VITISPHERE 16/03/20 Coronavirus - La logistique internationale mise à mal - Le coronavirus a eu comme effets secondaires, parmi d'autres, de perturber le transport maritime et de creuser le déficit en containers réfrigérés, rendant les expéditions très co. « On ne peut plus exporter car il n'y a plus de containers », témoigne Clément Desbois, directeur export d'Hillebrand, commissionnaire de transport dont l'activité a chuté depuis janvier sur le marché asiatique.
Outre le fait d'agir sur la consommation de vin, l'épidémie de coronavirus a en effet eu comme impact de perturber fortement le transport maritime. L'activité dans les principaux ports chinois a été paralysée pendant plusieurs semaines, le personnel étant confiné chez lui et le transport routier très contraint lui-aussi. De nombreux bateaux avec leurs containers remplis s'y retrouvent donc bloqués et non-déchargés depuis un bon mois.
Ce qui soulève plusieurs problèmes : le manque de prises dans les ports pour alimenter tous ces containers réfrigérés afin de maintenir les marchandises au frais, ou encore le fait que les compagnies maritimes, qui perdent beaucoup d'argent, commencent à implémenter de fortes conditions de surcharge à leurs clients pour évacuer ces marchandises... AUSTRALIAN GOVERNMENT 17/12/13 Sea Container Hygiene System. DAFF_GOV_AU 05/03/14 Sea Container Cleanng Standards. Sea container hygiene and container external cleanliness standards for the international shipping and forwarding trade to minimise the transmission of exotic pests and diseases to Australia. This guidance is of particular interest to customs brokers, freight forwarders, transport companies, shipping lines, stevedores and any other operators in the supply and logistics chain that have control of sea containers from the discharge port to delivery.
Sea container hygiene Sea container hygiene is exactly that – hygiene of sea containers. In this context we are talking about shipping containers, specifically clean shipping containers. Clean shipping containers are those containers that arrive in Australia free from contaminants and other biosecurity risks. Biosecurity risk Shipping containers are essentially transport mediums for exotic pests, diseases or other contaminants.
Main contaminants on shipping containers The main types of contaminants found on shipping containers include: How you can help. New Zealand School of Forestry - 2010 - Thèse en ligne: A Risk Analysis of New Zealand’s Biosecurity Management System along Three Sea Importation Pathways. FEDERAL REGISTER 23/12/13 RULES - Standards for Condition of Food Containers. MAF Biosecurity Authority Standard - SEPT 2003 - IMPORT HEALTH STANDARD FOR SEA CONTAINERS FROM ALL COUNTRIES. REUSABLES 09/03/15 RPA Guidelines and Best Practices for the Safe Use of Returnable Containers in Food Supply Chains. FOOD SAFETY NEWS 12/03/15 New Food Safety Protocols Published for Reusable Grocery Containers.
Reusable plastic containers used to transport fruits and vegetables have proliferated across the grocery industry in recent years despite recent warnings from university research studies suggesting the containers may harbor and spread harmful pathogens over time. Responding to critics, the Reusable Packaging Association (RPA) has issued comprehensive, science-based protocols for the use of grocery containers for produce, while at the same time maintaining that no documented food safety issues have arisen related to their use. The guidelines cover the best practices for washing and handling reusable plastic containers (RPCs), as well as outlines for regular microbiological testing.
The protocols reportedly took more than a year to finalize and received input from stakeholders at companies such as Safeway, Walmart and Dole. For growers, key food safety practices should include wrapping pallets of RPCs, transporting RPCs in covered trailers, and storing RPCs under cover, the RPA said. African Journal of Biotechnology - JUIN 2013 - A practical evaluation of detergent and disinfectant solutions on cargo container. IPPC - MARS 2010 - Biosecurity risk from sea containers. African Journal of Biotechnology - JUIN 2013 - A practical evaluation of detergent and disinfectant solutions on cargo container.
Journal of Food Engineering Volume 115, Issue 3, April 2013, Pages 330–338 Sea transport of bananas in containers – Parameter id. Abstract Losses of product quality during the sea transport of bananas in containers are related to the emergence of hot spots. In order to analyze critical conditions, a spatial temperature profile was recorded ashore in a container loaded with banana pallets. The identification of a structured system model showed that it is possible to reduce the information on the measured temperature curves to a set of only two index values. These can be interpreted as factors for coupling to the air stream and for the amount of heat generated by biological processes per banana box. The width of gaps between pallets was identified as the major influence on the spatial temperature profile.
Boxes from which the unwanted banana ripening heat cannot be channeled away by the cooling unit can be detected by the quotient of the index values. Highlights Keywords Temperature mapping; Sea transport; Hot spot; Gap; Reefer; Green life; Air flow Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. Foreword — Office of the Auditor-General New Zealand. More than half a million sea containers are imported into the country each year. These sea containers may carry biosecurity risks in the form of pests or diseases that could harm our economy, environment, health, and well-being. I conducted a performance audit of how the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry identifies, inspects, and manages the decontamination of sea containers that pose the highest biosecurity risks. The Ministry is responsive to emerging risks. However, the Ministry has had more than 2 years to implement a revised Import Health Standard for sea containers, but it is not yet fully in place.
The delay in full implementation of the standard means that the Ministry is not as effective as it could be in checking and promoting industry compliance. The Ministry needs to improve the collection of information for identifying high-risk sea containers. I acknowledge that the Ministry is taking steps to address the issues raised in my report. K B Brady Controller and Auditor-General.