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Food Control Volume 119, January 2021, Pyrethroid residues in Indonesian cocoa powder: Method development, analysis and risk assessment. Abdel-Daim et al., 2013 M.M.

Food Control Volume 119, January 2021, Pyrethroid residues in Indonesian cocoa powder: Method development, analysis and risk assessment

Abdel-Daim, S.M. Abuzead, S.M. NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION 11/12/19 New way to identify disease-resistant genes in chocolate-producing trees. Research News Discovery has implications for bolstering long-lived trees, other crops December 11, 2019.

NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION 11/12/19 New way to identify disease-resistant genes in chocolate-producing trees

KWAME NKRUMAH UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY - JUILLET 2016 - Thèse en ligne : ASSESSMENT OF FARMERS RESPONSE TO GOOD AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES (GAP) TRAINING BY (CHED) AND ITS EFFECT ON THE QUALITY OF COCOA BEANS IN NKAWIE COCOA DISTRICT. INTECH 05/10/11 Use of Pesticides in the Cocoa Industry and Their Impact on the Environment and the Food Chain. INT. J. CURR. MICROBIOL. APP. SCI. - 2017 - Development and Evaluation of Integrated Pest Management Strategy against Sucking Pest Complex of Cocoa, Theobroma cacao L. Greener Journal of Medicinal Plant Research - 2018 - Effects of Extracts of Some Botanicals against Three Species of Fungi Isolated from Cocoa (Theobroma cacoa L.) Pods.

November 26, 2018 Journal article Open Access Nwaogu, A.G.; Wokocha, R.C.

Greener Journal of Medicinal Plant Research - 2018 - Effects of Extracts of Some Botanicals against Three Species of Fungi Isolated from Cocoa (Theobroma cacoa L.) Pods

Cocoa is an important cash crop in the tropics and sub-tropics. However, its production is reported to be immensely constrained due to black pod disease caused by fungal agents. GRAPHIC BUSINESS 20/11/18 Cocoa pollination initiative to change face of the golden pod. • Mr Emmanuel Nii-Arku Odai (second left) together with Abdul-Majid (left), Mr Philip Appiah Boakye (In green T-shirt) and Mr Kwame Oppong (standing at the back) admiring cocoa trees with several pods.

GRAPHIC BUSINESS 20/11/18 Cocoa pollination initiative to change face of the golden pod

Several interventions have, therefore, been adopted by COCOBOD to enable cocoa farmers to improve on their yield and earn more profits while farming on their small pieces of land without clearing the forest in the face of climate change.While the moribund and diseased cocoa farms are being destroyed for replanting, low-yielding cocoa farms are undergoing artificial pollination to increase their yields. Success storyPhilip Appiah Boakye is a 47-year-old cocoa farmer at Akrodie, near Goaso in the Asunafo North municipality of the Brong Ahafo Region.A construction technician by profession, he abandoned this work and embarked on cocoa farming 14 years ago.

Food Control Volume 107, January 2020, A quantitative risk assessment model for salmonellosis due to milk chocolate consumption in Brazil. 1.

Food Control Volume 107, January 2020, A quantitative risk assessment model for salmonellosis due to milk chocolate consumption in Brazil

Introduction Chocolate stands as a popular confectionery product widely consumed in several countries. Brazil has a mean per capita consumption of 2.5 kg/year and figures amongst the major cocoa farmers and manufacturers in the world (ICCO, 2014; ABICAB, 2018). Moreover, it is one of the few countries in the world in which all steps of the manufacturing chain are performed, from the cocoa plantation and harvesting to chocolate making. Despite being highly appreciated, chocolate products have been involved in foodborne disease outbreaks caused by bacterial pathogens (Bean & Post, 2014). MYJOYONLINE 28/01/19 Chemical for enhancing cocoa production threaten hand pollination programme. In a bid to boost Ghana’s cocoa production, the government introduced the Hand Pollination Programme in 2017, an artificial process where the pollen is taken from the flower on the same tree or nearby trees and attached to or dropped on the stigma leading to cross-pollination.

