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Documents sur les additifs émanant de l'Union Européenne

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EFSA 26/11/20 Risk assessment related to food additives and food processing‐derived chemical contaminants exposure for the Portuguese population. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-003858-17 Amendment of Annex II to the regulation on Food Additives. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-002993-19 Conditions for use of additives in food. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-001740-19 Food additives. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-007720-17 High quantities of food additives in certain products such as hot dog sausages. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-004106-17 Harmfulness of food additives E 249-250-251-252: follow-up to the EFSA study.

In its reply to my question of 20 October 2016 about nitrates in foodstuffs, the Commission referred to an evaluation being carried out at that time by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) in order to determine the possible health hazards of the E249-250 and E251-252 food additives.

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-004106-17 Harmfulness of food additives E 249-250-251-252: follow-up to the EFSA study

EFSA’s conclusions, on which the Commission is supposed to base such revision of the rules as might be deemed necessary, are not entirely clear-cut. According to EFSA, the levels currently considered safe are sufficient to protect consumers. However, the data suggest that children’s exposure is above the safe levels. Furthermore, sampling in its present form does not allow for the fact that there are other sources of exposure to nitrates and nitrites apart from food additives. — Does the Commission think that the EFSA conclusions will suffice, or does it intend to explore the matter further by making additional assessments? PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-003858-17 Amendment of Annex II to the regulation on Food Additives.

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-001046-17 Regulation (EC) No 1333/2008 on food additives, the need for consumer protection, the European Pharmacopoeia Commission, and the Additives European Code and Customs Code. The WHO has established that a periodic review of the specifications pertaining to food additives is called for in the context of changes in the patterns of use, in the raw materials used and the introduction of new processes differing significantly from those that existed when the specifications were established or last revised(1).

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-001046-17 Regulation (EC) No 1333/2008 on food additives, the need for consumer protection, the European Pharmacopoeia Commission, and the Additives European Code and Customs Code

According to the FAO,(2) the last revision of the tartaric acid monograph took place in 1977, at a juncture when no tartaric acid was obtained by the enzymatic process now commercially available(3). The European Pharmacopoeia Commission shares this position(4), (5). Nowadays an unregulated synthetic product is commercially available in the EU, with no differentiated technical restrictions applied, putting natural tartaric acid producers at a disadvantage. In light of the above statements: PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-007860-16 E-numbers in foodstuffs — a European public health risk. In recent years, researchers at various medical schools, specialist centres and consumer health officials have shown E-numbers to be harmful and carcinogenic, and their use tantamount to legalised contamination of foodstuffs.

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-007860-16 E-numbers in foodstuffs — a European public health risk

Some tests have shown E-952 (sodium cyclamate, which is used in biscuits and cold drinks) to be potentially carcinogenic. It is currently banned in the United Kingdom and in the USA, but permitted in Romania and in other EU countries. Similarly, E-124 (ponceau red, which can be found in desserts and cold meats) is banned in some countries. At the same time, E-102 (tartrazine, a yellow colorant), which is banned in the USA, Norway and Austria, is considered to be responsible for exacerbating asthma, destroying DNA and triggering thyroid cancer.

Other colorants found in the EU but banned in countries such as the USA, Norway, Japan, Australia and Russia include E-104 (quinoline yellow) and E-123 (amaranth, which is highly carcinogenic). PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-006004-16 Food additives E621 and E320. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-002778-15 Printing on apples and pears with a food additive. EUROPE - MARS 2015 - Guidance document describing the food categories in Part E of Annex II to Regulation (EC) No 1333/2008 on Food Additives. All additives in the EU must be authorised and listed with conditions of use in the EU's positive list based on: A safety assessment The technological need Ensuring that use of the additive will not mislead consumers Regulation EC 1333/2008 sets the rules on food additives: definitions, conditions of use, labelling and procedures.

EUROPE - MARS 2015 - Guidance document describing the food categories in Part E of Annex II to Regulation (EC) No 1333/2008 on Food Additives

It contains:

Références EFSA

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponses à questionsE-003799/2012 Aluminium-based food additives. EUROPE 14/11/11 Questions-réponses sur les additifs alimentaires. Bruxelle s, le 14 novembre 2011.

EUROPE 14/11/11 Questions-réponses sur les additifs alimentaires

Rapports OAV traitant spécifiquement d'additifs. DG SANCO 25-10-2007 Food and Veterinary Office - Inspection reports - FR France - Food additives and food contact materials. JOUE 31/12/08 Règlement (CE) no 1331/2008 du Parlement européen et du Conseil du 16 décembre 2008 établissant une procédure d'au. JOUE 31/12/08 Règlement (CE) no 1333/2008 du Parlement européen et du Conseil du 16 décembre 2008 sur les additifs alimentaires. EUROPE 14/11/11 Food: new legislation to make the use of additives in the EU safer and more transparent. Commission européenne - Communiqué de presse Alimentation: une nouvelle législation pour une utilisation plus sûre et transparente des additifs dans l’UE Bruxelles, le 14 novembre 2011 – Deux actes législatifs adoptés par la Commission européenne permettront bientôt une utilisation encore plus sûre et transparente des additifs 1 dans les denrées alimentaires.

«Ce jour marque un tournant dans les efforts que nous déployons pour une sécurité accrue des aliments dans l’Union européenne», a déclaré John Dalli, commissaire à la santé et à la politique des consommateurs. «L’adoption de deux règlements sur les additifs donne davantage de moyens tant aux citoyens qu’à l’industrie, en permettant à toutes les personnes concernées de savoir plus facilement et de façon précise quels sont les additifs autorisés dans les denrées alimentaires», a-t-il ajouté. Les deux règlements établissent deux nouvelles listes . Transparence La transparence est un atout majeur de la nouvelle législation. EUROPE 14/11/11 Questions and Answers on Food Additives. Brussels, 14 November 2011 Questions and Answers on Food Additives What are food additives? Additives are substances used for a variety of reasons -such as preservation, colouring, sweetening, etc.- during the preparation of food.

The European Union legislation defines them as " any substance not normally consumed as a food in itself and not normally used as a characteristic ingredient of food, whether or not it has nutritive value, the intentional addition of which to food for a technological purpose in the manufacture, processing, preparation, treatment, packaging, transport or storage of such food results, or may be reasonably expected to result, in it or its by-products becoming directly or indirectly a component of such foods. " What are additives used for?