F1000RESEARCH 23/02/17 Lyssaviruses and rabies: current conundrums, concerns, contradictions and controversies. Introduction Rabies is not a simple long-ago vestige, nightmarish myth, or literary allegory but rather a significant viral encephalitis with the highest case fatality of any conventional infectious disease.
Who else, besides those afflicted and affected, should care about rabies today? Legions—including the true animal lover, anthropologist, administrator, caver, educator, environmentalist, farmer, medical professional, traveler, health economist, hiker, historian, humanist, industrialist, legislator, modeler, philanthropist, sociologist, student, conservation biologist, and life scientist, to name a few by vocation or avocation—curious for elevated self and situational awareness, caring for the common good, intrigued by this view of life from an applied microbiological and ecological perspective or challenged by the allure for professional intervention in nature, represented by the less-than-apparent “non-low-hanging fruit”.
Table 1. An evolving viral taxonomy: what is in a name? PLOS 25/05/16 A One Health Message about Bats Increases Intentions to Follow Public Health Guidance on Bat Rabies. Abstract Since 1960, bat rabies variants have become the greatest source of human rabies deaths in the United States.
Improving rabies awareness and preventing human exposure to rabid bats remains a national public health priority today. Concurrently, conservation of bats and the ecosystem benefits they provide is of increasing importance due to declining populations of many bat species. PLOS NEGLECTED TROPICAL DISEASES 30/12/16 The Global Phylogeography of Lyssaviruses - Challenging the 'Out of Africa' Hypothesis. Abstract Rabies virus kills tens of thousands of people globally each year, especially in resource-limited countries.
Yet, there are genetically- and antigenically-related lyssaviruses, all capable of causing the disease rabies, circulating globally among bats without causing conspicuous disease outbreaks. The species richness and greater genetic diversity of African lyssaviruses, along with the lack of antibody cross-reactivity among them, has led to the hypothesis that Africa is the origin of lyssaviruses. This hypothesis was tested using a probabilistic phylogeographical approach. The nucleoprotein gene sequences from 153 representatives of 16 lyssavirus species, collected between 1956 and 2015, were used to develop a phylogenetic tree which incorporated relevant geographic and temporal data relating to the viruses.
Author Summary. PLOS 08/08/16 Serological Evidence of Lyssaviruses among Bats on Southwestern Indian Ocean Islands. Abstract We provide serological evidence of lyssavirus circulation among bats on southwestern Indian Ocean (SWIO) islands.
A total of 572 bats belonging to 22 species were collected on Anjouan, Mayotte, La Réunion, Mauritius, Mahé and Madagascar and screened by the Rapid Fluorescent Focus Inhibition Test for the presence of neutralising antibodies against the two main rabies related lyssaviruses circulating on the African continent: Duvenhage lyssavirus (DUVV) and Lagos bat lyssavirus (LBV), representing phylogroups I and II, respectively. A total of 97 and 42 sera were able to neutralise DUVV and LBV, respectively. No serum neutralised both DUVV and LBV but most DUVV-seropositive bats (n = 32/220) also neutralised European bat lyssavirus 1 (EBLV-1) but not Rabies lyssavirus (RABV), the prototypic lyssavirus of phylogroup I. COLORADO STATE UNIVERSITY via YOUTUBE 06/09/16 Communicating About Bats and Disease in National Parks. CDC EID - Volume 22, Number 4—April 2016. Au sommaire notamment: Cross-Neutralization between Human and African Bat Mumps Viruses.
INFECTION ECOLOGY & EPIDEMIOLOGY - 2016 - Lyssavirus-reactive antibodies in Swedish bats. Anna-Lena Hammarin, Msc1, Louise Treiberg Berndtsson, DVM2, Kerstin Falk, PhD, Associate Professor1, Marie Nedinge, Ms3, Gert Olsson, PhD4 and Åke Lundkvist, PhD, Professor5* 1Department of Microbiology, Public Health Agency of Sweden, Stockholm, Sweden; 2National Veterinary Institute, Uppsala, Sweden; 3Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, Stockholm, Sweden; 4Department of Wildlife, Fish, and Environmental Studies, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Umeå, Sweden; 5Department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology, Zoonosis Science Center and Department of Medical Sciences, Uppsala University, and Laboratory of Clinical Microbiology, Uppsala University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden Introduction: To study the presence of European bat lyssavirus (EBLV) infections in bat reservoirs in Sweden, active surveillance was performed during the summers from 2008 to 2013.