MYJOYONLINE 28/01/19 Chemical for enhancing cocoa production threaten hand pollination programme

The process allows many flowers to be pollinated a just one day, resulting in massive fertilisation and cherrelle development. Over the years, many Ghanaian cocoa farmers have complained about low crop yields and its resultant effects on their financial fortunes as such the introduction of such novelty has come as good news to cocoa farmers in the country. While presenting the mid-year Budget Review and Economic Planning statement to Parliament on Monday, July 31, 2017, Finance Minister, Ken Ofori-Atta, said it was the objective of the government to reverse the “declining trend and to increase production to more than one million tonnes per annum within the next four years.” EFSA 20/11/18 Extensive literature search, selection for relevance and data extraction of studies related to the toxicity of PCDD/Fs and DL‐PCBs in humans.

EFSA 20/11/18 Risk for animal and human health related to the presence of dioxins and dioxin‐like PCBs in feed and food. EFSA 20/11/18 Setting of an import tolerance for mandipropamid in cocoa beans. WORLDS TOP EXPORTS 15/07/18 Chocolate Imports by Country. International purchases of imported chocolate totaled US$28.5 billion in 2019.Overall, the value of chocolate imports rose by 12% for all importing countries since 2015 when international purchases of chocolate cost $25.5 billion.

WORLDS TOP EXPORTS 15/07/18 Chocolate Imports by Country

Year over year, chocolate imports fell by -1.3% from 2018 to 2019.From a continental perspective, suppliers in European countries spent the most on imported chocolate during 2019 with purchases valued at $17.1 billion or 60% of the global total. In second place were Asian importers at 18.4% while 14.8% of chocolate imported worldwide was delivered to customers in North America. Smaller percentages arrived in Latin America (2.4%) excluding Mexico but including the Caribbean, Oceania (2.3%) led by Australia and New Zealand, then Africa (1.9%).For research purposes, the 4-digit Harmonized Tariff System code prefix is 1806 for chocolate and other food preparations containing cocoa.

Top 15USAGermanyFranceUK. WORLDS TOP EXPORTS 20/01/18 Chocolate Exporters by Country. Global sales from chocolate exports by country totaled US$29.2 billion in 2019.

WORLDS TOP EXPORTS 20/01/18 Chocolate Exporters by Country

The overall value of chocolate exports rose by an average 13.9% for all exporting countries since 2015 when chocolate shipments were valued at $25.6 billion. Year over year, the value of exported chocolate decreased by -0.4% from 2018 to 2019.Among continents, European countries exported the highest dollar worth of chocolate during 2019 with shipments amounting to $21.7 billion or roughly three-quarters (74.3%) of overall international chocolate sales. This compares with 13.4% from North America, 8.9% from Asia, 1.2% from Latin America excluding Mexico but including the Caribbean, another 1.2% from chocolate exporters in Africa, and 0.9% from suppliers in Oceania led by Australia and New Zealand.For research purposes, the 4-digit Harmonized Tariff System code prefix is 1806 for chocolate and other food preparations containing cocoa.

CountriesAdvantagesOpportunitiesCompanies. BIO-RAD - 2017 - Poster : Evaluation of a New Method for the Rapid Detection of Salmonella in Large Size Cocoa Samples. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-006036-17 Environmental disaster for cocoa production. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-006028-17 Chocolate companies and deforestation in Africa. WAGENINGEN UNIVERSITY - 2016 - Improving sustainability in coffee and cacao. Indian J. Genet., 77(2): 199-213 (2017) Genetic resources of cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.) and their utilization-An Appraisal.

Planta. 2016 Dec; Association mapping of seed and disease resistance traits in Theobroma cacao L. Sci Total Environ. 2017 Dec Heavy metal accumulation in leaves and beans of cacao (Theobroma cacao L.) in major cacao growing regions in Peru. WORLD COCOA FOUNDATION 19/12/16 New Frontiers in the Fight Against Deadly Cocoa Disease. By: Dr.

