PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-003931-17 Conditions for export and bluetongue. Last April, the Portuguese health authorities decided to make vaccination against bluetongue compulsory for all bovine animals destined for export from Portugal, including the Beira Interior area.
No positive cases have ever been detected in this area, and no Culicoides midges have ever been found in the traps that were set. Accordingly, only a PCR analysis should be necessary for purposes of cattle movements, particularly for Portugal. The vaccine produces side effects in cattle and may affect the reproductive system, thus jeopardising the economic viability of many farms specialising in cattle breeding and genetic selection. EFSA 04/08/17 Assessment of listing and categorisation of animal diseases within the framework of the Animal Health Law (Regulation (EU) No 2016/429): bluetongue. Morbidity Parameter 1 – Prevalence/Incidence In the course of a BTV infection in a region, three fundamental steps can be distinguished (Randolph and Rogers, 2010): introduction, establishment and spread in a geographical sense.
A fourth period may be seen after an outbreak, where, although there are still sources of infection, much of the ruminant population may be immune and the number of new cases is very low. During this period, the outbreak may become self limiting and can disappear. This may explain why many outbreaks of BT caused by a single serotype last for 3 years. The infection and serological prevalence values (virus and antibody prevalence) at herd and animal level obtained from a SLR and from the MSs are reported in previous EFSA outputs (EFSA AHAW Panel, 2017a), where information at serotype level is available only for BTV-8.
EFSA 08/03/17 Bluetongue: EFSA reviews control measures. Mass vaccination programmes lasting at least five years in combination with improved, continuous surveillance systems would be the only effective measures for eradicating bluetongue in Europe, EFSA has concluded.
EFSA’s experts have reviewed control measures for bluetongue and options for safe trade of animals from infected to free areas, following a request from the European Commission. They have also updated their scientific advice on epidemiological aspects of the disease, particularly its transmission patterns. Eradication of bluetongue is very difficult – at least five consecutive years of vaccination covering 95% of susceptible cattle and sheep would be needed, the experts concluded. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-007223-16 Cattle, sheep and goats in Veneto affected by the infectious ‘bluetongue’ disease : urgent need for Commission support. The discovery in the last few days of 67 cases of animals infected with the ‘bluetongue’ disease in the provinces of Belluno, Treviso and Vicenza has triggered alarm in Veneto.
Bluetongue is a viral infection transmitted by insect bites. It affects cattle, sheep and goats, and causes death in up to 30% of cases. The Veneto Region has banned the movement of herds and flocks in an attempt to contain the spread of the virus, and has introduced a wide-scale vaccination plan. This has hit during the transhumance period, when herds and flocks move from their mountain pastures down to the plains and calves are sold on for rearing. The alarm over bluetongue has already caused speculation on a fall in cattle prices. . — What support, in view of the above, does the Commission plan to offer farmers hit by this emergency situation? — What urgent measures will it implement to support both farmers in the Veneto region and the regional government itself in regard to the plan to contain this disease? PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-004996-16 Vaccinating livestock against bluetongue. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-006458-15 Romanian farmers do not want to vaccinate animals against Bluetongue.
Last year, the immunisation of animals was carried out voluntarily.
At present, Romania wants to continue its trade with the countries in the Middle East for 2015, but trade operations cannot be implemented until the National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Authority (Ansvsa) expresses its point of view on the matter. For example, Jordan has already asked for an official point of view from Ansvsa regarding the start of business processes, and has requested the testing of each ovine/bovine animal for these purposes. The problem is related to the cost of such testing, which amounts to EUR 50 per animal, while the export price for one lamb is between EUR 45 and EUR 60, and a test showing that the animal is healthy only costs EUR 3.
At present, it is assumed that in order to export an ovine/bovine animal to Jordan, Romania's budget pays for the vaccine and the vaccination procedure and then the European Commission is to refund 50% of these costs. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-015141-15 Containing the outbreak of bluetongue disease. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-007707-15 Sheep export to Arab countries (concerne la FCO)
EUROPE 17/06/15 Bluetongue restricted zones map is updated. EUROPE - Zones de restrictions concernant la fièvre catarrhale. DG SANCO - Restriction zones - Description - Questions & Answers Bluetongue situation in the EU Member States - Control measures. EUROPE 21/08/06 Fièvre catarrhale : les États membres soutiennent la décision de la Commission concernant des mesures de précaut. Bruxelles, le 21 août 2006 Outre qu’elle interdit tout mouvement dans la zone délimitée de 150 kilomètres et définit des mesures à y appliquer, cette décision prévoit que les États membres doivent, au besoin, également appliquer certaines mesures de précaution à d’autres parties de leurs territoires, et notamment y effectuer des analyses et des contrôles supplémentaires.
Des analyses visant à identifier la souche du virus à l’origine des foyers de fièvre catarrhale sont toujours en cours. La Commission reste par ailleurs en contact étroit avec tous les États membres concernés. L’Espagne et l’Italie ont mis des experts à la disposition des États membres affectés. La situation de ces derniers sera réexaminée la semaine prochaine par le Comité permanent. La Commission entend maintenant formaliser au plus vite cette décision.
Pour plus d’informations, voir : DG SANCO food safety - ADNS : Animal Disease Notification System - Bluetongue maps Seasons. DG SANCO - food safety - ADNS : Animal Disease Notification System - Animal disease information from Member States : Overviews f. EUROPE 16/01/08 Markos KYPRIANOU - European Commissioner for Health - A European Strategy for Bluetongue Vaccination - Bluetongu. Markos KYPRIANOU European Commissioner for Health A European Strategy for Bluetongue Vaccination Bluetongue Conference Brussels, 16 January 2008 I am very glad to have this opportunity to address this important conference. The Commission is fully aware of the impact of the recent epidemic waves of bluetongue. This disease causes tremendous suffering and even deaths among the animals affected, so there are strong animal health and welfare reasons for us to act. While the negative impact of this disease primarily affects the farming community – it also has significant implications for society as a whole (e.g. reduction in milk supply affects prices; economic impact on rural economy of disruption of well established patterns of trade caused by movement restrictions).
DG SANCO 22/07/09 La Commission approuve la mise à disposition de fonds supplémentaires pour lutter contre la fièvre catarrhale. Bruxelles, le 22 juillet 2009 La Commission approuve la mise à disposition de fonds supplémentaires pour lutter contre la fièvre catarrhale du mouton et la tremblante La Commission européenne a décidé aujourd ’hui d’apporter une aide financière supplémentaire aux programmes de vaccination contre la fièvre catarrhale du mouton dans plusieurs États membres ; elle a également approuvé une série de mesures d’appui spéciales destinées à venir en aide à Chypre, confrontée au problème que pose la tremblante pour ses populations d’ovins et de caprins.
La vaccination est le principal moyen dont on dispose pour lutter contre la fièvre catarrhale du mouton et, partant, pour réduire les pertes des éleveurs et les perturbations des échanges commerciaux liées à cette maladie.
EUROPE 25/11/11 food safety - Bluetongue - The list of restriction zones per bluetongue serotype that have been demarcated by th.