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Fraudes alimentaires et produits de la pêche

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THE CONVERSATION 20/01/21 Crimes at sea: when we frame illegal fishers as human and drug smugglers, everyone loses. Illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing costs economies up to US$50 billion globally each year, and makes up to one-fifth of the global catch.

THE CONVERSATION 20/01/21 Crimes at sea: when we frame illegal fishers as human and drug smugglers, everyone loses

It’s a huge problem not only for the 59.5 million people who depend on fisheries for their livelihoods, but also for the environment. Many philanthropic and environmental organisations think of illegal fishing as a “transnational crime”, involving organised criminals operating vessels on the high seas, smuggling drugs, weapons and people. But our research found this depiction is, by and large, not true. When illegal fishing is falsely represented like this, it can lead to ineffective investments and misguided policies, such as the requirement of over-the-top transparency and the criminalisation of desperate fishers.

The reality at sea looks very different Most crimes associated with fishing are actually related to increasing fishing revenues or decreasing operating costs — not human, weapons and drug trafficking. FRONT. MAR. SCI. 12/10/20 The Intersection Between Illegal Fishing, Crimes at Sea, and Social Well-Being. Introduction Fisheries are one of the largest and oldest primary industries in the world, providing an estimated 59.6 million people with jobs globally (FAO, 2018).

FRONT. MAR. SCI. 12/10/20 The Intersection Between Illegal Fishing, Crimes at Sea, and Social Well-Being

The increasing dependency on fisheries is evident from the increase in per capita fish consumption, from 9 kgs in the 1960s to 20.5 kg in 2018, fuelling an industry with a total export trade worth US$164 billion in 2018 with exports of fish and fish products representing about 11% of the export value of agricultural products (FAO, 2020b). Fisheries contribute to the food security of millions of people and are the predominant protein sources in developing countries. While fisheries management can be successful (Hilborn et al., 2020), overfishing remains persistent, with 33% of stocks currently overfished and 40% fished to their maximum limit (FAO, 2018).

AOAC INTERNATIONAL - 2019 - Development and In-House Validation of an LC–MS and LC–MS/MS Assay for the Determination of Food Fraud for Different Fish Species. National Institute of Public Health Brno, - 2016 - Horse meat in beef products and adulteration of gadoid fish meat products in the Czech Republic. ABC_NET_AU 24/07/20 Seafood industry to utilise new technology in fight against food fraud. ARXIV 10/07/20 Predicting Illegal Fishing on the Patagonia Shelf from Oceanographic Seascapes.

MARINE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY BULLETIN 30/06/19 Identification of Mislabelling in Frozen Fish Fillets Based on DNA Barcoding Analysis. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-001235-19 Injection of fish with water before sale. Food Security August 2018, Volume 10, Issue 4, The seafood supply chain from a fraudulent perspective. Seafood fraud is the practice of misleading consumers about their seafood for financial gain.

Food Security August 2018, Volume 10, Issue 4, The seafood supply chain from a fraudulent perspective

The literature indicates that the seafood supply chain is vulnerable to nine types of fraud, mirroring Young’s Seafood Limited’s nine sins of seafood (Young’s Seafood 2016) which were acknowledged in the Elliott Report (2014). They include; species substitution, fishery substitution, illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) substitution; species adulteration, chain of custody abuse; catch method fraud, undeclared product extension, modern day slavery and animal welfare (Fig. 4). 4.1 Species substitution Species substitution occurs when a superior, high-value species is substituted by an inferior, lower-value species, for example cod by whiting. Species substitution can occur at numerous stages throughout the seafood supply chain (Table 1), particularly prevalent in the chain of higher priced fish. 4.2 Fishery substitution.

WSJ 19/07/18 The Fish Industry Is Plagued by Poor Quality and Fraud. One Chef Is Working to Combat It. Marine Policy Volume 84, October 2017, Estimates of illegal and unreported seafood imports to Japan. FAO, The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2016, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, 2016, p. 200.

Marine Policy Volume 84, October 2017, Estimates of illegal and unreported seafood imports to Japan

H. ÖsterblomCatching up on fisheries crime Conserv. Biol., 28 (3) (2014), pp. 877-879 FAO, FAO Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing (PSMA), FAO, Rome, 2016, p. 2. B.I. G. US Presidential Task Force, on Combating IUU Fishing and Seafood Fraud. Journal of Food Quality Volume 2018, Overview on Untargeted Methods to Combat Food Frauds: A Focus on Fishery Products. FAO - 2018 - Overview of food fraud in the fisheries sector. SDG: 02.

