REV. BIOL. TROP. - 1976 - Observations on the role of mollusks and planarians in the transmission of Angiostrongylus cantonensis infection to man in new caledonia. UNIVERSITY MC GILL - The Giant African Snail and Barbados: Potential Health Effects and Efforts to Control Snail Population. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg., 68(3), 2003, pp. 281–285 EOSINOPHILIC MENINGITIS CAUSED BY ANGIOSTRONGYLUS CANTONENSIS ASSOCIATED WITH EATING RAW SNAILS: CORRELATION OF BRAIN MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING SCANS WITH CLINICAL FINDINGS. DAILY MAIL 03/08/12 Deadly invasion: Battle rages to rid Florida of tens of thousands of African snails which are infested with a brain-swelling worm.
Snails carry worms which cause meningitis in humansInvasive species can grow to 8ins in length and produce up to 300 eggs a monthLatest outbreak first spotted in Florida in September 2011 By Sam Adams Published: 13:21 GMT, 3 August 2012 | Updated: 07:21 GMT, 6 August 2012 They may not look very threatening, but an invasion of Giant African Land Snails is causing havoc in parts of Florida.
The slimy creatures, which are native to East Africa, cause widespread damage to crops and buildings, while some carry thousands of 'rat lungworms' which can cause meningitis if ingested by humans. Government officials battling to stem the tide have collected more than 40,000 of the snails since they were first found in the south of the state late last year. Threat: Giant African Land Snails like this one can carry thousands of worms which, if ingested, may cause meningitis in humans Parasitic Rat lungworms use the snails as hosts. The snails are eaten in parts of South and Central American. BBC 02/08/12 African snail: Deadly invasion in South America.
2 August 2012Last updated at 19:31 ET By William Kremer BBC News An African snail appears to be on a campaign to conquer central and southern America.
But how much mess can a mollusc make - and are they really deadly to humans? At an average size of just a couple of inches long, the so-called giant African land snail (achatina fulica) probably wouldn't qualify for a starring role in a 1950s horror film, but it is still wreaking havoc in several South American countries and the US state of Florida. The threat lies in its ability to multiply at enormous speed. The snails reach maturity after a year and can then produce 200-300 eggs a month, leading to huge infestations within a short space of time.
In one Colombian town alone, Buenaventura, more than eight tonnes of snails have been collected since an invasion began two years ago. In the fields, they are an agricultural nuisance. Continue reading the main story What is eosinophilic meningitis? But the snails are not just an unsightly pest. WAGENINGEN UNIVERSITY 27/06/13 'Nematode gives giant garden snails a bad name'
Tropical Medicine & Surgery 08/11/13 Angiostrongylus Cantonensis Infection: Potential Threats to Inhabitants through Consumption of Giant African Land Snail in Democratic Republic of Sao Tome E Principe, West Africa. J Wildl Dis. 2015 Jul;51(3):749-53. Spread of the Rat Lungworm (Angiostrongylus cantonensis) in Giant African Land Snails (Lissachatina fulica) in Florida, USA. Emerson JA, Walden HS, Peters RK, Farina LL, Fredholm DV, Qvarnstrom Y, Xayavong M, Bishop H, Slapcinsky J, McIntosh A, et al. 2013.
Eosinophilic meningoencephalomyelitis in an orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus) caused by Angiostrongylus cantonensis. Vet Q 33:191–194. CrossRef Jarvi S, Farias M, Howe K, Jacquieer S, Hollingsworth R, Pitt W. 2012. Quantitative PCR estimates Angiostrongylus cantonensis (rat lungworm) infection levels in semi-slugs (Parmarion martensi). Kim JR, Hayes KA, Yeung NW, Cowie RH. 2014. Lv S, Zhang Y, Steinmann P, Zhou X-N. 2008. Hawaii J Med Public Health. Jun 2013; 72(6 Suppl 2): Au sommaire: Definitive, Intermediate, Paratenic, and Accidental Hosts of Angiostrongylus cantonensis and its Molluscan Intermediate Hosts in Hawa‘i The Occurrence of the Rat Lungworm, Angiostrongylus c. Escargots géants (Achatine fulica)