Internet Journal of Food Safety, Vol.14, 2012, p.83-88 Aflatoxigenic moulds and aflatoxins in street-vended snacks in Lagos, Nigeria. American-Eurasian Journal of Toxicological Sciences 5 (1): 01-06, 2013 Incidence of Ochratoxin A in Raw and Salted Dried Fruits Using High Performance Liquid Chromatography. FRONTIERS IN MICROBIOLOGY 14/07/16 Structural Analysis and Biological Toxicity of Aflatoxins B1 and B2 Degradation Products Following Detoxification by Ocimum basilicum and Cassia fistula Aqueous Extracts. Introduction Mycotoxins are chemically and biologically active secondary metabolites (of molecular weight ≤ 700), produced by filamentous fungi that readily colonize crops in the field or after harvest (Richard, 2007; Turner et al., 2010).
Toxins (Basel). 2016 Jan; 8(1): 26. Reduction of Aflatoxins in Apricot Kernels by Electronic and Manual Color Sorting. CGIAR 11/08/16 Special issue: Aflatoxins in eastern Africa. A newly released special issue of the African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition, and Development (AFJAND) focuses entirely on addressing the growing aflatoxin problem in eastern Africa.
The special issue, Volume 16 No.3, was compiled by the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) with contributions from several A4NH researchers, and contains 12 peer-reviewed articles on a range of topics related to understanding and addressing aflatoxin contamination in countries throughout eastern Africa. Under the flagship on agriculture associated diseases, A4NH research offers insight into the most effective ways to control food safety risks, such as aflatoxin contamination. This work includes coordinating closely with groups committed to addressing this problem, such as the Partnership for Aflatoxin Control in Africa (PACA), as well as support for scaling proven interventions to prevent contamination in the first place, including the aflasafe biocontrol method.
Journal of Food and Drug Analysis Available online 2 May 2016 Fungal flora and aflatoxin contamination in Pakistani wheat kernels (Triticum aestivum L.) and their attribution in seed germination. Figure 1 High performance liquid chromatography chromatograms of: (A) spike; and (B) naturally contaminated samples of wheat.
FLU = Fluorescence. This study aimed to isolate fungal pathogens and to subsequently quantify aflatoxin (AF; B1 + B2 + G1 + G2) contamination in wheat crops grown in Pakistan. Accordingly, a total of 185 wheat samples were collected from different areas of Pakistan and numerous potent fungal pathogens were isolated. AF contamination attributed to the presence of intoxicating fungal pathogens and resulting metabolic activities were quantified using a high performance liquid chromatography-fluorescence detector coupled with postcolumn derivatization. Food and Chemical Toxicology Volume 73, November 2014, Dietary exposure to aflatoxins, ochratoxin A and deoxynivalenol from a total diet study in an adult urban Lebanese population.
Volume 1, 2011, Pages 1007–1014 11th International Congress on Engineering and Food (ICEF11) Edited By George Saravacos, Petros Taoukis, Magda Krokida, Vaios Karathanos, Harris Lazarides, Nikolaos Stoforos, Constantina Tzia and Stavros Yanniotis Abstract Survival curves of Aspergillus flavus were obtained under combined effect of thermosonication at 52.5, 55 or 57.5 °C, ultrasound at 20 kHz with 13 mm diameter probe, operating continuously at an amplitude of 60, 90 or 120 μm, in a model system, adjusted with sucrose at aw 0.99, 500 ppm vanillin and pH 5.5 or 3.0.
Survival data were fitted to the cumulative form of frequency Weibull distribution successfully described all dose-response curves with a satisfactory fit and lower MSE values. Keywords Weibull distribution; dose-response curves; thermosonication References S. FRONTIERS IN MICROBIOLOGY 07/03/14 Use of benzo analogs to enhance antimycotic activity of strobilurin for control of aflatoxigenic fungal pathogens. Foodborne Toxin Detection and Prevention Research Unit, Western Regional Research Center, USDA-ARS, Albany, CA, USA The aim of this study was to examine two benzo analogs, octylgallate (OG) and veratraldehyde (VT), as antifungal agents against strains of Aspergillus parasiticus and A.flavus (toxigenic or atoxigenic).
Both toxigenic and atoxigenic strains used were capable of producing kojic acid, another cellular secondary product. A. fumigatus was used as a genetic model for this study. When applied independently, OG exhibits considerably higher antifungal activity compared to VT. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of OG were 0.3–0.5 mM, while that of VT were 3.0–5.0 mM in agar plate-bioassays.
