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PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question P-000726/2021 Urgent need for a new action plan to combat wildlife trafficking. NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC 18/12/20 The black-market trade in wildlife has moved online, and the deluge is 'dizzying' When a squad of federal and state law enforcement agents with guns and bulletproof vests entered a single-story brick home in Buffalo, New York, on July 5, 2018 they were searching for business records of a suspected criminal enterprise.

NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC 18/12/20 The black-market trade in wildlife has moved online, and the deluge is 'dizzying'

Experts trained to handle dangerous exotic cats congregated in a sunroom pungent with the odor of cat urine. Wearing blue latex gloves, the wildlife handlers carefully collected two young caracals distinguished by their long, black-tipped ear tufts; four juvenile servals, copper-colored with handsome black spots; and an adult savannah cat, a cross between a serval and a house cat. The homeowner, Christopher Casacci, 38, a short man with buzz-cut black hair, watched as the handlers hauled the cats away in plastic carriers to a truck outside, protesting that the savannah cat, named Tigger, was his family’s pet.

If convicted, Casacci could face as much as $1.3 million in fines and up to life in prison, according to federal attorneys prosecuting the case. UNENVIRONMENT 10/07/20 A new report looks at the illegal trade of plants and animals. From rhino horns, to pangolin scales to rosewood, the world has seen increases and decreases in the illicit trade of plants and animals during the recent five-year period, according to a new report from the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.

UNENVIRONMENT 10/07/20 A new report looks at the illegal trade of plants and animals

The World Wildlife Crime Report found that along with threatening endangered species, wildlife crimes and exploitation of nature can promote climate change as well as negatively impact public health because of zoonotic disease transmissions. We sat down with Arnold Kreilhuber, Acting Director of the United Nations Environment Programme’s UNEP Law Division, and Susan Gardner, Director of the Ecosystems Division, to discuss the findings of the study and what can be done to stem the illegal animal trade. Why is it important to fight wildlife crimes?

Arnold: I strongly believe that wildlife crimes deserve as much attention as other crimes. PLOS 10/06/20 Trends in illegal wildlife trade: Analyzing personal baggage seizure data in the Pacific Northwest. Abstract The illegal import of wildlife and wildlife products is a growing concern, and the U.S. is one of the world’s leading countries in the consumption and transit of illegal wildlife and their derivatives.

PLOS 10/06/20 Trends in illegal wildlife trade: Analyzing personal baggage seizure data in the Pacific Northwest

Yet, few U.S. studies have analyzed the illegal wildlife trade (IWT) on a national or local scale. Moreover, to our knowledge, no studies have specifically examined the trends associated with IWT moving through personal baggage. This work aimed to better understand the magnitude of illegal wildlife importation into U.S. ports of entry by determining trends associated with illegal wildlife products from personal baggage seizures, using the Pacific Northwest (PNW) as a specific case study.

To identify the most influential factors determining the numbers and types of personal baggage seizures into PNW, we analyzed 1,731 records between 1999 and 2016 from the Fish and Wildlife Service’s (FWS) Law Enforcement Management Information System (LEMIS) database. Editor: Stephanie S. Methods. OCDE - 2019 - The Illegal Wildlife Trade in Southeast Asia - Institutional Capacities in Indonesia, Singapore, Thailand and Viet Nam. SOCIETY FOR CONSERVATION BIOLOGY 21/04/19 Network analysis of a stakeholder community combatting illegal wildlife trade.

The illegal wildlife trade has emerged as a growing and urgent environmental issue.

SOCIETY FOR CONSERVATION BIOLOGY 21/04/19 Network analysis of a stakeholder community combatting illegal wildlife trade

Stakeholders involved in the efforts to curb wildlife trafficking include nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), academia, and state government and enforcement bodies. The extent to which these stakeholders work and communicate among each other is fundamental to effectively combatting illicit trade. Using the United Kingdom as a case study, we used a social network analysis and semistructured interviews of stakeholders to assess communication relationships in the counter wildlife trafficking community. The NGOs consistently occupied 4 of the 5 most central positions in the generated networks, whereas academic institutions routinely occupied 4 of the 5 most peripheral positions. However, NGOs were the least diverse in their communication practices compared with the other stakeholder groups. SOCARXIV PAPERS 18/01/20 Emerging illegal wildlife trade issues: a global horizon scan. Abstract Illegal wildlife trade is gaining prominence as a threat to biodiversity, but addressing it remains challenging.

