ACADEMY OF ROMANIAN SCIENTISTS - 2012 - Au sommaire notamment: Research on the protein content of some vegetables, dried, modified and non-genetically modified in the context of a healthy diet. Developing New Functional Food and Nutraceutical Products - 2017 - Chapter 27 – Genetically modified products and GMO foods: a game of chance? John Hudson Department of Economics, University of Bath, Bath, United Kingdom Available online 23 September 2016 23 September 2016 Choose an option to locate/access this article: Check if you have access through your login credentials or your institution Check access Get rights and content Abstract We discuss the costs and benefits to farmers, the environment, and consumers of GM crops.
Keywords genetically modified foods; cisgenesis; transgenesis; precautionary principle; superweeds; monopoly; genetically modified salmon Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. Annu Rev Food Sci Technol. 2017 Feb 28;8:413-437. CRISPR-Cas Technologies and Applications in Food Bacteria. Front Immunol. 2017 Jan 25;8:22. Applications of Genetically Modified Immunobiotics with High Immunoregulatory Capacity for Treatment of Inflammatory Bowel Diseases. Introduction Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic inflammatory disease that occurs in the gastrointestinal tract (GIT); IBDs are largely classified as ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn’s disease (CD). There has been an increase in the number of cases of IBD in recent years, mainly in Western countries (1).
IBD causes inflammatory obstruction of the GIT, resulting in symptoms such as stomach cramps, pain, diarrhea, constipation, and vomiting over an extended period of time. These symptoms cause considerable reduction in quality of life. While IBD is not a direct cause of mortality, the disease can increase the risk of colorectal cancer (2). There is currently a great deal of interest in the use of probiotics that have been genetically modified (gm) to produce proteins with IBD therapeutic potential as novel drug substitutes.
Figure 1. Table 1. In this review, we describe recent developments in preventive and therapeutic strategies for the treatment of IBD using gm-probiotics. PLOS 19/10/16 Genetically Engineered Escherichia coli Nissle 1917 Synbiotics Reduce Metabolic Effects Induced by Chronic Consumption of Dietary Fructose. Abstract Aims To assess protective efficacy of genetically modified Escherichia coli Nissle 1917 (EcN) on metabolic effects induced by chronic consumption of dietary fructose. Materials and Methods EcN was genetically modified with fructose dehydrogenase (fdh) gene for conversion of fructose to 5-keto-D-fructose and mannitol-2-dehydrogenase (mtlK) gene for conversion to mannitol, a prebiotic. Charles foster rats weighing 150–200 g were fed with 20% fructose in drinking water for two months.
Probiotic treatment of EcN (pqq), EcN (pqq-glf-mtlK), EcN (pqq-fdh) was given once per week 109 cells for two months. Furthermore, blood and liver parameters for oxidative stress, dyslipidemia and hyperglycemia were estimated. Results EcN (pqq-glf-mtlK), EcN (pqq-fdh) transformants were confirmed by restriction digestion and functionality was checked by PQQ estimation and HPLC analysis. Conclusions Editor: Patricia Aspichueta, University of Basque Country, SPAIN Copyright: © 2016 Somabhai et al. Animals. Gastroenterology Research and Practice Volume 2015 (2015), Current Review of Genetically Modified Lactic Acid Bacteria for the Prevention and Treatment of Colitis Using Murine Models. Electronic Journal of Biotechnology Volume 17, Issue 5, September 2014 Plant prebiotics and human health: Biotechnology to breed prebiotic-rich nutritious food crops. Abstract Microbiota in the gut play essential roles in human health.
Prebiotics are non-digestible complex carbohydrates that are fermented in the colon, yielding energy and short chain fatty acids, and selectively promote the growth of Bifidobacteria and Lactobacillae in the gastro-intestinal tract. Fructans and inulin are the best-characterized plant prebiotics. Many vegetable, root and tuber crops as well as some fruit crops are the best-known sources of prebiotic carbohydrates, while the prebiotic-rich grain crops include barley, chickpea, lentil, lupin, and wheat.
Some prebiotic-rich crop germplasm have been reported in barley, chickpea, lentil, wheat, yacon, and Jerusalem artichoke. A few major quantitative trait loci and gene-based markers associated with high fructan are known in wheat. Keywords Germplasm; Gut microbiota; Human health; Non-digestible fibers; Transgene 1. 2. African Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences 6 (3): 57-64, 2014 Genetically Engineered Probiotics. Mol Ther. 2014 Oct;22(10):1730-40. A transgenic probiotic secreting a parasite immunomodulator for site-directed treatment of gut inflammation. PSYCHOMEDIA 03/11/12 Des probiotiques modifiés génétiquement pour traiter la maladie de Crohn.
Des chercheurs français, dont les travaux sont publiés dans la revue Science Translational Medicine, ont mis au point des bactéries qui protègent l’organisme des inflammations intestinales. Cette découverte devrait permettre le développement prochain de traitements pour les maladies inflammatoires chroniques telles que la maladie de Crohn et la rectocolite hémorragique (ou colite ulcéreuse).
En France, près de 200 000 personnes souffrent de maladies inflammatoires chroniques de l'intestin (MICI). La flore intestinale semble jouer un rôle important mais mal connu dans l’apparition de l’inflammation. L’élafine, une protéine naturellement présente dans l’intestin et jouant un rôle protecteur, est absente chez les personnes souffrant de MICI. Administrées à des souris, ces bactéries se retrouvaient quelques heures plus tard à la surface de l'intestin où elles délivraient la protéine anti-inflammatoire.
Voyez également: Psychomédia avec sources: Inra, Le Figaro. NATURAL NEWS 22/01/13 Shock finding: Most probiotic supplements made with genetically modified flow agents, fillers. (NaturalNews) A Natural News investigation into the probiotics industry has turned up alarming information about how probiotics are formulated and labeled. We've found that nearly all probiotics available in the U.S. market today are secretly formulated with genetically modified ingredients that are intentionally not listed on the label. The most common such ingredient is maltodextrin, a corn-derived flow agent. Look for yourself at the probiotics available today, and you'll find something curious: Virtually none of them are certified USDA organic.
Why is that? If you read the ingredients on the label, you might scratch your head and wonder why they can't make those ingredients organic. But the real story is found in the "dirty little secret" that probiotics supplement manufacturers are not listing on the labels: Maltodextrin and other fillers and flow agents that are derived from GM corn. If you take probiotics, check your label right now: Is it certified organic?