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Bien-être des bovins

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CRAAQ (QC) via YOUTUBE 12/12/16 Loi sur le bien-être et la sécurité de l’animal : quelles implications pour les producteurs bovins? PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-014419-15 Cruelty to livestock on cattle ranches. Article 13 of Title II of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union requires the EU and the Member States to pay full regard to the welfare requirements of animals, while respecting the customs and specificities of the various Member States.

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-014419-15 Cruelty to livestock on cattle ranches

Evidence has come to light(1) of practices that are clear cases of animal torture, such as ear-nicking, the ‘testing’ of cows and some steers involving stabbing by a mounted picador, and five-mark branding on ranches rearing bulls and steers destined to die in bullfights or at closed-door events used for bullfighter training or even for the private entertainment of bullfighting aficionados. There is also evidence of cruelty during animal transportation and the poor condition of many of the cows that have been tested, rejected for breeding and sent to the slaughterhouse. 1. 2. In the latter case, will the Commission force ranches to differentiate in their treatment of animals depending on the destination chosen for them?

3. FEDERATION DES PRODUCTEURS DE BOVINS DU QUEBEC - FEV/MARS 2014 - Le bien-être bovin c'est quoi? INRA 22/04/14 Bien-être des vaches et production laitière. Dans le contexte actuel où le consommateur et le citoyen se montrent de plus en plus concernés par le bien-être des animaux de production, il apparaît pertinent d’examiner le lien entre celui des vaches laitières et leur niveau de production laitière.

INRA 22/04/14 Bien-être des vaches et production laitière.

Au cours de l’étude rapportée, un score reposant sur l’évaluation du respect des 4 grands principes de bien-être (bonne alimentation, bon logement, bonne expression des comportements normaux, bonne santé) a été attribué à 125 troupeaux bovins laitiers français selon la méthode WelfareQuality®. Les relations de ce score global et de ses composantes (relevant des 4 grands principes) avec la production laitière des vaches du troupeau ont ensuite été analysées. KANSAS STATE UNIVERSITY - 2015 - Thèse en ligne : Evaluation of animal welfare issues in the beef industry. ITALIAN NATIONAL ANIMAL WELFARE REFERENCE CENTRE (CRENBA) - 2014 - GUIDELINES FOR THE ASSESSMENT OF WELFARE AND BIOSECURITY IN DAIRY CATTLE IN LOOSE HOUSING SYSTEMS. EFSA 09/06/15 Welfare of dairy cows on small scale farms.

News Story 9 June 2015 Factors that affect the welfare of cows on small scale dairy farms are the same as those in other systems, EFSA experts have concluded.

EFSA 09/06/15 Welfare of dairy cows on small scale farms

The scientific opinion published today reviews the information on small scale dairy farms and proposes a tool for assessing the welfare of cows. Some of these factors, such as those related to the management of pasture – lack of shelter, the mixing of herds, etc. – are more likely to be present on small scale farms. The welfare of cows on small scale farms can be assessed using the same animal-based measures – the animal’s responses to risk factors – as those that apply to other farming systems. However, their measurement may present specific challenges. “EFSA has now developed the elements for the practical assessment of animal welfare on small scale farms”, says the Chair of the Working Group Christine Fourichon. This work will provide useful information to the European Commission for future policies on animal welfare. RECHERCHE AGRONOMIQUE SUISSE – MARS 2015 - Bien-être animal dans l’engraissement bovin: outils d’évaluation on-farm.

Oehen B., Spengler-Neff A., Leiber F., Schmid O., Hoffmann F., Früh B.Recherche Agronomique Suisse 6(3), 102-109, 2015 L’optimisation du bien-être animal est l’une des préoccupations centrales de l’agriculture biologique.

RECHERCHE AGRONOMIQUE SUISSE – MARS 2015 - Bien-être animal dans l’engraissement bovin: outils d’évaluation on-farm.

Pour atteindre cet objectif et se conformer mieux encore à la législation sur la protection des animaux, les associations allemandes et britanniques d’agriculture biologique ont élaboré des outils permettant la détermination on-farm du bien-être animal. Ces outils sont à la disposition des éleveurs et des organismes de contrôle biologique. De tels outils ne sont pas encore disponibles en Suisse pour les exploitations bio et les organismes de contrôle biologique. LAIT_ORG - SEPT 2013 - REVUE DES PRODUCTEURS DE LAIT QUEBECOISAu sommaire notamment:Bien-être animal, ce que dit le Code. UNIVERSITE BLAISE PASCAL 19/06/12 Thèse en ligne : Atteintes au bien-être des vaches laitières : étude épidémiologique. EFSA 16/05/12 Scientific Opinion on the welfare of cattle kept for beef production and the welfare in intensive calf farming sys.

EFSA Journal 2012;10(5):2669 [166 pp.]. doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2012.2669 Type: Opinion of the Scientific Committee/Scientific Panel On request from: European Commission Question number: EFSA-Q-2011-00286 Adopted: 20 April 2012 Published: 15 May 2012 Affiliation: European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Parma, Italy Following a request from the European Commission, the Panel on Animal Health and Welfare (AHAW) was asked to deliver a Scientific Opinion on the welfare of cattle kept for beef production and of calves in intensive farming systems.

EFSA 16/05/12 Scientific Opinion on the welfare of cattle kept for beef production and the welfare in intensive calf farming sys

The European Commission is in the process of evaluating the European Union policy on animal welfare, taking account of socio-economic and trade issues. The overall aim is to improve the welfare of animals. To this end, the Commission requested EFSA to give an independent view on animal-based measures for the assessment of welfare in cattle, pigs and poultry. Most beef cattle diseases have a multi-factorial aetiology. Agro Paris Tech 12/02/08 Thèse en ligne : EVALUATION MULTICRITERE DU BIEN-ETRE ANIMAL - EXEMPLE DES VACHES LAITIERES EN FERME. EFSA JOURNAL 25/01/12 Scientific Opinion on the use of animal-based measures to assess welfare of dairy cows. EFSA Journal 2012;10(1):2554 [81 pp.]. doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2012.2554.

EFSA JOURNAL 25/01/12 Scientific Opinion on the use of animal-based measures to assess welfare of dairy cows.

THESE AGRO PARISTECH - 2008 - Botreau, Raphaëlle (2008) Évaluation multicritère du bien-être animal : exemple des vaches laitièr. ECOLE VETERINAIRE D'ALFORT - Thèse en ligne pour l'année 2008 :2008 - N°106 – ALLMENDINGER F. – Bientraitance des bovins à l'aba.