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BLOG BMC BUGBITTEN 26/03/21 Zoonotic pathogens in Bonobos and One Health implications. A bonobo at Lola Ya Bonobo sanctuary in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo.

BLOG BMC BUGBITTEN 26/03/21 Zoonotic pathogens in Bonobos and One Health implications

Photo Credit Christina Bergey (Creative Commons Licence) Christina Bergey, CC BY-SA 3.0 , via Wikimedia Commons Bonobos and faecal PCR screening. Our closest relative, the endangered bonobo, Pan paniscus, can only be found in the Congo Basin in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Their population is estimated to be between 10,000 to 50,000 individuals and they are listed as endangered with a declining population by International Union for Conservation of Nature. Bonobos are hard to study. Bonobo faecal samples were collected from two locations: one location was Lola Ya Bonobo, a sanctuary in Kinshasa where rescued and orphaned Bonobos are cared for and rehabilitated for release in the wild, and the other in Ekolo Ya Bonobo, the only bonobo reintroduction site in the world, situated in Equateur region of the DRC.

LE MONDE 02/03/21 Covid-19 : les gorilles peuvent-ils être contaminés à cause de nos selfies ? INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ONE HEALTH 06/03/21 Diversity and prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites with zoonotic potential of Green Monkeys in Bandia Reserve in Senegal. Research (Published online: 06-03-2021) 8.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ONE HEALTH 06/03/21 Diversity and prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites with zoonotic potential of Green Monkeys in Bandia Reserve in Senegal

VETERINARY WORLD 22/07/20 Antimicrobial resistance profiles in bacterial species isolated from fecal samples of free-ranging long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis) living in Lopburi Old Town, Thailand. Research (Published online: 22-07-2020) 20.

VETERINARY WORLD 22/07/20 Antimicrobial resistance profiles in bacterial species isolated from fecal samples of free-ranging long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis) living in Lopburi Old Town, Thailand

Antimicrobial resistance profiles in bacterial species isolated from fecal samples of free-ranging long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis) living in Lopburi Old Town, Thailand Duangjai Boonkusol, Suporn Thongyuan, Nantana Jangsuwan and Pornchai Sanyathitiseree Veterinary World, 13(7): 1397-1403 Duangjai Boonkusol: Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Thepsatri Rajabhat University, Lopburi, Thailand. NATURE 01/10/18 Ebola viral dynamics in nonhuman primates provides insights into virus immuno-pathogenesis and antiviral strategies. Description of the experiments We used data of four successive experiments performed in the Inserm-Jean Mérieux biosafety level 4 laboratory in Lyon in cynomolgus macaques that were left untreated or were treated by intravenous favipiravir (Fig. 1a, Supplementary Table 3).

NATURE 01/10/18 Ebola viral dynamics in nonhuman primates provides insights into virus immuno-pathogenesis and antiviral strategies

Briefly, female cynomolgus macaques from Mauritius (3 years aged and weighting 2.8-4 kg) were challenged intramuscularly with dose inoculum of 10, 100, or 1000 focus forming units (ffu) of Ebola virus Gabon 2001 strain, with no difference in survival or viral kinetics across the different inoculum groups9. Zaire Ebola virus Gabon 2001 strain was chosen due to its high observed lethality in patients and its availability at the beginning of the experiments.

Treatment was initiated 2 days before infection, and favipiravir was administered twice a day every 12 h, by 10 min infusion, after intramuscular anesthesia using Zoletil (Tiletamine/Zolazepam). J Infect Dis. 2015 Mar SFTS virus infection in nonhuman primates. We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website.By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

J Infect Dis. 2015 Mar SFTS virus infection in nonhuman primates

You can change your cookie settings at any time. <a href=" Find out more</a> GEORG AUGUST UNIVERSITAT GOTTINGEN - 2017 - Dissertation en ligne : Visual information processing, welfare, and cognition in the rhesus macaque. Applied Animal Behaviour Science Volume 214, May 2019, Relationships between captive chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) welfare and voluntary participation in behavioural studies. Voluntary participation in behavioural studies offers several scientific, management, and welfare benefits to non-human primates (NHPs).

