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Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development - 2014 - Health Risk Perception on Excreta Reuse for Peri-urban Agriculture in Southern Ghana. AFRICAN JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH 17/05/18 Doses of cattle manure and levels of irrigation with wastewater in the cultivation of peppers. African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology - JANV 2016 - Pollution assessment and heavy metal determination by AAS in waste water collected from Kushtia industrial zone in Bangladesh. Agricultural Water Management Volume 196, 31 January 2018 Agro-industrial wastewater reuse for irrigation of a vegetable crop succession under Mediterranean conditions. AOACOfficial Methods of Analysis (15th ed.), Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington DC (1990) (16th ed.), Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington DC (1995) APHA-AWWA-WEFStandard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater (xx ed.), American Public Health Association, Washington, DC (2005) American Society For Testing Materials (ASTM)Standard Practice for Integrity Testing of Water Filtration Membrane System, ASTM D6908-03 ASTM International., West Conshohocken, Pa (2003) Agrafioti and Diamadopoulos, 2012 E.

Agric. Aiello et al., 2007 R. Agric. Allen et al., 1998 R.G. Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO) Irrigation and Drainage Paper No 56, Rome (1998) Arregui and Quemada, 2006 L.M. Plant Soil, 288 (2006), pp. 57-69 Ayers and Westcot, 1985 R.S. Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO), Rome (1985) Batu, 2004 A. J. Bedbabis et al., 2010 S. Sci. Bremner, 1996 J.M. D.L. Caliandro et al., 2005 A. Candido et al., 2001 V. A. AJAC - OCT 2018 - Reuse of Treated Municipal Wastewater under Different Growing Seasons for the Spinach Production. 1. Introduction Water scarcity poses serious economic, social and even political concerns in all of its aspects. Many irrigated areas around the world are experiencing water shortages due to severe factors, such as climate change and ground water pollution [1] . Most of the water consumption in many countries is allocated to agricultural practices, which consume 66% of the available water [2] .

Countries suffering from water shortages are forced to use non-conventional resources, mainly water harvesting and treated wastewater. In Lebanon, like in many other Mediterranean countries, demands on water resources for households, commercial, industrial, and agricultural use are on the increase due to rapid population growth and demographic shifts [4] [5] . Harmful effects are mainly due to associated pathogens and other undesirable constituents depending on the source [8] [9] . 2. 2.1. Figure 1. Figure 2. 2.2. 2.3. 2.4. 2.5. 2.6. 2.7. 3. 3.1. Table 1. 3.2. Figure 3. Figure 4. 3.3. Table 2. 4. American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers - 2017 - OPPORTUNITIES AND CHALLENGES FOR TREATED WASTEWATER REUSE IN THE WEST BANK, TUNISIA, AND QATAR. Applied and Environmental Microbiology - DEC 2013 - Prevalence of Nonpolio Enteroviruses in the Sewage of Guangzhou City, China, from 2009 to 2012.

BIOMED 19/09/14 Diarrhoeal diseases among adult population in an agricultural community Hanam province, Vietnam, with high wastewater and excreta re-use. COMMISSION EUROPEENNE 29/04/15 Environment: Commission takes FRANCE to Court over poor waste water treatment. The European Commission is taking France to the EU Court of Justice for not complying with EU legislation on urban waste water treatment. Some 17 agglomerations are listed as not having waste water treatment up to EU standards. Untreated urban waste water can endanger the health of European citizens and the environment.

The European Commission has to ensure that the level of treatment of urban waste water can be guaranteed throughout the European Union. France was first warned in 2009 about this particular case, which concerns areas with a population equivalent in a range between 2000 and 15000. EU legislation on urban waste water treatment dates back to 1991, but provided long implementation deadlines. If, by the time the case goes to trial, the Commission receives new information demonstrating that any of the above agglomerations are now in compliance, they will be removed from the list.

Background For more information: On the April infringement package decisions, see MEMO/15/4871. Conference: AWA Ozwater15, At Adelaide, Australia - 2015 - TAKING A NEW APPROACH TO HACCP FOR REMOTE AND REGIONAL REUSE SCHEMES. CURRENT WORLD ENVIRONMENT 24/06/16 Modelling Integrated Wastewater Treatment Plant for Agro Industry Zone in Banyuasin, South Sumatera, Indonesia. Hasmawaty Hasmawaty Department of Industrial Engineering, Bina Darma University, Palembang, Indonesia, 30137 Corresponding Author Email: DOI : Abstract: The purpose of this article is to analyze integrated wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) design for Tanjung Api-Api (TAA) agro-industrial area, South Sumatra, Indonesia, using Environmentally Sensitive Investment System (ESIS).

