EFSA 29/07/20 Assessment of genetically modified oilseed rape GT73 for renewal authorisation under Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003 (application EFSA‐GMO‐RX‐002) PLOS 30/06/16 Genetic Diversity of Oilseed Rape Fields and Feral Populations in the Context of Coexistence with GM Crops. Abstract Despite growing concern about transgenes escaping from fields, few studies have analysed the genetic diversity of crops in an agroecosystem over several years. Accurate information about the dynamics and relationship of the genetic diversity of crops in an agroecosystem is essential for risk assessment and policies concerning the containment of genetically modified crops and their coexistence with crops grown by conventional practices. Here, we analysed the genetic diversity of oilseed rape plants from fields and feral populations over 4 years in an agricultural landscape of 41 km2. We used exact compatibility and maximum likelihood assignment methods to assign these plants to cultivars.
Citation: Bailleul D, Ollier S, Lecomte J (2016) Genetic Diversity of Oilseed Rape Fields and Feral Populations in the Context of Coexistence with GM Crops. Editor: Yong Pyo Lim, Chungnam National University, REPUBLIC OF KOREA Copyright: © 2016 Bailleul et al. Introduction Materials and Methods. PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY JOURNAL 24/02/20 Engineering herbicide‐resistant oilseed rape by CRISPR/Cas9‐mediated cytosine base‐editing. Base editor technology that enables precise base‐editing has been developed by employing Cas9 nickase (nCas9) or deactivated Cas9 (dCas9) fused to an enzyme with base conversion activity, named cytidine‐deaminase‐mediated base editor (CBE, C•G to T•A) or adenine‐deaminase‐mediated base editor (ABE, A•T to G•C) (Gaudelli et al. , 2017; Komor et al. , 2016). The base editor systems have been successfully applied in several plant species, including Arabidopsis , rice, wheat, maize, tomato and cotton (Mao et al. , 2019).
However, it is not clear whether base editing will work in allotetraploid oilseed rape (Brassica napus ), one of the world’s most important oil crops. As weeds are a major threat to oilseed rape production, cultivation of herbicide‐tolerant varieties is the most cost‐effective tool to manage weeds. Acetolactate synthase (ALS), a key enzyme for the biosynthesis of branched‐chain amino acids, is the target site of several important herbicides (Powles and Yu, 2010). Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology Volume 106, April 2019, Effects of transgenic glufosinate-tolerant rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) and the associated herbicide application on rhizospheric bacterial communities.
GENETIC LITERACY PROJECT 21/05/20 GMO herbicide-tolerant canola poses little risk to human health, EU Food Safety Authority finds. Environ. Biosafety Res. 5 (2006) 77–87 Detection of feral transgenic oilseed rape with multiple-herbicide resistance in Japan. JOHN INNES CENTRE (UK) 16/01/19 Application for Field Trial of Genetically Modified Organisms: High Iron Wheat and CRISPR Brassica. Researchers at the John Innes Centre have applied to the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) for consent to conduct field trials of genetically modified (GM) wheat and gene-edited Brassica (CRISPR). The two small-scale field trials are planned to take place at the John Innes Centre on the Norwich Research Park, within our existing, confined, GM trial facilities, between April and September in each year from 2019 to 2022.
The wheat trial follows research at the John Innes Centre that identified a gene, TaVIT2 which encodes for an iron transporter in wheat. The scientists used this knowledge to develop a wheat line in which more iron is directed into the endosperm, the part of the grain from which white flour is milled. Increasing the nutritional quality of crops, known as biofortification, is a sustainable approach to alleviate micronutrient deficiencies. Biomolecular Detection and Quantification Volume 15, May 2018, Effect of endogenous reference genes on digital PCR assessment of genetically engineered canola events. 1. Introduction Digital PCR is being widely used for the detection and quantification of genetically engineered (GE) events [, , ]. Specific and single copy endogenous reference genes are preferred for absolute quantification of GE events by PCR. Different endogenous reference genes have been used for real-time PCR detection and quantification of GE canola events. 2. 2.1.
