HEALTH PRODUCTS REGULATORY AUTHORITY (IE) - NOV 2021 - Report on sales of veterinary antibiotics in Ireland during 2020. GOV_UK 09/11/21 UK veterinary antibiotics sales more than halved over the past six years. The use of antibiotics in livestock in the UK has fallen again, according to a report released by the government’s Veterinary Medicines Directorate (VMD) today.
Last year saw another drop in the use of antibiotics in food-producing animals, meaning that the UK now has one of the lowest levels of antibiotic use in Europe, having reduced by 52% in just six years between 2014 and 2020. Overuse of antibiotics in livestock threatens both animal and human health, as the efficacy of life-saving medicines is reduced if bacteria become resistant to antibiotics. Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) is recognised as one of the biggest threats to both human and animal health at a global level. It occurs when microorganisms that cause infection change over time, and no longer respond to medicines which would normally kill or stop their growth - making infections harder to treat. The main driver of resistance is antibiotic use. Abigail Seager, Chief Executive of the Veterinary Medicines Directorate, said:
VETERINARY MEDICINES DIRECTORATE (UK) - NOV 2021 - UK Veterinary Antibiotic Resistance and Sales Surveillance Report 2020. ANTIBIOTICS 04/11/21 Use of Antibiotics among Residents Living Close to Poultry or Goat Farms: A Nationwide Analysis in The Netherlands. All articles published by MDPI are made immediately available worldwide under an open access license.
No special permission is required to reuse all or part of the article published by MDPI, including figures and tables. For articles published under an open access Creative Common CC BY license, any part of the article may be reused without permission provided that the original article is clearly cited. Feature Papers represent the most advanced research with significant potential for high impact in the field.
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Introduction The worldwide recognition of the crisis caused by antimicrobial resistance (AMR) has prompted international organisations to call for all countries to develop national action plans (NAP) to address this threat (1).
Surveillance is an essential component of any NAP and due to the multiple transmission pathways of AMR, surveillance data need to be collected from humans, animals, food and the environment in a coordinated and harmonised way to allow cross-sectoral analyses (2). This integrated approach to surveillance is also known as One Health (OH) surveillance and has been promoted by international organisations (1).
One Health surveillance for AMU and AMR refers to surveillance that is based on a systemic, cross-sectoral, multi-stakeholder perspective to inform mitigation decisions with the aim to keep antimicrobials effective for future generations. To ensure that the surveillance systems are operational, efficient and cost-effective, regular evaluation is needed (3). 2. BVL_BUND_DE 12/10/21 TRAD AUTO : Les quantités d’antibiotiques en médecine vétérinaire ont légèrement augmenté.
Mengen für Polypeptidantibiotika und Cephalosporine der 3. und 4.
Generation auf niedrigstem Wert seit 2011, leichter Anstieg bei Fluorchinolonen Datum: 12.10.2021. RIVM_NL 24/06/21 NethMap 2021. Consumption of antimicrobial agents and antimicrobial resistance among medically important bacteria in the Netherlands in 2020 / MARAN 2021. Monitoring of Antimicrobial Resistance and Antibiotic Usage in Animals in the Nethe. Preventive Veterinary Medicine Volume 192, July 2021, Income compensation options and partial budget analysis following a reduction of antimicrobial sales at the veterinary practice level (étude Suisse) Over the years, the excessive consumption of antimicrobials (AM) by animals and humans has become a major concern at the global level, as several studies have highlighted the link between antimicrobial use (AMU) and antimicrobial resistance (AMR).
The link between AMU in animals and health risks for humans has been clearly described (Grace, 2015; Teuber, 2001). Similarly to other animal production systems, the main goal in veal calf rearing is to increase to the maximum the value of the animal without losing too much money, thus optimising both animal health and productivity (Bähler et al., 2012). We cannot ignore the fact that economic considerations under the current housing and management conditions are part of the decision to prescribe AM (Speksnijder et al., 2015a), which is linked to animal health, farmers’ financial survival and competitive costs at the farm level. Veal accounts for less than 3% of the meat consumed per person per year in Switzerland (Proviande, 2017). Journal of Ethnopharmacology Volume 246, 10 January 2020, Ethnoveterinary knowledge of farmers in bilingual regions of Switzerland – is there potential to extend veterinary options to reduce antimicrobial use?
ANTIBIOTICS 15/04/21 Examining the Effect of Context, Beliefs, and Values on UK Farm Veterinarians’ Antimicrobial Prescribing: A Randomized Experimental Vignette and Cross-Sectional Survey. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a pressing threat to public and animal health.