FRONTIERS IN MICROBIOLOGY 10/02/14 Non-aflatoxigenic Aspergillus flavus to prevent aflatoxin contamination in crops: advantages. Southern Regional Research Center, United States Department of Agriculture – Agricultural Research Service, New Orleans, LA, USA Aspergillus flavus is a diverse assemblage of strains that include aflatoxin-producing and non-toxigenic strains with cosmopolitan distribution.
The most promising strategy currently being used to reduce preharvest contamination of crops with aflatoxin is to introduce non-aflatoxin (biocontrol) A. flavus into the crop environment. Whether or not introduction of biocontrol strains into agricultural fields is enough to reduce aflatoxin contamination to levels required for acceptance of the contaminated food as fit for consumption is still unknown. There is no question that biocontrol strains are able to reduce the size of the populations of aflatoxin-producing strains but the available data suggests that at most only a four- to five-fold reduction in aflatoxin contamination is achieved.
Copyright © 2014 Ehrlich. *Correspondence: Kenneth C. Indian J Med Res 136, July 2012, pp 89-97 Aflatoxin contamination in stored rice variety PAU 201 collected from Punjab, India. Braz. J. Microbiol. vol.43 no.4 São Paulo Oct./Dec. 2012 Occurrence of aflatoxin B1 in natural products. Occurrence of aflatoxin B1 in natural products Guilherme PradoI, *; Aline F.
AltoéII; Tatiana C. B. GomesIII; Alexandre S. LealIV; Vanessa A. Animal Health Prod and Hyg (2013) 2(1) : 162 - 166 Regional Distribution of Aflatoxin and Ochratoxin A Contaminated Beef and Dai. Stefan cel Mare University (Roumanie) - 2013 - Aflatoxins – recent items about influence on vegetable – animal – food relationsh. 13th ASEAN FOOD CONFERENCE - SEPT 2013 - Aflatoxin B1 contamination in husked rice from central and northeast of Thailand. African Journal of Microbiology Research 18/10/13 Investigations on aflatoxigenic fungi and aflatoxins contamination in some nut. Quality Assurance and Safety of Crops & Foods 23/05/12 Aflatoxin contamination in tahini. E.
Torlak1, İ.M. Akan2 1Faculty of Science, Department of Biology, Necmettin Erbakan University, 42050 Karatay, Konya, Turkey2General Directorate of Food and Control, Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock, 06520 Lodumlu, Ankara, Turkey Akbulut, M. and Çoklar, H., 2008. Physicochemical and rheological properties of sesame paste (Tahin) processed from hulled and unhulled roasted sesame seeds and their blends at various levels. [CrossRef] Asadi, M., Beheshti, H.R. and Feizy, J., 2011.
[CrossRef] Association of Official Analytical Chemists (AOAC), 1994. Betina, V., 1989. NATURE AND SCIENE - 2012 - Influence of storage time on biodeterioration, aflatoxin contamination and food values of onion (Alli. Toxins, Vol. 5, Pages 1219-1229: 2013 Degradation of Aflatoxin B1 during the Fermentation of Alcoholic Beverages. Open AccessThis article isfreely availablere-usable Article Research Laboratory for Food Safety Chemistry, Asahi Group Holdings, Ltd., 1-21, Midori 1-chome, Moriya-shi, Ibaraki 302-0106, Japan * Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 April 2013; in revised form: 13 June 2013 / Accepted: 14 June 2013 / Published: 28 June 2013. African Journal of Food Science. Vol 3 (3) pp. 068-076, March, 2009 Trials towards reduction of fungal growth and aflatoxin G1 p. University of Maryland - 2013 - Présentation : Does Knowledge of Risk Change Behavior? Case of Aflatoxin in Kenya. Index. FOOD ADDITIVES & CONTAMINANTS 13/09/12 Aflatoxins in food products consumed in Brazil: a preliminary dietary risk assessment.
European Journal of Experimental Biology, 2013, 3(2):162-166 Biological Control of Aflatoxins. Economics Research International Volume 2012 (2012) Economic Risks of Aflatoxin Contamination in Marketing of Peanut in Benin.
