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BRITISH NUTRITION FOUNDATION - BNF Annual Review 2019 - 2020 Highlights 192 kB. OBESITY REVIEWS 28/07/20 Effectiveness of school‐based interventions to prevent obesity among children aged 4 to 12 years old in middle‐income countries: A systematic review and meta‐analysis (étude britannique) 3.1 Search results The systematic search strategy identified 3014 articles.

OBESITY REVIEWS 28/07/20 Effectiveness of school‐based interventions to prevent obesity among children aged 4 to 12 years old in middle‐income countries: A systematic review and meta‐analysis (étude britannique)

After the removal of duplicates, 2321 unique titles and abstracts were screened. A total of 21 studies (presented in 34 articles) were found to be eligible for inclusion in this review (see Figure 1).44-77 Two of the 34 papers reporting two of the included studies required translation.71, 74 3.2 Description of studies The characteristics of the included studies are presented in Table 1. Abbreviations: WC, waist circumference; %BF, body fat percentage; O, obesity; OW, overweight.

Three studies evaluated diet‐only interventions, three studies evaluated PA‐only interventions and 14 studies evaluated interventions involving diet and PA components (referred to as combined interventions for the purpose of this review), see Table 1. 3.3 Quality appraisal The results of the methodological quality assessment are shown in Figure 2. 3.4 Effectiveness of interventions Note. 3.4.1 Adiposity outcomes Note. NATIONAL AUDIT OFFICE (UK) 09/09/20 Childhood obesity - This report examines the effectiveness of the government’s approach to reducing childhood obesity in England. Background to the report.

This report examines the effectiveness of the government’s approach to reducing childhood obesity in England.

Résumé traduit : Les gouvernements sont aux prises avec l'obésité infantile depuis les années 2000, avec un succès limité. En 2018/19, près d'un dixième des 4 à 5 ans et plus d'un cinquième des 10 à 11 ans étaient classés obèses. Nous estimons qu'environ 1,4 million d'enfants âgés de 2 à 15 ans étaient classés obèses en 2018. Non seulement l'obésité augmente chez les 10 à 11 ans, mais elle augmente encore plus rapidement chez les enfants des zones défavorisées. Bien que le programme du Département vise à s’attaquer à ce problème, il n’est pas encore certain que les mesures prises dans le cadre du programme soient les bonnes pour réaliser le changement radical nécessaire dans les délais. Les progrès du programme ont été lents et de nombreux engagements ne sont pas encore en place, bien que la nouvelle stratégie annoncée en juillet 2020 ait signalé une nouvelle législation et une plus grande volonté d'agir pour réduire l'obésité. Le gouvernement devra agir avec plus d'urgence, d'engagement, de coordination et de cohésion s'il veut faire face à ce grave risque pour la santé et l'optimisation des ressources. – guatemalt

Background to the report The Department of Health & Social Care (the Department) is responsible for setting and overseeing obesity policy in England.

NATIONAL AUDIT OFFICE (UK) 09/09/20 Childhood obesity - This report examines the effectiveness of the government’s approach to reducing childhood obesity in England. Background to the report

In 2016, it published the first chapter of a new childhood obesity plan (the plan). The plan aimed to significantly reduce England’s rate of childhood obesity over the next 10 years. The second chapter of the plan was published in 2018 and aimed to halve childhood obesity and reduce the gap in obesity between children from the most and least deprived areas by 2030. THE CONVERSATION 31/07/20 Four reasons the UK government’s obesity strategy may not work for everyone.

COVID-19 has affected a disproportionate number of people with obesity in the UK.