SOCARXIV PAPERS 18/01/20 Emerging illegal wildlife trade issues: a global horizon scan

To help inform proactive policy responses in the face of uncertainty, in 2018 we conducted a horizon scan of significant emerging issues. We built upon existing iterative horizon scanning methods, using an open and global participatory License CC-By Attribution 4.0 International Disciplines. ANNUAL REVIEWS 05/08/19 Annual Review of Environment and Resources Illegal Wildlife Trade: Scale, Processes, and Governance. NATURE 12/08/19 Belt and Road Initiative may create new supplies for illegal wildlife trade in large carnivores. ANIMALS 24/07/19 Endangered Exotic Pets on Social Media in the Middle East: Presence and Impact. Received: 21 June 2019 / Revised: 14 July 2019 / Accepted: 20 July 2019 / Published: 24 July 2019 The exotic pet trade is impacted by social media via greater accessibility to photos and videos including these species and the increasing popularity of online animal marketplaces.

ANIMALS 24/07/19 Endangered Exotic Pets on Social Media in the Middle East: Presence and Impact

The social media presence of public figures owning exotic pets has a major influence on exotic species demand. This study aimed to investigate exotic pet popularity, featured species on social media in the Middle East, and public perception of the animals spotlighted by public figures. We discuss the impact of such on the exotic pet trade and possible solutions to this issue. Male public figures from the United Arab Emirates predominated in the collected data, with most posts sourced from Instagram®. The popularization of exotic pets on celebrity social media in the Middle East has led to questionable impacts on exotic pet demand and threats to species conservation. ►▼ Figures Figure 1. DEFRA 30/04/19 Illegal Wildlife Trade Challenge Fund: 2019 application round. How to apply You will need to apply online for Round 5 of the Illegal Wildlife Trade Challenge Fund through the Flexigrant application portal.

DEFRA 30/04/19 Illegal Wildlife Trade Challenge Fund: 2019 application round

Word versions of the application forms are available here for drafting purposes only. Before applying, please read the guidance above and the Finance for Darwin and IWT. Once you have read the guidance, please complete the Stage 1 online application form. If you are invited to Stage 2, please complete the Stage 2 online application form (by invitation only). When to apply. DEFRA 30/04/19 Illegal Wildlife Trade (IWT) Challenge Fund. ONU ENVIRONNEMENT - 2017 - UNEP Frontiers: 2016 report: Emerging issues of environmental concern ; Au sommaire notamment: Exotic Consumerism: Illegal Trade in Live Animals. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question P-005980-18 Illegal tiger trading ring found in Europe. VERTEBRATE ZOOLOGY - 2018 - Illegal Trade in Wildlife Species in Beirut, Lebanon. CONSERVATION BIOLOGY 12/03/18 A framework for investigating illegal wildlife trade on social media with machine learning. CURATOR THE MUSEUM JOURNAL 26/01/18 Wildlife Trafficking and How Museums Can Help.

Museums are among the most popular destinations for tourists and they are also frequented by local residents, particularly the youth when it comes to natural history museums.

CURATOR THE MUSEUM JOURNAL 26/01/18 Wildlife Trafficking and How Museums Can Help

It is said that the National Museum of Natural History in Washington, D.C. alone welcomed 7 million visitors last year. That is a big number of people. In Geneva, Switzerland, where our office is located, the natural history museum is very popular and I have enjoyed visiting it with my own family. The 2015 edition of the United Nations Endangered Species Stamps featured 12 stunning birds of paradise that are protected under CITES. The idea actually stemmed from a visit to the museum in Geneva. Museums do not host live animals or plants. While such museums are typically dedicated to inform the visitors of natural history and evolution, I would like to talk about our living wildlife, both the bright and the dark side of it, and to explore some of the challenges and how we are addressing them.

Threat to the Species. Global Ecology and Conservation Volume 15, July 2018, Trade in bears in Lao PDR with observations from market surveys and seizure data. 1.

Global Ecology and Conservation Volume 15, July 2018, Trade in bears in Lao PDR with observations from market surveys and seizure data

Introduction In recent years Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR) has surfaced as a major hub of international illegal wildlife trade in Southeast Asia (Duckworth et al., 1999; Anon, 2015; EIA, 2015; Anon, 2016). Illegal and unsustainable wildlife trade is a leading threat to a growing number of species in Lao PDR with records indicating depletion of a diversity of taxa such as cats, deer, pangolins, birds, snakes, freshwater turtles and even insects across the country (Nooren and Claridge, 2001; Phanthavong, 2008; Coudrat et al., 2012; Som and Cottet, 2015). This rampant over-exploitation is due primarily to weak laws and poor enforcement effort, and at least partially fuelled by high levels of corruption (Duckworth et al., 1999; Anon, 2015; EIA, 2015).