Seeds of Armor BX (OXY235 canola event), Innovator (HCN92 canola event), Legend (non-GE canola), AC Parkland (non-GE certified canola) and 11canola cultivars (L120, InVigor® 5440, PV 533 G, V22-1, L159, L252, PV 530 G, 74-44 BL, L150, L156H and 1022 RR) were received from Oilseeds Program of the Grain Research Laboratory of the Canadian Grain Commission. 2.2. 2.3. QX200 ddPCR system (Bio-Rad, Pleasanton, CA) was used for the experiments. 2.4. 3. 3.1. The copy numbers of HMG-I/Y and FatA(A) endogenous reference genes were significantly lower than the copy numbers of CruA and Ccf (Table 2). 3.2. Fig. 1. 3.3. 4. PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY JOURNAL 20/11/18 Update on GM canola crops as novel sources of omega-3 fish oils. Journal of Environment Protection and Sustainable Development - 2018 - Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) as Invasive Species. EFSA 14/02/19 Assessment of genetically modified oilseed rape T45 for renewal of authorisation under Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003 (application EFSA‐GMO‐RX‐012)
McGill University - AOUT 2012 - Thèse en ligne : FATE AND TRANSPORT OF HERBICIDES USED IN GROWING TRANSGENIC CANOLA IN QUEBEC SOILS. MoreEven more from Google Sign in All Images News Videos Shopping Tools Any country Any time All results 2 results Search Results [PDF]FATE AND TRANSPORT OF HERBICIDES USED ... - McGill University digitool.library.mcgill.ca/thesisfile114603.pdf by HS Syan - 2012 - Related articles Aug 6, 2012 - Canola is the second most important oilseed crop after soybean.
Authors Beginning With the Letter S – Thèses de McGill University ... › ... › Theses by author name beginning with S Find McGill University's theses and dissertations on Érudit. In order to show you the most relevant results, we have omitted some entries very similar to the 2 already displayed.If you like, you can repeat the search with the omitted results included. HelpSend feedbackPrivacyTermsUse Google.com. FRONTIERS IN PLANT SCIENCE 07/06/17 Recent Genetic Gains in Nitrogen Use Efficiency in Oilseed Rape. Introduction An increase in global crop demand of up to 110% is expected by 2050 compared to 2005, requiring a tremendous increase in production (Tilman et al., 2011).
Competitive crop production crucially depends on the adequate application of nitrogen (N). It is well-known that the application of N fertilizer is a substantial driver of yield increases in the last century. At the same time, it has also been found that 50–70% of the applied N is not recovered in the harvested plant organs (seeds) and can cause severe damages to the surrounding ecosystems (Sylvester-Bradley and Kindred, 2009; Liu et al., 2010; Galloway et al., 2013). Oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) is the principle European oil crop and the second most important oilseed crop in the world after soybean, with a wide dissemination across countries in the moderate climatic zone (Fischer et al., 2014).
In the face of this challenge the question arises whether or not breeding is directing NUE improvement. Plant Material Oil. NOFIMA (NO) - 2013 - Environmental risk assessment of glufosinate-tolerant genetically modified oilseed rape T45 for food and feed uses, import and processing under Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003 (Application EFSA/GMO/UK/2005/25). Opinion of the Panel on Ge. NOFIMA (NO) - 2013 - Food, feed and environmental risk assessment of glufosinatetolerant genetically modified oilseed rape T45 for food and feed uses, import and processing under Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003 (Application EFSA/GMO/UK/2005/25). Opinion of t.