Applied Animal Behaviour Science Volume 214, May 2019, Relationships between captive chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) welfare and voluntary participation in behavioural studies

Aside from the scientific benefit of increased understanding of NHP cognition, sociality, and behaviour derived from noninvasive behavioural studies, participation itself has the potential to provide functional simulations of natural behaviours, enrichment opportunities, and increased control over the captive environment, all of which enhance welfare. Despite a developing consensus that voluntary participation offers these welfare enhancements, little research has empirically investigated the ways that participation in behavioural studies may affect welfare. In the current study, we investigated potential relationships between captive chimpanzee welfare and long-term, repeated voluntary participation in noninvasive behavioural studies.

FRONT. IMMUNOL 01/11/19 Disparate Tuberculosis Disease Development in Macaque Species Is Associated With Innate Immunity. Introduction Tuberculosis (TB), primarily caused by infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) or one of the related Mtb-complex species, remains the leading cause of death from a single infectious agent.

FRONT. IMMUNOL 01/11/19 Disparate Tuberculosis Disease Development in Macaque Species Is Associated With Innate Immunity

Annually, over 1.5 million individuals die of tuberculosis and an estimated 10 million people develop TB disease (1). Although it is assumed that some individuals are able to resist Mtb infection upfront, typically, successful infection can lead to acute progressive disease. The majority of infected individuals however, will control the invading Mycobacterium to an extent where there is no overt disease manifestation. NATURE 10/01/29 Post-exposure immunotherapy for two ebolaviruses and Marburg virus in nonhuman primates. Regulatory statement Animal research performed at US Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases (USAMRIID) was conducted under a protocol approved by the USAMRIID Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) in compliance with the Animal Welfare Act and other federal statutes and regulations relating to animals and experiments involving animals.

NATURE 10/01/29 Post-exposure immunotherapy for two ebolaviruses and Marburg virus in nonhuman primates

The USAMRIID facility is fully accredited by the Association for the Assessment and Accreditation of Laboratory Animal Care International and adheres to the principles stated in the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals, National Research Council, 2011. Challenge studies are conducted under maximum containment in an animal biosafety level 4 facility. Ebola adapted guinea pig challenge. NATURE 02/07/18 Miscarriage and stillbirth following maternal Zika virus infection in nonhuman primates. THE BEHAVIORAL ECOLOGY OF THE TIBETAN MACAQUE 19/11/19 Primate Infectious Disease Ecology: Insights and Future Directions at the Human-Macaque Interface.

Our review of studies on human-macaque interfaces reveals the detection and confirmation of a range of parasites.

THE BEHAVIORAL ECOLOGY OF THE TIBETAN MACAQUE 19/11/19 Primate Infectious Disease Ecology: Insights and Future Directions at the Human-Macaque Interface

Yet many of these studies, based on either symptomatic or mortality-based evidence of pathogenic infection in either humans or macaques, have inferred that disease transmission has occurred without ever having established that transmission did occur (VanderWaal and Ezenwa 2016; VanderWaal et al. 2014). ONE VOICE 29/01/20 Victoire pour les macaques en Italie! Le Conseil d’État italien (Consiglio di Stato, la Cour suprême du droit administratif en Italie), appuyant la plainte de LAV, a annulé un précédent jugement du tribunal administratif régional du Latium.

ONE VOICE 29/01/20 Victoire pour les macaques en Italie!

