FRONTIERS IN MICROBIOLOGY 29/05/17 Context is Everything: Harmonization of Critical Food Microbiology Descriptors and Metadata for Improved Food Safety and Surveillance. 1Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, Simon Fraser University, Canada 2Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of British Columbia, Canada 3National Microbiology Laboratory, Public Health Agency of Canada, Canada 4Department of Medical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Max Rady College of Medicine, University of Manitoba, Canada 5British Columbia Centre for Disease Control Public Health Laboratory, Canada Globalization of food networks increases opportunities for the spread of foodborne pathogens beyond borders and jurisdictions.
High resolution whole-genome sequencing (WGS) subtyping of pathogens promises to vastly improve our ability to track and control foodborne disease, but to do so it must be combined with epidemiological, clinical, laboratory and other health care data (called “contextual data”) to be meaningfully interpreted for regulatory and health interventions, outbreak investigation, and risk assessment. ALPHAGALILEO 28/03/17 About time! Predicting midge seasonality key to reducing livestock diseases. Printer friendly version Share.
ILAR JOURNAL 31/08/15 Pathogens, Commensal Symbionts, and Pathobionts: Discovery and Functional Effects on the Host. PLOS 17/01/17 Review of Participatory Epidemiology Practices in Animal Health (1980-2015) and Future Practice Directions. Abstract In this study we combined an inventory of the major applications, geographic regions and diseases covered by participatory epidemiology (PE) activities in the field of animal health since 1980, together with an email discussion forum with PE practitioners from different regions of the world.
The inventory included the search of peer-reviewed papers, master and technical reports, conference proceedings, manuals, training materials and projects. The search resulted in a low number of PE activity results until the year 2000, followed by a considerable increase (especially from 2012). OMS - 2017 - Integrated biological–behavioural surveillance in pandemic-threat warning systems.
BMC MEDICINE 19/12/16 Modernising epidemic science: enabling patient-centred research during epidemics. Integrated clinical data capture Currently, outbreak response is characterised by an artificial separation of the public health, clinical and scientific response.
This is an understandable consequence of engrained disciplinary divisions and regulatory frameworks but is inefficient given that the ultimate aims of all groups are to improve patient outcomes and control the epidemic. Under even a cursory examination, it is clear that the boundaries between the public health, clinical and scientific response are blurred, with the necessary evidence overlapping and being collected from the same patient. What distinguishes research from clinical or public health practice is often difficult to define, and rather than trying to draw arbitrary boundaries, we should aim to integrate the data needs of all disciplines. UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA via RESEARCHGATE - SEPT 2015 - Chapitre d'ouvrage : Global Health Security and the Pathogenic Imaginary. UNIVERSITY OF SYDNEY 05/12/13 Présentation : A One Health perspective on infectious disease and food security.
PNAS - 2016 - Opinion: Specimen collections should have a much bigger role in infectious disease research and response. Author Affiliations When public health officials become aware of the first signs of a disease outbreak, they need to determine a few critical things as quickly as possible.
What’s the disease agent? How did it get here? How does it spread and how can it be contained? Has it been seen before? Field veterinarians collect a bat blood sample for pathogen surveillance (Upper Left and Upper Right) in conjunction with the US Agency for International Development's Emerging Pandemic Threats PREDICT project, a collaboration between the University of California, Davis and Tanzania's Sokoine University of Agriculture.
Interface (Botucatu) vol.19 no.52 Botucatu Jan./Mar. 2015 Diseases neglected by the media: a theoretical approach. Introdução Entende-se que, nos dias de hoje, em que a visibilidade se torna condição central para conhecimento público de determinadas mazelas na sociedade, o estudo da exposição midiática e da audiência a determinados temas poderia identificar as condições de desenvolvimento de círculos de atenção social – essenciais à produção e reprodução de sentidos e às ações coletivas.
Para tanto, é importante caracterizar escalas de valoração e dinâmicas de reprodução que implicam a magnitude conferida aos temas mais enaltecidos, assim como, no sentido inverso, as condições eventualmente negligenciadas por conta de sua débil visibilidade e sustentabilidade política. International Journal on Advances in Life Sciences, vol 5 no 3 & 4, year 2013 One Health Information and Communication Technologies - How digital humanities contribute to public health. UNIVERSITY OF WARWICK - 2014 - Présentation : Epidemic spreading is always possible on regular networks. Universit`a di Torino 04/04/14 An ecoepidemic food chain with the disease at the intermediate trophic level. Trends Ecol Evol. May 2014; 29(5): 270–279. Assembling evidence for identifying reservoirs of infection.
PLOS 15/10/14 Evaluation of Local Media Surveillance for Improved Disease Recognition and Monitoring in Global Hotspot Regions. Abstract Digital disease detection tools are technologically sophisticated, but dependent on digital information, which for many areas suffering from high disease burdens is simply not an option.
In areas where news is often reported in local media with no digital counterpart, integration of local news information with digital surveillance systems, such as HealthMap (Boston Children’s Hospital), is critical. Little research has been published in regards to the specific contribution of local health-related articles to digital surveillance systems. In response, the USAID PREDICT project implemented a local media surveillance (LMS) pilot study in partner countries to monitor disease events reported in print media.
This research assessed the potential of LMS to enhance digital surveillance reach in five low- and middle-income countries. Editor: Michelle L. Received: May 19, 2014; Accepted: September 14, 2014; Published: October 15, 2014 Copyright: © 2014 Schwind et al. Introduction File S1. PLOS 30/10/14 Internet and Free Press Are Associated with Reduced Lags in Global Outbreak Reporting. Background: Global outbreak detection and reporting have generally improved for a variety of infectious diseases and geographic regions in recent decades.
