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Documents EFSA concernant les OGM

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EFSA 15/01/14 Annual report of the EFSA Scientific Network for Risk Assessment of GMOs for 2013. EFSA 06/10/14 Software tool delivers GM data analysis with a single click. Under EU law, genetically modified organisms (GMOs) must undergo a risk assessment before entering the market.

EFSA 06/10/14 Software tool delivers GM data analysis with a single click.

An integral part of this scientific review is the evaluation of field trials that provide data for comparative assessment - an approach that compares GM plants with their conventional counterparts. EFSA, in collaboration with Wageningen University and Research Centre, in the Netherlands, has developed a software tool to perform the statistical analysis necessary for comparative assessment in a way that complies with EFSA guidelines and European Union legislation. Dr Claudia Paoletti, of EFSA’s GMO Unit, said: “This software is a valuable working tool for anyone wishing to produce data in line with the recommendations in EFSA guidance. Stakeholders, including applicants, who apply the GMO software tool properly can be sure the comparative data are fit for purpose for risk assessment. However, the software is a supporting tool made available by EFSA to help all stakeholders. EFSA 04/12/14 Rapport sur l’iARN: préparer l’EFSA à la prochaine génération d’OGM. L’atelier a réuni plus de 100 scientifiques et experts en évaluation des risques issus du monde universitaire, d’organismes d’évaluation des risques, d’organisations non gouvernementales et du secteur privé.

EFSA 04/12/14 Rapport sur l’iARN: préparer l’EFSA à la prochaine génération d’OGM

Pendant deux jours, des spécialistes venus de quatre continents ont mis en commun leurs connaissances et débattu des dernières avancées scientifiques en matière d’iARN pratiquée sur des plantes, des mammifères et des invertébrés, exploré les applications actuelles et futures de la technique de l’iARN et évalué différentes réflexions sur l’évaluation des risques à la lumière du développement de cette technique. L’acide ribonucléique (ARN) agit en tant que messager de l’organisme en transportant des informations génétiques vers la partie d’une cellule qui fabrique les protéines, les éléments constitutifs essentiels de la vie. L’iARN est un processus naturel qui bloque ce processus ou interfère avec cette activité chez les animaux et les plantes.

Le Dr. EFSA 27/05/14 International workshop to explore risk assessment implications of emerging GM technique. Ribonucleic acid (RNA) acts as the body’s messenger by carrying genetic information to the part of a cell that makes proteins – key building blocks of life.

EFSA 27/05/14 International workshop to explore risk assessment implications of emerging GM technique.

RNAi is a natural process that blocks or interferes with this activity in animals and plants. In the late 1990s, scientists discovered how to use this mechanism to control the flow of genetic information. EFSA has organised this international workshop as a proactive step to assess whether the technique will affect its present risk assessment approach. Elisabeth Waigmann, Head of EFSA’s GMO Unit, explained: “It is possible that the RNAi technique could lead to unintended effects on the GM plant itself or on other species. By sharing our knowledge on RNAi, we want to explore how to predict if such effects are likely to occur and what they might be. EFSA will be joined by scientists and experts on risk assessment from academia, risk assessment bodies and the private sector from the Americas, Asia and all over Europe. EFSA 24/06/15 EFSA clarifies data requirements for GM plant risk assessment.

Nouvelle 24 juin 2015 New EFSA guidance clarifies the data needs for the agronomic and phenotypic characterisation of genetically modified (GM) plants.

EFSA 24/06/15 EFSA clarifies data requirements for GM plant risk assessment

The document complements existing guidance on data requirements for the risk assessment of GM plants. It provides applicants seeking market approval for a GM plant in the European Union with recommendations on how to generate, analyse and interpret agronomic and phenotypic data of the GM plant. Comparative approach Any risk assessment of GM plants includes the comparison of the agronomic and phenotypic characteristics of the GM plant with its conventional counterpart.

Specific data requirements. Références EFSA concernant le maïs MON810. EFSA Features: Rapport sur l’iARN: préparer l’EFSA à la prochaine génération d’OGM. Dossier 4 décembre 2014.