WORLD COCOA FOUNDATION 19/12/16 New Frontiers in the Fight Against Deadly Cocoa Disease

Virginie Mfegue, CSSV Program Manager – West Africa Cocoa Swollen Shoot Virus Disease (CSSV) is a viral disease endemic to West Africa that was first identified in Ghana in the mid-1930s. By some estimates, the disease annually destroys as much as 15% of global cocoa production. CSSV’s impact is felt most strongly at the farm level, where it can wipe out all the cocoa trees on an entire farm and deprive farmers of most, if not all, of their income.

West Africa produces more than 70% of the world’s cocoa. On October 28, 2016, the World Cocoa Foundation (WCF) convened regional cocoa research scientists, government policymakers, multilateral donor institution officials and representatives of the chocolate and cocoa industry for an intensive day-long consultation in Côte d’Ivoire, the world’s leading cocoa producer. Dr. Journal of Agricultural Extension - DEC 2016 - Cocoa Farmers Attitude towards Utilisation of Integrated Pest Management in Edo and Ogun States of Nigeria. Advances in Applied Science Research, 2016, 7(5): 23-33 Environmental effects and damage pattern of insect pests on cocoa production in Ibadan, Oyo state. REALIPM - AOUT 2016 - IPM CROP MANUAL - Cocoa. STANDARDS ORGANISATION OF NIGERIA - 2017 - COCOA: NIGERIA CODE OF PRACTICES PESTICIDE APPLICATIONS IN COCOA VALUE CHAIN. International Journal on Recent and Innovation Trends in Computing and Communication - JUNE 2017 - Cocoa Care-An Android Application for Cocoa Disease Identification.

WORLD COCOA FOUNDATION 19/02/17 Présentation : RESEARCH TRENDS IN INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT OF MAJOR CACAO DISEASES AND FUTURE PROSPECTS IN NIGERIA. CIRAD - MARS 2017 - Preventing the spread and mitigating the impact of cocoa diseases in the Caribbean. Preventing the spread and mitigating the impact of cocoa diseases in the Caribbean.

CIRAD - MARS 2017 - Preventing the spread and mitigating the impact of cocoa diseases in the Caribbean

Ten Hoopen Gerben Martijn, Umaharan Romina. 2017. In : Research and development initiatives in support of economic diversification, Résumé, 1 p. Cocoa Research and Development Symposium, Saint Augustine, Trinité-et-Tobago, 15 March 2017/15 March 2017. Matériel d'accompagnement : 1 diaporama (10 vues) Paper without proceedings Abstract : With the arrival of frosty pod rot (FPR, caused by Moniliophthora roreri) in Jamaica, the insular Caribbean is now home to three of the “big five” of cocoa (Theobroma cacao) diseases. THE GUARDIAN 13/09/17 'Once this was all trees, but they burned them to plant cocoa': the ruin of West Africa's rainforest.

Sinewy, silvery trees rise from the green landscape of Marahoué national park, their smooth trunks supporting branches only at the very top. Marahoué is one of eight national parks in Ivory Coast and 20 years ago it was covered by forest and home to chimpanzees and elephant herds. Now it is more common to see the skeleton of a tree, slowly burnt by fire to get rid of the shadow it casts over cocoa fields, or just a sawn-off stump.

Henri, a traditional leader from the nearby town of Diafla, grew up with the forest, and speaks lovingly of its towering iroko trees – but he had a hand in destroying it. Like many others, he has cocoa plantations inside the park and employs people from Burkina Faso to work on them. “This all used to be trees, but farmers burned them to plant cocoa,” Henri says. Nobody uses the word “village” for Zanbarmakro, preferring the more temporary-sounding “camp”. Behind him is a big mural with the Rainforest Alliance symbol and a list of forbidden activities. INT. J. CURR. MICROBIOL. APP. SCI. - 2017 - Development and Evaluation of Integrated Pest Management Strategy against Sucking Pest Complex of Cocoa, Theobroma cacao L.

