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SCIENTIFIC REPORTS 13/12/19 Dietary Calcium Intake and the Risk of Metabolic Syndrome: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. 1.Mottillo, S. et al. The metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular risk a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Am Coll Cardiol 56, 1113–1132 (2010).Article Google Scholar 2.Alberti, K.

G. et al. Harmonizing the metabolic syndrome: a joint interim statement of the International Diabetes Federation Task Force on Epidemiology and Prevention; National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute; American Heart Association; World Heart Federation; International Atherosclerosis Society; and International Association for the Study of Obesity. Circulation 120, 1640–1645 (2009).CAS Article Google Scholar 3.Mozumdar, A. & Liguori, G.

Persistent increase of prevalence of metabolic syndrome among U.S. adults: NHANES III to NHANES 1999–2006. Diabetes Care 34, 216–219 (2011).Article Google Scholar 4.Lim, S. et al. OBSTETRICS & GYNAECOLOGY 22/10/18 Global inequities in dietary calcium intake during pregnancy: a systematic review and meta‐analysis. Introduction Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy cause around 46 000 maternal deaths and 1.5–2.0 million neonatal deaths annually.1 Over 99% of these deaths occur in less developed countries.1 Although maternal mortality has decreased overall, the percentage of maternal deaths resulting from hypertension has remained stagnant, with 9.71% (36 497 deaths) in 1990 and 9.99% (29 275 deaths) in 2013.2 Evidence has shown that calcium supplementation during pregnancy prevents the development of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy.3 Calcium is a mineral required for normal physiological functioning.

Requirements increase in specific periods of life, especially during pregnancy.4 There is no consensus regarding the recommended intake during pregnancy. In order to effectively implement the WHO recommendations and reduce the risk of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy in the most vulnerable women, it is essential to identify the specific populations or subpopulations at higher risk. Methods Results. LWT Volume 120, February 2020, Calcium fortification of prebiotic ice-cream. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF NUTRITION 18/10/19 The Evidence and Controversy Between Dietary Calcium Intake and Calcium Supplementation and the Risk of Cardiovascular Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Cohort Studies and Randomized C. The meta-analysis results of prospective cohort studies Overall, 1,221,041 participants originated from prospective cohort studies. Fifteen articles (4Vandervijver LPL, Vanderwaal MAE, Weterings KGC, Dekker JM, Schouten EG, Kok FJ.

Calcium intake and 28-year cardiovascular and coronary heart-disease mortality in dutch civil-servants. Int J Epidemiol. 1992;21(1):36–39. doi:10.1093/ije/21.1.36. [Crossref], [PubMed], [Web of Science ®], [Google Scholar],9Bostick RM, Kushi LH, Wu Y, Meyer KA, Sellers TA, Folsom AR. The association between DCIs and CVD risk. Cad. Saúde Pública vol.35 no.8 Rio de Janeiro 2019 Epub Sep 02, 2019 Milk consumption, dietary calcium intake and nutrient patterns from adolescence to early adulthood and its effect on bone mass: the 1993 Pelotas (Brazil) birth cohort. References. Bones_nih_gov 30/09/18 Calcium and Vitamin D: Important at Every Age. The foods we eat contain a variety of vitamins, minerals, and other important nutrients that help keep our bodies healthy. Two nutrients in particular, calcium and vitamin D, are needed for strong bones.

The role of calcium Calcium is needed for our heart, muscles, and nerves to function properly and for blood to clot. Inadequate calcium significantly contributes to the development of osteoporosis. Many published studies show that low calcium intake throughout life is associated with low bone mass and high fracture rates. To learn how easily you can include more calcium in your diet without adding much fat, see the "Selected calcium-rich foods" list below. Calcium culprits Although a balanced diet aids calcium absorption, high levels of protein and sodium (salt) in the diet are thought to increase calcium excretion through the kidneys.

Lactose intolerance also can lead to inadequate calcium intake. Calcium supplements Vitamin D The body needs vitamin D to absorb calcium. For your information. BDA_UK_COM 07/07/14 Calcium Food Fact Sheet, British Dietetic Association. NUTRIENTS 15/07/19 Calcium Intake and Health. There are striking inequities in calcium intake between rich and poor populations. Appropriate calcium intake has shown many health benefits, such as reduction of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, lower blood pressure particularly among young people, prevention of osteoporosis and colorectal adenomas, lower cholesterol values, and lower blood pressure in the progeny of mothers taking sufficient calcium during pregnancy. Studies have refuted some calcium supplementation side effects like damage to the iron status, formation of renal stones and myocardial infarction in older people. Attention should be given to bone resorption in post-partum women after calcium supplementation withdrawal. Mechanisms linking low calcium intake and blood pressure are mediated by parathyroid hormone raise that increases intracellular calcium in vascular smooth muscle cells leading to vasoconstriction.