There is evidence that antimicrobial prescribing and stewardship behaviors by veterinarians (vets) are influenced by non-clinical factors, such as psychological, social, and environmental factors. This study explored the role of context, beliefs, and values on vets’ antimicrobial prescribing decisions. ANTIBIOTICS 20/04/21 Multiresistant Bacteria Isolated from Intestinal Faeces of Farm Animals in Austria.
In recent years, antibiotic-resistant bacteria with an impact on human health, such as extended spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-containing Enterobacteriaceae, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and vancomycin-resistant Enterococci (VRE), have become more common in food.
This is due to the use of antibiotics in animal husbandry, which leads to the promotion of antibiotic resistance and thus also makes food a source of such resistant bacteria. Most studies dealing with this issue usually focus on the animals or processed food products to examine the antibiotic resistant bacteria. This study investigated the intestine as another main habitat besides the skin for multiresistant bacteria.
VETERINARY RECORD - NOV 2020 - UK antibiotic reductions begin to plateau. By Josh Loeb There has been a ‘levelling off’ in reductions in UK sales of antibiotics for use in food-producing animals.
According to the latest UK Veterinary Antibiotic Resistance and Sales Surveillance (VARSS) report, the total volumes of antibiotics sold in 2019 increased slightly on 2018 figures (see box 1). Box 1: Antibiotic Sales in 2019 Total antibiotic usage in the UK farm sector is not calculated precisely. Figures are adjusted for animal population so they describe the average amount of active ingredient used in farm species, represented as mgs of antibiotic per livestock biomass or kg of animal.
This is so the data take account of the number of animals in the national herd in a given year. However, Fraser Broadfoot, antibiotic project usage lead at the Veterinary Medicines Directorate (VMD) – which releases the annual report – said the 2019 figure of 31 mg/kg was still ‘the second lowest we’ve ever recorded’. FRONT. VET. SCI. 15/12/20 Antimicrobial Usage Among Different Age Categories and Herd Sizes in Swiss Farrow-to-Finish Farms.
Introduction Awareness of the spread of antimicrobial-resistant genes is an important issue at the public health interface between human and veterinary medicine (1).
The general transfer of these genes between both disciplines is well documented (2–4). One of the most important drivers to reduce this spread is optimized and prudent antimicrobial drug usage (AMU) (5). This approach of careful usage is consistently demanded for our farm animals and is also reflected by the report of the European Surveillance of Veterinary Antimicrobial Consumption (ESVAC), where Switzerland performs moderately within a European context (6). In addition to the guidelines of the World Health Organization (WHO) (7), countries like Switzerland have therefore published guidelines describing the evidence-based usage of antimicrobials for the important livestock species cattle and pigs (8).
GOV_UK 18/11/20 Veterinary Antimicrobial Resistance and Sales Surveillance 2019. The UK-VARSS 2019 Report presents veterinary antibiotic sales data in the UK from 2015 to 2019, food-producing animal sectors’ usage data and antibiotic resistance data from 2017 to 2019.
The UK-VARSS 2019 Supplementary Material provides further details including antibiotic resistance data from Scotland and Northern Ireland. The UK-VARSS 2019 Highlights summarises key facts from the main report. FRONT. VET. SCI. 30/10/20 Antibiotic Use in Organic and Non-organic Swedish Dairy Farms: A Comparison of Three Recording Methods. Introduction Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a global issue, and the current pattern and reduction in its harmful consequences to the biosphere's health (1, 2) require concerted actions from the human, animal, agricultural, and environmental sectors (3).
A key measure for AMR mitigation is reducing antimicrobial use (AMU), especially “Critically Important Antimicrobials” (CIAs) for human health (4–6). The livestock industry is predicted to be responsible for 70% of the global AMU by 2030 (2, 7) and the possible relationship between AMU in animal production, and the development of AMR has been highlighted (8). Despite the association between AMR in livestock and humans, there is uncertainty about its magnitude (9–11). Measuring AMU is fundamental for monitoring and reduction of AMU.
All the practicalities around collection and reporting, regardless of the chosen resolution (e.g., animal, herd, or country level), have a high impact on AMU measurements. FRONT. VET. SCI. 14/07/20 The governance of UK dairy antibiotic use: industry-led policy in action. 1Wageningen University and Research, Netherlands 2University of Liverpool, United Kingdom 3KU Leuven, Belgium 4Public Health England, United Kingdom This article analyses the progress made in the UK with regard to tackling antibiotic ‘misuse and overuse’ in food-producing animals.
