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TOXICS 21/11/22 Epidemiology of Chemical Poisoning among Adults in Qassim Region: An Eight-Year Study. 1. Introduction Any substance that can harm living beings as a result of absorption into the body, following contact with the skin or after ingestion, is known as a poison. Poisonous materials that cross the placenta can affect the fetus as well. Many substances can act as poisons if a sufficiently large dose is absorbed [1]. These poisons result in chemical actions which are capable of producing injury or dysfunction in the body [2,3]. It is documented that poisoning represents a significant global public health challenge in terms of morbidity and mortality to the extent that it is considered the second largest cause of morbidity worldwide, following road traffic accidents [2].

However, in spite of all that, poisoning is still considered as a neglected problem [6]. In Saudi Arabia, health services have developed enormously over the last two decades, as evidenced by the availability of health facilities throughout all parts of the entire Kingdom. 2. 3. 4. FAS USDA 01/11/22 Saudi Arabia: Exporter Guide (à perler) FAS USDA 07/10/22 Saudi Arabia: Food Service - Hotel Restaurant Institutional. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGICAL RESEARCH - 2010 - Prevalence of intestinal parasites in leafy vegetables in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. AGRICULTURE_GOV_AU - JANV 2022 - Saudi Arabia food and agriculture market snapshot. Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences Volume 19, Issue 4, May 2020, Forecasting Saudi Arabia’s production and imports of broiler meat chickens and its effect on expected self-sufficiency ratio.

One of the objectives of the research the forecasting of imports and production by applying VARX model as well ARIMA model as tools for analysis. 2.1. Stationary VARX model Sims (1981) suggested a vector autoregressive VAR model, which would treat all variables in one way without deleting some variables from some equations in order to arrive at an acceptable diagnosis of the model. But the VARX model is defined as a vector autoregressive with exogenous variables.

This model is used in multivariate time series analysis when the analysis includes exogenous variables as independent variables. Assumption 1 , for all , where is an positive definite matrix, for all , and . Assumption 2 All the roots of fall outside the unit circle, or all eigenvaluees of the p companion matrix have modulus less than one, and is identity matrix. Assumption 3 , are not perfectly collinear. Let denotes the operator that stacks the columns of the matrix into a long vector. 2.2. GCC STANDARDIZATION ORGANIZATION (GSO) - 2019 - Draft of Standard DS - Contaminants and toxins in food and feed. PATHOGENS 22/02/19 An Overview of the Most Significant Zoonotic Viral Pathogens Transmitted from Animal to Human in Saudi Arabia. Currently, there has been an increasing socioeconomic impact of zoonotic pathogens transmitted from animals to humans worldwide. Recently, in the Arabian Peninsula, including in Saudi Arabia, epidemiological data indicated an actual increase in the number of emerging and/or reemerging cases of several viral zoonotic diseases.

Data presented in this review are very relevant because Saudi Arabia is considered the largest country in the Peninsula. We believe that zoonotic pathogens in Saudi Arabia remain an important public health problem; however, more than 10 million Muslim pilgrims from around 184 Islamic countries arrive yearly at Makkah for the Hajj season and/or for the Umrah. Therefore, for health reasons, several countries recommend vaccinations for various zoonotic diseases among preventive protocols that should be complied with before traveling to Saudi Arabia. ►▼ Show Figures Figure 1. JOURNAL OF FOOD QUALITY 12/07/21 Knowledge of Safe Food Temperature among Restaurant Supervisors in Dammam, Saudi Arabia. AIMS PUBLIC HEALTH 29/03/21 Use of social media in food safety in Saudi Arabia—a preliminary study. Food safety is a major challenge worldwide.

Only last year, it was listed as one of the top three global issues by KRC Research in an online survey of 1,754 adults ages 18 to 65, with participants from the United States, United Kingdom, and China [1]. Just like many other countries, in particular developing countries, such as Saudi Arabia still faces many food safety issues, and it has become a major health concern for the country. According to the Saudi Ministry of Health (MOH) there were 2,191 hospital admissions linked to foodborne illnesses in 2018.