EFSA Features: Rapport sur l’iARN: préparer l’EFSA à la prochaine génération d’OGM

EFSA - 2013 - Review of the strategies for the comprehensive food and feed safety and nutritional assessment of GM plants per se.

EFSA - 2013 - Review of the strategies for the comprehensive food and feed safety and nutritional assessment of GM plants per se1 – guatemalt

EFSA 19/09/12 How EFSA assesses the safety of GMOs. EFSA 31/10/11 Présentation : EU GMO Environmental Risk Assessment. EFSA 07/12/11 EFSA publishes general guidance on conducting 90-day oral toxicity study in rodents on whole food and feedEFSA has. News Story 7 December 2011 The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has published its first general guidance for carrying out 90-day feeding studies on whole food and feed in rodents.

EFSA 07/12/11 EFSA publishes general guidance on conducting 90-day oral toxicity study in rodents on whole food and feedEFSA has

It will support applicants in carrying out feeding trials related to applications for novel foods and food and feed derived from genetically modified organisms. The guidance, developed by the EFSA’s Scientific Committee, outlines a randomised block test design to maximise the power of the experiment while avoiding unnecessary use of test animals. With respect to animal welfare, the guidance recommends housing rodents as pairs in order to reduce stress in the animals. 90-day animal feeding studies are used to provide information for the risk assessment of food and feed and/or of individual substances contained therein.

Should 90-day feeding studies be carried out with whole food/feed, the Scientific Committee recommends the use of a so-called randomised block design. Notes to editors: EFSA 10/03/08 EFSA Report on animal feeding trials in GM plant evaluation published in peer-reviewed scientific journal. Nouvelle 10 mars 2008 Food and Chemical Toxicology, une revue scientifique examinée par les pairs, vient de publier un rapport que l’EFSA a constitué de sa propre initiative et qui analyse le recours aux essais d’alimentation animale dans le cadre de l’évaluation des OGM.

EFSA 10/03/08 EFSA Report on animal feeding trials in GM plant evaluation published in peer-reviewed scientific journal

Cette question a été moult fois débattue dans le processus d’évaluation des OGM. EFSA 30/01/08 EFSA works with Member States on best approaches to GMO risk assessment. Nouvelle 30 janvier 2008 The European Food Safety Authority is working closely with Member States on GMO risk assessment.

EFSA 30/01/08 EFSA works with Member States on best approaches to GMO risk assessment

At a meeting organised by EFSA, more than 60 GMO experts from national regulatory risk assessment[1] bodies from across the European Union discussed best scientific approaches to evaluate the safety of GMOs at national and European level. EFSA is pro-actively working to keep at the forefront of risk assessment methodologies and approaches to GMOs and is working with Member States to draw on the best scientific minds in Europe on these issues. Scientists from the European food safety watchdog, including a number from its GMO Panel, and the national experts nominated by the national food safety agencies met in November 2007 to examine EFSA’s risk assessment procedures and its Guidance Documents.

EFSA 10/09/10 Defining Environmental Risk Assessment Criteria for Genetically Modified Insects to be placed on the EU Market. EFSA 10/08/11 Document d’orientation actualisé sur la surveillance environnementale consécutive à la commercialisation des plant. Nouvelle 2 août 2011 L'Autorité européenne de sécurité des aliments (EFSA) a publié un document d'orientation actualisé sur la surveillance environnementale consécutive à la commercialisation (PMEM – post-market environmental monitoring) des plantes génétiquement modifiées (GM).

EFSA 10/08/11 Document d’orientation actualisé sur la surveillance environnementale consécutive à la commercialisation des plant

EFSA 15/11/10 L’EFSA met à jour son document d’orientation relatif à l’impact environnemental des plantes génétiquement modifiée. Communiqué de presse 12 novembre 2010.

EFSA 15/11/10 L’EFSA met à jour son document d’orientation relatif à l’impact environnemental des plantes génétiquement modifiée

EFSA - tableau : GMO Applications. Dossier Organismes Génétiquement Modifiés.