Il prononce l’arrêt de la fameuse expérience que les universités de Turin et Parme étaient en passe d’effectuer sur six macaques. Les animaux devaient être rendus aveugles (avant d’être euthanasiés) pour les besoins d’une recherche sur un trouble spécifique de la vision appelé « vision aveugle ». Selon le Conseil d’État, le ministère de la Santé n’a pas été en mesure de prouver qu’il n’existait aucune alternative aux opérations invasives menées sur le cerveau des macaques. D’après les juges, les chercheurs ont le devoir de démontrer que la souffrance que leurs expériences peuvent causer aux animaux est inévitable, et que l’« utilisation » de ces derniers à des fins scientifiques est le seul moyen de mener à bien la recherche. A déclaré Gianluca Felicetti, président de LAV. BioMed Research International Volume 2019, Occurrence of Selected Zoonotic Fecal Pathogens and First Molecular Identification of Hafnia paralvei in Wild Taihangshan Macaques (Macaca mulatta tcheliensis) in China.

JOURNAL OF HUMAN GENETICS 04/12/17 Genetic engineering in nonhuman primates for human disease modeling. Laboratory animals have long played a useful role in bridging in vitro research and clinical medicine. Mice are widely recognized as the most popular experimental animal and various disease models have been generated over the years that have greatly contributed to the elucidation of human diseases.

Mouse models are genetically well controlled and their fecundity is useful for easily and clearly understanding the relationships between gene abnormalities and diseases. However, the physiological differences between rodents and humans are obvious and, in some research areas, such as the development of new drugs, it is difficult to extrapolate the results from mouse models to humans. Nonhuman primates (NHPs) are suitable experimental animals for ameliorating the species differences between rodents and humans because they have high homology with humans in terms of physiological functions and drug metabolism.

Development of genetically engineered NHPs A new method for viral vector injection. PRIMATEVETS - 2017 - 2017 APV Workshop Keynote: “Veterinarians & Primates in the Early US Space Program" Education & Resources Case Reports Abstracts 2017 Case Reports 2016 Case Reports 2015 Case Reports 2014 Case Reports. SCIENCE DAILY 30/08/18 Mechanism of Marburg virus sexual transmission identified in nonhuman primates. Research published today by a team of Army scientists sheds light on the mechanism of sexual transmission of filoviruses, including Ebola and Marburg virus, which have been shown to persist in the testes and other immune privileged sites.

Their work appears online in the journal Cell Host and Microbe. Sexual transmission of filoviruses was first reported in 1968 after an outbreak of Marburg virus disease and recently caused flare-ups of Ebola virus disease in the 2013-2016 outbreak, according to the authors. How filoviruses establish testicular persistence and are shed in semen, however, was unknown. Led by Dr.

PLOS 21/12/17 Stably expressed APOBEC3H forms a barrier for cross-species transmission of simian immunodeficiency virus of chimpanzee to humans. Abstract APOBEC3s (A3s) are potent restriction factors of human immunodeficiency virus type 1/simian immunodeficiency viruses (HIV-1/SIV), and can repress cross-species transmissions of lentiviruses. HIV-1 originated from a zoonotic infection of SIV of chimpanzee (SIVcpz) to humans. CDC EID - JUIN 2018 - Widespread Treponema pallidum Infection in Nonhuman Primates, Tanzania. Article Metrics Citations: Idrissa S. Chuma, Emmanuel K. Batamuzi1, D. Anthony Collins, Robert D. Author affiliations: Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania (I.S. JO ASSEMBLEE NATIONALE 20/02/18 Au sommaire : QE 3410 animaux - Raisons à l'abattage de 163 macaques de Java. Texte de la question M. Yves Jégo interroge M. le ministre d'État, ministre de la transition écologique et solidaire, sur les raisons qui ont conduit à l'abattage de 163 macaques de Java au sein de l'établissement dénommé « la Pinède des Singes » à Labenne (40) au mois de mai 2017, sur demande de la préfecture et de la DDCSP des Landes, car certains étaient porteurs du virus MaHV1 alors que 80 % d'entre eux sont porteurs naturellement et aucune transmission à l'homme n'a été constatée.

