Rev. Inst. Med. trop. S. Paulo vol.58 São Paulo 2016 Epub May 24, 2016 BIOFILM FORMATION OF Vibrio cholerae ON STAINLESS STEEL USED IN FOOD PROCESSING. Brief Communication BIOFILM FORMATION OF Vibrio cholerae ON STAINLESS STEEL USED IN FOOD PROCESSING Milagro FERNÁNDEZ-DELGADO1 Héctor ROJAS2 Zoilabet DUQUE3 Paula SUÁREZ4 Monica CONTRERAS1 M.
Carlos ALCIATURI3 1Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Científicas (IVIC), Laboratorio de Fisiología Gastrointestinal, Centro de Biofísica y Bioquímica. 2Universidad Central de Venezuela, Instituto de Inmunología. 3Instituto Zuliano de Investigaciones Tecnológicas (INZIT), Unidad de Biodeterioro Industrial. 4Universidad Simón Bolívar (USB), Departamento de Biología de Organismos, Laboratorio de Microbiología Acuática. Vibrio cholerae represents a significant threat to human health in developing countries. Key words: Vibrio cholerae; Biofilms; Stainless steel; Food processing; Environmental scanning electron microscopy. TUFTS_EDU 01/02/17 Cocktail of bacteria-killing viruses prevents cholera infection in animal models. THE LANCET - NOV 2016 - New strategies for cholera control. Geophysical Research Abstracts Vol. 17, EGU2015-13773, 2015 Seasonality in cholera dynamics : a rainfall-driven model explains the wide range of patterns of an infectious disease in endemic areas.
PLOS 17/09/14 Cholera and Shigellosis: Different Epidemiology but Similar Responses to Climate Variability. Abstract Background Comparative studies of the associations between different infectious diseases and climate variability, such as the El Niño-Southern Oscillation, are lacking.
Diarrheal illnesses, particularly cholera and shigellosis, provide an important opportunity to apply a comparative approach. Cholera and shigellosis have significant global mortality and morbidity burden, pronounced differences in transmission pathways and pathogen ecologies, and there is an established climate link with cholera. In particular, the specific ecology of Vibrio cholerae is often invoked to explain the sensitivity of that disease to climate. Methods and Findings The extensive surveillance data of the International Center for Diarrheal Disease Research, Bangladesh are used here to revisit the known associations between cholera and climate, and to address their similarity to previously unexplored patterns for shigellosis. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCE Volume 2013 (2013), Survivability of Vibrio cholerae O1 in Cooked Rice, Coffee, and Tea.
Significance, Prevention and Control of Food Related Diseases 13/04/16 Au sommaire : Cholera – Epidemiology, Prevention and Control. Edited by Hussaini Anthony Makun, ISBN 978-953-51-2277-7, 312 pages, Publisher: InTech, Chapters published April 13, 2016 under CC BY 3.0 licenseDOI: 10.5772/60612 Edited Volume Food-borne diseases are major causes of morbidity and mortality in the world.
It is estimated that about 2.2 million people die yearly due to food and water contamination. Food safety and consequently food security are therefore of immense importance to public health, international trade and world economy. This book, which has 10 chapters, provides information on the incidence, health implications and effective prevention and control strategies of food-related diseases. Front. Microbiol., 18/10/16 Transmission of Infectious Vibrio cholerae through Drinking Water among the Household Contacts of Cholera Patients (CHoBI7 Trial) Introduction Severe cholera without adequate rehydration can have a case fatality rate of up to 50% (Sack et al., 2004).
Worldwide an estimated 3–5 million cholera cases occur annually (WHO, 2015). Vibrio cholerae is the etiologic agent of cholera, the severe diarrhoeal disease attributable to the potent cholera toxin (CT) encoded by a prophage lysogenizing into the genome of the bacterium (Guerrant et al., 2003). Of the more than 200 serogroups identified, based on the variations of “O” antigenic lipopolysaccharide (LPS), V. cholerae serogroups O1 and O139 which possess CT can cause epidemic cholera.
Front. Microbiol., 18/10/16 Transmission of Infectious Vibrio cholerae through Drinking Water among the Household Contacts of Cholera Patients (CHoBI7 Trial) CDC EID - Volume 22, Number 9—September 2016. Au sommaire notamment: Vibrio cholerae O1 Imported from Iraq to Kuwait, 2015. Suggested citation for this article To the Editor: The etiologic agent of the sixth pandemic of cholera was classical biotype of Vibrio cholerae O1.
