FRONT. MICROBIOL. 30/11/21 Whole-Genome Epidemiology and Characterization of Methicillin-Susceptible Staphylococcus aureus ST398 From Retail Pork and Bulk Tank Milk in Shandong, China. Introduction Staphylococcus aureus is a well-known commensal pathogen of many animal species, including humans, that causes community and nosocomial infections (Li et al., 2018).
It is regarded as one of the world’s leading causes of food consumption-related disease outbreaks (Abdalrahman et al., 2015). Previous studies have revealed that S. aureus has often been isolated from raw milk and retail meat (Johler et al., 2018; Sahibzada et al., 2018). ANTIBIOTICS 05/06/21 Occurrence of Methicillin-Resistant Coagulase-Negative Staphylococci (MRCoNS) and Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) from Pigs and Farm Environment in Northwestern Italy.
Swine farming as a source of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has been well documented.
Methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative staphylococci (MRCoNS) have been less studied, but their importance as pathogens is increasing. MRCoNS are indeed considered relevant nosocomial pathogens; identifying putative sources of MRCoNS is thus gaining importance to prevent human health hazards. FRONT. VET. SCI. 04/06/21 Airborne Spread of Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus From a Swine Farm.
Introduction Farm animals are a reservoir for transmission of livestock-associated methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (LA-MRSA) to humans (1–3).
The mode of transmission has been of great concern in several European countries, especially those with a low MRSA incidence in humans and large pig productions. In Denmark, the proportion of LA-MRSA positive swine herds has increased dramatically since the first findings in 2008, reaching 95% in 2019 (4) and at the same time a steep increase in human LA-MRSA cases has been observed. This was primarily in persons with direct contact to swine farms; e.g., farm workers and family members. ANTIBIOTICS 02/05/21 Pilot Study on Alteration of LA-MRSA Status of Pigs during Fattening Period on Straw Bedding by Two Types of Cleaning. In countries with professional pig husbandry in stables, the prevalence of livestock-associated (LA) methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) on farms has remained high or has further increased in recent years.
Simple measures to reduce LA-MRSA among pigs have not yet been successfully implemented. The aim of this pilot study is twofold: first, to examine how the LA-MRSA status of LA-MRSA positive fattening pigs at the date of housing changes over the fatting period on straw bedding and, second, whether this change could be influenced by the quality of cleaning and disinfection (C&D). For this purpose, 122 animals are individually tested for LA-MRSA carriage at five sequential time points comparing pigs housed on a farm using straw bedding plus C&D (n = 59) vs. straw bedding plus simple cleaning (n = 63). ANTIBIOTICS 16/04/21 Occurrence and Survival of Livestock-Associated MRSA in Pig Manure and on Agriculture Fields. Livestock-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (LA-MRSA) is widespread in European pig production, and an increasing number of humans attract infections with this bacterium.
Although most infections occur in humans with direct livestock contact, an increasing number of infections occur in humans without any established livestock contact. There have been speculations that at least some of these infections may be connected to the exposure of liquid pig manure for example spread as fertilizers. The present study therefore undertook to measure the presence of LA-MRSA in liquid pig manure and on the surface of soils fertilized with liquid manure and investigate the survival of the bacterium in manure. The results showed that LA-MRSA could be detected in 7 out of 20 liquid manure samples and in 12 out of 186 soil samples. ►▼ Show Figures. PATHOGENS 08/03/21 Staphylococcus aureus in Intensive Pig Production in South Africa: Antibiotic Resistance, Virulence Determinants and Clonality. Although Staphylococcus aureus is a major threat to the veterinary, agricultural, and public health sectors because of its zoonotic potential, studies on its molecular characterisation in intensive animal production are rare.
We phenotypically and genotypically characterised antibiotic-resistant S. aureus in intensive pig production in South Africa, using the farm-to-fork approach. Samples (n = 461) were collected from the farm, transport vehicles, and the abattoir using the World Health Organisation on Integrated Surveillance of Antimicrobial Resistance (WHO-AGISAR) sampling protocol. Bacteria were isolated using selective media and identified using biochemical tests and polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Phenotypic resistance was determined using the disk diffusion method. Selected resistance and virulence genes were investigated using PCR. CDC EID - MARS 2021 - Transmission of Antimicrobial-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Clonal Complex 9 between Pigs and Humans, United States. Disclaimer: Early release articles are not considered as final versions.
Any changes will be reflected in the online version in the month the article is officially released. Author affiliations: Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA (P.R. Randad, N. Pisanic, C. BMC VETERINARY RESEARCH 18/01/21 The presence of antibiotic-resistant Staphylococcus spp. and Escherichia coli in smallholder pig farms in Uganda. Study design The study was conducted in the four sub-counties closest to Lira town, Lira district, in the northern region of Uganda.
A list of 250 pig farmers were obtained from the District Veterinary Office. EHP 07/02/14 Multidrug-Resistant and Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in Hog Slaughter and Processing Plant Workers and Their Community in North Carolina (USA) ZOONOSES AND PUBLIC HEALTH 16/08/19 Occupational swine exposure and Hepatitis E virus, Leptospira, Ascaris suum seropositivity and MRSA colonization in Austrian veterinarians, 2017–2018—A cross‐sectional study. Veterinarians are more likely to acquire zoonotic infections compared to the general population (Baker & Gray, 2009; Taylor, Latham, & Woolhouse, 2001).
