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FITOSANIDAD (Cuba) vol. 8, no. 4, diciembre 2004 Fusarium wilt (Panama disease) of Bananas: an Updating Review of the Current Knowledge on the Disease and its Causal Agent. Crop Protection Volume 26, Issue 4, April 2007 Evaluation of fungicides and sterilants for potential application in the management of Fusarium wilt of banana. EFSA - 2008 - Pest risk assessment made by France on Fusarium oxysporum. f. sp. cubense considered by France as harmful in French overseas departments of French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique and Réunion. Following a request from the European Commission, the Panel on Plant Health was asked to deliver a scientific opinion on 30 pest risk assessments made by France on organisms which are considered by France as harmful in four French overseas departments, i.e.

EFSA - 2008 - Pest risk assessment made by France on Fusarium oxysporum. f. sp. cubense considered by France as harmful in French overseas departments of French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique and Réunion

French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique and Réunion. In particular, the Panel was asked whether these organisms can be considered as harmful organisms for the endangered area of the above departments, in the meaning of the definition mentioned in Article 2.1. CIRAD - 2003 - Analyse du Risque Phytosanitaire (ARP) - Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense - Bananiers. Molecular Plant Pathology. 05/2007 Tolerance in banana to Fusarium wilt is associated with early up‐regulation of cell wall‐strengthening genes in the roots. You are using an outdated version of Firefox which is not supported by ResearchGate anymore.

Molecular Plant Pathology. 05/2007 Tolerance in banana to Fusarium wilt is associated with early up‐regulation of cell wall‐strengthening genes in the roots

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</b></div></div> Article. PROMUSA - Tropical race 4. Tropical race 4 (TR4) is the name given to the fungal strains of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense (Foc) that cause Fusarium wilt (popularly known as Panama disease) in Cavendish cultivars grown in tropical conditions.

PROMUSA - Tropical race 4.

The term TR4 was coined to distinguish these strains from the ones that cause the disease in the presence of predisposing factors, such as low temperatures, and have since become known as subtropical race 4 (STR4). The term TR4 usually refers to isolates belonging to a particular vegetative compatibility group called VCG 01213/16, although other VCGs have also been shown to cause Fusarium wilt in Cavendish cultivars. It should be noted that TR4 has a wider host range than just Cavendish bananas.

In addition to hitherto unaffected varieties, it also causes disease in groups of cultivars susceptible to races 1 and 2, such as Gros Michel, Silk, Pome and Bluggoe. TR4 was first identified in the early 1990s. Distribution Host range Symptoms and diagnosis. Le site PANAMA DISEASE_ORG. Panama disease is caused by the fungus Fusarium (the full name is Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense).

Le site PANAMA DISEASE_ORG.

It is a soil pathogen which infects the root system and goes on to colonise the plant through the vascular system – hyphae of the fungus can even reach the leaves. The disease cannot be controlled or cured other than by soil treatments, which unfortunately have such a detrimental effects on the environment that they are prohibited almost everywhere.Biological methods under development are showing great potential, however. One of the worst effects of Panama disease is the production of so-called chlamydospores , or resting spores, which survive in the soil for decades.

As soon as a susceptible banana plant is grown nearby, these spores germinate, infect the plant, and kill it. Nouvelles: La FAO presse les pays d’intensifier la lutte contre une maladie qui ravage les bananeraies. Plants de bananes atteints par la maladie 14 avril 2014, Rome – La FAO exhorte les pays à intensifier la surveillance, la notification et la prévention de la jaunisse fusarienne, une des maladies les plus destructrices de la planète pour les bananiers, qui s'est récemment propagée de l'Asie à l'Afrique et au Moyen-Orient et menace de s'étendre aux pays d'Amérique latine.

Nouvelles: La FAO presse les pays d’intensifier la lutte contre une maladie qui ravage les bananeraies

Selon une note d'information de la FAO, la souche Tropical Race 4 (TR4) de la maladie, également connue sous le nom de maladie de Panama, constitue une sérieuse menace pour la production et l'exportation de ce fruit très apprécié et pourrait avoir de graves répercussions sur la filière et les moyens d'existence. La banane est considérée comme la huitième culture alimentaire mondiale, et comme la quatrième dans les pays les moins avancés, selon FAOSTAT, le principal service de collecte et d'analyse de données de l'institution des Nations Unies.