FAO - 2018 - Overview of food fraud in the fisheries sector

End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture; 14. Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development; Résumé: Fish fraud is committed when fish is illegally placed on the market with the intention of deceiving the customer, usually for financial gain. However, its precise scale and nature in the wider global food market is largely unknown. Actualités DGCCRF concernant la pêche et l'aquaculture. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 30/10/15 Presidential Task Force on Combating Illegal Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) Fishing and Seafood Fraud Action Plan. QUE CHOISIR 05/01/14 Filets de poisson - L’eau au prix du poisson. Le trempage prolongé des filets de poisson destiné à augmenter artificiellement leur poids est une fraude récurrente.

QUE CHOISIR 05/01/14 Filets de poisson - L’eau au prix du poisson

Au point que certains professionnels ont décidé de réagir. Signe des temps, les poissons vendus en filets ont le vent en poupe. Prêts à cuire et sans déchet, ils ont tout pour séduire les consommateurs. Au supermarché comme sur les étals des poissonniers, aujourd’hui, ce conditionnement a priori anodin représente la part la plus importante de l’offre. Pourtant, des manipulations douteuses qui n’hésitent pas à flirter avec la loi se cachent derrière. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-015463-15 Food fraud involving fish; reducing imports of fish into the EU. The international association Oceana and the University of Louvain have recently performed scientific analyses of 280 samples at 150 restaurants in Brussels, demonstrating that one fish in three which is served does not correspond to its description on the menu.

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-015463-15 Food fraud involving fish; reducing imports of fish into the EU

Moreover, according to other research, in Italy and Spain respectively, 32% and 30% of orders culminated in fraud against the consumer. The availability of fish within the EU is declining, while consumption is rising. As a result, 65% of fish consumed in Europe is imported, with less monitoring of quality and greater health risks. Thus the level of fraud has become alarming, particularly as regards fish which are already gutted before import and processed foods, because the processing makes it impossible to identify the original species. 1. 2. ITALIAN JOURNAL OF FOOD SAFETY - 2015 - Mislabelling and species substitution in fishery products retailed in Sardinia (Italy), 2009-2014.

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN 04/11/15 Proposition de résolution du Parlement européen sur la traçabilité des produits de la pêche à Bruxelles. Le Parlement européen,

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN 04/11/15 Proposition de résolution du Parlement européen sur la traçabilité des produits de la pêche à Bruxelles

SENAT BELGE 16/11/15 Réponse à question N°6-769 Origine du poisson servi dans les restaurants bruxellois - Étude d'Oceana - Résultats. Le SPF Économie est chargé de contrôler le respect des normes relatives au poisson.

SENAT BELGE 16/11/15 Réponse à question N°6-769 Origine du poisson servi dans les restaurants bruxellois - Étude d'Oceana - Résultats

Des fraudeurs font fi de ces normes et pêchent des espèces illégales ou protégées. R-BIOPHARM 20/11/15 Seafood fraud: One out of three fish dishes is not what it says on the menu. Is this the next case of food fraud after the horsemeat scandal?

R-BIOPHARM 20/11/15 Seafood fraud: One out of three fish dishes is not what it says on the menu

Examiners recently analyzed seafood dishes in Brussels (Belgium). The appalling result: Every third seafood dish served in restaurants contains a fish species other than the one you’ve paid for. Here’s what you need to know about the most affected species, the impact on consumers and the methods of detecting food adulteration. It’s a bitter pill for all the fish enthusiasts out there: When you order cod or a grilled sole, chances are you will not be served that specific fish. That’s the result of a recent study published by the Oceana Institute, which analyzed 280 fish samples from more than 150 restaurants and canteens in Brussels.

LE FIGARO 04/11/15 Un poisson sur trois consommé à Bruxelles ne correspond pas à son étiquette. JRC EUROPE 21/01/16 JRC provides support in the fight against food fraud. The JRC supported DG SANTE in the organisation of coordinated EU monitoring plans to assess the authenticity of fish and honey purchased in the European Union. The outcome of the study confirms the need for further testing and control. FOOD STANDARDS SCOTLAND 13/01/16 FSS survey of fish authenticity in foods in schools, care homes and hospitals. EUROPE 04/12/15 Food fraud: Reports on EU-wide control plans on fish species substitution and honey adulteration are published today. Food and Feed Safety (04-12-2015) Food fraud: Reports on EU-wide control plans on fish species substitution and honey adulteration are published today Today, the European Commission published the results of EU-wide control plans to assess the prevalence of fraudulent practices in the marketing of fish and honey.

The 28 Member States, plus Norway and Switzerland, carried out controls from June to November 2015 according to harmonised sampling and testing methods. FOODSECURITY_AC_UK - JULY 2012 - Tackling seafood fraud: fisheries forensics. Share this page: Sets a cookie Mislabelled seafood is bringing the scale of illegal fishing to consumers' attention. Gary Carvalho and Stefano Mariani explain how genetic tools can promote sustainability. July 2012 Hardly a day goes by without more media coverage of the fragile state of our fisheries, or exhortations from TV chefs to give up high-street favourites like highly threatened Atlantic cod in favour of more sustainable dab or pollock.