There are striking inequities in calcium intake between rich and poor populations. PLOS 04/11/13 Dietary Adequacy of Vitamin D and Calcium among Inuit and Inuvialuit Women of Child-Bearing Age in Arctic Canada: A Growing Concern. Abstract Background Arctic populations are at an increased risk of vitamin D inadequacy due to geographic latitude and a nutrition transition. This study aimed to assess the adequacy of dietary vitamin D and calcium among women of child-bearing age in Arctic Canada. Methods This study collected data from 203 randomly selected women of child-bearing age (19-44 years) in Nunavut and the Northwest Territories of Arctic Canada. Cross-sectional surveys using a validated quantitative food frequency questionnaire were analysed to determine the dietary adequacy of vitamin D and calcium and summarize the top foods contributing to vitamin D and calcium intake among traditional food eaters (TFE) and non-traditional food eaters (NTFE).

Results The response rate was between 69-93% depending on the community sampled. Conclusions Inadequate dietary vitamin D intake is evident among Inuit and Inuvialuit women of child-bearing age in Arctic Canada. Copyright: © 2013 Kolahdooz et al. Introduction Results. BMC CANCER 16/12/15 Dietary calcium intake and the risk of colorectal cancer: a case control study. In this case control study, we evaluated the dose-response association between dietary calcium intake and risk of colorectal cancer. Compared with the lowest calcium intake quartile, the highest calcium intake quartile showed significantly reduced risk of colorectal cancer in both men and women. By applying a generalized additive model, both men and women showed a similar non-linear relationship between dietary calcium intake and the risk of colorectal cancer.

When dietary sources were considered, calcium intake from both dairy and non-dairy food showed significant negative association with colorectal cancer risk. According to the KNHANES data, the average daily calcium intake of Korean men and women was 561.0 and 452.6 mg, respectively, which was approximately 70 % of the Korean recommended daily calcium allowance [11].

There are biologically plausible mechanisms between dietary calcium intake and reduced colorectal cancer risks. There are several strengths of our study. NUTRITION JOURNAL 04/10/13 Does dietary calcium interact with dietary fiber against colorectal cancer? A case–control study in Central Europe. Our study supports evidence showing the protective effect of calcium in the development of colorectal cancer. It has been investigated the effect of high doses (over 1000 mg/day) of dietary calcium. In general our findings suggest the presence of a relationship for colon cancer and failed for rectal cancer, what is consistent with some other published results [30, 31]. Our study has proved the positive effect showing about 7% decrease in the risk of developing colon cancer for every 100 mg/day increase of dietary calcium, and more than 40% decrease among these who consumed more than 1000 mg/day as compared to lower consumption level.

Moreover our investigation suggests the presence of interaction between fiber and calcium and consistent decrease of the risk of colorectal cancer with the increase of calcium and fiber intake. These results were strengthen for colon cancer, and the effect was not proven for rectal cancer. The role of calcium has also been investigated intensively so far. BMC 25/09/14 Dietary calcium intake and mortality risk from cardiovascular disease and all causes: a meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies. This meta-analysis of prospective studies indicates a U-shaped relationship between dietary calcium intake and cardiovascular mortality.

Compared with intakes of 800 mg/day, both lower and higher intakes were gradually associated with a higher risk of cardiovascular mortality. For all-cause mortality, we also observed a threshold effect at intakes about 900 mg/day. Intakes above 900 mg/day were not associated with a decrease in risk of all-cause mortality. Vitamin D, directly or indirectly, enhances renal conservation of the absorbed calcium and intestinal absorption of calcium [29]. Some studies have noted that serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels, the major circulating metabolite of vitamin D, are inversely correlated with CVD incidence rates [30],[31]. Heterogeneity could also be caused by differences in dietary magnesium intake. Women with a calcium intake below 600 mg/day had a higher risk of stroke in the Nurses’ Health Study [37]. Osteoporosis and Sarcopenia Volume 2, Issue 4, December 2016 Recent nutritional trends of calcium and vitamin D in East Asia.

Abstract Calcium intake may play an important role on bone health. The recent national nutritional survey in Japan revealed the gradual decrease in calcium intake to around 480 mg/day. In addition, the patients with low level of vitamin D become too large in proportion. The present perspective proposes to increase calcium intake in Asian population. Keywords Calcium; Vitamin D; Bone; Fracture 1. Osteoporotic fractures continue to be a major health problem worldwide. Sufficient calcium intake and adequate serum vitamin D level have been considered to be essential factors in maintaining optimal function of body organs and systems.