EUROPA_EU 23/03/17 Oilseed rape genes transfer from inside to outside of crop fields: study could aid GM risk assessment. Foodoffensive via YOUTUBE 06/03/12 Canola: A Perfect Example of Food Fraud; Genetically Modified Canola Part 2. Science of The Total Environment Volumes 557–558, 1 July 2016, Comparative environmental impact assessment of herbicides used on genetically modified and non-genetically modified herbicide-tolerant canola crops using two risk indicators. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2016 Dec;23(23):24081-24091. Transgenic glyphosate-resistant oilseed rape (Brassica napus) as an invasive weed in Argentina: detection, characterization, and control alternatives. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2016 Nov;23(22):23300-23307. Exploratory study on the presence of GM oilseed rape near German oil mills. PLOS 04/11/15 Transfer of Dicamba Tolerance from Sinapis arvensis to Brassica napus via Embryo Rescue and Recurrent Backcross Breeding. Abstract Auxinic herbicides (e.g. dicamba) are extensively used in agriculture to selectively control broadleaf weeds.
Although cultivated species of Brassicaceae (e.g. Canola) are susceptible to auxinic herbicides, some biotypes of Sinapis arvensis (wild mustard) were found dicamba resistant in Canada. In this research, dicamba tolerance from wild mustard was introgressed into canola through embryo rescue followed by conventional breeding. Intergeneric hybrids between S. arvensis (2n = 18) and B. napus (2n = 38) were produced through embryo rescue. Embryo formation and hybrid plant regeneration was achieved. Citation: Jugulam M, Ziauddin A, So KKY, Chen S, Hall JC (2015) Transfer of Dicamba Tolerance from Sinapis arvensis to Brassica napus via Embryo Rescue and Recurrent Backcross Breeding. Editor: Yong Pyo Lim, Chungnam National University, REPUBLIC OF KOREA Received: June 5, 2015; Accepted: October 8, 2015; Published: November 4, 2015 Copyright: © 2015 Jugulam et al.
Introduction. AGRONOMY - 2015 - Benefits of Transgenic Insect Resistance in Brassica Hybrids under Selection. AGRONOMY - 2015 - Benefits of Transgenic Insect Resistance in Brassica Hybrids under Selection. ERS USDA - NOV 2016 - The Adoption of Genetically Engineered Alfalfa, Canola, and Sugarbeets in the United States. Norwegian Environment Agency - 2015 - Environmental risks of fungus resistant GM oilseed rape. Genes (Basel). 2016 Jan; 7(1): 3. Long-Term Monitoring of Field Trial Sites with Genetically Modified Oilseed Rape (Brassica napus L.) in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. Fifteen Years Persistence to Date but No Spatial Dispersion. ROTHAMSTED_AC_UK 07/07/15 The first GM oilseed crop to produce omega-3 fish oils in the field.
In a landmark paper published today in the journal Metabolic Engineering Communications, scientists at Rothamsted Research have announced the first year results of the field-scale trial of Camelina oilseed plants genetically engineered to make omega-3 fish oils in their seeds. Omega-3 fish oils specifically long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (omega-3 LC-PUFA) eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) are acknowledged by the medical community to be beneficial components of the human diet. The primary dietary sources of EPA & DHA are marine fish, either wild or farmed (aquaculture). Although some types of omega-3 fats are available from other sources in the human diet (such as flax seeds), the nutritionally-beneficial omega- 3 LC- PUFA EPA & DHA are only available from marine sources. Fish, like humans, accumulate the omega-3 fish oils by feeding on other organisms in the marine food chain or, in the case of farmed fish, through fishmeal and fish oil in feed.
PLOS 04/11/15 Transfer of Dicamba Tolerance from Sinapis arvensis to Brassica napus via Embryo Rescue and Recurrent Backcross Breeding. ALOCK CONSULTANCY SERVICES 18/11/15 Présentation : GM/non-GM canola coexistence in Australian broadacre farming systems and likely uture challenges. WEEKLY TIMES 06/03/14 A new survey of farmers discovers significant environmental benefits to GM canola.