Résumé traduit : Cet article analyse les progrès réalisés au Royaume-Uni en ce qui concerne la lutte contre la «mauvaise utilisation et la surutilisation» des antibiotiques chez les animaux producteurs d'aliments. Allant au-delà des réalités statistiques, le document examine comment l'approche politique dirigée par l'industrie britannique façonne la pratique. En utilisant une ethnographie multi-sites située dans Actor Network Theory et la sociologie des marchés de Callon, les politiques et pratiques de la chaîne d'approvisionnement laitière du Royaume-Uni ont été étudiées. Les résultats révèlent que les politiques de l'industrie laitière ne traitent que partiellement le réseau complexe de personnes, d'animaux et de l'environnement dans lequel les antibiotiques laitiers circulent. La «mauvaise utilisation et la surconsommation» des antibiotiques dans l’agriculture est loin d’être une affaire de comportement, uniquement à l’encontre des agriculteurs et des vétérinaires. Au lieu de cela, l'utilisation d'antibiotiques chez les animaux destinés à l'alimentation est intégrée dans des réseaux économiques complexes qui limitent les changements radicaux dans la gestion de l'élevage laitier et l'utilisation d'antibiotiques dans les fermes. Une attention accrue aux besoins des acteurs de la chaîne d'approvisionnement laitière et des considérations environnementales plus larges est essentielle pour réduire la dépendance du secteur laitier aux antibiotiques et soutenir la transition vers une agriculture responsable au Royaume-Uni. – guatemalt
Moving beyond statistical realities, the paper examines how the UK’s industry-led policy approach is shaping practice. Using a multi-sited ethnography situated in Actor Network Theory and Callon’s sociology of markets, the UK dairy supply chain policies and practices were studied. Findings reveal that dairy industry policies only partially address the complex network of people, animals and the environment in which dairy antibiotics circulate. Antibiotic ‘misuse and overuse’ in agriculture is far from a behavioural matter, with solely farmers and veterinarians to blame. Keywords: Agriculture, antimicrobial resistance, governance, Antibiotic Policies and Practices, Matters of Concern, Actor-Network Theory.
FRONT. VET. SCI. 07/07/20 Farmers' perceptions of preventing antibiotic resistance on sheep and beef farms: risk, responsibility and action (Etude Britannique) 1University of Nottingham, United Kingdom 2Canterbury Christ Church University, United Kingdom 3Agriculture and Horticulture Development Board (AHDB), United Kingdom Antibiotic resistance is one of the most serious public health risks facing humanity. The overuse of antibiotics in the treatment of infectious disease have been identified as sources of the global threat of antibiotic resistance. This paper examines how farmers perceive and manage risks associated with overuse of antibiotics. Specifically, the paper examines the role of habitus and risk in determining farmers' decisions to adopt national antibiotic reduction targets set by members of the Responsible Use of Medicines in Agriculture Alliance’s Targets Task Force.
IRISH VETERINARY JOURNAL 26/06/20 Current antimicrobial use in farm animals in the Republic of Ireland. This study highlights a significant deficit in the knowledge of AMU at sector-level in farmed animals in the Republic of Ireland. Currently, the only national-level AMU data is derived from sales data of veterinary AM medicines, and there are issues with sales data that need to be considered. Firstly, the figures are not corrected for population size, therefore fluctuations in sales may reflect changes in the national herd size. Furthermore, sales do not necessarily equate to on-farm use of AM and these figures do not consider AM which are held in stock. Additionally, the sales data includes sales of veterinary AM for use in companion animals, which may account for a larger proportion than expected. However, accepting these issues, some useful interpretations may be taken from the data.
The collection of sector-level data will add value to the sales data gathered, currently in Ireland, veterinary AM consumption is categorised by antimicrobial classes and pharmaceutical form sold . FRONT. VET. SCI. 20/09/19 Extrapolating Antibiotic Sales to Number of Treated Animals: Treatments in Pigs and Calves in Switzerland, 2011–2015. Introduction Use of antimicrobials contributes to the emergence and spread of resistant bacteria in both humans and animals. As early as in the 1960's concerns arose in relation to therapeutic, preventive and growth-promoting treatments in food-producing animals. The fact that most antibiotic classes are administered to treat infections in both humans and animals was one of the major concerns (1, 2). Monitoring antimicrobial usage is therefore a prerequisite to assess the impact of antibiotic treatments on the selection and spread of bacterial resistances. DG SANCO 18/04/19 Rapport OAV : Italy 2018-6371 gather information on the prudent use of antimicrobials in animals Nov 2018 Report details.
