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CTIFL VIA YOUTUBE 02/02/21 Quelles sont les techniques de protection alternatives ? THE CONVERSATION 06/10/20 Pesticides : les alternatives existent, mais les acteurs sont-ils prêts à se remettre en cause ? Les débats en cours autour de la réintroduction provisoire des néonicotinoïdes – ces insecticides dits « tueurs d’abeilles » – pour la culture de la betterave le montrent une nouvelle fois : en agriculture, l’usage des produits phytosanitaires (« phytos ») fait polémique, et beaucoup de prises de position contraires se cristallisent.

THE CONVERSATION 06/10/20 Pesticides : les alternatives existent, mais les acteurs sont-ils prêts à se remettre en cause ?

Une grande confusion s’est progressivement installée dans l’esprit de nombreux publics, car si des dangers pour la santé sont régulièrement mis en avant dans les médias par certaines associations et la littérature scientifique, le discours officiel reste de prôner sa confiance dans le système mis en place et souligne qu’il y a peu de véritables problèmes pour la santé. Dose journalière et limite maximale D’un point de vue réglementaire, deux indicateurs sont utilisés pour rendre compte de la sécurité des consommateurs.

À lire aussi : Les perturbateurs endocriniens, une menace pour notre intelligence Accumulation, résistance Trois voies pour évoluer. APAD VIA YOUTUBE 15/07/20 Webinaire de clôture - Projet PHYTOSOL. EUROPA_EU - MARS 2020 - EIP-AGRI Focus Group Non-chemical weed management: Final report: English version. Title (in English): EIP-AGRI Focus Group Non-chemical weed management: Final report Publication abstract (in original language): EU agriculture has become increasingly dependent on the use of herbicides and of pesticides in general, which has helped boost agricultural yield and food production.

EUROPA_EU - MARS 2020 - EIP-AGRI Focus Group Non-chemical weed management: Final report: English version

At the same time, herbicides can have effects on the environment, non-target organisms, and animal and human health. Therefore, EU and Member State policies seek to reduce reliance on these products by, among others, designing and implementing more integrated approaches for pest management that at the same time safeguard the competitiveness of agriculture in the EU. INTECH 11/04/19 Alternative Eco-Friendly Methods in the Control of Post-Harvest Decay of Tropical and Subtropical Fruits. 5.1 Chitosan The excessive use of agrochemicals in tropical and in subtropical fruit has leaded the search for new natural products, eco-friendly, and nontoxic to humans.

INTECH 11/04/19 Alternative Eco-Friendly Methods in the Control of Post-Harvest Decay of Tropical and Subtropical Fruits

In several investigations, chitosan has proved their efficacy for controlling several post-harvest diseases. Several mechanisms of action have been proposed for chitosan: The induction of defense systems has been reported by the application of chitosan at post-harvest stage, preventing the development and dispersion of important pathogens such as Colletotrichum gloeosporioides, Alternaria alternata, Rhizopus stolonifer, and Fusarium oxysporum [26, 27, 28]. ANSES - MAI 2018 - Risques et bénéfices relatifs des alternatives aux produits phytopharmaceutiques comportant des néonicotinoïdes : Tome 3: Rapport d’appui scientifique et technique sur l’impact agricole.

Résumé : La saisine porte sur l’évaluation des intérêts agronomiques et des risques des préparations phytopharmaceutiques (PPP) à base de substances actives de la famille des néonicotinoïdes (NN) et de leurs alternatives : il est demandé, pour les usages autorisés en France des PPP à base de NN, de réaliser une évaluation mettant en balance les risques et les bénéfices des PPP autorisées, ou des méthodes non chimiques de prévention ou de lutte.

ANSES - MAI 2018 - Risques et bénéfices relatifs des alternatives aux produits phytopharmaceutiques comportant des néonicotinoïdes : Tome 3: Rapport d’appui scientifique et technique sur l’impact agricole

Archives méthodes alternatives - iteipmai. Bulletin de veille sur les méthodes alternatives en protection des cultures C'est un outil de veille transfilières, que l'iteipmai réalise, sur un sujet qui nous concerne tous.