This article is based on empirical research that conducted in Banyuasin District, South Sumatera Province, Indonesia. Keywords: wastewater; treatment; plant; agro industry; South Sumatera; Indonesia Download this article as: Introduction In the era of Susilo Bambang Yudhono’s government (2009-2014), South Sumatra Province, due to its ownership on natural resources, will be developed as a new center for economic growth in western region of Indonesia.

Material and Methods We use quantitative approach to guide this research. Table 4: WWTP variable for simulation. ERIAFF16 - AVRIL 2016 - RichWater: Technology for wastewater reuse in agriculture. EUROPA_EU - AVRIL 2018 - Turning waste into wastewater treatment (projet HORIZON 2020 nommé REMEB) EUROSURVEILLANCE 15/02/18 Monitoring human enteric viruses in wastewater and relevance to infections encountered in the clinical setting: a one-year experiment in central France, 2014 to 2015. FLORIDADEP_GOV 11/04/18 Florida's Reuse Activities. FRONTIERS IN PUBLIC HEALTH 01/11/18 Epidemiological Evidence and Health Risks Associated with Agricultural Reuse of Partially treated and Untreated Wastewater: A Review. 1Institute for Water and Wastewater Technology, Durban University of Technology, South Africa 2Department of Microbiology, University of Uyo, Nigeria 3Department of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering, San Diego State University, United States 4Departments of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of South Florida, United States The use of partially treated and untreated wastewater for irrigation is beneficial in agriculture but may be associated with human health risks.

Reports from different locations globally have linked microbial outbreaks with agricultural reuse of wastewater. This article reviews the epidemiological evidence and health risks associated with this practice, aiming towards evidence-based conclusions. Exposure pathways that were addressed in this review included those relevant to agricultural workers and their families, consumers of crops, and residents close to areas irrigated with wastewater (partially treated or untreated). Edited by: FSA 24/03/15 Review of the use of irrigation water in UK agriculture and the potential risks to food safety. GEORGIA TECH 30/10/18 Pilot Project Will Use Campus Wastewater to Grow Vegetables. Campus and Community Earth and Environment By Kenna Simmons | October 30, 2018 • Atlanta, GA Click image to enlarge A pilot project at Georgia Tech’s School of Civil and Environmental Engineering will use wastewater nutrients to grow produce on campus to test a model for decentralizing production of vegetables such as these.

Even if you do your best to eat local, chances are most of the fruits and vegetables you consume come from far away -- especially if you live in a big city. “The overarching goal is trying to figure out a way to use wastewater nutrients to grow produce in urban areas so we can decentralize vegetable production,” Chen said. “Currently we treat wastewater by taking all the nutrients from it,” said Chen. The proposed anaerobic membrane biological treatment process will transfer organic contaminants into biogas and remove pathogens such as E. coli to ensure food safety, but the nutrients (nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, for example) will remain.

IISTE - 2016 - Analysis and Modeling of Wastewater Reuse Externalities in African Agriculture. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENCE, ENVIRONMENT AND TECHNOLOGY 02/04/14 WASTE WATER MANAGEMENT IN DAIRY INDUSTRY: POLLUTION ABATEMENT AND PREVENTIVE ATTITUDES. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH 04/09/17 Microbiological Impact of the Use of ReclaimedWastewater in Recreational Parks. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(6), 1266; Vibrio Species in Wastewater Final Effluents and Receiving Watershed in South Africa: Implications for Public Health. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(3), 2749-2764 Method Comparison for Enhanced Recovery, Isolation and Qualitative Detection of C. jejuni and C. coli from Wastewater Effluent Samples. 1. Introduction Campylobacter is one of the most common causes of food-borne bacterial disease in humans worldwide. In the European Union, the most commonly species detected associated with campylobacteriosis are C. jejuni, followed by C. coli [1,2].