SOCIOLOGIA RURALIS 16/12/17 How Political Cultures Produce Different Antibiotic Policies in Agriculture: A Historical Comparative Case Study between the United Kingdom and Sweden. Introduction Although antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a universal public health concern, gaps remain in our current understanding of the magnitude of the problem in humans and animals and the impact on the environment. Preventive Veterinary Medicine Volume 161, 1 December 2018, Antimicrobial use practices, attitudes and responsibilities in UK farm animal veterinary surgeons. 1. Introduction The emergence of resistant bacteria in human and veterinary medicine has highlighted the need to ensure that antimicrobial use is minimal and prudent (Burow et al., 2014; Peeters et al., 2015; Tang et al., 2017). Whilst it is not possible to quantify the risk to human health, from antimicrobial use in livestock, there is growing concern over the potential public health risks (O’Neill, 2016; Tang et al., 2017; Aidara-Kane et al., 2018).
Antimicrobial use characteristics in the pig sector, such as the comparatively high sales of products, the administration of in-feed antimicrobials (European Medicines Agency, 2017; VMD, 2017) and frequent prophylactic use (Callens et al., 2012), have highlighted pigs as a priority species for gaining understanding of antimicrobial use behaviours and seeking ways in which use can be reduced (Postma and Stärk, 2015; Visschers et al., 2015, 2016).
RIVM 14/11/18 New data on antimicrobial resistance in European countries. Publication date: 14 November 2018 Modificationdate: 15 November 2018. Preventive Veterinary Medicine Volume 161, 1 December 2018, Antimicrobial use practices, attitudes and responsibilities in UK farm animal veterinary surgeons. SVUJIHLAVA_cz 05/11/18 Rapport du Programme national de surveillance de la résistance aux antimicrobiens chez les agents pathogènes importants d'origine vétérinaire, Partie II. Orden SSI/889/2017, de 15 de septiembre, por la que se crean los Premios "Plan Nacional de Resistencia a los Antibióticos" y se establecen las bases reguladoras para la concesión de los mismos. BOE nº 265 de 02/11/2018 Orden PCI/1157/2018, de 31 de octubre, por la que se modifica la Orden SSI/889/2017, de 15 de septiembre, por la que se crean los Premios "Plan Nacional de Resistencia a los Antibióticos" y se establecen las bases reguladoras para.
Mediante la Orden SSI/889/2017, de 15 de septiembre, por la que se crean los Premios «Plan Nacional de Resistencia a los Antibióticos» y se establecen las bases reguladoras para la concesión de los mismos, el entonces Ministerio de Sanidad, Servicios Sociales e Igualdad creó los citados Premios, a fin de reconocer y dar visibilidad a aquellas iniciativas consideradas ejemplares y que contribuyen de forma sobresaliente a la consecución de los objetivos propuestos en el «Plan Nacional de Resistencia a los Antibióticos», aprobado en el año 2014 por el Consejo Interterritorial del Sistema Nacional de Salud y por la Conferencia Intersectorial de Agricultura, promoviendo con ello la cooperación entre las Administraciones Públicas y los actores sociales y económicos implicados.
Esta orden se dicta de conformidad con la Ley 38/2003, de 17 de noviembre, General de Subvenciones y con su Reglamento, aprobado por Real Decreto 887/2006, de 21 de julio. Artículo único. Uno. HEALTH_GOV_IE 25/10/18 Ireland’s National Action Plan on Antimicrobial Resistance 2017-2020. GOV_UK - OCT 2018 - UK Veterinary Antibiotic Resistance and Sales Surveillance Report. MRCVS 24/10/18 UK veterinary antibiotic sales lowest in 25 years. Sales of the highest priority critically important antibiotics fell by 29 per cent between 2016 and 2017.
Report shows 18 per cent fall between 2016 and 2017 Sales of veterinary antibiotics in the UK have fallen to their lowest level in 25 years, according to a report published by the Veterinary Medicines Directorate. VETMAB_DE - Antibiokaminimierung im Stall. Veterinary Medicines Directorate (UK) 17/11/16 Veterinary Antimicrobial Resistance and Sales Surveillance 2015. SIVEMP_IT 27/09/18 Linee guida per la prevenzione dell’antimicrobico-resistenza negli allevamenti. Il Ministero della salute ha reso pubbliche le “Linee guida per la promozione dell’uso prudente degli antimicrobici negli allevamenti zootecnici per la prevenzione dell’antimicrobico-resistenza”. FRONT. MICROBIOL. 06/03/18 Consumer Exposure to Antimicrobial Resistant Bacteria From Food at Swiss Retail Level. Introduction Rationale Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in commensal bacteria as well as opportunistic or obligate pathogens is an increasing public health concern due to the possibility of AMR gene transfer from commensals to pathogens or among pathogens (Friedman, 2015; ICF, 2017).