Bears are among the many species heavily traded, and threatened, in Lao PDR. Global Ecology and Conservation Volume 14, April 2018 Observations of illegal wildlife trade in Boten, a Chinese border town within a Specific Economic Zone in northern Lao PDR. 1.

Global Ecology and Conservation Volume 14, April 2018 Observations of illegal wildlife trade in Boten, a Chinese border town within a Specific Economic Zone in northern Lao PDR

Background and introduction Lao PDR has a long history of illegal wildlife trade, carried out locally for domestic demand, and internationally (CITES, 2014; EIA, 2015; CITES, 2016; CITES, 2017; Vigne and Martin, 2017). This resulted in the country being labelled a hub for illegal trade, with reports emerging with increasing frequency on the trade in the parts and products of tigers Panthera tigris, bears and elephants (Allen, 2009; Ammann, 2009; Ghosh, 2010; Gluckman, 2011; Bottollier-Depois, 2011; Foley et al., 2011; Nijman and Shepherd, 2014; EIA, 2015; Livingstone et al., 2018). It has also had a long history of pangolin trade; a majority of wildlife seized in the country in the 1980's and 1990's involved pangolins (Duckworth et al., 1999; Nooren and Claridge, 2001), with more recent research confirming active trade involving pangolins, either from open trade in its marketplace, or based on pangolins seizures implicating the country (Gomez et al., 2016).

NATURE 26/09/18 Middle East major hub for wildlife trafficking. Major airports in the Arab region are among the main wildlife trafficking transit hubs in the world, according to a new report. “The amount of wildlife trafficking destined for the United Arab Emirates seems to pale in comparison with the sheer volume of wildlife trafficking moving through it,” says wildlife crime specialist, Mary Utermohlen of the non-profit Center for Advanced Defense Studies (C4ADS), who co-authored the report. Titled ‘In Plane Sight: Wildlife Trafficking in the Air Transport Sector’, the report was produced by the C4ADS as part of the United States Agency for International Development Reducing Opportunities for Unlawful Transport of Endangered Species Partnership.

NATURE 18/10/18 Novel detection of provenance in the illegal wildlife trade using elemental data. PHYS_ORG 24/10/18 New research cracks illegal wildlife trade. Scientists have developed a revolutionary way to determine if animals are being illegally trafficked. UNSW Sydney scientists—in collaboration with Taronga Conservation Society Australia, UTS (University of Technology Sydney) and ANSTO (Australia's Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation) - have developed a revolutionary way to determine if a confiscated animal is being illegally trafficked by checking chemical markers present in keratin such as quills, feathers and hair.

Valued up to US$23 billion annually, the illegal wildlife trade is the fourth-largest criminal market worldwide, and while legal trading of captive-bred or farmed animals is legal, many animals are illegally caught in the wild and passed off by traders as legal—knowing that the provenance cannot be verified. Dr. Kate Brandis from UNSW Science is lead author on the paper and founded the Australian Feather Map. She said that the challenge now was how best to put this science in the hands of law enforcement. Dr. PHYS_ORG 19/09/18 The wider impact of illegal wildlife trade. Next month, world leaders will gather in London at the 2018 Illegal Wildlife Trade conference with the aim of stimulating the greater political commitment needed to stamp out wildlife crime. For most people this will conjure up images of elephants and rhinos poached for their ivory and horn.

Nat Ecol Evol. 2018 Mar;2(3): Machine learning for tracking illegal wildlife trade on social media. UNENVIRONMENT 09/04/18 Empowering African policymakers to combat wildlife trafficking. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY - SEPT 2018 - Invertebrate (Araenae: Mygamolomorphae) Illegal Trade: An Ignored Side of Wildlife Trafficking. Invertebrate (Araenae: Mygamolomorphae) Illegal Trade: An Ignored Side of Wildlife Trafficking American Journal of Zoology Volume 1, Issue 1, September 2018, Pages: 20-23 Received: May 10, 2018; Accepted: Jun. 8, 2018; Published: Jul. 30, 2018 Views 346 Downloads 35 Authors Ana Teresa Meireles Caldas, Department of Biological Sciences, Catholic University of Salvador, Bahia, Brasil.