GM benefits: The largest survey of Australian canola growers has found major environmental benefits to using GM canola varieties. Source: WeeklyTimesNow GROWING genetically modified canola significantly reduces farmers’ environmental footprints, according to a new survey. The research also found problem weeds and the growing issue of herbicide resistance were the main reasons farmers were adopting the technology. The survey of 1348 farmers from 2008 to 2010 was summarised at Birchip Cropping Group’s annual trial review day last week in Birchip and will be officially released tomorrow. The research was commissioned by BCG and the Grains Research and Development Corporation to assess the agronomic, environmental and economic impact of GM canola on farmers. SGA Solutions consultant David Hudson coordinated the survey, which interviewed Victorian and NSW farmers who grew canola. It compared the use of Roundup Ready GM canola varieties against non-GM varieties. WA TODAY (AU) 28/05/14 WA organic farmer loses genetically modified canola fight in court.
Organic farmer Steve Marsh has lost his court case against neighbour Michael Baxter over GM crop contamination. Photo: Robert Gunstone In a landmark court decision, a judge has ruled against a West Australian organic farmer who was suing his neighbour for allegedly contaminating his farm with genetically modified canola. Steve Marsh was suing former friend Michael Baxter in the WA Supreme Court, claiming he lost organic certification for more than half of his farm after GM canola drifted onto his land from Mr Baxter's property. In 2010, Mr Marsh's Kojonup oats, rye and sheep farming property, southeast of Perth, was certified organic by the National Association for Sustainable Agriculture Australia. But he alleged GM canola blew 1.5 kilometres inside his fence, which caused him to lose his certification.
Advertisement Mr Baxter claimed when he planted the GM canola, he followed all regulations on buffer zones and notified his neighbours. "The Marshes had never grown canola upon Eagle Rest. " FAS USDA 30/05/14 GM Farmer Wins Landmark Canola Contamination Case. TOXICOLOGY AND INDUSTRIAL HEALTH 20/12/13 Physiological biosafety assessment of genetically modified canola on weed (Avena sativa)
GIWA_ORG_AU - Présentation : The ‘On Farm’ impact of GM canola in New South Wales & Victoria (2008 – 2010) GENETIC LITERACY PROJECT 18/06/14 Sales of GM canola seed increase in Australia. FOODMAG 15/01/14 Lacklustre growth of GM canola in Australia. Five years after the lifting of Australia’s GM crop moratorium, the acceptance of genetically modified canola remains lacklustre, with genetically modified canola representing just nine percent of the most recent crop.
This is unlike Canada, which has embraced GM canola varieties since their release in 1995, with GM yields representing 55 percent of the total crop just five years after their introduction. According to weeklytimesnow, uptake of Monsanto’s Roundup Ready canola has been stagnant since it was approved in 2009 for Victoria and NSW and in 2010 for Western Australia. Monsanto technology development manager, Tony May, said Australia's slower uptake was because there was a greater herbicide resistance problem, particularly in Western Australia, so growers made decisions based on agronomic factors. Breakdown of GM canola plantings in Australia Victoria planted about 21,323ha of Roundup Ready canola varieties in 2013, five percent of the state’s estimated 400,000ha canola crop. European Journal of Soil Biology Volume 63, July–August 2014, Pages 21–27 Dissipation and persistence of major herbicides applied in transgenic and non-transgenic canola production in Quebec.
Original article a Department of Bioresource Engineering, McGill University, 21111 Lakeshore Road, Ste Anne de Bellevue, Quebec H9X 3V9, Canadab Department of Plant Science, McGill University, 21111 Lakeshore Road, Ste Anne de Bellevue, Quebec H9X 3V9, Canadac Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Normandin, Quebec G8M 4K3, Canada Received 23 December 2013, Revised 19 April 2014, Accepted 29 April 2014, Available online 27 May 2014 Handling editor: Bryan Griffiths Choose an option to locate/access this article: Check if you have access through your login credentials or your institution Check access doi:10.1016/j.ejsobi.2014.04.003 Get rights and content Highlights We investigated the dissipation of glyphosate, glufosinate and trifluralin in two different soil layers. Maximum concentration of studied herbicides stay at topsoil (0–0.15 m).
