SHEPSTONE - MARS 2004 - The Economic Importance of the New York State FOIE GRAS Industry. International Food and Agribusiness Management Review Volume 9, Issue 3, 2006 Banning Foie Gras in California. USDA - LABELING POLICY BOOK (FSIS Policy Memoranda) - Traductions USDA de foie gras. ANIMAL LEGAL DEFENSE FUND - Pétition before the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), food sfety and inspection servic. AMERICAN VETERINARY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION 24/09/07 Welfare Implications of Foie Gras Production. WIKIPEDIA - Foie gras controversy. Gavage feeding as documented by French animal rights and welfare group L214 The production of foie gras (the liver of a duck or a goose that has been specially fattened) involves the controversial force-feeding of birds with more food than they would eat in the wild, and more than they would voluntarily eat domestically.
The feed, usually corn boiled with fat (to facilitate ingestion), deposits large amounts of fat in the liver, thereby producing the buttery consistency sought by some gastronomes. Controversy Animal rights and welfare groups Animal rights and welfare activist groups such as the Humane Society of the United States and the Animal Legal Defense Fund contend that foie gras production methods, and force feeding in particular, consist of cruel and inhumane treatment of animals. In modern gavage-based foie gras production, force feeding takes place 12–18 days before slaughter. PETA wants this practice, which they say is cruel, stopped. Dr. Chefs 20MINUTES 19/12/10 Le foie gras s'affirme aux Etats-Unis. Dans une ferme de la vallée de l'Hudson, à deux heures de New York, quelques milliers de canards sont gavés chaque semaine pour fournir du foie gras frais aux Américains, un marché croissant soutenu par chefs et gourmets mais violemment attaqué par les défenseurs des animaux.
HUFFINGTON POST 05/09/12 Foie Gras Lawsuit: Opponents Claim USDA Allows Sale Of 'Diseased Bird Organs' The foie gras debate is seemingly endless -- animal rights activists are never going to say that they support it, and it's unlikely that chefs are ever going to stop using it.
As the chapters of this saga keep going, today several animal rights groups -- the Animal Legal Defense Fund, Compassion Over Killing, the Animal Protection & Rescue League, Farm Sanctuary -- have turned a new page. They are suing the USDA for violating the Poultry Products Inspection Act (PPIA) because -- as these groups claim -- foie gras is made from "diseased bird organs. " Allowing the sale of it is therefore illegal, they claim. In a blog post on The Huffington Post, Bruce Friedrich, Senior Director for Strategic Initiatives of Farm Sanctuary, explains the suit: Our lawsuit is based on the fact that the PPIA dictates that diseased animal organs are supposed to be condemned by USDA inspectors, and foie gras is -- by definition -- a diseased organ. The PPIA states: Photo from Flickr user: Laura Padgett. HUFFINGTON POST 05/09/12 Animal Groups Sue USDA for Ignoring Poultry Products Inspection Act.
Right now, the USDA is allowing diseased bird organs to be sold for food, in violation of federal law.
Because USDA won't enforce the law, thousands of animals are suffering miserably, and the consumers of these diseased products are at a higher risk for a variety of ailments, including type II diabetes and Alzheimer's disease. That's why today, along with pro bono attorneys from Steptoe & Johnson, LLP, the Animal Legal Defense Fund, Compassion Over Killing, the Animal Protection & Rescue League, and my organization -- Farm Sanctuary -- filed a lawsuit against the USDA for allowing adulterated poultry -- foie gras -- into the food supply, in violation of the Poultry Products Inspection Act (PPIA).
Foie gras is the diseased liver of a duck or goose who has been force-fed (twice-per day, every day) for three weeks, causing the animal's liver to become diseased and to enlarge to ten times its normal size. FOOD SAFETY NEWS 09/07/12 California Foie Gras Ban Turns Into a New Fight. When meat is outlawed — in this case fatty livers of geese or ducks — only outlaws will eat meat.
Foodies are hoarding all the fatty geese or duck livers they can find, while new foie gras farmers may be setting up right across the border. Chefs are flaunting the ban on the fatty livers by serving the very French dish known as foie gras. And California’s restaurant industry is in federal court, asking to have the ban on serving the fatty livers struck down for a long list of reasons.
All of this stems from a 2004 bird feeding law with a rather long trigger for a ban on serving foie gras, the French delicacy made from fatty livers of geese or ducks. The ban went into effect one week ago, on July 1, 2012. The law bans the production and sale of both foie gras and its byproducts like down for jackets and comforters.
In the week since the ban went into effect, California restaurants could be subjected to fines up to $1,000 for serving foie gras. Former State Sen. LE FIGARO 04/07/12 Le foie gras banni des assiettes californiennes. La production et la consommation de la spécialité française, reconnue par l'Unesco, est officiellement interdite en Californie, à partir de ce dimanche.
À partir de ce dimanche, la production et la commercialisation de foie gras est interdite en Californie. La loi - votée en 2004 - prend effet suite à l'initiative d'associations opposées au gavage des oies et canards. «C'est un sujet qui peut paraître anecdotique mais qu'il faut prendre au sérieux» a souligné un diplomate français cette semaine. LE PARISIEN 20/09/12 USA : les défenseurs du foie gras perdent en justice. JO ASSEMBLEE NATIONALE 04/09/12 Réponse à Question N° : 1922 foie gras. Californie. attitude. FRANCE TV INFO 29/11/12 Etats-Unis. Première plainte en Californie pour vente de foie gras. Partager AMERIQUES - L'association People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (Peta), qui défend les droits des animaux, a porté plainte, mercredi 28 novembre, contre un restaurant californien qui continuait à servir du foie gras à ses clients en dépit d'une interdiction entrée en vigueur le 1er juillet.
EUROPE 1 29/11/12 Foie gras : une plainte en Californie.