GAO_GOV - AVRIL 2018 - COMBATING WILDLIFE TRAFFICKING - Opportunities Exist to Improve the Use of Financial Rewards. HOUSE OF COMMONS 26/02/18 Anti-corruption strategy and the illegal wildlife trade. THE ROYAL SOCIETY - SEPT 2018 - Science: tackling the illegal wildlife trade. MONGABAY 20/09/18 Global wildlife trafficking still a ‘lucrative criminal activity,’ expert says. Around the world, wildlife trafficking in animals and natural resources is a major security threat and environmental risk.Jessica Graham is a former contract expert for Interpol, and currently president of JG Global Advisory, an environmental security consultancy in Washington, D.C.Mongabay talked with Graham recently to get her perspective on the threat convergence of wildlife trafficking and organized crime. When it comes to the multi-billion dollar global illegal wildlife trafficking market, security experts note a “threat convergence” where trafficking and organized crime meet.

Because of that convergence, trafficking in illegal natural resources is a major security threat and environmental risk. NATURE 18/10/18 Novel detection of provenance in the illegal wildlife trade using elemental data. Journal of Asia-Pacific Biodiversity Available online 7 September 2018 Illegal pet trade on social media as an emerging impediment to the conservation of Asian otters specie. Aadrean, 2013 A. AadreanAn investigation of otters trading as pet in Indonesian online markets. EUROPA_EU 25/10/18 EU Action plan against wildlife trafficking. Additional tools In February 2016, the European Commission adopted a Communication on the EU Action Plan against Wildlife Trafficking which sets out a comprehensive blueprint for joined-up efforts to fight wildlife crime inside the EU, and for strengthening the EU's role in the global fight against these illegal activities.

The plan has three main strands – better enforcement, enhanced cooperation, and more effective prevention. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-002195-18 Rôle de l'Union européenne dans la lutte contre le trafic de pangolins. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - AVRIL 2016 - Wildlife crime in spain. ISSUES IN ECOLOGY - 2016 - Species recovery in the United States: increasing the effectiveness of the endangered species act. Peer Reviewed Title: Journal of Environmental Economics and Management Volume 81, January 2017, The cost of endangered species protection: Evidence from auctions for natural resources.

FWS_GOV 03/08/17 What We Do - Foreign Species. COMMISSION EUROPEENNE 23/09/16 EU pushes for further tightening of wildlife trade rules at global summit on wildlife conservation. The EU will participate for the first time as a full member of CITES and will seek stricter international measures against wildlife trafficking, in line with the EU action plan on wildlife trafficking. It strongly supports the continued ban on trade in ivory. DG SANCO 01/02/12 food safety - Guidelines and Reports - General Guidance for CITES Entry Points and EU Border Inspection Posts. TRAFFIC 12/01/11 Malaysia’s new wildlife law used to tackle cybercrime. A man accused of dealing in ivory illegally through the internet becomes the first person to be charged under Malaysia's Wildlife Conservation Act 2010 Click photo to enlarge © Folke Wulf / WWF-Canon Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 12th January 2011—A man who put two ivory statues for sale online will be the first person charged under Malaysia’s tough new wildlife laws.

DEFRA 17/09/15 Consultation outcome - CITES: Changing the Control of Trade in Endangered Species Regulations in UK. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question P-005763-16 Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora. CITES - JANV 2016 - TRACEABILITY SYSTEMS IN THE CITES CONTEXT : A REVIEW OF EXPERIENCES, BEST PRACTICES AND LESSONS LEARNED FOR THE TRACEABILITY OF COMMODITIES OF CITES-LISTED SHARK SPECIES. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-006910-16 Combating wildlife trafficking. Over the past few years we have seen an increase in illegal activity involving wildlife. Shocking pictures have become an everyday occurrence: rhinos bleeding to death, sharks being caught for their fins, birds and reptiles being smuggled across borders and kept in inhumane conditions.

CITES - SEPT 2016 - ILLEGAL TRADE IN THE HELMETED HORNBILL (RHINOPLAX VIGIL) NORWEGIAN SCIENTIFIC COMMITTEE FOR FOOD SAFETY 27/07/16 Assessment of species listing proposals for CITES CoP17. The submitted species proposals are concerned with the amendment of species to CITES Appendices I and II. The proposed amendments will be considered at the CoP17 meeting in Johannesburg, South Africa, September 24 to October 5, 2016. For the species considered in the proposals, VKM has assessed whether or not legal and illegal trade could be detrimental to their survival.