The ongoing seventh pandemic is caused by El Tor biotype. The biotypes are differentiated by phenotypic and genotypic characteristics. However, this differentiation blurred when V. cholerae O1 strains were detected in Matlab, Bangladesh, in 2006, in which characteristics were mixed. Genetically, the differences occurred in tcpA, which encodes the major adherence antigen rstR that regulates site-specific recombination of CTXϕ phage and ctxB that encodes the B subunit of cholera toxin. Kuwait is free of endemic cholera, but imported cases occur there (3). The first case was in a 19-year-old Kuwaiti man who visited Najaf and Karbala in Iraq in September 2015; the second case was in a 52-year-old Kuwaiti woman who visited the same 2 locations in October 2015.
Acknowledgment References Figure. Significance, Prevention and Control of Food Related Diseases 13/04/16 Au sommaire : Cholera – Epidemiology, Prevention and Control. PLOS 04/02/16 Vibrio cholerae Biofilms and Cholera Pathogenesis. Abstract Vibrio cholerae can switch between motile and biofilm lifestyles.
The last decades have been marked by a remarkable increase in our knowledge of the structure, regulation, and function of biofilms formed under laboratory conditions. Evidence has grown suggesting that V. cholerae can form biofilm-like aggregates during infection that could play a critical role in pathogenesis and disease transmission.
However, the structure and regulation of biofilms formed during infection, as well as their role in intestinal colonization and virulence, remains poorly understood. Here, we review (i) the evidence for biofilm formation during infection, (ii) the coordinate regulation of biofilm and virulence gene expression, and (iii) the host signals that favor V. cholerae transitions between alternative lifestyles during intestinal colonization, and (iv) we discuss a model for the role of V. cholerae biofilms in pathogenicity. Published: February 4, 2016. Acta Tropica Volume 149, September 2015, A global map of suitability for coastal Vibrio cholerae under current and future climate conditions.
Open Access Highlights Cholera is a water-borne disease caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae.
Transmission pathways include consumption of contaminated water and seafood. Potential dispersion of V. cholerae was facilitated by environmental risk factors. Suitable areas for V. cholerae were predicted to increase under future climate. Abstract Vibrio cholerae is a globally distributed water-borne pathogen that causes severe diarrheal disease and mortality, with current outbreaks as part of the seventh pandemic. Graphical abstract This study used an ecological niche modeling approach to examine suitability of seawater environments for Vibrio cholerae under current and future climate conditions. Keywords. UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND - 2013 - Global climate change impacting natural water and infectious diseases: cholera as a case study. CORNELL UNIVERSITY - 2014 - Predictive Modeling of Cholera Outbreaks in Bangladesh. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health Vol 43 No. 4 July 2012 TWO CONSECUTIVE OUTBREAKS OF FOOD-BORNE CHOLERA ASSOCIATED WITH.
Preventing Maritime Transfer of Toxigenic Vibrio cholerae. Skip directly to local search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options CDC Home CDC 24/7: Saving Lives.
OMS - Méthodes de laboratoire pour le diagnostic de la dysenterie épidémique et du choléra. Clinical Infectious Diseases 2003;37:272-280 Cholera and Other Types of Vibriosis: A Story of Human Pandemics and Oysters on the. J.
Glenn Morris Jr. Reprints or correspondence: Dr. Glenn Morris, Dept. of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 10 S. Pine St., Baltimore, MD 21201 (firstname.lastname@example.org). Abstract Vibrios are ubiquitous in the aquatic environment and are commonly present in or on shellfish and other seafood. Vibrio species are free-living bacteria found in aquatic environments throughout the world.
Vibrio species that are associated with human illness are listed in table 1, together with Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) data on the number of reported cases and deaths in the United States in 1999. Cholera And Epidemic V. Cholera is characterized by the rapid onset of profuse, watery diarrhea, which, if untreated, can lead to dehydration, circulatory collapse, and death. Figure 1. Cahiers d'études et de recherches francophones / Santé . Volume 1, Numéro 3, Août-Septembre 1991 La pandémie cholérique en 1991. CNRS 06/09/05 Choléra : comment un parasite rend une bactérie pathogène ? OMS 18/12/07 World: Notified cholera cases to WHO, 2004 - 2007 (PDF, 260k) Clin. Microbiol. Rev. Jan 01, 1995 Cholera.
OMS - Aide-mémoire : Choléra.