INTERNATIONAL CENTER FOR TROPICAL AGRICULTURE 29/09/11 Africa’s Chocolate Meltdown: climate change could threaten cocoa farmers. RURAL SUSTAINABILITY RESEARCH 35(330), 2016 The Effect of Cocoa Beans Heavy and Trace Elements on Safety and Stability of Confectionery Products. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-001645-17 Banning imports of untreated cocoa beans. AFRICAN JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH - AOUT 2009 - Problems associated with pesticide usage and application in Nigerian cocoa production: A review. PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIVERSITY - 2010 - thèse en ligne : ENDOPHYTIC BACILLUS SPP. OF THEOBROMA CACAO : ECOLOGY AND POTENTIAL FOR BIOLOGICAL CONTROL OF CACAO DISEASES. CIRAD - 2011 - Ecological mechanisms for pest and disease control in coffee and cacao agroecosystems of the Neotropics Qualiméditerranée a obtenu, pour le groupe Cémoi et l'UPVD, le financement d'un projet autour de la détection des mycotoxines sur les fè.

BIOVERSITY INTERNATIONAL - AOUT 2014 - Technical guidelines for the safe movement of Cacao germplam. Recent Advances in Automatic Control, Modelling and Simulation - 2013 - Salmonella Contamination in Chocolate Products: Simulation Model and Scenario Analysis. International Food Research Journal 20(4): 1771-1781 (2013) Application of ISO 22000 in comparison with HACCP on industrial proc. PLOS 16/04/14 Chocolate Milk Consequences: A Pilot Study Evaluating the Consequences of Banning Chocolate Milk in School Cafeter. Objectives Currently, 68.3% of the milk available in schools is flavored, with chocolate being the most popular (61.6% of all milk).

If chocolate milk is removed from a school cafeteria, what will happen to overall milk selection and consumption? Methods In a before-after study in 11 Oregon elementary schools, flavored milk–which will be referred to as chocolate milk–was banned from the cafeteria. Milk sales, school enrollment, and data for daily participation in the National School Lunch Program (NSLP) were compared year to date.

Results Total daily milk sales declined by 9.9% (p<0.01). Conclusions Removing chocolate milk from school cafeterias may reduce calorie and sugar consumption, but it may also lead students to take less milk overall, drink less (waste more) of the white milk they do take, and no longer purchase school lunch. Figures Editor: Amanda Bruce, University of Missouri-Kansas City, United States of America Copyright: © 2014 Hanks et al. Introduction. Nutrients. May 2013; 5(5): 1573–1584. Chocolate in History: Food, Medicine, Medi-Food.

Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences Volume 121, 19 March 2014, Halal Certification on Chocolate Products: A Case Study ☆ International Food Research Journal 20(4): 1771-1781 (2013) Application of ISO 22000 in comparison with HACCP on industrial proc. International Food Research Journal - 2012 - Effect of cocoa bean drying methods on polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons contaminati. FAS USDA 01/08/12 National Food Safety Standard on Chocolate and Its Products _Beijing_China - Peoples Republic of_7-27-2012 . FOOD CONTROL - 2012 - Testing improvements in the chocolate traceability system: Impact on product recalls and production effici. UNIVERSITE DE GENT - 2011 - Thèse en ligne : DETERMINANTS FACTORS OF BIO-FERTILIZER AND TECHNICAL ADOPTION TO REHABILITATE COCOA. Blommer Chocolate Company - MAI 2011 - A Collaborative Approach to Cocoa Sustainability The supply threat is real. Aggregation o.

SUSTAINABLE COCOA INITIATIVE 02/04/12 Cocoa Breeding to Enhance Production and Combat Disease in Ecuador. Ecuador has a unique, rich 400-year history of cocoa farming, and great strides are currently underway to enhance production and combat diseases in this country that together with Peru, features the most diverse cocoa genetic diversity in the world. Mars Chocolate, in partnership with the INIAP – the national research institute of Ecuador – is investing in an innovative cocoa breeding program that will help develop more productive plants for Ecuadorian cocoa farmers and thanks to the learning developed there, the program will also provide important knowledge for cocoa research institutes in other countries. ARS USDA 26/09/11 New Flavors Emerge from Peruvian Cacao Collection Trip. By Sharon DurhamSeptember 26, 2011 New cacao types with unique flavors that are distinctly Peruvian have been identified by U.S.

Department of Agriculture (USDA) scientists. These new flavors could one day be marketed like wine, by geographical provenance. 55th National Conference of the Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society Melbourne, Australia 8 – 11 February 2011.