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EUROSURVEILLANCE 02/04/15 Emergence of a novel cluster of influenza A(H5N1) virus clade 2.2.1.2 with putative human health impact in Egypt, 2014/15. FAS USDA 06/09/16 Livestock and Products Annual_Cairo_Egypt_9-1-2016. FAO 11/04/13 Improving Animal Health Planning to Control Avian Influenza in Egypt. Improving Animal Health Planning to Control Avian Influenza in Egypt After its first detection in 2006, Highly Pathogenic H5N1 Avian Influenza (HPAI) has spread rapidly in Egypt and become endemic in poultry populations in several governorates.

FAO 11/04/13 Improving Animal Health Planning to Control Avian Influenza in Egypt

HPAI continued to cause considerable economic loss to poultry producers and remains a public health challenge in the country. Over 40 million birds had been culled during the early periods of 2006-7 alone. At present, outbreaks continue to occur in different production sectors and along the poultry value chain including in commercial farms, household flocks and live bird markets. A sound animal health planning is of paramount importance to enhance the national disease control program. CDC EID - Volume 22, Number 3—March 2016 - Synopsis - Avian Influenza A(H5N1) Virus in Egypt. Ghazi Kayali ( , Ahmed Kandeil, Rabeh El-Shesheny, Ahmed S.

CDC EID - Volume 22, Number 3—March 2016 - Synopsis - Avian Influenza A(H5N1) Virus in Egypt

Kayed, Asmaa M. Maatouq, Zhipeng Cai, Pamela P. McKenzie, Richard J. Webby, Samir El Refaey, Amr Kandeel, and Mohamed A. Author affiliations: St. Suggested citation for this article Abstract In Egypt, avian influenza A subtype H5N1 and H9N2 viruses are enzootic in poultry. An unprecedented increase in the number of human infections with the highly pathogenic avian influenza A(H5N1) virus was observed in Egypt during the 2014–15 winter season. EUROPE 19/03/14 SPS: Sanitary and Phytosanitary Issues - EGYPT - Poultry and poultry products due to Avian Influenza (AI)

Egypt applies import measures that go against the OIE (world organization for animal health) standards and recommendations by : a) banning for 3 months imports from entire EU Member States when they have reported Avian Influenza (AI) outbreaks (thus not applying the regionalisation principle) and b) making no distinction between high (HPAI) and low pathogenic AI virus (reference is made to the Egyptian Ministerial Decrees 1102/2008 and 1409/2008).

EUROPE 19/03/14 SPS: Sanitary and Phytosanitary Issues - EGYPT - Poultry and poultry products due to Avian Influenza (AI)

GOVS currently allows, subject to various conditions, importation of: CDC EID - JANV 2013 - Microevolution of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza A(H5N1) Viruses Isolated from Humans, Egypt, 2007–2011. 2013 - MAPPING INFLUENZA A (H5N1) VIRUS TRANSMISSION PATHWAYS AND CRITICAL CONTROL POINTS IN EGYPT. CDC EID – DEC 2012 – Au sommaire:Avian Influenza Vaccination of Poultry and Passive Case Reporting, Egypt. Skip directly to local search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options CDC Home CDC 24/7: Saving Lives.

CDC EID – DEC 2012 – Au sommaire:Avian Influenza Vaccination of Poultry and Passive Case Reporting, Egypt

Protecting People.™ <div class="noscript"> Note: Javascript is disabled or is not supported by your browser. Emerging Infectious Disease ISSN: 1080-6059 Facebook Reccomend Twitter Tweet Share Compartir Volume 18, Number 12—December 2012 Dispatch Avian Influenza Vaccination of Poultry and Passive Case Reporting, Egypt Article Contents Timothée Vergne , Vladimir Grosbois, Yilma Jobre, Ahmed Saad, Amira Abd El Nabi, Shereen Galal, Mohamed Kalifa, Soheir Abd El Kader, Gwenaëlle Dauphin, François Roger, Juan Lubroth, and Marisa Peyre Author affiliations: Author affiliations: Centre International de Recherche en Agriculture pour le Développement, Montpellier, France (T. Suggested citation for this article. CIRAD - FEV 2012 - Fiches de compétence: Santé animale, maladies émergentes* Evaluer les programmes de vaccination - L’influenza.

CDC EID - JANV 2010 - Age-based Human Influenza A Virus (H5N1) Infection Patterns, Egypt. OIE - 2012 - Jumelage de l’OIE entre le Laboratoire national égyptien pour le contrôle de la qualité des volailles et le Friedri. CDC EID – DEC 2011 Continuing Threat of Influenza (H5N1) Virus Circulation in Egypt. Skip directly to local search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options CDC Home CDC 24/7: Saving Lives.

CDC EID – DEC 2011 Continuing Threat of Influenza (H5N1) Virus Circulation in Egypt.

Protecting People.™ <div class="noscript"> Note: Javascript is disabled or is not supported by your browser. Emerging Infectious Disease ISSN: 1080-6059 Volume 17, Number 12—December 2011 Dispatch Continuing Threat of Influenza (H5N1) Virus Circulation in Egypt Article Contents Ghazi Kayali , Rabeh El-Shesheny, Mohamed A. Author affiliations: St. Suggested citation for this article Abstract Reservoirs for the continuing influenza (H5N1) outbreaks in Egypt are ill-defined. After 150 confirmed human cases and continuous outbreaks in its different poultry production sectors, Egypt became an epicenter for highly pathogenic avian influenza (H5N1) virus activity and one of the few countries where this virus is endemic. The Study Figure 1 Figure 1. Figure 2 Figure 2. Conclusions Acknowledgment References Figures Table Table. FRIEDRICH LOEFFLER INSTITUT - 2010 - Présentation : H5N1 in Egypt: Situation, OIE twinning, and escape mutants. OMS - 2012 - Cumulative number of confirmed human cases for avian influenza A(H5N1) reported to WHO, 2003-2012.