Archives méthodes alternatives - iteipmai

Le sujet des méthodes alternatives émane d'une demande des adhérents de l'iteipmai et l'idée est d'en faire profiter un maximum de filières. Elle s'appuie sur le principe de ne retenir dans les informations publiées que celles qui sont transposables d'un secteur de production à l'autre et que chaque filière contribue à la collecte de cette information. Si vous êtes intéressés par cette lettre, pour y contribuer ou la recevoir, contactez l'iteipmai. Iteipmai MA 28. PARASITES & VECTORS 29/08/14 Beta carbonic anhydrases: novel targets for pesticides and anti-parasitic agents in agriculture and livestock husbandry.

Environmental Science and Pollution Research 25/02/18 An update of the Worldwide Integrated Assessment (WIA) on systemic insecticides. Part 3: alternatives to systemic insecticides. Some new IPM strategies that reliably limit the need for treatments involving neonicotinoids were also described in Furlan and Kreutzweiser (2015).

Environmental Science and Pollution Research 25/02/18 An update of the Worldwide Integrated Assessment (WIA) on systemic insecticides. Part 3: alternatives to systemic insecticides

The need for more data on the factors driving the risk of soil pest damage to maize and other susceptible crops, mainly to wireworm attacks, was emphasized in order to improve both the practical approach for farmers and the setup of specific MF to support IPM implementation. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 09/11/17 An update of the Worldwide Integrated Assessment (WIA) on systemic insecticides. Part 2: impacts on organisms and ecosystems.

Ecosystem services are defined as regulation of ecosystem processes (e.g., decomposition, carbon sequestration, pollination, water purification), provision of goods (e.g., timber, food, molecules of pharmaceutical value), habitat for biodiversity (including antagonists of agricultural pests), or other non-material characteristics (e.g., landscape integrity, cultural reference) that are considered as valuable either to human societies or to the environment (de Vries et al. 2013; Melathopoulos et al. 2015; Paetzold et al. 2010; Droz et al. 2009).

Environmental Science and Pollution Research 09/11/17 An update of the Worldwide Integrated Assessment (WIA) on systemic insecticides. Part 2: impacts on organisms and ecosystems

There is broad scientific consensus that more biodiverse ecosystems generally provide more/better ecosystem services and that the services provided are more resistant to or resilient following stress and perturbation (Isbell et al. 2011; Worm et al. 2006). Impacts on the soil ecosystem. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 05/11/17 An update of the Worldwide Integrated Assessment (WIA) on systemic insecticides. Part 1: new molecules, metabolism, fate, and transport. The global output of pesticides is estimated as 6 million tons per year (Bernhardt et al. 2017), with a quarter of the insecticides used being neonicotinoids (Jeschke et al. 2011), while the economic value of the pesticide industry, US$29 billion, “is increasing at a rate more than double that of any other global-change factor”, except the pharmaceutical industry (Bernhardt et al. 2017).

Environmental Science and Pollution Research 05/11/17 An update of the Worldwide Integrated Assessment (WIA) on systemic insecticides. Part 1: new molecules, metabolism, fate, and transport

Enormous quantities of these chemicals are applied to crops worldwide, and yet a large fraction remains in the soil and contaminates the environment. In the past two and a half years, a tremendous worldwide effort has provided a clearer picture of the environmental contamination by neonicotinoids and fipronil. There is now increasing awareness of their widespread pollution. Contamination is not just affecting the soils of treated fields but also the neighboring fields and urban areas. Table 2. Pesticides - Toxic Aspects 20/02/14 Au sommaire: Efficiency of Pesticide Alternatives in Non-Agricultural Areas. EVIRA 20/05/15 Choosing the right colour for your crop plant may provide an alternative to chemical pesticides.

<p>Selecting the right coloured variety of crop plant may become an alternative to the chemical control of pests.