THE CONVERSATION 31/07/20 Four reasons the UK government’s obesity strategy may not work for everyone

As such, the government has seen the pandemic as a “wake-up call” to the health risks of living with obesity. They have recently announced a long overdue strategy to tackle obesity in Britain. Some of the proposals aimed at significantly reducing obesity rates, include: banning TV and online advertising of foods high in fat, sugar, or salt before 9pmcalorie labelling on menus in restaurants and takeaways, alongside consulting on alcohol calorie labelling and front-of-pack “traffic light” labelling – where “green” products are considered more nutritious, and “red” products lessexpansion of the NHS’s weight management service (including apps and online tools)incentives for GPs to support patients with obesity in their weight loss, and prescribe exercise and social activities. However, the proposals are not without criticism, and some feel the government’s plans aren’t enough to end obesity.

NEJM 06/07/17 Health Effects of Overweight and Obesity in 195 Countries over 25 Years. OCDE - 2017 - Overweight and obesity among adults. BMJ - 2012 - Associations between deprivation and rates of childhood overweight and obesity in England, 2007e2010: an ecological study. INSPQ - 2011 - Appel à l'action sur l'obésité en Angleterre - Angleterre. PLOS 08/10/14 The Growing Price Gap between More and Less Healthy Foods: Analysis of a Novel Longitudinal UK Dataset. Abstract Objectives The UK government has noted the public health importance of food prices and the affordability of a healthy diet.

PLOS 08/10/14 The Growing Price Gap between More and Less Healthy Foods: Analysis of a Novel Longitudinal UK Dataset

Yet, methods for tracking change over time have not been established. We aimed to investigate the prices of more and less healthy foods over time using existing government data on national food prices and nutrition content. Methods We linked economic data for 94 foods and beverages in the UK Consumer Price Index to food and nutrient data from the UK Department of Health's National Diet and Nutrition Survey, producing a novel dataset across the period 2002–2012.

Results The mean (standard deviation) 2012 price/1000 kcal was £2.50 (0.29) for less healthy items and £7.49 (1.27) for more healthy items. PUBLIC HEALTH WALES - 2013 - Public Health Wales response to Children and Young People Committee Inquiry into Childhood Obesity. REVUE ETHNOLOGIE FRANCAISE 16/10/13 Restauration d’entreprise en France et au Royaume-Uni. Synchronisation sociale alimentaire et obésité. IMPERIAL COLLEGE LONDON - 2013 - Thèse en ligne : Effects of obesity surgery on food preferences, taste and reward in animals and humans. J Epidemiol Community Health 2010;64:167-174 Time trends in childhood and adolescent obesity in England from 1995 to 2007 and projections of prevalence to 2015. OCDE - 2012 - OBESITY AND THE ECONOMICS OF PREVENTION: FIT NOT FAT - KEY FACTS – ENGLAND, UPDATE 2012. Int J Obes (Lond). 2013 Sep 2. Slowing down of adult body mass index trend increases in England: a latent class analysis of cros.

DURHAM UNIVERSITY - 2013 - Uptake and choice of commercial weight loss products and services by adults in the UK. LE PARISIEN 18/02/13 Royaume-Uni : les recommandations des médecins britanniques contre l'obésité. International journal of obesity - 2010 - A national representative study of maternal obesity in England, UK: trends in incidenc. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH 25/03/13 Reducing obesity and improving diet. Issue In England, most people are overweight or obese.

DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH 25/03/13 Reducing obesity and improving diet

This includes 61.9% of adults and 28% of children aged between 2 and 15. People who are overweight have a higher risk of getting type 2 diabetes, heart disease and certain cancers. Excess weight can also make it more difficult for people to find and keep work, and it can affect self-esteem and mental health. Health problems associated with being overweight or obese cost the NHS more than £5 billion every year. By 2020, we want to see: DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH - 2011 - Présentation : A call to action on obesity in England. FRANCE TV INFO 05/02/14 L'obésité en Angleterre, un problème sanitaire majeur. Alors que de nouveaux chiffres viennent confirmer l'ampleur des problèmes de poids en Angleterre, une petite ville au centre du pays expérimente une méthode de lutte contre le surpoids très originale.