These thermophilic species asymptomatically colonize the intestinal mucosa of a wide variety of birds and mammals, including food-producing animals [3,4], which explains their frequent encounter as zoonotic, food-borne pathogens. The observed increase in the proportion of Campylobacter isolates with reduced susceptibility to antimicrobials, particularly against quinolones and macrolides, is a cause of concern [5,6] as this could have serious potential consequences for public health [7,8]. Despite the fact that poultry products are considered the major source of Campylobacter infection, multiple other sources exist, including untreated drinking water [1,5]. 2. 2.1. 2.2. 2.3. 2.4. Figure 1. 2.5. 2.6. 3. 3.1. Table 1. 3.2. 3.3. 3.4. 3.5. 4. 5. International Journal of Water and Wastewater Treatment - 2017 - Holistic Wastewater Reuse Solutions – Evaluation of Treatment Efficiency, Environmental Impacts and Costs. IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE 14/12/17 Socio‐Economic Interest of Treated Wastewater Reuse in Agricultural Irrigation and Indirect Potable Water Reuse: Clermont‐Ferrand and Cannes Case Studies' Cost–Benefit Analysis.

Unlike many structuring projects, treated wastewater reuse projects are rarely subjected to economic analysis. And when they are, the social and environmental benefits and costs are often not accounted for or are not properly quantified. Here we show that the widely used cost–benefit analysis method showing the profitability of a project from the whole of the community's point of view can be adapted to treated wastewater reuse projects. The remaining evaluation difficulties are more due to the system's complexity rather than its methodological limits. Indeed, the operator must be able to understand, formalize and imagine constraints and risks associated with different domains such as urbanism, agriculture, climate, hydrology and trade.

Remaining uncertainties over key parameter values can, however, be properly considered through scenarios and/or stochastic approaches. J. Appl. Biosci. 2013. Heavy metal and associated antibiotic resistance of fecal coliforms, fecal streptococci and pathogens iso.

Eaux résiduaires urbaines et métaux lourds

Journal of Cleaner Production Volume 195, 10 September 2018, Sustainability assessment of wastewater reuse alternatives using the evidential reasoning approach. Wastewater reuse is a necessity especially in arid and semiarid regions. Assessing wastewater reuse applications and the required tertiary treatment technologies with regard to sustainable development issues is a multi-criteria decision making problem that involves a number of conflicting objectives and various types of uncertainties. In this study, the evidential reasoning (ER) approach which is a multi-criteria decision making method for dealing with problems having both quantitative and qualitative criteria under uncertainties, is used for prioritizing the wastewater reuse applications as well as wastewater treatment technologies.

The proposed ER approach for sustainability assessment of wastewater reuse alternatives consists of five main steps: 1. Identification of potential wastewater reuse alternatives (including wastewater reuse applications and tertiary treatment technologies). 2. JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY - MARS 2016 - Quantification of pharmaceutical residues in wastewater impacted surface waters and sewage sludge from Lagos, Nigeria. JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING & ECOLOGICAL SCIENCE - 2015 - Health implications of increasing reuse of wastewater as an adaption to climate change. Journal of Environmental Management Available online 20 April 2017 Interrelationships of metal transfer factor under wastewater reuse and soil pollution.

The transfer of heavy metals under soil pollution wastewater reuse was studied in a Greenhouse experiment using a randomized block design, including 6 treatments of heavy metals mixtures composed of Zn, Mn, Cd, Co, Cu, Cr, Ni, and Pb, where each metal was taking part in the mixture with 0, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 mg/kg respectively, in four replications. The Beta vulgaris L (beet) was used as a test plant.

It was found that the metal transfer factors were statistically significantly related to the: (i) DTPA extractable soil metals, (ii) the soil pollution level as assessed by the pollution indices, (iii) the soil pH, (iv) the beet dry matter yield and (v) the interactions between the heavy metals in the soil. It was concluded that the Transfer Factor is subjected to multifactor effects and its real nature is complex, and there is a strong need for further study for the understanding of its role in metal-plant relationships.

Journal of Environmental Management Volume 213, 1 May 2018, Agricultural reuse of municipal wastewater through an integral water reclamation management. Journal of Environmental Protection, 2012, 3, 935-939 Assessment of Wastewater Reuse in Kuwait and Its Impact on Amounts of Pollutants Discharged into the Sea. JOURNAL OF FUNDAMENTAL AND APPLIED SCIENCES 01/09/16 WASTEWATER REUSE IN AGRICULTURE IN THE OUTSKIRTS OF THE CITY BATNA (ALGERIA) KENYATTA UNIVERSITY - NOV 2016 - Impact of Solid Wastes on Groundwater Quality in Dandora, Nairobi County, Kenya. MEATSITE 04/04/13 Water Reuse in Poultry Processing Now Addressed in the HACCP Programme. Featured Articles Water Reuse in Poultry Processing Now Addressed in the HACCP Programme 04 April 2013 The USDA-Food Safety Inspection Service (FSIS) indicated that if water is to be reused in a poultry processing facility, then this reuse water must be accounted for in the plant's HACCP programme.

