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EFSA 08/03/17 Bluetongue: EFSA reviews control measures. Mass vaccination programmes lasting at least five years in combination with improved, continuous surveillance systems would be the only effective measures for eradicating bluetongue in Europe, EFSA has concluded.

EFSA 08/03/17 Bluetongue: EFSA reviews control measures

EFSA’s experts have reviewed control measures for bluetongue and options for safe trade of animals from infected to free areas, following a request from the European Commission. They have also updated their scientific advice on epidemiological aspects of the disease, particularly its transmission patterns. Eradication of bluetongue is very difficult – at least five consecutive years of vaccination covering 95% of susceptible cattle and sheep would be needed, the experts concluded. Such mass vaccination campaigns would have to be followed by sensitive surveillance systems capable of detecting low levels of virus prevalence – lower than 1% of animals in a monitored area. The disease could otherwise re-appear some years after completion of the vaccination campaign. Next steps. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-007223-16 Cattle, sheep and goats in Veneto affected by the infectious ‘bluetongue’ disease : urgent need for Commission support. The discovery in the last few days of 67 cases of animals infected with the ‘bluetongue’ disease in the provinces of Belluno, Treviso and Vicenza has triggered alarm in Veneto.

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-007223-16 Cattle, sheep and goats in Veneto affected by the infectious ‘bluetongue’ disease : urgent need for Commission support

Bluetongue is a viral infection transmitted by insect bites. It affects cattle, sheep and goats, and causes death in up to 30% of cases. The Veneto Region has banned the movement of herds and flocks in an attempt to contain the spread of the virus, and has introduced a wide-scale vaccination plan. This has hit during the transhumance period, when herds and flocks move from their mountain pastures down to the plains and calves are sold on for rearing. The alarm over bluetongue has already caused speculation on a fall in cattle prices. . — What support, in view of the above, does the Commission plan to offer farmers hit by this emergency situation? PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-004996-16 Vaccinating livestock against bluetongue. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-006458-15 Romanian farmers do not want to vaccinate animals against Bluetongue. Last year, the immunisation of animals was carried out voluntarily.

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-006458-15 Romanian farmers do not want to vaccinate animals against Bluetongue

At present, Romania wants to continue its trade with the countries in the Middle East for 2015, but trade operations cannot be implemented until the National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Authority (Ansvsa) expresses its point of view on the matter. For example, Jordan has already asked for an official point of view from Ansvsa regarding the start of business processes, and has requested the testing of each ovine/bovine animal for these purposes. The problem is related to the cost of such testing, which amounts to EUR 50 per animal, while the export price for one lamb is between EUR 45 and EUR 60, and a test showing that the animal is healthy only costs EUR 3. At present, it is assumed that in order to export an ovine/bovine animal to Jordan, Romania's budget pays for the vaccine and the vaccination procedure and then the European Commission is to refund 50% of these costs.

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-015141-15 Containing the outbreak of bluetongue disease. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-007707-15 Sheep export to Arab countries (concerne la FCO) EUROPE 17/06/15 Bluetongue restricted zones map is updated. EUROPE - Zones de restrictions concernant la fièvre catarrhale. DG SANCO - Restriction zones - Description - Questions & Answers Bluetongue situation in the EU Member States - Control measures. EUROPE 21/08/06 Fièvre catarrhale : les États membres soutiennent la décision de la Commission concernant des mesures de précaut. Bruxelles, le 21 août 2006 Outre qu’elle interdit tout mouvement dans la zone délimitée de 150 kilomètres et définit des mesures à y appliquer, cette décision prévoit que les États membres doivent, au besoin, également appliquer certaines mesures de précaution à d’autres parties de leurs territoires, et notamment y effectuer des analyses et des contrôles supplémentaires.

Des analyses visant à identifier la souche du virus à l’origine des foyers de fièvre catarrhale sont toujours en cours. La Commission reste par ailleurs en contact étroit avec tous les États membres concernés. L’Espagne et l’Italie ont mis des experts à la disposition des États membres affectés. La situation de ces derniers sera réexaminée la semaine prochaine par le Comité permanent. La Commission entend maintenant formaliser au plus vite cette décision. Pour plus d’informations, voir : DG SANCO food safety - ADNS : Animal Disease Notification System - Bluetongue maps Seasons.

DG SANCO - food safety - ADNS : Animal Disease Notification System - Animal disease information from Member States : Overviews f. EUROPE 16/01/08 Markos KYPRIANOU - European Commissioner for Health - A European Strategy for Bluetongue Vaccination - Bluetongu. Markos KYPRIANOU European Commissioner for Health A European Strategy for Bluetongue Vaccination Bluetongue Conference Brussels, 16 January 2008 I am very glad to have this opportunity to address this important conference. The Commission is fully aware of the impact of the recent epidemic waves of bluetongue.

This disease causes tremendous suffering and even deaths among the animals affected, so there are strong animal health and welfare reasons for us to act. While the negative impact of this disease primarily affects the farming community – it also has significant implications for society as a whole (e.g. reduction in milk supply affects prices; economic impact on rural economy of disruption of well established patterns of trade caused by movement restrictions).

Bluetongue is a disease that is characterised by the vector- borne nature of its transmission. The threat posed by the bluetongue virus will continue – not least as a consequence of climate change. DG SANCO 22/07/09 La Commission approuve la mise à disposition de fonds supplémentaires pour lutter contre la fièvre catarrhale.

Derniers rapports OAV traitant de la fièvre catarrhale

EUROPE 25/11/11 food safety - Bluetongue - The list of restriction zones per bluetongue serotype that have been demarcated by th.