FRANCE TV INFO 05/02/14 L'obésité en Angleterre, un problème sanitaire majeur

On savait déjà que l'obésité était un fléau en Angleterre, on sait maintenant où se trouvent les populations les plus touchées. Selon une enquête réalisée par le Public Health England, le district qui compte proportionnellement le plus d'obèses serait donc Copeland. Sur les quelques 70 000 habitants du district, près de 76% sont considérés comme étant en surpoids voire obèses. Arrive juste derrière Doncaster, une ville moyenne située à une cinquantaine de kilomètres de Manchester. 75% de sa population y est également en surpoids. Pour rappel, en France, près de 40% de la population connaît des problèmes de poids. La géographie de l'obésité anglaise correspond globalement à celle des inégalités sociales. La situation ne devrait pas aller en s'arrangeant.

Maxime Bayce avec Loïc de La Mornais. THE OBESITY REVIEWS 23/10/13 The evolution of policy and actions to tackle obesity in England. NHS - 2013 - Statistics on Obesity, Physical Activity and Diet: England, 2013. NHS 09/09/13 Obesity in England 'rising at a slower rate' Monday September 9 2013 The survey found that people are getting fatter at a slower rate “Britons have stopped getting fatter,” The Daily Telegraph reports, while the Mail Online headlines that it’s “the fat getting fatter”.

NHS 09/09/13 Obesity in England 'rising at a slower rate'

Despite a drop in the nation’s overall obesity rate, they say that the heaviest people continue to put on weight. In fact, it appears the English are (on the whole) still “getting fatter”, the rate of increase has slowed, although those classed as overweight or obese are increasing at a greater rate than the rest. These reports are based on a study that used data obtained from the annual Health Survey for England to explore body mass index (BMI) trends among adults between 1992 and 2010.

Overall, the research shows gradual increases in the average BMI over time, from 25.6kg/m2 to 27.5kg/m2 in men; and from 24.5kg/m2 to 26.5kg/m2 for women. Where did the story come from? The headlines are generally representative of the mixed findings of this modelling study. Conclusion. THE GUARDIAN 23/02/12 Obesity in England: why is it increasing? 26.2% of the male population in England to said to be clinically obese according to the lastest Obesity, Physical Activity and Diet report published today by the National Health Service (NHS).

THE GUARDIAN 23/02/12 Obesity in England: why is it increasing?

That's over 26% of men in England whose body mass index is greater than 30 kg/m2, and an increase of 13 percentage points in 17 years. Obesity has been increasing, not only for men, but for women too. Here's the data for the whole adult population of England: We can see an 11.2 percentage point increase from 1993 to 2010. The effects of this change are many and varied. In 2010/11, there were 8,087 weight-loss stomach operations in England's hospitals, up from 7,214 in 2009/10, according to data from the NHS Information Centre.The report highlights around a 30-fold increase in the number of people going under the knife in the last decade, from just 261 weight loss operations in 2000/01.Recent figures include operations to adjust an existing gastric band rather than fit a new one.

FIGARO 26/07/13 Obésité au Royaume-Uni : des feux verts, orange et rouges sur les étiquettes. MYEUROP 20/12/11 Les Anglais champions de l'obésité en Europe. On commence par faire bouillir quelques brocolis dans un fond d’eau.

MYEUROP 20/12/11 Les Anglais champions de l'obésité en Europe

On mélange le contenu d’une boîte de soupe de champignons densifiée avec de la mayonnaise et de la crème. J’ai bien peur que ce ne soit pas une recette allégée mais ce n’est pas grave car on maigrira après Noël, n’est-ce pas ? ". Jane, accompagnée de plusieurs acolytes cuisinières, explique dans l’émission "Les super économes, édition spéciale Noël", diffusée à 20h sur la chaîne de télévision nationale Channel 4, comment recycler les restes de la dinde prévue pour les fêtes. "Ensuite, on hache la croûte du pain de mie, que l’on mélange à du cheddar, avec un peu de citron.

Il ne reste plus qu’à placer les brocolis au fond du plat, la sauce, puis le pain au fromage par dessus et hop, vingt minutes au four ! "