This requirement may cause some difficulties as processors consider the associated hazard analyses, according to Dr Scott Russell of the Department of Poultry Science at the University of Georgia. When water is used to chill or rinse broiler carcasses, fat, protein, blood, faecal material and ingesta may be deposited into the water. Pathogenic bacteria commonly found on broiler carcasses may end up in the water as well.

To prevent processors from using spray or chiller rinse waters directly upstream as reuse water, and thereby possibly contaminating chickens, USDA has enacted new regulations described in CFR 416.2 (g) (3). What impact might the new ruling have on processors? Figure 1. Figure 2. MEATSITE 04/04/13 Water Reuse in Poultry Processing Now Addressed in the HACCP Programme. Featured Articles Water Reuse in Poultry Processing Now Addressed in the HACCP Programme 04 April 2013 The USDA-Food Safety Inspection Service (FSIS) indicated that if water is to be reused in a poultry processing facility, then this reuse water must be accounted for in the plant's HACCP programme.

This requirement may cause some difficulties as processors consider the associated hazard analyses, according to Dr Scott Russell of the Department of Poultry Science at the University of Georgia. When water is used to chill or rinse broiler carcasses, fat, protein, blood, faecal material and ingesta may be deposited into the water. To prevent processors from using spray or chiller rinse waters directly upstream as reuse water, and thereby possibly contaminating chickens, USDA has enacted new regulations described in CFR 416.2 (g) (3).

What impact might the new ruling have on processors? The following are specific recommendations for verifying the efficacy of each of these systems. Figure 1. MURDOCH UNIVERSITY VIA PHYS_ORG 02/04/18 Scientists invent cheaper and greener wastewater treatment. A new energy-efficient process developed at Murdoch University is set to revolutionise wastewater treatment by significantly reducing the industry's electricity consumption. Dr Ralf Cord-Ruwisch and Dr Liang Cheng, together with two Phd students have designed a new wastewater treatment system that requires less than half the electricity to operate, and a new company is being formed to commercialise the technology. With current wastewater treatment technology in Australia more than 100 years old, Dr Cord-Ruwisch believes the time is right for a more energy-efficient approach. "At present, the majority of the electricity consumed by the nation's wastewater treatment plants is used to oxygenate wastewater as part of the treatment process, and this design has the potential to revolutionise this," Dr Cord-Ruwisch said.

"This is not a very energy-efficient process, as these air bubbles are only about 20 per cent oxygen and the rest of it is nitrogen, which isn't required. " PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-007761-17 Water reuse. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question P-005096-18 Waste-water treatment plans in Aragon.

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-001633-17 Ecological status of rivers. In its answer to my Question E-005707/2016, the Commission stated that ‘in Galicia, as in the rest of the EU, there is still a long way to go before the achievement of the objectives of the Water Framework Directive’. It also indicated that in the 2014-2020 period, the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) would finance wastewater treatment plants and other infrastructures using almost EUR 88 million within the framework of the 2014-2020 ERDF Galicia regional operational programme, and that it would earmark EUR 66 million for improving wastewater treatment in Galicia.

It highlighted, in this regard, the O Souto wastewater treatment plant in Santiago. Following up on these investments, can the Commission indicate what progress has been made so far? What is the Commission’s overall view of their development towards achieving the objectives of the Water Framework Directive? PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-006275-17 Sewage sludge treatment.

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question P-004807-18 Waste water treatment on the Upper Moselle in Luxembourg. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-004321-18 Urban Waste Water. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question P-006642-17 Wastewater treatment. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-000785-17 Dumping of residential and industrial waste water at Valle de Güímar (Canary Islands) I recently visited Playa de Lima beach (Valle de Güímar, Tenerife) and witnessed the impact of waste water being dumped into the sea from the local industrial estate and from neighbouring urban communities that have no appropriate waste water collection and treatment systems. The Commission is aware of the issue, having brought infringement proceedings against Spain before the ECJ for breaching the Urban Waste Water Treatment Directive. On 14 April 2011 the ECJ delivered a judgment regarding the Valle de Güímar and other urban agglomerations (Case C-343/10). Five years later, the Commission had to bring Spain before the ECJ again for delaying the adoption of appropriate measures in 17 agglomerations, including Valle de Güímar.