In addition, there were 10.02 cases of amoebic dysentery per 100,000 of the population and 6.12 cases of Salmonella infection per 100,000 of the population that same year [2]. In 2015, a cross-sectional study among female individuals in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, found that 45% followed unsafe food handling practices and lacked knowledge about food safety [3]. Table 1. Table 2a. Note: * Average rank was computed as a weighted average. CUREUS 02/01/22 Confirmed Foodborne Hepatitis A in Saudi Arabia, 2005-2015. Background Foodborne hepatitis A has major health and economic impacts. Pathogen-specific surveillance based on laboratory findings is conducted to detect and confirm cases of foodborne hepatitis A.

Foodborne hepatitis A is on the priority list of diseases in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). Objectives This study aimed to describe the characteristics of confirmed foodborne hepatitis A in the KSA from 2005 to 2015. Methods A cross-sectional study of confirmed foodborne hepatitis A in the KSA from 2005 to 2015 was conducted, and data collection was through retrospective chart review. Results The number of hepatitis A cases that have been confirmed and reported to the Ministry of Health during the study period was 11148, and the Riyadh health region had more reported cases (1353 cases; 12.1%) than any other region. Conclusion The characteristics of foodborne hepatitis A vary according to time, place, and person. Introduction Materials & Methods Study design This is a cross-sectional study.

Results. FOODS 24/03/22 Saudi Arabia Household Awareness and Knowledge of Food Safety. Food safety is a critical problem that impacts everyone worldwide. Many countries around the world are becoming increasingly reliant on the availability and safety of their food supply. Despite growing public consciousness about food-related dangers, the growth in food poisoning cases implies that individuals continue to make food consumption, food storage, and food preparation decisions that are less than optimal from a health and safety standpoint. The aim of this study was to assess Saudi Arabia’s households’ knowledge and practices of food safety. A cross-sectional study was conducted to assess knowledge of food safety and practices among a group of households in Saudi Arabia. An online questionnaire using social media (Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, and WhatsApp), and emails communications were distributed. A total of 309 adults (age range 18–59 years) participated in the study.

Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research - 2020 - Food Safety in Saudi Arabia: A Public Health Priority. JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCE 13/12/20 Food safety governance in Saudi Arabia: Challenges in control of imported food. BUSINESS FRANCE 13/05/19 L’Agriculture en milieu aride – Exemple de l’Arabie Saoudite. 90% de terres situées dans une zone désertique, un climat aride, des espaces immenses… Ce premier portrait de l’Arabie Saoudite dresse une liste de contraintes a priori indépassable pour l’avènement d’une agriculture abondante et diverse. Et pourtant : dans les grandes fermes laitières détenues par les principaux groupes agroalimentaires du royaume (Almarai, Nadec/Alsafi-Danone pour ne citer que les plus connus) pâturent pas moins de 500 000 bovins, responsables de la production de près d’un milliard de litres de lait par an. Le secret d’une telle productivité ?

Une expertise développée depuis la moitié du XXème siècle, du matériel de pointe en matière d’irrigation, de réfrigération, de santé… Et tout cela : en grande partie importé. L’ère de la modernisation agricole « En Arabie Saoudite, 80% des besoins alimentaires sont importés. 4 secteurs prioritaires : élevage bovin, avicole, aquaculture, pêche Le premier symptôme de ce changement ? Un pays de plus en plus ouvert. MASA 17/09/18 Filière algues : le savoir-faire français intéresse l'Arabie saoudite. Les Saoudiens souhaitent développer leur propre filière de production et de valorisation des algues. Ça, c'est la demande. Les entreprises françaises ont un certain savoir-faire en la matière. Ça, c'est l'offre. Comment faire se rencontrer les deux ? C'était la mission de Wilfrid Fousse, conseiller aux affaires agricoles à l'ambassade de France en Arabie saoudite de 2014 à 2018.

Il a travaillé pendant 2 ans sur ce projet dans lequel notre pays a une belle carte à jouer ! Pourquoi l'Arabie saoudite s'intéresse-t-elle à la filière algues ? Les Saoudiens ont bien compris que leurs principales ressources naturelles étaient la mer, le soleil et leur littoral peu développé. Racontez-nous les coulisses d'un tel projet. C'est un travail permanent et sur le long terme de veille et de relation avec les autorités locales. Les entreprises ont-elles été difficiles à convaincre ? Non, cela a été relativement facile. Quel était l'objectif de ce séminaire franco-saoudien ? Tout s'est très bien passé. PATHOGENS 22/02/19 An Overview of the Most Significant Zoonotic Viral Pathogens Transmitted from Animal to Human in Saudi Arabia. FAS USDA 22/06/22 Saudi Arabia: Retail Foods. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCE 22/05/21 Awareness of Foodborne Pathogens among Students: A Cross-Sectional Study in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Food poisoning associated with microbial pathogens causes millions of foodborne disease cases in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Awareness about foodborne pathogens may play a positive role in the reduction of foodborne illnesses. The present cross-sectional study investigates awareness about five major microbial pathogens (Salmonella, Campylobacter, Staphylococcus, Listeria, and Escherichia coli) among university students () from four major cities in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Multiple logistic regression models were used to predict the determinants of inadequate knowledge. Of the 399 study participants, only 34.5% of students knew the above-mentioned foodborne pathogens. Awareness varied by pathogen, and the variations appeared to be related to age, sex, education, and field of study.