Globally the situation is no better; over the last 50 years, 366 out of 1519 world fisheries have collapsed – nearly one in four. Bewildering species diversity in mixed trawl of fish from Malaysian waters collected for genetic analysis. Marine Policy Volume 48, September 2014, Estimates of illegal and unreported fish in seafood imports to the USA. <div class="msgBox" style="margin-top:10px;"><span class="errMsg"><div>JavaScript is disabled on your browser. Please enable JavaScript to use all the features on this page. This page uses JavaScript to progressively load the article content as a user scrolls.

Click the View full text link to bypass dynamically loaded article content. <a rel="nofollow" href=" full text</a></div></span></div><br /> a Fisheries Centre, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada V6T 1Z4b Sustainability Incubator, 4348 Waialae Avenue, Honolulu HI 96816, USAc 1826 Wyoming Avenue N.W., Washington, DC 20009, USA Received 10 February 2014, Revised 14 March 2014, Accepted 14 March 2014, Available online 5 April 2014 doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2014.03.019.

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-003081-14 Fraude à l'étiquetage des produits de la mer. Les associations BLOOM et Oceana, des chercheurs de l'Inserm et du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle ainsi que du magazine Terra eco ont évalué la traçabilité de la filière poisson en France. Ces derniers se sont associés pour mener une enquête inédite en France sur la fraude à l'étiquetage du poisson. Pendant un an, dix régions ont été échantillonnées et près de 400 échantillons récoltés aux rayons frais des grandes surfaces, dans les poissonneries, les restaurants, dans les plats préparés et les produits surgelés.

Cette étude a démontré que la substitution d'espèces en France demeure rare, avec un taux de fraude qui se situe à 3,5 %. DHNET_BE 03/11/15 Fraude aux poissons dans les restos. EURONEWS 03/11/15 Un poisson peut en cacher un autre. Si vous commandez du poisson dans un restaurant bruxellois il n’est pas certain que celui que vous allez manger soit celui que vous avez commandé. LE SOIR 04/11/15 Dans les restaurants, le poisson servi n’est pas toujours celui que vous croyez. Un poisson sur trois servi dans les restaurants bruxellois ne serait pas celui indiqué sur le menu, a affirmé mardi l’ONG Oceana, qui milite pour la conservation des océans. LE MONDE PLANETE 26/02/14 Fraude à l'étiquetage du poisson : la France bonne élève en Europe. Le Monde.fr | • Mis à jour le | Par Audrey Garric Après les scandales qui ont ébranlé le secteur de la viande, la question de la fiabilité de la filière poisson était posée en France. AGRO MEDIA 03/03/14 Etiquetage du poisson : peu de fraudes en France.

FORBES 29/10/15 Salmon Fraud: What's Wrong With America's Favorite Fish - Especially In Restaurants. UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA - FEV 2015 - Seafood Fraud in the United States: Current Science and Policy Options. Seafood (fish and shellfish) is the world’s most-traded food commodity, worth nearly $130 billion in 2012 (FAO, 2014).1 In comparison, beef, the second most traded animal-based protein food commodity is valued at only $36 billion. 2 Americans, on average, consume nearly 16 pounds of seafood per person each year, about 90% of which is imported. 3 Total seafood imports in the United States (US) increased by 27% from $13.3 billion in 2009 to $16.9 billion in 2011 and have remained relatively stable since then.

The seafood trade is uniquely diverse when compared to other animal protein sources, in that it is comprised of nearly 1,700 edible species including numerous fish and molluscs, many of which share little in common other than being of aquatic origin. The seafood supply chain is extremely complex, with many products crossing national borders several times throughout the capture, processing, distribution, and final consumption process. How and why does seafood fraud occur? CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE 07/04/15 Seafood Fraud. OCEANA - FEV 2014 - La fraude aux poissons - Nuisible pour nos océans, notre santé et nos portefeuilles.

OCEANA - 2015 - Un poisson sur trois servi dans les restaurants à Bruxelles n’est pas celui pour lequel les consommateurs paient. La fraude aux poissons ouvre la porte à la pêche illégale et aux risques sanitaires Les tests ADN montrent que la fraude touche aussi les cantines des institutions de l’UE avec 38% de mauvais étiquetage Thon rouge, sole et cabillaud sont remplacés par des espèces jusqu’à 40% moins chères Bruxelles, le 3 Novembre.- Oceana a dévoilé une étude montrant qu’en moyenne 30% de poissons commandés dans les restaurants à Bruxelles ne correspondent pas à l'espèce servie au consommateur. Ce chiffre est le résultat d'une analyse d'identification par ADN réalisée par l'Université Catholique de Leuven. Plus de 280 échantillons ont été collectés dans plus de 150 points de vente, y compris les cantines des institutions Européennes. . « Les tests ADN montrent une fraude généralisée aux poissons dans les restaurants de Bruxelles et même dans les cantines des institutions Européennes.

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