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Etats-Unis - résistance antimicrobienne dans le secteur vétérinaire

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FRONT. VET. SCI. 08/09/20 Small and Large Animal Veterinarian Perceptions of Antimicrobial Use Metrics for Hospital-Based Stewardship in the United States. Introduction.

FRONT. VET. SCI. 08/09/20 Small and Large Animal Veterinarian Perceptions of Antimicrobial Use Metrics for Hospital-Based Stewardship in the United States

AVMA - AOUT 2020 - Antimicrobial-resistant pathogens affecting animal health. Antimicrobial-resistant pathogens: A report Maintaining the effectiveness of antimicrobials approved for therapeutic use in animals requires attention to stewardship across the One Health spectrum, especially among leaders in veterinary medicine, animal production, and public health.

AVMA - AOUT 2020 - Antimicrobial-resistant pathogens affecting animal health

This report includes actions that veterinarians and our teams, producers, breeders, and others seeking medical care for animals can take to collaboratively combat antimicrobial resistance. Only through concerted commitment and action will those caring for the health and welfare of animals succeed in maintaining the effectiveness of antimicrobials against bacterial pathogens. The full report includes an overview of the impact of antimicrobial resistance on animal health in the U.S., report cards that summarize pathogens of concern for different host species, and a technical appendix.

NATIONAL HOG FARMER 25/08/20 AVMA releases antimicrobial resistance in animals report. The American Veterinary Medical Association, the leading voice of the veterinary profession, has released Antimicrobial Resistant Pathogens Affecting Animal Health in the United States, the newest addition to the arsenal of interdisciplinary resources dedicated to combating the threat of antimicrobial resistance.

NATIONAL HOG FARMER 25/08/20 AVMA releases antimicrobial resistance in animals report

It is the first report describing the current status of antimicrobial-resistant bacteria affecting various animal species in the United States. Antimicrobial resistance – when antimicrobial drugs, including antibiotics, antivirals and others, are no longer effective at treating the bacteria, viruses and other microorganisms that they were developed for – presents a growing challenge for veterinarians and is a global One Health issue. One Health is an approach that recognizes the health of animals, people and the environment is closely connected.

IOWA STATE UNIVERSITY - 2017 - Présentation : Use of antibiotics in livestock production in light of new FDA guidelines. UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA via YOUTUBE 27/10/17 Emerging Issues in Antibiotic Resistance Linked to Use in Food Animals. FDA 23/10/17 FDA Releases 2015 NARMS Integrated Report Partnership with CDC and USDA tracks antimicrobial resistance patterns to protect public health. JOHN BLUE via YOUTUBE 16/11/16 Panel - Q&A Stewardship of Antimicrobial Drug Use in Food Animals. GEORGE WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY - AOUT 2017 - U.S. Policy Roadmap To Reduce Use of Antibiotics in Livestock. Medical and public health organizations around the world agree that more prudent use of antibiotics in human medicine and in livestock production is paramount to slow the spread of antibiotic resistance.

GEORGE WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY - AOUT 2017 - U.S. Policy Roadmap To Reduce Use of Antibiotics in Livestock

Of particular concern is the widespread use of antibiotics important to human medicine in food animals. In the U.S., such use accounts for 70% of all sales of medically important antibiotics. It is against this backdrop that 12 antibiotic resistance experts from the fields of infectious disease medicine, veterinary medicine, microbiology, epidemiology and public health joined to craft a policy roadmap to help move the U.S. forward in addressing the contribution of livestock antibiotic use to the growing global threat of antibiotic resistance. GEORGE WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY VIA EUREKALERT 29/08/17 Experts release US policy roadmap to reduce antibiotics used in food animals. WASHINGTON, DC (August 29, 2017) -- Antibiotic resistance is a public health crisis that threatens the lives of millions of people around the world.

GEORGE WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY VIA EUREKALERT 29/08/17 Experts release US policy roadmap to reduce antibiotics used in food animals

Yet, according to a new report released today, the U.S. policy response fails to adequately address this major challenge. The commission report was authored by 12 antibiotic resistance experts from the fields of infectious disease medicine, veterinary medicine, microbiology, epidemiology and public health, including Co-Chair Lance Price, PhD, Director of the Antibiotic Resistance Action Center, which is based at George Washington University's Milken Institute School of Public Health (SPH). Without more urgent action, the World Health Organization, United Nations, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention agree we may soon be living in a world where antibiotics are ineffective against many bacterial infections.

The full report, executive summary (including recommendations), and appendices can be accessed at: FOOD SAFETY MAGAZINE - December 2016/January 2017 - Au sommaire: Antibiotic Use in Food Animals: A Growing Threat to Public Health. Antibiotics | December 2016/January 2017 By Karin Hoelzer, DVM, Ph.D.

FOOD SAFETY MAGAZINE - December 2016/January 2017 - Au sommaire: Antibiotic Use in Food Animals: A Growing Threat to Public Health

ERS USDA - NOV 2015 - Economics of Antibiotic Use in U.S. Livestock Production. CDDEP - 2010 - Consumption of select key retail antibiotics in the United States and India in 2010. Ever since antibiotics were made widely accessible by mass production in the 1940's, their use has increased significantly each decade.

CDDEP - 2010 - Consumption of select key retail antibiotics in the United States and India in 2010

However, along with this increase in use, antibiotic effectiveness has also declined. A recent study done by CDDEP showed that global sales of antibiotics for human consumption increased 36% between 2000 and 2011, with Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa accounting for 76% of the increase. In 2010, India had the highest consumption of antibiotics with 12.9x10^9 units (an estimated 17.5% of global antibiotic consumption in 2010), while the US had the third highest consumption of antibiotics with 6.8*10^9 units (an estimated 9.2% of global consumption in 2010).