In comparison to students in health sciences, students in computer sciences were found to be less knowledgeable about foodborne pathogens (OR: 2.85; 95% CI: 1.36-5.99). 1. 2. 2.1. 2.2. 2.3. 2.4. 3. 4. FAS USDA 12/11/21 Saudi Arabia: Exporter Guide. FAS USDA 30/09/21 Saudi Arabia: Food Service - Hotel Restaurant Institutional. FAS USDA 08/06/21 Saudi Arabia: Retail Foods. FAS USDA 02/04/21 Saudi Arabia: Food Processing Ingredientsaly_03-30-2021. FAS USDA 02/02/21 Saudi Arabia: FAIRS Export Certificate Report. FAS USDA 02/02/21 Saudi Arabia: FAIRS Country Report. AFR. J. FOOD AGRIC. NUTR. DEV. - 2019 - Isolation and identification of pathogenic bacteria from ready-to-eat fast foods in Al-Quwayiyah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. FAS USDA 30/11/20 Saudi Arabia: Retail Foods. FAS USDA 30/11/20 Saudi Arabia: Food Service - Hotel Restaurant Institutional.

FAS USDA 13/08/20 Saudi Arabia: Food Service - Hotel Restaurant Institutional. FAS USDA 29/07/20 Saudi Arabia: Retail Foods. MOLECULES 03/01/20 Evaluation of Pesticide Residues in Vegetables from the Asir Region, Saudi Arabia. In this study, the concentrations of 80 different pesticides were determined in 10 different vegetable commodities. Of the 80 pesticides, 37 were detected in the tested samples. Of the detected substances, 20 were insecticides (54.1%), 12 were fungicides (32.4%), 4 were herbicides (10.8%), and 1 was a growth regulator (2.7%). Thirty percent (30%) of the detected insecticides (6 of 20) exceeded the MRL, and the insecticide methomyl was found to most frequently exceed the MRL.

Of the detected fungicides, 41.7% (5 of 12) exceeded the MRL, and the fungicide cyproconazole was found to most frequently exceed the MRL. Of all detected pesticides, methomyl, imidacloprid, metalaxyl, cyproconazole, carbendazim, triadimenol, profenofos, chlorpyrifos-methyl, malathion, and acetamiprid were found the most often. Figure 1 shows the detection frequency of the pesticides that frequently occurred in the analyzed samples. FOODS 25/11/18 Food Safety Knowledge and Practices among Saudi Mothers. FAS USDA 26/01/18 Retail Foods_Riyadh_Saudi Arabia_1-22-2018. FAS USDA 15/01/18 Food and Agricultural Import Regulations and Standards - Certification_Riyadh_Saudi Arabia_12-14-2017. FAS USDA 21/12/17 Food and Agricultural Import Regulations and Standards - Narrative_Riyadh_Saudi Arabia_12-10-2017.

FAS USDA 20/12/17 Exporter Guide_Riyadh_Saudi Arabia_12-11-2017. Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences Available online 23 September 2016 Achieving food security in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia through innovation: Potential role of agricultural extension. <div class="msgBox" style="margin-top:10px;"><span class="errMsg"><div>JavaScript is disabled on your browser. Please enable JavaScript to use all the features on this page. This page uses JavaScript to progressively load the article content as a user scrolls. Click the View full text link to bypass dynamically loaded article content. <a rel="nofollow" href=" full text</a></div></span></div><br /> Review article a State Key Laboratory of Rice Biology, China National Rice Research Institute, Hangzhou 310006, Chinab Institute of Crop Science, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Key Laboratory of Crop Physiology and Ecology, Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing 100081, Chinac Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Society, College of Food and Agricultural Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Received 18 June 2016, Accepted 18 September 2016, Available online 23 September 2016 Abstract 1. 2.