Mesures recommandées Au niveau des pays, la FAO conseille en particulier: WIKIPEDIA – Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubene. Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense is a fungal plant pathogen that causes Panama disease of banana (Musa spp.), also known as fusarium wilt of banana.

WIKIPEDIA – Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubene

Overview[edit] Although fruit of the wild banana, Musa balbisiana have large, hard seeds, these have been bred out of the modern culinary banana which is seedless.[1] Banana plants are therefore propagated asexually from offshoots. Because these rhizomes are usually free of symptoms even when the plant is infected by F. oxysporum f. sp. cubense, they are a common means by which this pathogen is disseminated.

It can also be spread in soil and running water, on farm implements or machinery.[2] SPC - MARS 2005 - Fusarium Wilt (Panama Disease) of Banana. WIKIPEDIA - Panama disease. Panama disease is a plant disease of the roots of banana plants.

WIKIPEDIA - Panama disease.

It is a type of Fusarium wilt, caused by the fungal pathogen Fusarium oxysporum. The pathogen is resistant to fungicide and cannot be controlled chemically. In the 1950s, Panama disease wiped out (except in Asia) the Gros Michel banana, the dominant cultivar of bananas, inflicting enormous costs and forcing producers to switch to other, disease-resistant cultivars. However, new strains of Panama disease threaten the production of today's most popular cultivar, Cavendish. Susceptibility[edit] The fungus causes significant damage to banana crops due to its virulence, as well as the identical genetic composition of modern banana crops. History[edit] Gros Michel devastation era[edit] Gros Michel was the only type of banana eaten in the United States from the late 19th century until after World War II. The response[edit] Scientists took several years to identify the problem. Cavendish devastation era[edit] See also[edit] Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1998 Multiple evolutionary origins of the fungus causing Panama disease of banana: Concordant evidence from nuclear and mitochondrial gene genealogies.

MOLECULAR PLANT PATHOLOGY - 2007 - Tolerance in banana to Fusarium wilt is associated with early up-regulation of cell wall-strengthening genes in the roots. INIBAP - JUIN 1995 - Maladies des Musa - Fiche technique n¡ 5 - LA FUSARIOSE DU BANANIER. International Journal of Pest Management Volume 40, Issue 4, 1994 Panama disease: Return of the first banana menace. UONBI_AC_KE - MANAGEMENT OF PANAMA DISEASE (Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense) USING ORGANIC AMENDMENTS: A CASE STUDY OF KISII COUNTY.

MERID 17/01/08 La banane GM pourrait vaincre la maladie de panama. FOOD AND FERTILIZER TECHNOLOGY CENTER FOR THE ASIAN AND PACIFIC REGION 10/01/07 Study on Fusarium wilt of banana envisioned to help Philippine farmers. January 10 2007.

FOOD AND FERTILIZER TECHNOLOGY CENTER FOR THE ASIAN AND PACIFIC REGION 10/01/07 Study on Fusarium wilt of banana envisioned to help Philippine farmers

NSW GOVERNMENT - AOUT 2008 - Panama disease in bananas. SPC - MARS 2005 - Fusarium Wilt (Panama Disease) of Banana. WAGENINGEN UNIVERSITY - Understanding the causal agent of Panama disease in banana: Genetic and pathogenic diversity of Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (PANAMA DISEASE PhD project 1) FAO - Fusarium wilt or Panama disease: the disease, historic overview, WAGENINGEN UNIVERSITY - Understanding the causal agent of Panama disease in banana: Genetic and pathogenic diversity of Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (PANAMA DISEASE PhD project 1)

This PhD project is one of the components that will be integrated with the other projects to manage Panama disease and maintain a viable banana production - both industrial and subsistence - even in TR4 infested areas.

WAGENINGEN UNIVERSITY - Understanding the causal agent of Panama disease in banana: Genetic and pathogenic diversity of Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (PANAMA DISEASE PhD project 1)

For example, this study will identify where certain banana cultivars should not be grown due to the pathogenicity of the indigenous Foc diversity and quantity. Throughout history, few plant disease epidemics have devastated production of an agricultural commodity as severely as Panama disease, i.e. EFSA - 2008 - Pest risk assessment made by France on Fusarium oxysporum. f. sp. cubense considered by France as harmful in French overseas departments of French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique and Réunio.