ERS USDA - NOV 2015 - Restrictions on Antibiotic Use for Production Purposes in U.S. Livestock Industries Likely To Have Small Effects on Prices and Quantities. Highlights: Antibiotics are used widely in livestock production for control, prevention, and treatment of disease, and for “production purposes” such as growth promotion.

ERS USDA - NOV 2015 - Restrictions on Antibiotic Use for Production Purposes in U.S. Livestock Industries Likely To Have Small Effects on Prices and Quantities

The most recent estimates suggest that approximately 40 percent of finishing hogs and up to about half of broilers received antibiotics for production purposes. Research on the effect of antibiotic use for production purposes shows that such use is associated with a 1- to 3-percent increase in productivity at the farm level.

However, this effect is not statistically distinguishable from no effect. RT 30/03/15 Use of antibiotics in cattle feed leads to airborne antibiotic-resistant bacteria – study. Published time: March 30, 2015 22:34 Reuters/Darren Hauck DNA from antibiotic-resistant bacteria is spreading from cattle feedlots across the US through the air, a new study has found.

RT 30/03/15 Use of antibiotics in cattle feed leads to airborne antibiotic-resistant bacteria – study

The report indicates that so-called superbugs threatening humans could be traced to the use of antibiotics in cattle feed. Antibiotic-resistant bacterial DNA is known to be transferable to humans if ingested via water or meat. The authors of the study sought to determine the extent to which antibiotics, antibiotic-resistance genes and microbes associated with ruminants like cattle are dispersed into the air via particulate matter derived from large scale beef cattle feedyards, they wrote in their abstract. CHOICES - FEV 2015 - Economics of Antibiotic Use in U.S. Swine and Poultry Production. 1st Quarter 2015.

CHOICES - FEV 2015 - Economics of Antibiotic Use in U.S. Swine and Poultry Production

BOVINE VETERINARIAN 22/04/13 FDA warns of misinterpretation of antimicrobial-resistance data. Recently, the Environmental Working Group issued a report of its interpretation of the 2011 Retail Meat Annual Report of the National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System (NARMS). While FDA is always concerned when we see antimicrobial resistance, we believe the EWG report oversimplifies the NARMS data and provides misleading conclusions. We do not believe that EWG fully considered important factors that put these results in context, including: Whether the bacterium is a foodborne pathogen. The report highlights resistance to Enterococcus, but this is not considered a foodborne pathogen. Instead, we include it because its behavior is helpful in understanding how resistance occurs. Additionally, we believe that it is inaccurate and alarmist to define bacteria resistant to one, or even a few, antimicrobials as “superbugs” if these same bacteria are still treatable by other commonly used antibiotics.

FDA 22/04/13 ANIMAL - VETERINARY - FDA Cautions in Interpretation of Antimicrobial Resistance Data. April 22, 2013 Recently, the Environmental Working Group issued a report of its interpretation of the 2011 Retail Meat Annual Report of the National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System (NARMS). While FDA is always concerned when we see antimicrobial resistance, we believe the EWG report oversimplifies the NARMS data and provides misleading conclusions.

We do not believe that EWG fully considered important factors that put these results in context, including: whether the bacterium is a foodborne pathogen. GAO 07/09/11 Antibiotic Resistance: Agencies Have Made Limited Progress Addressing Antibiotic Use in Animals, September 7, 2011. Antibiotics have saved millions of lives, but antibiotic use in food animals contributes to the emergence of resistant bacteria that may affect humans. The Departments of Health and Human Services (HHS) and Agriculture (USDA) are primarily responsible for ensuring food safety. GAO reviewed the issue in 2004 and recommended improved data collection and risk assessment. ERS USDA - MAI 2001 - Antimicrobial Drug Use and Veterinary Costs in U.S. Livestock Production. ERS USDA - MAI 2001 - Antimicrobial Drug Use and Veterinary Costs in U.S. Livestock Production. OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY - 2009 - Thèse en ligne : Prevalence and Characteristics of Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria in Selected Read.

CDC 14/07/10 CDC Congressional Testimony - Antibiotic Resistance and the Use of Antibiotics in Animal Agriculture. July, 14, 2010 Testimony on Health; Committee on Energy & Commerce U.S. House of Representatives Good morning Chairman Pallone, Ranking Member Shimkus, and members of the Subcommittee. I am Ali Khan, an Assistant Surgeon General and acting Deputy Director of the National Center for Emerging & Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (proposed), at the Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC). Thank you for the invitation to address the Subcommittee on the available data as it relates to antimicrobial use in food animals. Background. FDA - JUIN 2011 - NARMS Retail Meat Annual Report, 2009. USDA 31/03/15 USDA Awards 36 Food Safety Grants, Including $6.7 Million for Antimicrobial Resistance, to Protect Consumers.

WASHINGTON, March 31, 2015 - The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) today announced funding awards totaling nearly $19 million, including more than $6.7 million for antimicrobial resistance strategies, to 36 grantees to ensure a safe and nutritious food supply and while maintaining American agricultural competitiveness. NIFA made the awards through the Agriculture and Food Research Initiative (AFRI), which is authorized by the 2014 Farm Bill.

“Increasing food safety continues to be a major focus for USDA, as it directly impacts the health and well-being of all Americans,” said Sonny Ramaswamy, NIFA director.