and beyond. EFSA 26/11/09 Scientific review on African Swine Fever. EFSA 22/03/10 Scientific Opinion on African Swine Fever. EFSA Journal 2010; 8(3):1556 [149 pp.]. doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2010.1556 Type: Opinion of the Scientific Committee/Scientific Panel On request from: European Commission Question number: EFSA-Q-2009-00506 Adopted: 11 March 2010 Published: 22 March 2010 Last updated: 19 April 2010.
This version replaces the previous one/s. Affiliation: European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Parma, Italy The risk that African Swine Fever virus (ASFV) remains endemic in the Trans Caucasian Countries (TCC) and the Russian Federation (RF) is moderate, while the risk of its spread in these regions is high. The resulting risk of introduction from these regions into the EU is moderate most likely through food waste. . © European Food Safety Authority, 2010 This scientific output, published on 19 April 2010, replaces the earlier version published on 22 March 2010.
Table 1: Risk estimates for TOR 1 and 2. EFSA 11/08/10 Scientific Opinion on the Role of Tick Vectors in the Epidemiology of Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever and African. EFSA Journal 2010;8(8):1703 [156 pp.]. doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2010.1703 Introduction The recent developments in the EU, especially the risk of introduction of African swine fever virus (ASF) from the East European countries and the Caucasus; and the threat that would represent the spread of the Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHF) in Europe; elicited a self-mandate of the EFSA’s Panel of the Animal Health and Animal Welfare on the role of tick vectors associated with Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever and African swine fever in Eurasia.
The occurrence of other tick-borne animal diseases and zoonoses in the EU was also considered as part of this mandate. The terms of reference of the self-mandate were: The methodology. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-000974-13 Threat from African swine fever. In recent months information has been reaching Europe about the threat to pig farms posed by African swine fever (ASF), which is caused by the African swine fever virus. No vaccine is currently being produced against ASF so the only means of tackling the disease is to eliminate infected herds. To date, the disease has occurred mainly in Africa and, sporadically, in South America.
The only cases in the European Union have been in Sardinia. The highest-risk area for ASF has so far not extended to any EU countries. However, in recent years the disease has appeared close to the EU’s borders, in Russia and Ukraine. According to FAO data from 2011, in Russia alone some 300 000 pigs were slaughtered as a result of ASF. ANSES - La peste porcine africaine aux portes de l'Europe (BEP n°34, déc 2009, page 10.