NATURAE - 2020 - La prise en compte de la malacofaune continentale comme indicateur des changements globaux. Traduction française d'un article de NATURE du 18/06/19 : Avertissement des scientifiques à l’humanité : micro-organismes et changement climatique. FRONT. SUSTAIN. FOOD SYST 07/04/20 Decision-Making to Diversify Farm Systems for Climate Change Adaptation. Introduction On-farm diversification is a promising strategy for farmers to adapt to climate change while also contributing to diverse food production, healthier diets, and a better use of agricultural biodiversity (Vermeulen et al., 2012; Waha et al., 2018; Willett et al., 2019).
However, few recommendations exist for farmers, practitioners, and researchers on how to diversify farm systems in ways which best fit the agroecological and socioeconomic challenges that farmers face. Food Policy Available online 11 August 2020, Viewpoint: Climate impacts on agriculture: Searching for keys under the streetlight. 1.
Introduction and knowledge gaps All empirical research is opportunistic – at least to some degree. We tend to focus on topics for which data and methods are readily available. There is a widely employed metaphor used to describe research that focuses on accessible topics to the exclusion of other important avenues of research, suggesting that you are searching for your car keys under the streetlight. This relates to the apocryphal tale of a drunk who is confronted by a police officer while searching for his keys under a well-lit section of sidewalk.
When the man admits that he lost the keys in the park, the officer asks: ‘So why aren’t you looking over there?’ The field of research where climate impact assessments have been most fully developed pertains to the impacts of climate change on staple crops such as maize and wheat. The vast majority of these climate impact analyses have focused on a few staple crops, including maize, rice, soybeans and wheat. 2. INTECH 30/05/19 Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation Strategies for Agronomic Crops. 1.
Introduction Climate change and variability are the real threats to agriculture and food security [1, 2]. Extreme weather events and uncertainty in rainfall patterns are negatively affecting the agricultural crops [3, 4]. The evidences of global trend in rainfall are unclear due to large regional gaps in spatial coverage and temporal shortfalls in the data. Owing to these changes, the drought is more prevailing in many regions of the world including Pakistan . Finding evidences reported that high temperature and uneven distribution of rainfall have negative effects on crop productivity all over the world . The Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change (IPCC) has found evidences of accelerated global warming, climate variability and change since the early 1990s. 2. NATURE 04/03/20 Emissions: world has four times the work or one-third of the time - New synthesis shows what a wasted decade means for the climate pact made in Paris.
The past decade of political failure on climate change has cost us all dear.
It has shrunk the time left for action by two-thirds. In 2010, the world thought it had 30 years to halve global emissions of greenhouse gases. Today, we know that this must happen in ten years to minimize the effects of climate change. Incremental shifts that might once have been sufficient are no longer enough. The further bad news is that, even taken together, the proposed climate action by all countries is a long way from meeting this requirement. The better news is that more countries, regions, cities and businesses are implementing the deep, rapid transformations that are urgently required. BERKELEYEARTH_ORG - Global temparature report for 2019. Berkeley Earth, a California-based non-profit research organization, has been preparing independent analyses of global mean temperature changes since 2013.
The following is our report on global mean temperature during 2019. We conclude that 2019 was the second warmest year on Earth since 1850. The global mean temperature in 2019 was colder than 2016, but warmer than every other year that has been directly measured. Consequently, 2016 remains the warmest year in the period of historical observations. CLIMATIC CHANGE - AVRIL 2013 - Implications of alternative metrics for global mitigation costs and greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture. SHOWYOURSTRIPES_INFO - Animation indiquant le changement climatique par pays et continents sous forme de code barre.
NATURE 23/07/19 Adaptive responses of animals to climate change are most likely insufficient. Systematic literature review We aimed at assessing adaptive phenotypic responses to climate change across six broad taxa of animals: arachnids, insects, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals.
We distinguished between two climatic variables: temperature and precipitation. We relied on the authors of the original studies for their expertise and knowledge of the biology of the species and system in the: (1) choice of the appropriate time window over which the annual means of the climatic values were calculated, rather than using a single time window for all species. To assess whether trait changes were adaptive, we only used studies that measured selection on the trait(s) of interest by means of linear selection differentials29 using one of the following fitness components: recruitment, reproduction, and adult survival. The literature search returned 10,090 publications, 56 of which were retained after skimming the abstracts. Assessing whether the responses are adaptive.
FRONTIERS IN ECOLOGY - 2017 - Land degradation and climate change: building climate resilience in agriculture. UGENT_BE - JUNE 2018 - PLANT RESPONSES TO CLIMATE CHANGE IN ECOLOGICAL CORRIDORS ALONG A LATITUDINAL GRADIENT IN AGRICULTURAL LANDSCAPES. FOOD AND FARMING FUTURES - 2017 - Knowledge exchange in agriculture to help combat climate change. RESEAU ACTION CLIMAT 21/10/15 Un coup de fourchette pour le climat Le Réseau Action Climat propose une publication rassemblant 7 fiches pratiques pleines de chiffres pour comprendre et d’astuces pour réduire les gaz à effet de serre liés à notre alimenta. Le Réseau Action Climat propose une publication rassemblant 7 fiches pratiques pleines de chiffres pour comprendre et d’astuces pour réduire les gaz à effet de serre liés à notre alimentation.