BIOTROPIA - 2002 - Review on aflatoxin in indonesian food- and feedstuffs and their products. Toxins 2012, 4, 1024-1057; Current Understanding on Aflatoxin Biosynthesis and Future Perspective in Reducing Aflatoxin Contamin. QUEENSLAND DEPARTMENT OF PRIMARY INDUSTRIES - 1999 - Elimination of aflatoxin contamination in peanut. Jundishapur Journal of Natural Pharmaceutical Products 2011; 6(1): 42-50 EVALUATION OF AFLATOXINS CONTAMINATION IN BABY FOOD SUP. Toxins 2011, 3(6), 566-590; Aflatoxin B1 in Affecting Broiler’s Performance, Immunity, and Gastrointestinal Tract: A Review of H. INTECH - AVRIL 2012 - Trends in Vital Food and Control Engineering - Aflatoxin Contamination in Foods and Feeds: A Special Focus. Edited by Ayman Hafiz Amer Eissa, ISBN 978-953-51-0449-0, 290 pages, Publisher: InTech, Chapters published April 05, 2012 under CC BY 3.0 licenseDOI: 10.5772/2354 This book is an example of a successful addition to the literature of bioengineering and processing control within the scientific world.
The ScientificWorld Journal Volume 2012, Aflatoxigenic Fungi and Aflatoxins in Portuguese Almonds. World Applied Sciences Journal 17 (3): 271-277, 2012 Evaluation of Different Mycotoxin Binders on Broiler Breeders Induced with. EHP 15/08/11 Comprehensive Assessment of Maize Aflatoxin Levels in Eastern Kenya, 2005 - 2007. Sign in to NCBI US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health Display Settings: Summary Send to: Comprehensive Assessment of Maize Aflatoxin Levels in Eastern Kenya, 2005–2007 Johnni H. Environ Health Perspect. 2011 December; 119(12): 1794–1799. ArticlePubReaderPDF–214K Supplemental Content Filter your results: Manage Filters Related information Cited Articles Compound PubMed Substance Taxonomy Search details 10.1289/ehp.1003044[All Fields] ASIAN J. EXP. BIOL. SCI. VOL 2(3) 2011: 754-757 An Over Review on Effect of Aflatoxin in Animal Husbandry. FEBRUARY 2011 THE HEALTH ECONOMICS OF AFLATOXIN: GLOBAL BURDEN OF DISEASE. QUEENSLAND GOVERNMENT - Aflatoxin in Peanuts.
Peanuts affected by aflatoxin Aflatoxin is the name for a group of toxins (carcinogenic compounds) that are produced by two fungi called Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus. These toxins occur naturally and have been found in a wide range of commodities (including peanuts) used for animal and human consumption. Depending on the levels, the toxins can severely affect the liver and they are a known human carcinogen (i.e. causes cancer). In many developing countries aflatoxin is a major health risk to humans and animals due to the high levels of contaminated product consumed.
In Australia aflatoxin is not a health risk because of the thorough testing done at various stages along the food chain and the effective technology and procedures employed by agribusinesses to eliminate contaminated product. Oléagineux, Corps Gras, Lipides. Volume 6, Numéro 4, Juillet - Août 1999 Studies on deterioration and aflatoxin contamination in. Introduction Copra is the product obtained after drying coconut kernel, from an initial moisture content of approximately 50 % to a moisture content which is ideally close to 6 %.
Unfortunately, the drying process is frequently unsatisfactory, and if the copra is under-dried this can lead initially to bacterial damage, and later to attack by moulds and insects. The qualitative effects of deterioration in copra have been known for many years. Work prior to 1937 has been reviewed by Cooke , while Child , reporting in 1974, provides a useful summary of the problem. The quantitative effects of deterioration have been examined by Nathanael  who emphasised that simple measurement of oil content and free fatty acid (FFA) before and after storage does not give an indication of true storage loss. KKU Res J 15 (3) : March 2010 Decontamination of aflatoxin producing fungi on agriculture products. Journal of Toxicology Vol. 23, Nos. 2 & 3, pp. 217–247, 2004 Risk of Exposure to and Mitigation of Effect of Aflatoxin on Human.
J. Natn. Sci. Coun. Sri Lanka - 1986 - Aflatoxin contamination and moisture levels in Sri Lankan market rice. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FOOD MICROBIOLOGY 15/02/03 Black Aspergillus species as ochratoxin A producers in Portuguese wine grape. GLOBAL VETERINARIA - Global Veterinaria Vol 2 (4): 146-218, 2008 - Au sommaire: Microbiological Quality and Aflatoxinogenesis of. Environnement, Risques & Santé. Volume 6, Numéro 2, Mars-Avril 2007 Réduction de l'exposition aux aflatoxines cancérogènes par d. EHP SEPT 2006 Public Health Strategies for Reducing Aflatoxin Exposure in Developing Countries: A Workgroup Report.
ACTA BIOLOGICA - 2013 - Current trends in aflatoxin research.