Keywords: bat; Lyssavirus; rabies; EBLV; Myotis daubentonii; Daubenton’s bat; Northern bat Fig. 1. CDC EID - AOUT 2016 – Au sommaire notamment : Lyssavirus in Indian Flying Foxes, Sri Lanka. Panduka S.
Gunawardena1, Denise A. Marston1, Richard J. PLOS 26/07/16 A Systematic Review of Human Bat Rabies Virus Variant Cases: Evaluating Unprotected Physical Contact with Claws and Teeth in Support of Accurate Risk Assessments. Abstract In the United States and Canada, the most recent documented cases of rabies have been attributed to bat rabies viruses (RABV).
We undertook this systematic review in an effort to summarize and enhance understanding of the risk of infection for individuals who have been potentially exposed to a suspect or confirmed rabid bat. ROYAL SOCIETY - 2014 - Ecological dynamics of emerging bat virus spillover. PLOS 19/06/14 Vampire Bats and Rabies: Toward an Ecological Solution to a Public Health Problem. Citation: Stoner-Duncan B, Streicker DG, Tedeschi CM (2014) Vampire Bats and Rabies: Toward an Ecological Solution to a Public Health Problem.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis 8(6): e2867. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0002867 Editor: Neal D. E. Alexander, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, United Kingdom Published: June 19, 2014. Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Sao Paulo 57(1):63-72, January-February, 2015 BAT-BORNE RABIES IN LATIN AMERICA.
The Open Zoology Journal, 2012, 5, (Suppl 1-M5) 27-37 DNA Barcoding Facilitates Bat Species Identification for Improved Surveillance of Bat-associated Rabies across Canada. The Open Zoology Journal, 2012, 5: 27-37 Susan A.
Nadin-Davis, Erin Guerrero, M. Kimberley Knowles , Yuqin Feng Ottawa Laboratory (Fallowfield), Canadian Food Inspection Agency, 3851 Fallowfield Rd., Ottawa, ON, Canada K2J 4S1. Electronic publication date 26/1/2012[DOI: 10.2174/1874336601205010027] BBC 24/05/12 Peru: seven children die from rabies- vampire bat bites the cause. Seven indigenous children in Peru have died from rabies over the past two months after being bitten by bats, health officials say.
The children came from a remote community 1,160km (721 miles) south-east of the capital, Lima. In 2010, a rabies outbreak saw 20 children succumb, while several children died last year. The government says medical teams have been carrying out a mass vaccination programme since the end of 2011. The children who died in the latest outbreak were aged from 11 months to 12 years.
To prevent further deaths, health officials have been despatched to the Camana community, which is located in the rainforest and can only be reached by river. According to the Peruvian vice minister of health, Percy Minaya, the authorities have bought some 180,000 doses of the vaccine and are targeting indigenous communities with a health campaign. Rabies causes inflammation in the brain and is almost always fatal. Veterinary Microbiology 151, 3-4 (2011) 39 Active surveillance of bat rabies in France: a 5-year study (2004-2009) EMERGING HEALTH THREATS JOURNAL Vol 4 (2011) Bats, emerging infectious diseases, and the rabies paradigm revisited. International Research Journal of Medical Sciences - JUNE 2013 - Transmission of Rabies in Human and Role of Bats: A Review. BMC Veterinary Research 2013, 9:174 Bat rabies surveillance in Finland. CTV 06/07/14 Bat infected with rabies found outside Whitby college campus (Toronto) HORSETALK 18/05/13 First case of Australian Bat Lyssavirus in a horse.
Transmission electron micrograph showing a bat brain infected with lyssavirus. © CSIRO Australia has recorded its first case of Australian Bat Lyssavirus (ABLV) in a horse. Queensland’s chief biosecurity officer, Dr Jim Thompson, said the horse was euthanised on May 11 after falling ill. Biosecurity Queensland quarantined the property on the Southern Downs.
“Another horse showing similar symptoms was euthanised at the same property five days earlier,” Thompson said. “There are 20 other horses on the property. “The site will remain under quarantine while further testing is conducted on the remaining horses.” Thompson said the horse had tested negative for Hendra virus, but further testing returned a positive result for ABLV, which is carried by bats and flying foxes. Staff from the Darling Downs Hospital and Health Service Public Health Unit will visit the property to assess the situation and identify any human potentially exposed to the horse. The virus causes severe brain swelling. CDC EID - SEPT 2013 – Au sommaire notamment:Enzootic and Epizootic Rabies Associated with Vampire Bats, Peru Skip directly to local search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options CDC Home CDC 24/7: Saving Lives.