ND_NUBIP_EDU_UA - 2014 - ANTIBIOTIC-RESISTANT MICROORGANISMS IN THE SYSTEM ENSURING SAFETY AND QUALITY FOOD AND FEED. PLOS 09/08/17 Determination of regulatory ionophore coccidiostat residues in feedstuffs at carry-over levels by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (concerne l'Italie) PeerJ. 2017; 5: e4072. Antimicrobial consumption on Austrian dairy farms: an observational study of udder disease treatments based on veterinary medication records. NATIONAL VETERINARY INSTITUTE (SE) - Swedres-Svarm reports. Preventive Veterinary Medicine - 2013 - Comparing antimicrobial exposure based on sales data. RIVM_NL 03/07/17 NethMap 2017: Consumption of antimicrobial agents and antimicrobial resistance among medically important bacteria in the Netherlands / MARAN 2017: Monitoring of antimicrobial resistance and antibiotic usage in animals in the Netherlands i.
AUTORITEIT DIER GENEESMIDDELEN_NL - SEPT 2017 - Usage of Antibiotics in Agricultural Livestock in the Netherlands in 2016 - Trends and benchmarking of livestock farms and veterinarians. FRONTIERS IN VETERINARY SCIENCE 15/09/17 Antimicrobial Usage and -Resistance in Livestock: Where Should We Focus? 1Veterinary Public Health Institute, Vetsuisse, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland 2 SAFOSO AG, Bern, Switzerland. EUROSURVEILLANCE 09/02/17 Approaches for quantifying antimicrobial consumption per animal species based on national sales data: a Swiss example, 2006 to 2013.
DEFRA - JUIN 2014 - UK 5 Year Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) Strategy 2013-2018 - Measuring success. MICROBE - 2011 - Restricting Antimicrobial Use in Food Animals: Lessons from Europe. VETERINARY RECORD 21/06/16 Opinions of veterinarians on antimicrobial use in farm animals in Flanders and the Netherlands. BAG_ADMIN_CH 30/11/15 Antibiotiques en Suisse : premier rapport conjoint dans les domaiens humain et animal.
EVIRA 18/11/14 2014 Preventive measures reduce the use of antibiotics on production animals. FSAI 03/12/15 Report : Potential for Transmission of Antimicrobial Resistance in the Food Chain. Toxics 2014, 2(2), 188-225; Human and Veterinary Antibiotics Used in Portugal—A Ranking for Ecosurveillance. VETERINARY RECORD 05/06/14 Antibiotics used most commonly to treat animals in Europe. DEFRA - JUIN 2014 - UK 5 Year Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) Strategy 2013-2018 - Measuring success. THE PARLIAMENT 05/02/15 PM+: Monitoring and transparency key to tackling animal antibiotic resistance.
BFR 19/01/15 The challenge of antimicrobial resistance - a holistic consideration and the latest insights into risk perception. EURACTIV 15/01/14 Les produits alimentaires suédois sont allégés en antibiotiques. BRITISH VETERINARY ASSOCIATION 15/11/12 Measures to tackle antimicrobial resistance must be science based says BVA. WAGENINGEN UNIVERSITY 07/09/11 Veterinary antibiotic usage in the Netherlands in 2010.
WAGENINGEN UNIVERSITY - UNIVERSITY UTRECHT - 2010 - Banning antibiotics, reducing resistance, preventing and fighting infections. UNIVERSITE DE GENT - 2012 - Belgian Veterinary Surveillance of Antimicrobial Consumption - National consumption report 2010. VMD - 2007 - Overview of Antimicrobial Usage and Bacterial Resistance in Selected Human and Animal Pathogens in the UK: 2007. BVET (Suisse) 20/09/11 Surveillance des zoonoses et résistances à antibiotiques - Diminution des ventes d'antibiotiques utilisés.
BFR 14/12/10 Antibiotic resistances in the food chain (BfR-Press release 18/2010 of 2010-12-13) EVIRA 11/04/11 Resistance to antibiotics and the use of antibiotics on animals monitored under the FINRES-Vet programme. Antibiotiques et élevages Danois. EVIRA 11/11/10 The Seminar on Antibiotics at Evira gathered a multitude of experts.