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Epidémiologie humaine en Campylobacter en Europe

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FRONT. CELL. INFECT. MICROBIOL. 08/01/21 Investigating Major Recurring Campylobacter jejuni Lineages in Luxembourg Using Four Core or Whole Genome Sequencing Typing Schemes. Introduction Campylobacter spp. is the leading cause of bacterial foodborne diarrheal disease worldwide (WHO, 2013) and the main zoonotic agent in the European Union (EU) (EFSA and ECDC, 2019).

In 2018, the reported EU-wide incidence of campylobacteriosis was 64.1 cases per 100,000 population and Luxembourg had one of the highest rates in Europe (103.8) (EFSA and ECDC, 2019). Campylobacter is responsible for a large health and economic burden world-wide with a cost-of-illness of $1.56 billion in the USA (Scharff, 2012; Devleesschauwer et al., 2017) and 8.28 disability adjusted life years (DALYs) per 100,000 population in Europe (Cassini et al., 2018). More than 80% of cases of campylobacteriosis are caused by Campylobacter jejuni and poultry is considered the main reservoir of human infections (Mughini-Gras et al., 2012; Ragimbeau et al., 2014; Mossong et al., 2016; EFSA and ECDC, 2019). Materials and Methods Strain Selection Culture, DNA Extraction, Library Preparation, and WGS Results. PLOS 23/03/21 Characteristics of hospitalized patients during a large waterborne outbreak of Campylobacter jejuni in Norway.

Abstract Very few reports describe all hospitalized patients with campylobacteriosis in the setting of a single waterborne outbreak. This study describes the demographics, comorbidities, clinical features, microbiology, treatment and complications of 67 hospitalized children and adults during a large waterborne outbreak of Campylobacter jejuni in Askoy, Norway in 2019, where more than 2000 people in a community became ill. We investigated factors that contributed to hospitalization and treatment choices.

Data were collected from electronic patient records during and after the outbreak. Citation: Mortensen N, Jonasson SA, Lavesson IV, Emberland KE, Litleskare S, Wensaas K-A, et al. (2021) Characteristics of hospitalized patients during a large waterborne outbreak of Campylobacter jejuni in Norway. Editor: Tai-Heng Chen, Kaohsuing Medical University Hospital, TAIWAN Received: December 23, 2020; Accepted: February 27, 2021; Published: March 23, 2021 Copyright: © 2021 Mortensen et al. EUROSURVEILLANCE 03/09/20 Large waterborne Campylobacter outbreak: use of multiple approaches to investigate contamination of the drinking water supply system, Norway, June 2019.

Campylobacter en Irlande

SCIENTIFIC REPORTS 17/08/20 Campylobacter infections expected to increase due to climate change in Northern Europe. 1.European Food Safety Authority & European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. The European Union summary report on trends and sources of zoonoses, zoonotic agents and food-borne outbreaks in 2015. EFSA J. 14, 1–231 (2016). Google Scholar 2.Boysen, L. et al. Source attribution of human campylobacteriosis in Denmark. Epidemiol. Infect. 142, 1599–1608 (2014).CAS PubMed Google Scholar 3.MacDonald, E. et al. EUROSURVEILLANCE 24/10/19 A systematic review of source attribution of human campylobacteriosis using multilocus sequence typing. EUROSURVEILLANCE 28/03/19 Exploring Campylobacter seasonality across Europe using The European Surveillance System (TESSy), 2008 to 2016.

EUROSURVEILLANCE 21/09/17 Burden of salmonellosis, campylobacteriosis and listeriosis: a time series analysis, Belgium, 2012 to 2020. SVA_SE 08/06/17 TRAD AUTO : Augmentation de l’incidence de campylobacter. Microbial Risk Analysis Available online 3 May 2016 The burden of Campylobacter-associated disease in six European countries. EUROSURVEILLANCE 11/02/16 Au sommaire: Inverse trends of Campylobacter and Salmonella in Swiss surveillance data, 1988–2013. Schweizerischer Bundesrat [Swiss Federal Council]. Verordnung über die Meldung übertragbarer Krankheiten des Menschen (Melde-Verordnung) vom 13. Januar 1999 (Stand am 1. Januar 2014); SR 818.141.1. [Ordinance on disease notification of humans from 13 January 1999 (version from 1 January 2014)]. Bern: The Swiss Federal Council; 2014.