Le Gouvernement a indiqué en réponse à une question écrite précédente avoir épargné deux primates ayant été capturés par la suite mais aucune justification n'a été apportée concernant l'euthanasie des 163 premiers qui présentaient pourtant les mêmes caractéristiques. AFP 15/11/17 La découverte de deux singes verts, une espèce invasive, inquiète la Guadeloupe L'espèce est potentiellement un vecteur de maladie et s'attaque aux animaux domestiques. Ils ont été aperçus à deux reprises aux Abymes. Deux singes verts, une espèce potentiellement invasive et dangereuse, sont activement recherchés en Guadeloupe.

Les deux primates, de l'espèce chlorocebus, pouvant peser de 4 à 6 kg, au pelage verdâtre, ont été signalés aux autorités depuis "déjà plusieurs semaines" dans une zone boisée près d'habitations, après le passage des ouragans Irma et Maria, en septembre, a indiqué à l'AFP David Rozet, chef du service mixte de la police de l'environnement de Guadeloupe. Mais les différentes tentatives pour les attraper ont échoué jusque-là. VIRUSES 08/11/17 The 17th Rocky Mountain Virology Association Meeting. The tenor of the 2017 meeting was set with the keynote presentation provided by Richard J. Kuhn (Department of Biological Sciences and Director, Purdue Institute of Inflammation, Immunology and Infectious Disease, Purdue University) who described his team’s high resolution anatomical study of flaviviruses.

Zika virus emerged in 2015–2016 in the Americas, with rapid spread and substantial impact. His team solved the structure of this flavivirus virion to near atomic resolution, and this revealed the similarity with previous flavivirus structures such as dengue virus and West Nile virus. Despite strong overall structural similarity, regions of the envelope (E) glycoprotein revealed differences that suggested sequences that might be involved in the unique cell and tissue tropism that Zika has displayed. 2.1.

Reyes A. Rebekah C. Cody J. Joseph A. Emily Anne Kizer (University of Idaho, ID, USA) discussed the identification of novel antibiotics from satellite viruses. 2.2. Primates. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-000705-17 Initiatives européennes pour sauvegarder les primates. Dans une tribune publiée le jeudi 19 janvier dans la revue Science Advances, 31 primatologues tiraient la sonnette d'alarme: les primates, dont les singes, les lémuriens et les tarsiers, sont en grand danger. Il est urgent d'agir et de ne pas attendre la prochaine conférence mondiale des parties de la CITES (Convention sur le commerce international des espèces de faune et de flore sauvages menacées d'extinction), qui aura lieu en 2019 au Sri Lanka, pour que l'Union européenne fasse entendre sa voix.

De quels moyens d'action diplomatique l'Union dispose-t-elle pour convaincre les quatre pays qui concentrent à eux seuls les deux tiers des 504 espèces recensées à travers le monde, à savoir le Brésil, l'Indonésie, la République démocratique du Congo et Madagascar, qu'ils doivent agir dans la mesure où 60 % de ces primates sont aujourd'hui en voie d'extinction et 75 % sont en déclin? EAZA - 2017 - EAZA BEST PRACTICE GUIDELINES Great Ape Taxon Advisory Group GORILLA (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) 2017 (2nd Edition) The Open Veterinary Science Journal, 2010, 4, 6-10 Retroviruses in Wild-Born Semi-Captive East African Sanctuary Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii)

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-002504-15 le commerce illégal des macaques de Barbarie. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-004586-14 VP/HR — Exporting of wild-caught primates and apes from Mauritius. ESCIENCENEWS 14/07/11 Novel adenovirus confirmed to infect both humans and monkeys. A novel virus that spread through a California New World titi monkey colony in late 2009 has been shown to have also infected a human researcher and a household family member, in a documented example of an adenovirus "jumping" from one species to another and remaining contagious after the jump. Researchers at the UCSF Viral Diagnostics and Discovery Center, led by Dr.

Charles Chiu, confirmed that the virus was the same in the New World monkeys and humans, and that the virus is highly unusual in both populations. Their findings appear July 14th in the Open Access journal PLoS Pathogens.