Accessible à tous, pédagogique, ce sont 20 pages en couleur pour attirer l’attention sur les effets de notre modèle alimentaire. En effet, notre alimentation pèse lourd dans les émissions de gaz à effet de serre par habitant : 36% des émissions liées à la consommation des français ! Mais ce sont surtout les produits alimentaires issus d’une agriculture industrielle qui sont pointés du doigt. Les émissions sont en particulier liées à la production et l’épandage des engrais azotés, à l’importation d’aliments pour les animaux, à la transformation et l’emballage des produits alimentaires, à la gestion des déchets, etc.
La publication rassemble une série d’astuces pratiques, de recettes, de penses-bêtes, des liens internet, rassemblés en 7 catégories : ECOLE POLYTECHNIQUE - NOV 2008 - CHANGEMENT CLIMATIQUE ET CHOCS EXTRÊMES : DÉFIS, PIÈGES, PISTES. Groupe d'experts intergouvernemental sur l'évolution du climat. Facteur 4. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre.
Facteur 9. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre.
Protocole de Kyoto. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre.
Réchauffement climatique. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Effet de serre. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. VertigO - La revue en sciences de l'environnement sur le WEB, Vol 1 No 2 , Septembre 2000 LES CHANGEMENTS CLIMATIQUES ET LEURS I. 1Au travers des siècles, l’humanité a constamment dû relever des défis à court et à long terme. SANTE-ENVIRONNEMENT ET SANTE-TRAVAIL - NOUVELLES PERSPECTIVES DE RECHERCHES - SÉMINAIRE DE PROSPECTIVE SCIENTIFIQUE ET DE LANCEM. Site de l'International panel on climate change. Nature Climate Change 1, 35–41 (2011) The role of social and decision sciences in communicating uncertain climate risks. In many nations, much of the public has long recognized the potential gravity of climate change1, 2.
Nonetheless, few citizens or political leaders understand the underlying science well enough to evaluate climate-related proposals and controversies. As a result, it is hard for political leaders to generate and sustain broad public support for ambitious climate policies3 or for citizens to take effective personal action4. Conversely, it is relatively easy for a vocal, partisan minority to sow confusion, hoping to justify delay and inaction by amplifying uncertainties5, 6. Without basic scientific knowledge, lay people struggle to distinguish legitimate scepticism, which all sciences welcome7, from radical scepticism, an unwillingness to accept any evidence that might disprove the claims in question. Int J Health Geogr. 2006; 5: 61. Developing global climate anomalies suggest potential disease risks for 2006 – 2007.
Hydroécol. Appl. (2006) Tome 15, pp. 87–96 Parasites, vecteurs de pathogènes et changements climatiques. GRIDA 01/07/08 Projected agriculture in 2080 due to climate change. The GRID-Arendal Maps & Graphics Library is an on-going project to collect and catalogue all graphic products that have been prepared for publications and web-sites from the last 15 years in a wide range of themes related to environment and sustainable development.
There are currently 3022 graphics available in the database. Victims and affected people in Pakistan flood, August 2010 Seasonal fooding can occur along all the major watersheds in the Himalayan region (Figure 11–14). The largest problems occur in food prone areas with high population densities. This includes parts of northeast India, south-central Nepal, central and southern Pakistan, large parts of Bangladesh and lower reaches of the large rivers in China. GRIDA - Climate impacts and tropical diseases in Colombia. The GRID-Arendal Maps & Graphics Library is an on-going project to collect and catalogue all graphic products that have been prepared for publications and web-sites from the last 15 years in a wide range of themes related to environment and sustainable development.
There are currently 3022 graphics available in the database. Urban growth rate in Africa Africa’s urban centres are currently growing at an annual rate that is the fastest compared to other regions. The urban expansion is expected to continue, with cities like Abuja and Ouagadougou expecting very high growth in the next decade, while Cairo, Africa’s largest city, is projected to see a comparatively lower growth rate. Geosciences, tome 340, octobre 2008 Ecosystèmes et événements climatiques extrêmes. Le site CLIMATE AND FARMING. CENTER FOR CLEAN AIR POLICY AOUT 2007 Climate change : developer's risk management guide - BMC Public Health 2010, 10:299 Reframing climate change as a public health issue: an exploratory study of public reactions.
Sample Between May and August 2009, 74 adults were recruited to participate in semi-structured in-depth elicitation interviews that lasted an average of 43 minutes (ranging from 16 to 124 minutes) and included the presentation of a public health framed essay on climate change. The recruitment process was designed to yield completed interviews with a demographically and geographically diverse group of at least 10 people from each of the previously identified "Six Americas" .
Four respondents were dropped from this study due to incomplete data, leaving a sample size of 70. Audience segment status (i.e., which one of the "Six Americas" a person belonged) was assessed with a previously developed 15-item screening questionnaire that identifies segment status with 80% accuracy [unpublished data]. Table 1. To achieve geographic diversity, we recruited participants in one of two ways.
The 70 study participants resided in 29 states. Data Collection and Coding Table 2. ATM ALSACE OCT 2006 Le changement climatique : calamité, fatalité? AGENCE REGIONALE POUR L'ENVIRONNEMENT (MIDI PYRENEES) - 2009 - Actes du Séminaire Régional "Changement Climatique en Midi-Pyrén. FIDA - Le changement climatique: renforcer la capacité d’adaptation des petits agriculteurs. ADAPTATION MIDI-PYRENEES 19/11/08 Présentation - Le changement climatique: de la planète à la région Midi-Pyrénées.