The swine population represents an important potential reservoir for zoonotic viral, bacterial pathogens and helminths (e.g., hepatitis E virus [HEV], methicillin‐resistant Staphylococcus aureus [MRSA], Leptospira and Ascaris suum [A. suum ]). The HEV is classified into four human pathogenic genotypes (gt1–4), with gt1 and gt2 exclusively infecting humans (Mushahwar, 2008). Acute HEV infection is usually self‐limiting and probably less than 5% infected, develop symptoms of acute hepatitis.
Domestic swine and wild boars are the main animal reservoir for HEV gt3 and gt4 (Lewis, Wichmann, & Duizer, 2010). Berto et al. (2012) found in commercial swine farms in six European countries, other than Austria, a faecal HEV prevalence in growers of 20%–44% and in fatteners of 8%–73%. Ann. Occup. Hyg. 04/01/13 Concentration of Airborne Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA and MSSA), Total Bacteria, and Endotoxins in Pig Farms. NATIONAL FOOD INSTITUTE (DK) 05/08/14 New methods to identify MRSA in pigs. It is important to keep the number of MRSA infections at a low level.
In a PhD project at the National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, the latest technologies within whole genome sequencing were exploited to develop new methods to identify genes which are important for the survival of MRSA in pigs. Traditionally, MRSA has been associated with severe infections which occur in hospitals and result in prolonged diseases and increased mortality. However, in recent years, MRSA has spread to the rest of the community, e.g. MRSA CC398 is found in pig production. MRSA is resistant to the antibiotics we normally use for treatment of Staphylococcus infections. In her PhD project at the National Food Institute, PhD student Mette Theilgaard exploited the latest technologies within whole genome sequencing and studied the entire DNA of MRSA CC398. UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA - NOV 2013 - Pigs and MRSA: What are the human health risks and to whom?
PLOS 25/02/10 Prevalence of Livestock-Associated MRSA in Communities with High Pig-Densities in The Netherlands. Abstract Background Recently, livestock-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus CC398 has been discovered in animals, livestock farmers and retail meat. This cross-sectional study aimed to determine the spread to persons not in direct contact with livestock in areas with a high density of pig farms. Methodology/Principal Findings With a random mailing in 3 selected municipalities in the Netherlands, adult persons were asked to fill in a questionnaire and to take a nose swab. Conclusions/Significance Livestock-associated MRSA has a high prevalence in people with direct contact with animals. Citation: van Cleef BA, Verkade EJM, Wulf MW, Buiting AG, Voss A, Huijsdens XW, et al. (2010) Prevalence of Livestock-Associated MRSA in Communities with High Pig-Densities in The Netherlands.
EUROSURVEILLANCE 16/11/17 Letter to the editor: Livestock-associated meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (LA-MRSA), Austria, 2013. BMC Infect Dis. 2016 Nov 28;16(1):716. Prevalence of colonization by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus ST398 in pigs and pig farm workers in an area of Catalonia, Spain. Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz vol.111 no.10 Rio de Janeiro Oct. 2016 Vancomycin-intermediate livestock-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus ST398/t9538 from swine in Brazil.
NATIONAL VETERINARY INSTITUTE (DK) - 2015 - Poster : Assessment of Methods to Quantify Livestock Associated MRSA in Pig herds. Clin Infect Dis. (2016) MRSA CC398 in humans and pigs in Norway: A “One Health” perspective on introduction and transmission. + Author Affiliations Corresponding author: Carl Andreas Grøntvedt, The Norwegian Veterinary Institute, P.O. Box 750 Sentrum, N-0106 Oslo, Norway, Tel: 00 47 23 21 63 87, Email: email@example.com ↵* contributed equally to this work ↵# contributed equally to this work Background.
VETERINARY MICROBIOLOGY 17/12/15 Longitudinal study on the colonisation and transmission of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in pig farms. Open Access Highlights MRSA status changes repetitively during a production cycle in the individual pig. Repeated MRSA contamination instead of real colonisation is proposed. Defining MRSA status at herd level when considering prevention measures. Trading animals only within herds of the same MRSA status prevents further spread. Abstract. Université de Montréal - AOUT 2011 - Mémoire en ligne : ÉTUDE SUR LE STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS RÉSISTANT À LA MÉTHICILLINE CHEZ LE P. PLOS 08/12/11 Presence of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Pigs in Peru. Staphylococcus en secteur porcin. Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) Strain ST398 Is Present in Midwestern U.S. Swine and Swine Workers. Canadian veterinary journal 2010, vol. 51, no7, pp. 749-752 Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) contamination of.
SANTE BELGIQUE 12/09/07 Souche MRSA dans les porcheries belges - 12.09.2007 - Une étude réalisée à la demande du précédent minis. L’EFSA publie les résultats de la première enquête sur le SARM chez les porcs dans l’Union Européenne. EFSA News Story: EFSA evaluates factors contributing to MRSA in pigs. Note de service DGAL/SDSSA/N2009-8361 du 29/12/2009 : Résultats de l'enquête communautaire d'estimation de la prévalence de Stap. MRSA au Danemark. MRSA et porcins en Norvège.