German. Available from Schweiger A, Markwalder K, Vogt M. EFSA 21/02/07 Report of the Task Force on Zoonoses Data Collection including a proposal for a harmonized monitoring scheme of antimicrobial resistance in Salmonella in fowl (Gallus gallus), turkeys and pigs and Campylobacter jejuni and C. coli in broilers. EUROSURVEILLANCE 14/08/14 Au sommaire: Potential association between the recent increase in campylobacteriosis incidence in the Netherlands and proton-pump inhibitor use – an ecological study. The Netherlands saw an unexplained increase in campylobacteriosis incidence between 2003 and 2011, following a period of continuous decrease. We conducted an ecological study and found a statistical association between campylobacteriosis incidence and the annual number of prescriptions for proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), controlling for the patient’s age, fresh and frozen chicken purchases (with or without correction for campylobacter prevalence in fresh poultry meat).

The effect of PPIs was larger in the young than in the elderly. However, the counterfactual population-attributable fraction for PPIs was largest for the elderly (ca 45% in 2011) and increased at population level from 8% in 2004 to 27% in 2011. Using the regression model and updated covariate values, we predicted a trend break for 2012, largely due to a decreased number of PPI prescriptions, that was subsequently confirmed by surveillance data. Introduction Gastric acid is a first barrier against exogenous bacteria. EVIRA 06/05/15 Campylobacter a common cause of food poisoning. Veterinary Microbiology Available online 4 May 2015 Genetic diversity and host associations in Campylobacter jejuni from human cases and broilers in 2000 and 2008. (Etude Suédoise)

CONFEDERATION SUISSE 03/07/14 La bactérie Campylobacter, principale cause des infections alimentaires – une nouvelle étude explique pourquoi. Un nouveau travail de recherche du Swiss TPH le prouve : la principale source de contamination est la viande crue, en particulier la viande de volaille, contaminée par la bactérie. Réalisée sur mandat de l'Office fédéral de la santé publique (OFSP) et en accord avec l'Office fédéral de la sécurité alimentaire et des affaires vétérinaires (OSAV), l'étude en question examine les cas annoncés entre décembre 2012 et février 2013.

Elle montre que la consommation de fondue à la viande (fondue chinoise, par ex.) augmente le risque de propagation de la bactérie, et notamment si l'on utilise de la viande de volaille fraîche. De plus, l'étude indique que la moitié des patients sont restés malades au moins une semaine. Environ 15 % des personnes atteintes ont dû être soignées à l'hôpital en soins stationnaires. Des symptômes marquésLa bactérie Campylobacter colonise l'intestin des volailles et d'autres animaux de rente, lesquels toutefois ne souffrent généralement pas de l'infection.

Auteur: Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin. 2012;30:243-5. A Campylobacter outbreak in a Barcelona school. Introduction Campylobacteriosis is the most frequently reported zoonotic disease in humans in the European Union (EU), with 200,507 reported confirmed cases, and an incidence of 45.2/100,000 in 2007.1 However, Campylobacter outbreaks are rare. Human infection is commonly associated with symptoms including watery and bloody diarrhoea, abdominal pain, fever, headache and nausea, and the infection is usually self-limiting in a few days.2 On 27 September 2010, the director of a Barcelona primary school alerted the Public Health Agency of Barcelona (PHAB) of an unusual rate of 68 absences among 435 scholars, and initial enquiries revealed that children had a diarrhoeal illness.

The objective of this present study is to describe the epidemiological, environmental and microbiological investigation of this outbreak and its main results. Methods Of the 75 children who fulfilled the case definition, stool samples were provided by 45 cases. Fig. 1. Results Table 1. Discussion Conflict of interest.