Nevertheless, lags in outbreak reporting remain a threat to the global human health and economy. In the time between first occurrence of a novel disease incident and public notification of an outbreak, infected individuals have a greater possibility of traveling and spreading the pathogen to other nations. Shortening outbreak reporting lags has the potential to improve global health by preventing local outbreaks from escalating into global epidemics. Methods: Reporting lags between the first record and the first public report of an event were calculated for 318 outbreaks occurring 1996-2009. The influence of freedom of the press, Internet usage, per capita health expenditure, and cell phone subscriptions, on the timeliness of outbreak reporting was evaluated. Introduction. EHP - 2014 - Evaluating Uncertainty to Strengthen Epidemiologic Data for Use in Human Health Risk Assessments. EHP - 2014 - Thinking One Step Ahead: Strategies to Strengthen Epidemiological Data for Use in Risk Assessment.
WORLD VETERINARY ASSOCIATION 20/03/14 World Veterinary Association Position on One Health Concept. WAGENINGEN UNIVERSITY 28/10/14 Thèse en ligne : EFFECTIVE STAKEHOLDER INVOLVEMENT IN AGRI-FOOD GOVERNANCE AND POLICY DEVELOPMENT Au sommaire: Chapter 1 General introduction 7 Chapter 2 Expert involvement in policy development: a systematic review of curre. PLOS 16/03/15 The Causes and Consequences of Changes in Virulence following Pathogen Host Shifts.
Abstract Emerging infectious diseases are often the result of a host shift, where the pathogen originates from a different host species.
Virulence—the harm a pathogen does to its host—can be extremely high following a host shift (for example Ebola, HIV, and SARs), while other host shifts may go undetected as they cause few symptoms in the new host. Here we examine how virulence varies across host species by carrying out a large cross infection experiment using 48 species of Drosophilidae and an RNA virus.
Host shifts resulted in dramatic variation in virulence, with benign infections in some species and rapid death in others. The change in virulence was highly predictable from the host phylogeny, with hosts clustering together in distinct clades displaying high or low virulence. Author Summary Many emerging infectious diseases are the result of a host shift, with the pathogen jumping into the new host from another species. Editor: David S. Copyright: © 2015 Longdon et al. Introduction. JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC DYNAMICS - 2014 - Managing the Endogenous Risk of Disease Outbreaks with Non-Constant Background Risk. The Lancet. 08/2015; Global, regional, and national disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for 306 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE) for 188 countries, 1990–2013: quantifying the epidemiological transition. Royal Geographical Society - 2014 - The tactile topologies of Contagion.
UNIVERSITY OF ALBERTA SCHOOL OF PUBLIC HEALTH - AOUT 2008 - Exploring the Utilization of Geographic Information Systems in Healt. Disease Surveillance On-Line - Public Health Agency of Canada/Surveillance des maladies en direct - Agence de la santé publique du Canada. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 12 July 2011 vol. 366 no. 1573 1933-1942 Infectious diseases of animals and plants: an interdisciplinary.
+ Author Affiliations + Author Notes ↵† Present address: Harper Adams University College, Newport Shropshire, TF10 8NB, UK. *↵ Author for correspondence (email@example.com).
Abstract Animal and plant diseases pose a serious and continuing threat to food security, food safety, national economies, biodiversity and the rural environment. New challenges, including climate change, regulatory developments, changes in the geographical concentration and size of livestock holdings, and increasing trade make this an appropriate time to assess the state of knowledge about the impact that diseases have and the ways in which they are managed and controlled. 1. Incidents of animal or plant disease are not solely natural occurrences.
The aim of this Theme Issue is to bring together different academic disciplines to offer fresh insights into contemporary animal and plant disease threats. 2. (a) Climate change The effects of climate change on disease will differ between pathogens. 3. Table 1. 4. Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy January 2012, Infectious diseases following natural disasters: prevention and control me. Food Control 17 (2006) 825–837 Use of epidemiologic data to measure the impact of food safety control programs. Journal of Environmental and Public Health Volume 2012 (2012), Environmental Determinants of Chronic Disease and Medical Approac. KANSAS STATE UNIVERSITY - 2012 - Thèse en ligne : UTILIZING AGENT BASED SIMULATION AND GAME THEORY TECHNIQUES TO OPTIMIZE AN IND. Environmental Health 2013, 12:6 Environmental risk factors of pregnancy outcomes: a summary of recent meta-analyses of epidemiol. Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 2001, 42(Suppl 1):S11-S16 Epidemiological Concepts Regarding Disease Monitoring and Surveillance.
Definitions on epidemiological concepts regarding disease monitoring and surveillance can be found in textbooks on veterinary epidemiology [1,4,2]. It is generally accepted that both disease monitoring and surveillance involve the continuous collection of data (Table 1). Animal disease monitoring describes the ongoing efforts directed at assessing the health and disease status of a given population. The disease can be a specific infectious disease or diseases/health in general whereas the efforts are the routine recording, analyses and distribution of information related to the disease (or health).
Table 1. FASEB - JUIN 2005 - The epidemiological revolution of the 20th century. + Author Affiliations ↵Correspondence: 1Correspondence: Department of Health Sciences, University of Genoa, Via A. Pastore 1, I–16132 Genoa, Italy.