Environmental organisations estimate that around 500 billion litres of untreated waste water are dumped into the sea at Valle de Güímar every year. Does the Commission have any figures on the matter? PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-003517-17 Wastewater treatment in Granada. PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-000784-17 Waste water treatment plant in Valle de Güímar (Canary Islands) PHYS_ORG 16/08/18 Human wastewater valuable to global agriculture, economics, study finds. RIVM - OCT 2018 - Antibiotic-resistant bacteria in waste water and manure - workshops on possible management measures.

Science of The Total Environment Volumes 622–623, 1 May 2018, Impact of treated wastewater for irrigation on soil microbial communities. Science of The Total Environment Volumes 619–620, 1 April 2018 Monitoring wastewater for assessing community health: Sewage Chemical-Information Mining (SCIM) Science of The Total Environment Volume 651, Part 2, 15 February 2019, Impact of on-site wastewater infiltration systems on organic contaminants in groundwater and recipient waters. Science of The Total Environment Volumes 599–600, 1 December 2017 Pesticides from wastewater treatment plant effluents affect invertebrate communities. Selected Paper prepared for presentation at the International Association of Agricultural Economists (IAAE) Triennial Conference, Foz do Iguaçu, Brazil, 18-24 August, 2012. Pesticide or Wastewater, Which One is Bigger Culprit for Acute Health Symptoms amo.

Soil & Water Res., 13, 2018 (3): 161–169 The Influence of Ammonia on Groundwater Quality during Wastewater Irrigation. Sustainability 2017, 9(10), 1734; Wastewater Reuse in Agriculture: A Review about Its Limitations and Benefits. TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY OF DENMARK - 2018 - Modelling the fate of organic microcontaminants in wastewater treatment and agricultural reuse – Experiences from two existing cases. University of Basel, - 2015 - Thèse en ligne : Health risk assessment along wastewater recovery and reuse systems in Kampala, Uganda and Hanoi, Vietnam. UNIVERSITY OF HAWAI‘I - MAI 2016 – Thèse en ligne : GLOBAL CONTAMINANTS OF EMERGING CONCERN AND WASTEWATER REUSE LEACHING RISKS FOR OAHU, HAWAII.

UNIVERSITY OF SHEFFIELD - 2014 - Thèse en ligne : Integration of Biological Wastewater Treatment and Algal Growth for Biofuels. UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH FLORIDA 27/07/16 USF Researchers Find Dangerous Bacteria After Sewage Spills. Waste Management, - 2017 - Fate of emerging and priority micropollutants during the sewage sludge treatment: Case study of Paris conurbation. Part 1: Contamination of the different types of sewage sludge. Wastewater. Water 2018, 10(4), 413; Quantitative Microbial Risk Analysis for Various Bacterial Exposure Scenarios Involving Greywater Reuse for Irrigation. Water 2017, 9(2), 143; Recent Advances in the Use of Chemical Markers for Tracing Wastewater Contamination in Aquatic Environment: A Review. WATER 28/02/17 Cost–Benefit Analysis of Wastewater Reuse in Puglia, Southern Italy.

WATER QUALITY via INTECH 18/01/17 Au sommaire: Impact of Wastewater on Surface Water Quality in Developing Countries: A Case Study of South Africa. Water Research Volume 72, 1 April 2015, A review on emerging contaminants in wastewaters and the environment: Current knowledge, understudied areas and recommendations for future monitoring. Water Research Volume 133, 15 April 2018, Occurrence and fate of emerging contaminants in municipal wastewater treatment plants from different geographical regions-a review. Wastewater use. WATEREUSE - AVRIL 2018 - WATER REUSE: Transforming Water, Sustaining Our Future. The West Indian Journal of Engineering - JANV 2016 - Potential Consumers’ Perception of Treated Wastewater Reuse in Trinidad. WHITEROSE_AC_UK - 2017 - Thèse en ligne : Development of an approach for the evaluation of wastewater reuse options for arid and semi-arid area.