SENTIENTMEDIA 12/10/20 The Indisputable Link Between Antibiotic Resistance and Factory Farming. Soon after he is born, a suckling pig on a factory farm receives his first antibiotic—oxytetracycline—as a preventive against infective enteritis.
Within the next few hours, the pig undergoes processing, which involves having his ears notched and testes removed without sedation or painkillers. Twenty days later, he is weaned from his mother and removed from her to a transition crate, where he receives more antibiotic drugs in his formulated, pretreated feed. The piglet’s immature, stressed immune system makes him susceptible to bouts of diarrhea, the first in a long series of illnesses to which he is vulnerable on a high-density factory farm. After another dose of antibiotics to treat the post-weaning diarrhea, he is moved to a nursery, where he is one among many housed in crowded, unsanitary conditions. Farmed Animals and Antibiotics Factory-farmed animals of all species receive a variety of antibiotic drugs aimed at maximizing their economic productivity.
Antibiorésistance dans le secteur vétérinaire en Amérique. FRONT. VET. SCI. 30/07/20 Antimicrobial resistance in agri-food chain and companion animals as a re-emerging menace in post-COVID epoch: low-and middle-income countries perspective and mitigation strategies. 1West Bengal University of Animal and Fishery Sciences, India 2Indian Veterinary Research Institute (IVRI), India Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) leads to enormous financial losses associated with high morbidity, mortality, man day loss, hospital length of stay, health-care and social costs.
Résumé traduit : La présente revue décrit les types d'antimicrobiens utilisés dans la chaîne agroalimentaire et les animaux de compagnie dans les PRFI avec l'identification des lacunes dans les données, les catégories mises à jour des bactéries résistantes aux antimicrobiens courantes, le rôle des élevages en tant que réservoir de bactéries résistantes et les stratégies d'atténuation avec un accent particulier à la stratégie pivot dans la période post COVID. – guatemalt
In human, over prescription of antimicrobials, which is presumably higher during COVID, is identified as the major source of selection for antimicrobial resistant bacteria but use of antimicrobials in food animals, poultry, companion animals, fishes and vegetables and moreover, environmental resistance gene pool also play an important role.
The possibilities of unnecessary use of antibiotics as prophylaxis during and after COVID in livestock, poultry and companion animals exist in the low-and middle-income countries. Keywords: Backyard, COVID, food animals, mitigation, Industrial food animal production, antimicrobial resistance Received: 01 Jun 2020; Accepted: 30 Jul 2020. * Correspondence: Dr. FRONT. VET. SCI. 13/07/20 MONITORING OF FARM-LEVEL ANTIMICROBIAL USE TO GUIDE STEWARDSHIP: OVERVIEW OF EXISTING SYSTEMS AND DESCRIPTIVE ANALYSIS OF KEY COMPONENTS AND PROCESSES. Pim Sanders1*,
NATURE 07/08/18 Pharming animals: a global history of antibiotics in food production (1935–2017) In the absence of meaningful international agreement on AMR risks or on measures to reduce drug dependencies, global antibiotic consumption surged.
Between 1970 and 1978, the amount of US antibiotics used for non-medicinal purposes (excluding sulphonamides) rose from 3310 to 5580 tonnes (NAS, 1980). Even countries with AGP restrictions in place experienced a further rise of antibiotic consumption. In Britain, a brief post-Swann dip was followed by an increase in the use of nontherapeutic antibiotics and of prescribed higher-dosed penicillin and tetracyclines (Braude, 1978). In Spain, a 1984 study found that roughly half of antibiotics were being consumed by livestock despite similar AGP restrictions (Santesmases, 2018).
Meanwhile, antibiotic infrastructures spread to new countries and food production sectors. In the US, feedlot systems drove a significant increase of drug consumption. FDA regulators were powerless to stop proliferating antibiotic use.
CIRAD - 2017 - AGRITROP - Antibiotiques en agriculture : réduire leur usage tout en limitant les risques sanitaires et socioéconomiques au Sud. Archives of Public Health 19/10/17 Antimicrobial policies in animals and human health. The early recognition of antimicrobial resistance hazards in livestock Nearly all antimicrobial compounds used in human have a counterpart in veterinary medicine .
In livestock, the majority of antimicrobial agents are currently given largely for the prevention of disease by oral group treatments. Historically antimicrobial agents were given from after World War II onwards to otherwise healthy food producing animals to enhance growth, increase feed conversion and decrease waste and (zoonotic) infections. Due to different reports in the 1960’s on zoonotic infections with antimicrobial resistance linked with the use of antimicrobial agents on the respective farms, the use of these agents as antimicrobial growth promoter (AMGP) has been a source of intense debate. Based on the precautionary principle, this resulted in a gradual restriction of this particular AMGP use in different European countries and a total ban from January 2006 onwards in the entire EU. Livestock associated MRSA.
N Z Vet J. 2017 Mar;65(2):57-59. Antimicrobial resistance: a global threat with remarkable geographical differences. REVIEW ON ANTIMICROBIAL RESISTANCE - DEC 2015 - ANTIMICROBIALS IN AGRICULTURE AND THE ENVIRONMENT: REDUCING UNNECESSARY USE AND WASTE. Antibiorésistance dans le secteur vétérinaire au Vietnam. Antibiorésistance dans le secteur vétérinaire en Afrique.
Antibiorésistance dans le secteur vétérinaire en Australie. Antibiorésistance au Japon. Antibiorésistance dans le secteur vétérinaire en Inde.