However, studies exploring the ecological interaction between lyssaviruses and their natural hosts are scarce. This study completes our active surveillance work on Spanish bat colonies that began in 1992. Herein, we analyzed ecological factors that might affect the infection dynamics observed in those colonies. Between 2001 and 2011, we collected and tested 2,393 blood samples and 45 dead bats from 25 localities and 20 bat species. The results for dead confirmed the presence of EBLV-1 RNA in six species analyzed (for the first time in Myotis capaccinii). Figures. Australian Wildlife Health Network - DEC 2012 - Australian Bat Lyssavirus Report. Rev Panam Salud Publica vol.34 n.2 Washington Aug. 2013 Spatial epidemiology of bat-borne rabies in Colombia. Spatial epidemiology of bat-borne rabies in Colombia Luis E. EscobarI; A. CDC EID - SEPT 2013 – Au sommaire notamment: Enzootic and Epizootic Rabies Associated with Vampire Bats, Peru.
2011 - Rabid Bats Reported in the United States during 2010. Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to site content. CDC MMWR 13/04/12 Rabies Risk Assessment of Exposures to a Bat on a Commercial Airliner — United States, August 2011. SOUTH AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF GOVERNMENT IN HEALTH 06/08/12 Amazon Peruvians show protection against bat rabies. 2011 - INVESTIGATING THE ROLE OF BATS IN EMERGING ZOONOSES. DEFRA - 2011 - European bat lyssavirus (EBLV) European Bat Lyssaviruses (EBLV), commonly known at bat rabies or rabies in bats is a fatal viral disease which can affect all mammals, including humans, if no treatment is received.
EBLV has been detected at a low prevalence in certain species of bats in GB. There have been a small number of confirmed cases in humans. The disease is notifiable: if you suspect the disease, you must immediately notify the duty vet in your local Animal Health Veterinary Laboratories Agency (AHVLA) office. Latest situation The human health risk of contracting the disease is extremely low in the UK and Western Europe, but higher in some popular tourist destinations.
About the disease The characteristics of the disease vary greatly; a definitive diagnosis can only be made by laboratory testing after the bat’s death. CBSNEWS 13/08/10 Vampire Bats Kill 4 Kids, Attack 500 in Peru. Vampire bats have killed four children and attacked more than 500 people in a remote Amazon region in Peru. The country's health ministry is trying to battle an outbreak of rabies spread by the bat bites. Wikipedia Four children have died and more than 500 people have been attacked by vampire bats in a remote Amazon region in Peru. INSTITUT PASTEUR - 2010 - Laboratory Surveillance of rabies in humans, domestic animals and bats in Madagascar, 2005-2010. Zoonoses Public Health. 2012 Sep 11. Bat Rabies Surveillance in Europe. Journal of Theoretical Biology Volume 314, 7 December 2012, A simple spatiotemporal rabies model for skunk and bat interaction i. Abstract We formulate a simple partial differential equation model in an effort to qualitatively reproduce the spread dynamics and spatial pattern of rabies in northeast Texas with overlapping reservoir species (skunks and bats).
Most existing models ignore reservoir species or model them with patchy models by ordinary differential equations. Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease Volume 10, Issue 2, March 2012 The other rabies viruses: The emergence and importance of. SCIENCE NEWS 08/09/12 Rabies resistance arises in backwater thick with vampire bats. SCIENCE DAILY 01/08/12 First Indication of People Naturally Protected Against Rabies Found in Remote Amazonian Communities Regul.
Challenging conventional wisdom that rabies infections are 100 percent fatal unless immediately treated, scientists studying remote populations in the Peruvian Amazon at risk of rabies from vampire bats found 11 percent of those tested showed protection against the disease, with only one person reporting a prior rabies vaccination. Ten percent appear to have survived exposure to the virus without any medical intervention. The findings from investigators at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) were published August 2in the August 2012 issue of the American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. "The overwhelming majority of rabies exposures that proceed to infections are fatal. Virus Research Volume 165, Issue 2, May 2012, Rabies virus distribution in tissues and molecular characterization of strains fro.
Open Access Abstract. UNIVERSITY OF GEORGIA 18/05/12 Hitting snooze on the molecular clock: Rabies evolves slower in hibernating bats. Friday, May 18, 2012. BBC 13/06/12 Culling bats does not halt rabies, says report.