Pharmaceutical Medicine February 2016, Volume 30, The Saudi Arabia Food and Drug Authority: An Evaluation of the Registration Process and Good Review Practices in Saudi Arabia in Comparison with Australia, Canada and Singapore. The SFDA currently conducts a full review assessment of applications (type 3A), which is an appropriate methodology based on the competency of the staff. However, reviewer resources are limited, causing delays, and alternate methods should be considered. Regulatory agencies should consider the use of a risk-stratification approach that enables them to both conserve and utilise constrained resources more efficiently [1]. The HSA and TGA both employ such a risk-stratification approach, and Health Canada is piloting this strategy for abridged reviews (type 2). The HSA, while carrying out both full and abridged reviews, also conducts a verification assessment on products that have been approved by two or more reference agencies.

Some agencies in jurisdictions with emerging pharmaceutical markets such as Brazil, Mexico, Taiwan, and Turkey only require the receipt of the CPP at the time of market authorisation. International Journal of Food Contamination December 2014, 1:2 Prevalence of Campylobacter jejuni in chicken produced by major poultry companies in Saudi Arabia. Table 1 shows the prevalence of C. jejuni in refrigerated chicken samples, as affected by storage time. According to the table, the samples from all 11 poultry companies contained C. jejuni at one or more of the tested shelf-life dates. At Day 1 of the shelf life, C. jejuni was recovered from 30.30% of the tested samples (10 of 33 samples).

This percentage increased to 44.45% and to 81.81%, after refrigeration for 3 d and 7 d, respectively, indicating the positive effect of natural enrichment. Poultry companies B, C, I, and J had included highly positive samples for C. jejuni (n = 6; 66.7%), followed by A and E (n = 5; 55.6%), and then D, F, and K (n = 4; 44.4%). Only one sample (n = 1; 11.1%), from company G, was positive. Table 1 Prevalence ofCampylobacter jejuniin refrigerated whole chicken carcasses of 11 poultry companies in Riyadh City wholesale market Survival of C. jejuni at refrigeration temperature approved in one study. API campy strip system. FAS USDA 30/08/16 Saudi Arabia Poultry and Products Annual 2016.

ECRONICON 23/03/17 Food Hygiene in Past Ten Years in Saudi Arabia. MAA 19/08/16 Contexte agricole et relations internationales - Arabie saoudite. Malgré une production agricole et agroalimentaire significative, l’Arabie saoudite importe près de 80% de ses besoins alimentaires, 22Mds€ en 2015. Les principaux postes sont les céréales (1er importateur mondial d’orge), les préparations alimentaires et les viandes (volailles principalement). Au cours des 10 dernières années la croissance moyenne des importations agroalimentaires a été en moyenne de 12% par an, et même de 15% en moyenne pour les préparations alimentaires, la viande et les fruits et légumes.

Ce taux de croissance exceptionnel résulte d’une forte hausse de la population (5% par an) et de son pouvoir d’achat (5% par an). Elle a, par ailleurs, récemment réformé ses politiques agricoles en faisant des choix drastiques sur les productions qu’elle souhaite développer. Elle veut limiter l’utilisation de ses ressources en eau. Elle favorise donc l’importation des céréales et des fourrages produits auparavant localement, et le développement de cultures plus économes en eau.

FAS USDA 04/10/15 Exporter Guide_Riyadh_Saudi Arabia. FSIS USDA 07/03/17 Export Requirements for Saudi Arabia. SA-47 (Mar 7, 2017) Asterisks (*) indicate the most recent revision to these requirements. To search, click on your browser's "Edit" menu, then click on "Find (on this page)". Enter "*" in the "Find What" field, then click "Find" or "Find Next" until all asterisks have been identified.

Eligible/Ineligible Products Eligible Beef and beef products from cattle less than 30 months of age and veal and veal products To be eligible to export beef and beef products and veal and veal products to Saudi Arabia, producers, backgrounders, farmer/feedlots, feedlots and slaughter, fabrication and processing companies must participate in the EV Program for Saudi Arabia that is approved by USDA’s Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS). Information about the EV Program for Saudi Arabia can be obtained from the AMS website and a list of EV-approved establishments for Saudi Arabia, including their approval dates can be obtained from the AMS website. Labeling Requirements Documentation Requirements National U.S.