The overall order of persistence was Trifluralin > Glyphosate > Glufosinate. Abstract Keywords Glyphosate; Glufosinate; Trifluralin; Dissipation; Leaching; Herbicide. Actualités du Gouvernement Australien concernant le colza transg. AGECON - 2010 - ECONOMICS OF TRANSGENIC SOYABEAN PRODUCTION: IMPLICATIONS FOR EU. AgBioForum, 17(1): 1-12. ©2014 Evaluation of the Agronomic, Environmental, Economic, and Coexistence Impacts Following the In troduction of GM Canola to Australia (2008-2010) BLOG BIOTECH/PHARMACEUTICALS 24/01/11 Global Use of GM Canola and Other Minor Biotechnology Crops.
According to the International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-Biotech Applications (ISAAA) genetically modified (GM) crops were grown in over 134 million hectares worldwide during 2009. Maize (corn), cotton and soybean constitute the vast majority of GM planting, but there are a number of less widely grown or emerging GM crops including canola, papaya, sugarbeet and a variety of vegetable crops. GM canola is grown in Australia Canola is a form of rapeseed grown principally to provide livestock feed and to produce oil for human consumption.
GM canola was grown in the US, Canada, Chile and Australia during 2009. Genetically modified strains of canola include Bayer Cropscience’s InVigor hybrid, which is tolerant to the herbicide glufosinate ammonium, and Monsanto’s RoundupReady canola. GM Sugar Beet may have environmental benefits Genetically modified herbicide resistant sugar beet is currently only grown in the US and Canada. China leads the way in novel GM varieties Sources Read on: COGEM 21/05/12 Advice on General Surveillance concerning import of GT73 oilseed rape (CGM/120521-01) 21.05.2012 | Advice on General Surveillance concerning import of GT73 oilseed rape (CGM/120521-01) In February 2012, COGEM advised on the market application for import and processing of glyphosate resistant and tolerant oilseed rape GT73. COGEM concluded that import and processing of this line poses negligible risks to the environment. However, a post-market monitoring plan completing the application was absent.
EFSA has now made this plan available for comments by the member states. Oilseed rape is known for its ability to form volunteers in disturbed environments like roadsides or along railway tracks. Considering the above, COGEM advises that monitoring should pay special attention to handling areas and distribution routes where viable GM oilseed rape seeds could be spilled unintentionally. Electronic Journal of Biotechnology - SEPT 2010 - Implementation of monitoring for genetically modified rapeseed in Serbia. INTECH - DEC 2011 - The Use of Herbicides in Biotech Oilseed Rape Cultivation and in Generation of Transgenic Homozygous Plants. AgBioForum, 13(4): 360-369. ©2010 Resolving FTO Barriers in GM Canola. IRANIAN JOURNAL of BIOTECHNOLOGY, Vol. 9, No. 1, January 2011 Expression pattern of the synthetic pathogen-inducible promoter (S.
NON GM REPORT 01/05/11 GM canola is herbicide-resistant weed in California. By Ken Roseboro Published: May 1, 2011 Category: GMO Food Environmental Risks To access all the articles in this month's issue of The Organic & Non-GMO Report, SUBSCRIBE NOW. Genetically modified Roundup Ready canola is not widely grown in California, but it is growing widely as an herbicide-resistant weed. A recent article in Western Farm Press described how GM canola escaped field trials in 2007 and farmers’ fields and spread to farms, roadsides, and highways.
The GM canola is genetically altered to withstand sprays of Monsanto’s Roundup herbicide. University of California Cooperative Extension farm advisors, Douglas Munier and Kent Brittan, conducted field trials of GM canola in 2007 in several California counties to study the potential of growing the crop to produce biofuels. The experiment ended but GM canola kept growing. Canola produces a large amount of seed, some of which is dormant, but can grow into plants up to 10 years later. (Source: Western Farm Press) SCIENCE20 08/10/11 Migrating Genetically Modified Canola Found In North Dakota. CRIKEY 30/09/11 GM canola — is anyone buying it? CANOLAWATCH 09/03/11 GM Canola: The Canadian Experience. PLoS One. 2011; 6(10): e25736. The Establishment of Genetically Engineered Canola Populations in the U.S.