Campylobacteriose humaine en France

EUROSURVEILLANCE NOV 2003. Rapport de l'année précédente : DG SANCO 12/05/05 Trends and sources of zoonotic agents in animals, feedingstuffs, food and man. EFSA 14/12/06 Campylobacteriosis overtakes salmonellosis as the most reported animal infection transmitted to humans in the EU. Press Release 14 December 2006 The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has today published its second annual Community report on infectious diseases transmissible from animals to humans (zoonotic diseases) which affect over 380,000 European Union (EU) citizens every year. In 2005, campylobacteriosis overtook salmonellosis as the most reported zoonotic disease in humans in the EU. The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) provided the data on human zoonoses cases and contributed in the analysis of human related data in the report. The second annual Community report (2005) on infectious diseases transmissible from animals to humans (zoonotic diseases) published today has highlighted campylobacteriosis as the most reported animal infection transmitted to humans in the EU.

The report also provides data on important resistance rates to antibiotics in Campylobacter originating from farm animals and food of animal origin. Notes to editors: EFSA 28/01/10 EFSA confirms chicken meat major source of human cases of campylobacteriosis. EFSA Journal 2010; 8(1):1437 [89 pp.]. doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2010.1437 Type: Opinion of the Scientific Committee/Scientific Panel On request from: European Commission Question number: EFSA-Q-2008-469 Adopted: 09 December 2009 Published: 28 January 2010 Affiliation: European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Parma, Italy This scientific opinion further elaborates a previous EFSA opinion and assesses the extent to which meat derived from broilers contributes to human campylobacteriosis at EU level. It gives an overview of the public health significance and burden of campylobacteriosis, concluding that there is considerable underascertainment and underreporting of clinical campylobacteriosis in the EU.

The known and hypothesised factors having an impact of the epidemiology of human campylobacteriosis are summarised. . © European Food Safety Authority, 2010 The current scientific opinion gives an overview on the public health significance and burden of campylobacteriosis. EFSA 17/03/10 Analysis of the baseline survey on the prevalence of Campylobacter in broiler batches and of Campylobacter and Sal. EFSA Journal 2010; 8(03):1503 [100 pp.]. doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2010.1503 Type: Scientific Report of EFSA On request from: European Commission Question number: EFSA-Q-2008-416A Approved: 31 January 2010 Published: 17 March 2010 Last updated: 16 September 2011. This version replaces the previous one/s.

Affiliation: European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Parma, Italy A European Union-wide baseline survey on Campylobacter in broiler batches and on Campylobacter and Salmonella on broiler carcasses was carried out in 2008. . © European Food Safety Authority, 2010 In the European Union, campylobacteriosis and salmonellosis are the two most frequently reported food-borne illnesses in humans. In order to establish baseline and comparable values for all Member States, a European Union-wide baseline survey was carried out at slaughterhouse level to determine the prevalence of Campylobacter in broiler batches and of Campylobacter and Salmonella on broiler carcasses. EFSA 28/01/10 L’EFSA et l’ECDC présentent leur rapport sur les zoonoses et les épidémies d’origine alimentaire dans l’Union euro.

EFSA Journal; 2010 8(1):1496 [410 pp.]. doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2010.1496 Type: Scientific Report of EFSA Question number: EFSA-Q-2009-00695 Approved: 23 December 2009 Published: 28 January 2010 Last updated: 30 July 2010. This version replaces the previous one/s. Affiliation: European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Parma, Italy This scientific output, published 26 April 2010, replaces the earlier version published on 28 January 2010. Zoonoses are infections and diseases that are naturally transmissible directly or indirectly, for example via contaminated foodstuffs, between animals and humans. The severity of these diseases in humans varies from mild symptoms to life-threatening conditions. In order to prevent zoonoses from occurring, it is important to identify which animals and foodstuffs are the main sources of infections.

In 2008, salmonellosis was again the second most often reported zoonotic disease in humans accounting for 131,468 confirmed human cases. ECDC - ANNUAL EPIDEMIOLOGICAL REPORT ON COMMUNICABLE DISEASES IN EUROPE 2008.