EVIRA 20/05/15 Choosing the right colour for your crop plant may provide an alternative to chemical pesticides

Colour affects plants' ability to withstand the pests that prey on them and infect them with viruses, bacteria and fungi. For example, the cultivation of dark-coloured crop plants would probably reduce losses by spoilage. Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz - 2014 - Thèse en ligne : Exploring genetic biodiversity: secondary metabolites from Neotropical Annonaceae as a potential source of new pesticides.

Doctoral Thesis 10.11606/T.11.2014.tde-05052014-143830 Document Author Full name Leandro do Prado Ribeiro.

Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz - 2014 - Thèse en ligne : Exploring genetic biodiversity: secondary metabolites from Neotropical Annonaceae as a potential source of new pesticides

WIKIAGRI 18/04/16 Les étangs piscicoles à barrage éliminent les pesticides. 18Avr2016. LA PEL via YOUTUBE 15/03/16 Micro-organismes ! Une alternative aux pesticides. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-011386-15 Natural pesticides. Egypt. Acad. J. Biolog. Sci., 5 (2): 1 -6 (2013) The side effect of some pesticide alternatives on the population densities of t.

Egypt. Acad. J. Biolog. Sci., 5 (2): 1 -6 (2013) The side effect of some pesticide alternatives on the population densities of the natural enemies of two piercing-sucking insect pests at the new valley province, Egypt – guatemalt

Persian Gulf Crop Protection 1(1): 35-43 2013 Assessment of the Effectiveness of Beauveria bassiana Fungus in Controlling Insect. African Journal of Agricultural Research 17/06/13 Phytochemicals from Ficus sycomorus L. leaves act as insecticides and acaricid. African Journal of Microbiology Research 16/08/13 Antimicrobial activities and phytochemical composition of extracts of Ficus sp. OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY 24/09/13 Ohio State’s Newly Developed Intelligent Sprayer Reduces Pesticide Use, Off-target Contamination. Ohio State’s new “intelligent†sprayer can reduce pesticide use up to 73 percent by growers while reducing off-target contamination, developers say. COLUMBUS, Ohio – A new “intelligent†sprayer designed and developed jointly by engineers from Ohio State University’s College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences and the U.S.

Department of Agriculture’s Agricultural Research Service can reduce pesticide use up to 73 percent by growers while reducing off-target contamination. The intelligent sprayer can be used by fruit and nursery crop growers to provide more uniform spray coverage and deposition, said Erdal Ozkan, an agricultural engineering professor and spray technology expert with Ohio State University Extension and the Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center (OARDC). OSU Extension and OARDC are the outreach and research arms, respectively, of the college. “But the intelligent sprayer does, using a laser scanner mounted on the sprayer.†Writers. EVIRA 20/05/15 Choosing the right colour for your crop plant may provide an alternative to chemical pesticides.

Every year, insects cause major damage to crop plants and thereby to horticulture and agriculture. They eat crop plants and infect them with harmful viruses, bacteria and disease-causing fungi. “Because plants are unable to escape pests, they need to be able to defend themselves. It has been noted that colour plays a part in plants' survival,” says Inspector Kim Tilli of the Plant Health Unit of the Finnish Food Safety Authority Evira. Insects avoid red plants The internal and external characteristics of plants either attract or repel plant-eating insects which may be omnivorous or specialise in a single plant genus or species.

“Colours clearly affect the number of insects a plant attracts. If farmers favoured red-leafed or otherwise very dark plant varieties, they could reduce the losses caused by insects and even improve the commercial quality of plants. The European Union is seeking to reduce the use of pesticides for pest control. Colour also matters in plant breeding. CORNELL UNIVERSITY 20/07/15 RNA insecticide could target specific pests. Shinji Kasai Colorado potato beetle larvae cause $100 million per year in costs to North American farmers and also damage tomato and other plants. A novel insecticide targets a specific gene in a pest, killing only that bug species on crops and avoiding collateral damage to beneficial insects caused by today’s pesticides. Though the technology is still in its infancy, a Cornell study published online in Pest Management Science describes how the RNA-based insecticide can be effective for at least 28 days when sprayed on a leaf, a finding that dispels previous concerns that the genetic material would quickly degrade in rain and sunlight.