The low calcium intake and low serum 25(OH)D level are undoubtedly associated with the desire for weight reduction and for avoidance of skin darkening. 2. Calcium intake from food in Japan increased from the end of World War II to the 1990s. 3. Previously, we reported the calcium requirement in women by a calcium balance study [7]. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. . [41]R. ANNALS OF THE NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF HYGIENE - 2016 - Frequency of consumption of foods rich in calcium and vitamin D among school-age children. NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH 17/11/16 Dietary supplement fact sheet - Calcium. Introduction Calcium, the most abundant mineral in the body, is found in some foods, added to others, available as a dietary supplement, and present in some medicines (such as antacids). Calcium is required for vascular contraction and vasodilation, muscle function, nerve transmission, intracellular signaling and hormonal secretion, though less than 1% of total body calcium is needed to support these critical metabolic functions [1].

Serum calcium is very tightly regulated and does not fluctuate with changes in dietary intakes; the body uses bone tissue as a reservoir for, and source of calcium, to maintain constant concentrations of calcium in blood, muscle, and intercellular fluids [1]. The remaining 99% of the body’s calcium supply is stored in the bones and teeth where it supports their structure and function [1]. Recommended Intakes The FNB established RDAs for the amounts of calcium required for bone health and to maintain adequate rates of calcium retention in healthy people.

Food. EFSA 27/05/15 Valeurs nutritionnelles de référence pour le calcium et le fer. ANNALS OF THE NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF HYGIENE - 2016 - Frequency of consumption of foods rich in calcium and vitamin D among school-age children. EFSA : « Projet d’avis sur les valeurs nutritionnelles de référence (VNR) pour le calcium » | Recherche alimentation. WIKIPEDIA FRANCOPHONE - Calcium. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Calcium protégé sous atmosphère d'argon. Le calcium est un élément chimique, de symbole Ca et de numéro atomique 20. Histoire du calcium[modifier | modifier le code] Isotopes[modifier | modifier le code] Le calcium possède 24 isotopes connus de nombre de masse variant entre 34 et 57, mais aucun isomère nucléaire connu. Caractéristiques notables[modifier | modifier le code] Il brûle avec une flamme jaune-rouge ; exposé à l'air sec il forme une couche protectrice blanche d'oxyde et de nitrure.

Applications physiques du calcium métal[modifier | modifier le code] Composés[modifier | modifier le code] Dans l'alimentation[modifier | modifier le code] Le calcium est de loin le métal le plus abondant dans le corps. Le calcium joue aussi un rôle essentiel dans la coagulation sanguine, le maintien de la pression sanguine et la contraction des muscles, dont le cœur, via son importance dans les fonctions neuromusculaires. Excrétion[modifier | modifier le code] WIKIPEDIA ANGLOPHONE – Calcium. Notable characteristics Flame test. Brick-red color originates from calcium.

Calcium, with a density of 1.55 g/cm3, is the lightest of the alkaline earth metals; magnesium (specific gravity 1.74) and beryllium (1.84) are more dense, although lighter in atomic mass. From strontium onward, the alkali earth metals become more dense with increasing atomic mass. It has two allotropes.[5] Calcium has a higher electrical resistivity than copper or aluminium, yet weight-for-weight, due to its much lower density, it is a rather better conductor than either.

However, its use in terrestrial applications is usually limited by its high reactivity with air. Calcium salts are colorless from any contribution of the calcium, and ionic solutions of calcium (Ca2+) are colorless as well. Calcium is the fifth-most-abundant element by mass in the human body, where it is a common cellular ionic messenger with many functions, and serves also as a structural element in bone.

H and K lines Compounds Isotopes History. NIH_GOV - Calcium - Dietary supplement fact sheet. Introduction See Consumer for easy-to-read facts about Calcium. Calcium, the most abundant mineral in the body, is found in some foods, added to others, available as a dietary supplement, and present in some medicines (such as antacids). Calcium is required for vascular contraction and vasodilation, muscle function, nerve transmission, intracellular signaling and hormonal secretion, though less than 1% of total body calcium is needed to support these critical metabolic functions [1].

Serum calcium is very tightly regulated and does not fluctuate with changes in dietary intakes; the body uses bone tissue as a reservoir for, and source of calcium, to maintain constant concentrations of calcium in blood, muscle, and intercellular fluids [1]. The remaining 99% of the body's calcium supply is stored in the bones and teeth where it supports their structure and function [1]. Recommended Intakes * Adequate Intake (AI) Sources of Calcium * DV = Daily Value.

Calcium Intakes and Status. EUFIC - Les besoins en produits laitiers/en calcium ne sont-ils pas surestimés en Occident ? Alors que les Chinois par exemple n. JO SENAT 03/01/00 Question écrite n° 19124 Cantines scolaires : augmentation des apports en calcium dans les menus proposés. MAPAQ - Nutrition en calcium - problèmes et prévention. EFSA 27/07/12 Tolerable Upper Intake Level of calcium .

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