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FAS USDA 06/09/16 Livestock and Products Annual_Cairo_Egypt_9-1-2016. FAO 11/04/13 Improving Animal Health Planning to Control Avian Influenza in Egypt. Improving Animal Health Planning to Control Avian Influenza in Egypt After its first detection in 2006, Highly Pathogenic H5N1 Avian Influenza (HPAI) has spread rapidly in Egypt and become endemic in poultry populations in several governorates.

FAO 11/04/13 Improving Animal Health Planning to Control Avian Influenza in Egypt

HPAI continued to cause considerable economic loss to poultry producers and remains a public health challenge in the country. Over 40 million birds had been culled during the early periods of 2006-7 alone. At present, outbreaks continue to occur in different production sectors and along the poultry value chain including in commercial farms, household flocks and live bird markets. A sound animal health planning is of paramount importance to enhance the national disease control program. EUROSURVEILLANCE 02/04/15 Emergence of a novel cluster of influenza A(H5N1) virus clade 2.2.1.2 with putative human health impact in Egypt, 2014/15.

A distinct cluster of highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses of subtype A(H5N1) has been found to emerge within clade 2.2.1.2 in poultry in Egypt since summer 2014 and appears to have quickly become predominant.

EUROSURVEILLANCE 02/04/15 Emergence of a novel cluster of influenza A(H5N1) virus clade 2.2.1.2 with putative human health impact in Egypt, 2014/15

Viruses of this cluster may be associated with increased incidence of human influenza A(H5N1) infections in Egypt over the last months. In Egypt, highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) influenza A(H5N1) viruses of clade 2.2.1 and their descendants have been circulating in poultry populations since 2006, causing sporadic human infections [1]. Human influenza A(H5N1) infections in Egypt have been reported since the introduction of the virus in 2006 with 204 cases occurring until end of 2014 and a fatality rate of 35,8% in laboratory-confirmed cases reported to the World Health Organization (WHO). Sample origin Table 1. Figure 1. Phylogenetic analyses Figure 2. Genetic characterisation Table 2.

Table 3. Discussion Conflict of interest None declared. References. CDC EID - Volume 22, Number 3—March 2016 - Synopsis - Avian Influenza A(H5N1) Virus in Egypt. Ghazi Kayali ( , Ahmed Kandeil, Rabeh El-Shesheny, Ahmed S.

CDC EID - Volume 22, Number 3—March 2016 - Synopsis - Avian Influenza A(H5N1) Virus in Egypt

Kayed, Asmaa M. Maatouq, Zhipeng Cai, Pamela P. McKenzie, Richard J. Webby, Samir El Refaey, Amr Kandeel, and Mohamed A. Author affiliations: St. Suggested citation for this article Abstract. EUROPE 19/03/14 SPS: Sanitary and Phytosanitary Issues - EGYPT - Poultry and poultry products due to Avian Influenza (AI) Egypt applies import measures that go against the OIE (world organization for animal health) standards and recommendations by : a) banning for 3 months imports from entire EU Member States when they have reported Avian Influenza (AI) outbreaks (thus not applying the regionalisation principle) and b) making no distinction between high (HPAI) and low pathogenic AI virus (reference is made to the Egyptian Ministerial Decrees 1102/2008 and 1409/2008).

EUROPE 19/03/14 SPS: Sanitary and Phytosanitary Issues - EGYPT - Poultry and poultry products due to Avian Influenza (AI)

GOVS currently allows, subject to various conditions, importation of: # One-day old broiler chicks, one-day old turkey chicks, one-day old ducklings, (according to MD 1102/2008, MD 640/2006, MD 1128/2006 and MD 1409/2008) and one-day old quails (GOVS minutes, December 2010); CDC EID - JANV 2013 - Microevolution of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza A(H5N1) Viruses Isolated from Humans, Egypt, 2007–2011. Skip directly to local search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options CDC Home CDC 24/7: Saving Lives.

CDC EID - JANV 2013 - Microevolution of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza A(H5N1) Viruses Isolated from Humans, Egypt, 2007–2011

Protecting People.™ <div class="noscript"> Note: Javascript is disabled or is not supported by your browser. 2013 - MAPPING INFLUENZA A (H5N1) VIRUS TRANSMISSION PATHWAYS AND CRITICAL CONTROL POINTS IN EGYPT. CDC EID – DEC 2012 – Au sommaire:Avian Influenza Vaccination of Poultry and Passive Case Reporting, Egypt. Skip directly to local search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options CDC Home CDC 24/7: Saving Lives.

CDC EID – DEC 2012 – Au sommaire:Avian Influenza Vaccination of Poultry and Passive Case Reporting, Egypt

Protecting People.™ <div class="noscript"> Note: Javascript is disabled or is not supported by your browser. Emerging Infectious Disease ISSN: 1080-6059 Facebook Reccomend Twitter Tweet Share. CIRAD - FEV 2012 - Fiches de compétence: Santé animale, maladies émergentes* Evaluer les programmes de vaccination - L’influenza. CDC EID - JANV 2010 - Age-based Human Influenza A Virus (H5N1) Infection Patterns, Egypt. OIE - 2012 - Jumelage de l’OIE entre le Laboratoire national égyptien pour le contrôle de la qualité des volailles et le Friedri. CDC EID – DEC 2011 Continuing Threat of Influenza (H5N1) Virus Circulation in Egypt. Skip directly to local search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options CDC Home CDC 24/7: Saving Lives.

CDC EID – DEC 2011 Continuing Threat of Influenza (H5N1) Virus Circulation in Egypt.

Protecting People.™ <div class="noscript"> Note: Javascript is disabled or is not supported by your browser. Emerging Infectious Disease ISSN: 1080-6059 Volume 17, Number 12—December 2011 Dispatch Continuing Threat of Influenza (H5N1) Virus Circulation in Egypt Article Contents Ghazi Kayali , Rabeh El-Shesheny, Mohamed A. Author affiliations: St. Suggested citation for this article Abstract Reservoirs for the continuing influenza (H5N1) outbreaks in Egypt are ill-defined. After 150 confirmed human cases and continuous outbreaks in its different poultry production sectors, Egypt became an epicenter for highly pathogenic avian influenza (H5N1) virus activity and one of the few countries where this virus is endemic.

The Study Figure 1 Figure 1. Figure 2 Figure 2. Conclusions Acknowledgment References. FRIEDRICH LOEFFLER INSTITUT - 2010 - Présentation : H5N1 in Egypt: Situation, OIE twinning, and escape mutants. OMS - 2012 - Cumulative number of confirmed human cases for avian influenza A(H5N1) reported to WHO, 2003-2012.